History of Hydrogeology

Author: Nicholas Howden,John Mather

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203071344

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 7021

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Lessons can be learnt from the past; from time to time it is useful for practitioners to look back over the historical developments of their science. Hydrogeology has developed from humble beginnings into the broad church of investigatory procedures which collectively form the modern-day hydrogeologist’s tool box. Hydrogeology remains a branch of the over-arching science of geology and today provides analysis of the sub-surface part of the water cycle within a holistic approach to problem solving. The History of Hydrogeology, is a first attempt to bring the story of the evolution of the science of hydrogeology together from a country- or region-specific viewpoint. It does not cover history to the present day, nor does it deal with all countries involved in groundwater studies, but rather takes the story for specific key countries up and until about the period 1975 to 1980. This is when hydrogeology was still evolving and developing, and in some areas doing so quite rapidly. The book has been written not only for practitioners of hydrogeology and hydrology but also for teachers and students to see the context of the evolution of the science around the globe. The History of Hydrogeology will also be of interest to science historians and all those interested in the role that individuals, institutes and nations have played over the years in defining modern day studies of groundwater.

Military Aspects of Hydrogeology

Author: Edward P. F. Rose,J. D. Mather

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862393400

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 1297

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This book contains 20 papers from authors in the UK, USA, Germany and Austria. Historically, it gives examples of the influence of groundwater on battlefield tactics and fortress construction; describes how groundwater was developed for water supply and overcome as an obstacle to military engineering and cross-country vehicular movement by both sides in World Wars I and II; and culminates with examples of the application of hydrogeology to site boreholes in recent conflicts, notably in Afghanistan. Examples of current research described include hydrological model development; the impact of variations in soil moisture on explosive threat detection and cross-country vehicle mobility; contamination arising from defence sites and its remediation; privatization of water supplies; and the equitable allocation of resources derived from an international transboundary aquifer.

Progress in Modern Hydrology

Past, Present and Future

Author: John C. Rodda,Mark Robinson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119074290

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 9896

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Hydrology is vital to human civilisations as well as to natural ecosystems, yet it has only emerged as a distinct scientific discipline during the last 50 years or so. This book reviews the development of modern hydrology primarily through the experiences of the multidisciplinary team of scientists and engineers at Wallingford, near Oxford, who have been at the forefront of many of the developments in UK hydrological research. These topics include: • The development of basic understanding through the collection of data with specialised instrumentation in experimental basins • The study of extreme flows – both floods and droughts • The role moisture in the soil • Studies of the processes controlling evaporation • Water resource studies • Modelling and prediction of the extremes of flow improved • Understanding of water quality issues • A widening recognition of the importance of an ecosystem approach • Meeting the challenges of climate change, • Data handling • Future developments in hydrology and the pressures which generate them. Readership: hydrologists in both academia and a wide range of applied fields such as civil engineering, meteorology, geography and physics, as well as advanced students in earth science, environmental science and physical geography programmes worldwide.

Groundwater Lowering in Construction

A Practical Guide to Dewatering, Second Edition

Author: Martin Preene

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415668379

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 673

View: 615

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Linking theory and application in a way that is clear and understandable, Groundwater Lowering in Construction: A Practical Guide to Dewatering, Second Edition uses the authors’ extensive engineering experience to offer practical guidance on the planning, design, and implementation of groundwater control systems under real conditions. Discover engineering methods that can help you improve working conditions, increase project viability, and reduce excavation costs. In the decade since publication of this book’s first edition, groundwater lowering and dewatering activities have been increasingly integrated into the wider ground engineering schemes on major excavations to help provide stable and workable conditions for construction below groundwater level. Consequently, many engineering ventures now require a more in-depth assessment of potential environmental impacts of dewatering and groundwater control, and this book details the latest best practices to evaluate and address them. Includes New Chapters Covering: Cutoff methods used for groundwater exclusion Issues associated with permanent or long-term groundwater control systems Groundwater control technologies used on contaminated sites Methods needed to understand, predict, and mitigate potential environmental impacts of groundwater control works Updated to reflect the crucial technological and application advances shaping construction processes, this book contains valuable direction that can give you a true competitive advantage in the planning and execution of temporary and permanent dewatering works. The authors cover cutting-edge methods and key subjects, such as the history of dewatering, working on contaminated sites, site investigation techniques, and operation and maintenance issues, including health, safety, and legal aspects. Written for practising engineers and geologists as well as postgraduate engineering students, this updated manual on design and practice provides numerous case histories and extensive references to enhance understanding.

The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering

Author: Jacques Willy Delleur

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Groundwater

Page: 1320

View: 8380

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A complete treatment of the theory and practice of groundwater engineering, The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering, Second Edition provides a current and detailed review of how to model the flow of water and the transport of contaminants both in the unsaturated and saturated zones, covers the production of groundwater and the remediation of contaminated groundwater.

