1001 Inventions

The Enduring Legacy of Muslim Civilization

Author: Salim T. S. Al-Hassani

Publisher: National Geographic Books

ISBN: 1426209347

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 7388

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"Imagine it is the seventh century. As most of Europe continues its descent into a long period of intellectually dormancy, a quiet yet powerful academic revolution is erupting in another corner of the world. Over the next centuries, the geniuses of Muslim society will thrust the boundaries of knowledge forward to such a degree that their innovations still shape civilizations to this day. The staggering achievements of these men and women influenced the development of modern mathematics, science, engineering, and medicine. 1001 Inventions: The Enduring Legacy of Muslim Civilization sheds new light on this golden era that was once lost to so many, and celebrates the heritage that we all share"--P. [4] of cover.

1001 Inventions

The Enduring Legacy of Muslim Civilization

Author: Salim T. S. Al-Hassani

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781426209475

Category: Inventions

Page: 351

View: 6241

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"Imagine it is the seventh century. As most of Europe continues its descent into a long period of intellectually dormancy, a quiet yet powerful academic revolution is erupting in another corner of the world. Over the next centuries, the geniuses of Muslim society will thrust the boundaries of knowledge forward to such a degree that their innovations still shape civilizations to this day. The staggering achievements of these men and women influenced the development of modern mathematics, science, engineering, and medicine. 1001 Inventions: The Enduring Legacy of Muslim Civilization sheds new light on this golden era that was once lost to so many, and celebrates the heritage that we all share"--P. [4] of cover.

Lost History

The Enduring Legacy of Muslim Scientists, Thinkers, and Artists

Author: Michael Hamilton Morgan

Publisher: National Geographic Books

ISBN: 9781426202803

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 301

View: 2617

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A compelling study of the little known contributions of Islam's cultural, artistic, and scientific accomplishments to Western civilization looks not only at the historic achievements of the Muslim world and the role of inspired leaders who encouraged intellectual inquiry, championed tolerance, and sponsored artistic and literary endeavors, but also at the ancient envy that fuels today's conflicts. Reprint.

1001 Inventions

Muslim Heritage in Our World

Author: Salim T. S. Al-Hassani,Elizabeth Woodcock,Rabah Saoud

Publisher: 1001 Inventions

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 376

View: 3027

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This book is about a Golden Age of civilization from 600 to 1600, often regarded as the "Dark Ages."

Lost Islamic History

Reclaiming Muslim Civilisation from the Past

Author: Firas Alkhateeb

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1849046891

Category: Islam

Page: 248

View: 1974

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"Islam has been one of the most powerful religious, social, and political forces in history. Over the last 1400 years, from origins in Arabia, a succession of Muslim polities and later empires expanded to control territories and peoples that ultimately stretched from southern France, to East Africa to South East Asia. Yet many of the contributions of Muslim thinkers, scientists, and theologians, not to mention rulers, statesmen and soldiers, have been occluded. This book rescues from oblivion and neglect some of these personalities and institutions while offering the reader a new narrative of this lost Islamic history. The Umayyads, Abbasids, and Ottomans feature in the story, as do Muslim Spain, the savannah kingdoms of West Africa and the Mughal Empire, along with the later European colonisation of Muslim lands and the development of modern nation-states in the Muslim world. Throughout, the impact of Islamic belief on scientific advancement, social structures, and cultural development is given due prominence, and the text is complemented by portraits of key personalities, inventions and little known historical nuggets. The history of Islam and of the world's Muslims brings together diverse peoples, geographies, and states, all interwoven into one narrative that begins with Muhammad and continues to this day."--P. [4] of cover.

Muslim Contributions to World Civilization

Author: M. Basheer Ahmed,Syed A. Ahsani,Dilnawaz Ahmed Siddiqui

Publisher: International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)

ISBN: 1565644107

Category: Civilization

Page: 151

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The brilliant contributions of Islam to science, art, and culture, are a timeless and precious heritage, which should be historically preserved for future generations. The great achievements of Muslim scholars are rarely if at all acknowledged in formal education, and today their identity, origins and impact remain largely obscure. This collection of papers aims to give readers a brief introduction to the intellectual history of Muslims and the contributions that eminent Muslim scholars have made in certain specific fields of knowledge including basic and applied physical and biological sciences, medicine, legal and political theories and practices, economic and financial concepts, models, and institutions, etc.

The House of Wisdom

How the Arabs Transformed Western Civilization

Author: Jonathan Lyons

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1608191907

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 6304

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For centuries following the fall of Rome, western Europe was a benighted backwater, a world of subsistence farming, minimal literacy, and violent conflict. Meanwhile Arab culture was thriving, dazzling those Europeans fortunate enough to catch even a glimpse of the scientific advances coming from Baghdad, Antioch, or the cities of Persia, Central Asia, and Muslim Spain. T here, philosophers, mathematicians, and astronomers were steadily advancing the frontiers of knowledge and revitalizing the works of Plato and Aristotle. I n the royal library of Baghdad, known as the House of Wisdom, an army of scholars worked at the behest of the Abbasid caliphs. At a time when the best book collections in Europe held several dozen volumes, the House of Wisdom boasted as many as four hundred thousand. Even while their countrymen waged bloody Crusades against Muslims, a handful of intrepid Christian scholars, thirsty for knowledge, traveled to Arab lands and returned with priceless jewels of science, medicine, and philosophy that laid the foundation for the Renaissance. I n this brilliant, evocative book, Lyons shows just how much "Western" culture owes to the glories of medieval Arab civilization, and reveals the untold story of how Europe drank from the well of Muslim learning.