Earth Sciences History

Journal of the History of the Earth Sciences Society

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Earth sciences

Page: N.A

View: 9999

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The New Walford

Guide to Reference Resources

Author: Albert John Walford

Publisher: New Walford's Guide to Referen

ISBN: 9781856044950

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 827

View: 1685

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First published in 1959, Walford''s guide to reference material achieved international recognition as a leading bibliographic tool across all subject areas. But, in the 1990s, the web transformed the information universe; and so we have now transformed Walford. The New Walford (TNW) Volume 1: Science, Technology and Medicine is the first volume of a radically different guide. Published over 3 years, TNW will form the most substantial work of its kind in the English language. This book provides a pathway through the huge quantity of information now accessible via the web. The types of material cited have been greatly widened to reflect the revolution brought about by the use of networked information; but we have made sure that print resources are not ignored where these are still valuable. If you are approaching a subject for the first time, TNW will get you on your way, guiding you to the best starting points for your query. For the information professional, TNW''s new way of categorizing resources reflects the fundamental changes that have taken place in the scientific, business, political and social information landscapes. Who is it for This new reference book will be valuable for professionals worldwide who need to suggest resources to people who are relatively unfamiliar with the nuances of a topic and who need to know where to start. The focus is on resources that are most likely to be found and used within public, government, education or business information services. If you are an LIS professional responsible for developing and revising a reference collection, new to reference work, staffing an enquiry desk, a research worker or student, you''ll welcome publication of this new work - it''s your paper portal to the world of reference resources. Subject coverage mathematics physics & astronomy earth sciences chemistry biological sciences agriculture, forestry, fisheries & food pre-clinical sciences; clinical medicine health natural resources & energy engineering information & communication technology. Subject fields include astrophysics & cosmology biodiversity & conservation genetics, genomics & bioinformatics infectious diseases information system security meteorology & climatology microengineering & nanotechnology palaeontology soil science sports & exercise medicine. Editor-in-Chief Dr Ray Lester held posts in Unilever and a number of university libraries before becoming Director of Information Services at the London Business School and then the Head of Library and Information Services at The Natural History Museum. Subject specialists Catherine Carr, Cranfield University Jim Corlett, Nottingham Trent University Joanne Dunham, University of Leicester Helen Hathaway, University of Reading Dr Jonathan Jeffery, Leiden University Gareth Johnson, University of York Nazma Masud, Royal Society of Chemistry Roger Mills, University of Oxford Lorna Mitchell, Queen Mary, University of London Dr David Newton, The British Library Linda Norbury, University of Birmingham Bob Parry, University of Reading Alison Sutton, University of Reading Elizabeth Tilley, University of Cambridge Dr Barry White, University of Manchester Fenella Whittaker, The Institution of Mechanical Engineers. 010

Groundwater

Author: International Association of Hydrological Sciences

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781901502749

Category: Groundwater

Page: 625

View: 2400

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Sir John Evans 1823-1908

Antiquity, Commerce and Natural Science in the Age of Darwin

Author: Arthur MacGregor

Publisher: Ashmolean Museum

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 6351

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The figure of Sir John Evans might stand as an exemplar for so many aspects of Victorian virtue. From beginnings as a clerk in the paper industry, he rose by hard work and astute judgement (not to mention advantageous marriage) to the peak of his profession. He became a phenomenon amongst the learned societies, holding office in the Royal Society, Numismatic Society, Society of Antiquaries, Geological Society and others. A thrice-married family man, he enjoyed a wide friendship, drawn mostly from the scholarly and scientific community and characterised as the 'Darwinist community'; with a strong sense of purpose they sought ways to extend the principles of natural selection to numismatic and antiquarian practice, and to establish protocols for the communication of visual evidence. Evans played key roles in topics as diverse as the water supply for the metropolis and the establishment of human antiquity. His archaeological and numismatic collections were internationally famous and formed the basis for a body of printed works produced over fifty years of sustained effort. In this easily readable but scholarly volume, fourteen authors examine Evans' enduring significance in a study that firmly establishes his place in the canon of leading figures of Victorian society.

Hydrology and Hydrochemistry of British Wetlands

Author: Jocelyne Hughes,Louise Heathwaite

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 486

View: 9224

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Leading UK wetland scientists present a collection of reviews and case studies dealing with British freshwater wetlands and their hydrological, hydrochemical and consequent ecological processes. The hydrological section deals with a wide range of wetland types from groundwater-fed wetlands to acid mires, explaining how hydrological procedures have been modelled and investigated for diverse wetlands. The hydrochemical articles concentrate on the dynamics of nutrients as well as important implications for the management of river water quality, the use of artificial wetlands and restoration of disturbed wetlands. The final segment suggests future research directions and synthesizes the contributors' ideas.

Impact of environmental and climatic change on global and regional hydrology

proceedings of industrial and agricultural impacts on the hydrologic environment : the Second USA/CIS Joint Conference on Environmental Hydrology and Hydrogeology

Author: Yoram Eckstein,Alexander Zaporožec,Commonwealth of Independent States,American Institute of Hydrology,Geological Survey (U.S.),International Hydrological Programme

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 251

View: 4939

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