The House of Wisdom

How Arabic Science Saved Ancient Knowledge and Gave Us the Renaissance

Author: Jim Al-Khalili

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101476230

Category: History

Page: 336

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A myth-shattering view of the Islamic world's myriad scientific innovations and the role they played in sparking the European Renaissance. Many of the innovations that we think of as hallmarks of Western science had their roots in the Arab world of the middle ages, a period when much of Western Christendom lay in intellectual darkness. Jim al- Khalili, a leading British-Iraqi physicist, resurrects this lost chapter of history, and given current East-West tensions, his book could not be timelier. With transporting detail, al-Khalili places readers in the hothouses of the Arabic Enlightenment, shows how they led to Europe's cultural awakening, and poses the question: Why did the Islamic world enter its own dark age after such a dazzling flowering?

Islams and Modernities

Author: Aziz Al-Azmeh,ʻAzīz ʻAẓmah,Professor Aziz Al-Azmeh

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9780860914518

Category: Social Science

Page: 157

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The conflict between fundamentalist Islam and the West, highlighted by the fatwah on Salmon Rushdie, appears impossible to resolve. This book examines how much of this antipathy between the two cultures is based on shared romantic notions of unchanging cultural identity. Al-Azmeh shows that, in fact, Islamic fundamentalism represents a break with important aspects of the Muslim tradition and should be seen as a general characteristic of populist nationalism. Utilizing his knowledge of history and the intellectual life of Islamic societies, Al-Azmeh calls for a deeper understanding of the way Islam is used in politics, society and history.

The Genius of Islam

How Muslims Made the Modern World

Author: Bryn Barnard

Publisher: Knopf Books for Young Readers

ISBN: 0449814947

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 40

View: 568

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The Middle Ages were a period of tremendous cultural and scientific advancement in the Islamic Empire—ideas and inventions that shaped our world. Did you know that: • The numbers you use every day (Arabic numerals!) are a Muslim invention? • The marching band you hear at football games has its roots in the Middle East? • You are drinking orange juice at breakfast today thanks to Islamic farming innovations? • The modern city's skyline was made possible by Islamic architecture? The Muslim world has often been a bridge between East and West, but many of Islam's crucial innovations are hidden within the folds of history. In this important book, Bryn Barnard uses short, engaging text and gorgeous full-color artwork to bring Islam's contributions gloriously to life. Chockful of information and pictures, and eminently browsable, The Genius of Islam is the definitive guide to a fascinating topic.

The Al Qaeda Reader

The Essential Texts of Osama Bin Laden's Terrorist Organization

Author: Raymond Ibrahim

Publisher: Broadway Books

ISBN: 9780385521420

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 4846

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The global war on terror is not just a military conflict but a war of ideas. Indeed it is in some respects primarily an ideological struggle. Yet it is a war we cannot win without a broader understanding of al-Qaeda's goals and motives. What do our enemies believe? What motivates their war against the West? What is their vision of the ideal Islamic society? Surprisingly, more than five years after 9/11, there is very little understanding of these questions. Despite our tendency to dismiss Islamic extremism as profoundly irrational, al-Qaeda is not without a coherent body of beliefs. Like other totalitarian movements, the movement’s leaders have rationalized their brutality in a number of published treatises. Now, for the first time, The Al Qaeda Reader gathers together the essential texts and documents that trace the origin, history, and evolution of the ideas of al-Qaeda founders Ayman al-Zawahiri and Osama bin Laden. This extraordinary collection of the key texts of the al-Qaeda movement—including incendiary materials never before translated into English—lays bare the minds, motives, messages, and ultimate goals of an enemy bent on total victory. Al-Qaeda’s chilling ideology calls for a relentless jihad against non-Muslim “infidels,” repudiates democracy in favor of Islamic law, stresses the importance of martyrdom, and mocks the notion of “moderate” Islam. Perhaps the most disturbing aspect of these works is how grounded they are in the traditional sources of Islamic theology: the Koran and the teachings of the Prophet. The founders of al-Qaeda use these sources as powerful weapons of persuasion, reminding followers (and would-be recruits) that Muhammad and his warriors spread Islam through the power of the sword and that the Koran is not merely allegory or history but literal truth that commands all Muslims to action. In addition to laying bare al-Qaeda’s ultimate motives, The Al Qaeda Reader includes the organization’s propagandist speeches, which are directed primarily at Americans, Europeans, and Iraqis. Here, al-Qaeda’s many "official" accusations against the West are meticulously delineated, from standard complaints such as the Palestinian issue and Iraq to wholly unexpected ones concerning the U.S.’s exploitation of women and the environment. Taken together, the Theology and Propaganda sections of this volume reveal the most comprehensive picture of al-Qaeda to date. They also highlight the double-speak of bin Laden and Zawahiri, who often say one thing to Muslims in their religious treatises ("We must hate and fight the West because Islam commands it") and another in their propaganda directed at the West ("The West is the aggressor and we are fighting back merely in self-defense"). Westerners from across the political spectrum will be fascinated and enlightened by The Al Qaeda Reader’s insights into the nature of Islamic texts and the ways in which al-Qaeda has used these texts to manufacture hatred against our civilization and our way of life.

1001 Inventions that Changed the World

Author: Jack Challoner

Publisher: Barrons Educational Series Incorporated

ISBN: 9780764161360

Category: History

Page: 960

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Presents a review of technological innovations and inventions, from the ancient world to the present day.

The Myth of the Muslim Tide

Do Immigrants Threaten the West?

Author: Doug Saunders

Publisher: Knopf Canada

ISBN: 0307362094

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 9398

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Even among people who would never subscribe to its more dramatic claims, the "Eurabia" movement has popularized a set of seemingly common-sense assumptions about Muslim immigrants to the West: that they are disloyal, that they have a political agenda driven by their faith, that their nhigh reproduction rates will soon make them a majority. These beliefs are poisoning politics and community relations in Europe and North America--and have led to mass murder in Norway. Rarely challenged, these claims have even slipped into the margins of mainstream politics. Doug Saunders believes it's time to debunk the myth that immigrants from Muslim countries are wildly different and pose a threat to the West. Drawing on voluminous demographic, statistical, scholarly and historical documentation, Saunders examines the real lives and circumstances of Muslim immigrants in the West: their politics, their beliefs, their observances and their degrees of assimilation. In the process he shatters the core claims that have built a murderous ideology and draws haunting historical parallels showing how the same myths stuck to earlier groups, such as Jews and Roman Catholics. His work will become a vital handbook in the culture wars that threaten to dominate North American and European elections and media discussions in 2012 and afterwards, and will provoke considerable debate over the actual nature of our polyglot societies.

Ibn Al-Haytham

The Man Who Discovered How We See

Author: Libby Romero

Publisher: National Geographic Books

ISBN: 1426325002

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

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Profiles the life and work of a devout Muslim who was the first to hypothesize that vision occurs when light beams travel through the lens of a human eye.

The hidden origins of Islam

new research into its early history

Author: Karl-Heinz Ohlig,Gerd-R. Puin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 405

View: 9822

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Despite Muhammad's exalted place in Islam, even today there is still surprisingly little actually known about this shadowy figure and the origins of the Qur'an because of an astounding lack of verifiable biographical material. Furthermore, most of the existing biographical traditions that can be used to substantiate the life of Muhammad date to nearly two centuries after his death, a time when a powerful, expansive, and idealized empire had become synonymous with his name and vision-thus resulting in an exaggerated and often artificial characterization of the prophetic figure coupled with many questionable interpretations of the holy book of Islam.

The Muslim 100

The Lives, Thoughts and Achievements of the Most Influential Muslims in History

Author: Muhammad Mojlum Khan

Publisher: Kube Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1847740294

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 450

View: 1831

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Short biographies of the most influential Muslims in history and today. A must-have book.

The Amazing Discoveries of Ibn Sina

Author: Fatima Sharafeddine

Publisher: Groundwood Books Ltd

ISBN: 1554987113

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 4841

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Born in Persia more than a thousand years ago, Ibn Sina was one of the greatest thinkers of his time — a philosopher, scientist and physician who made significant discoveries, especially in the field of medicine, and wrote more than one hundred books. As a child, Ibn Sina was extremely bright, a voracious reader who loved to learn and was fortunate to have the best teachers. He memorized the Qur’an by the age of ten and completed his medical studies at sixteen. He spent his life traveling, treating the sick, seeking knowledge through research, and writing about his discoveries. He came up with new theories in the fields of physics, chemistry, astronomy and education. His most famous work is The Canon of Medicine, a collection of books that were used for teaching in universities across the Islamic world and Europe for centuries. Ibn Sina’s story, told in the first person and beautifully illustrated, provides a fascinating glimpse into the life of one of the great intellects of the past.

Paradise Beneath Her Feet

How Women are Transforming the Middle East

Author: Isobel Coleman

Publisher: Random House Incorporated

ISBN: 0812978552

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 3313

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In this timely book, Coleman journeys through the strategic crescent of the greater Middle East--Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan--to reveal how activists are working within the tenets of Islam to create economic, political, and educational opportunities for women. Coleman argues that these efforts are critical to bridging the conflict between those championing reform and those seeking to oppress women in the name of religious tradition.

Science in the Qur'an

Discovering Scientific Secrets in the Holy Qur'an

Author: Yasmin Watson,Amira Val Baker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781999802707

Category:

Page: 82

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Comparing the ancient Holy texts of the Holy Qur'an with the very latest scientific discoveries, this book, using richly illustrated pages, provides an enlightening journey into this fascinating subjects. For children aged 10+ to adults.