3D-Groundwater Modeling with PMWIN

A Simulation System for Modeling Groundwater Flow and Pollution

Author: Wen-Hsing Chiang,Wolfgang Kinzelbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366205549X

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 9149

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This book and CD-ROM offer a complete simulation system for modeling groundwater flow and transport processes. The companion full-version software (PMWIN) comes with a professional graphical user-interface, supported models and programs and several other useful modeling tools. Tools include a Presentation Tool, a Result Extractor, a Field Interpolator, a Field Generator, a Water Budget Calculator and a Graphic Viewer. Book and CD-ROM are targeted at novice and experienced groundwater modelers.

3D-Groundwater Modeling with PMWIN

A Simulation System for Modeling Groundwater Flow and Transport Processes

Author: Wen-Hsing Chiang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540275924

Category: Science

Page: 397

View: 7539

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This book offer a complete simulation system for modeling groundwater flow and transport processes. The companion full-version software (PMWIN) comes with a professional graphical user-interface, supported models and programs and several other useful modeling tools. Tools include a Presentation Tool, a Result Extractor, a Field Interpolator, a Field Generator, a Water Budget Calculator and a Graphic Viewer. Book targeted at novice and experienced groundwater modelers.

3D-Groundwater Modeling with PMWIN

A Simulation System for Modeling Groundwater Flow and Transport Processes

Author: Wen-Hsing Chiang,Wolfgang Kinzelbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540275909

Category: Computers

Page: 397

View: 3123

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Accompanying CD-ROM includes documentation of the supported models in PDF format.

Modeling Groundwater Flow and Pollution

Author: Jacob Bear,Arnold Verruijt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400933797

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 701

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Groundwater constitutes an important component of many water resource systems, supplying water for domestic use, for industry, and for agriculture. Management of a groundwater system, an aquifer, or a system of aquifers, means making such decisions as to the total quantity of water to be withdrawn annually, the location of wells for pumping and for artificial recharge and their rates, and control conditions at aquifer boundaries. Not less important are decisions related to groundwater qUality. In fact, the quantity and quality problems cannot be separated. In many parts of the world, with the increased withdrawal of ground water, often beyond permissible limits, the quality of groundwater has been continuously deteriorating, causing much concern to both suppliers and users. In recent years, in addition to general groundwater quality aspects, public attention has been focused on groundwater contamination by hazardous industrial wastes, by leachate from landfills, by oil spills, and by agricultural activities such as the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides, and by radioactive waste in repositories located in deep geological formations, to mention some of the most acute contamination sources. In all these cases, management means making decisions to achieve goals without violating specified constraints. In order to enable the planner, or the decision maker, to compare alternative modes of action and to ensure that the constraints are not violated, a tool is needed that will provide information about the response of the system (the aquifer) to various alternatives.

Groundwater Geochemistry

A Practical Guide to Modeling of Natural and Contaminated Aquatic Systems

Author: Broder J. Merkel,Britta Planer-Friedrich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540746683

Category: Science

Page: 230

View: 9980

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To understand hydrochemistry and to analyze natural as well as man-made impacts on aquatic systems, hydrogeochemical models have been used since the 1960’s and more frequently in recent times. Numerical groundwater flow, transport, and geochemical models are important tools besides classical deterministic and analytical approaches. Solving complex linear or non-linear systems of equations, commonly with hundreds of unknown parameters, is a routine task for a PC. Modeling hydrogeochemical processes requires a detailed and accurate water analysis, as well as thermodynamic and kinetic data as input. Thermodynamic data, such as complex formation constants and solubility-products, are often provided as databases within the respective programs. However, the description of surface-controlled reactions (sorption, cation exchange, surface complexation) and kinetically controlled reactions requires additional input data. Unlike groundwater flow and transport models, thermodynamic models, in principal, do not need any calibration. However, considering surface-controlled or kinetically controlled reaction models might be subject to calibration. Typical problems for the application of geochemical models are: • speciation • determination of saturation indices • adjustment of equilibria/disequilibria for minerals or gases • mixing of different waters • modeling the effects of temperature • stoichiometric reactions (e.g. titration) • reactions with solids, fluids, and gaseous phases (in open and closed systems) • sorption (cation exchange, surface complexation) • inverse modeling • kinetically controlled reactions • reactive transport Hydrogeochemical models depend on the quality of the chemical analysis, the boundary conditions presumed by the program, theoretical concepts (e.g.

Introduction to the Numerical Modeling of Groundwater and Geothermal Systems

Fundamentals of Mass, Energy and Solute Transport in Poroelastic Rocks

Author: Jochen Bundschuh,Mario César Suárez A.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203848101

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 522

View: 7945

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This book provides an introduction to the scientific fundamentals of groundwater and geothermal systems. In a simple and didactic manner the different water and energy problems existing in deformable porous rocks are explained as well as the corresponding theories and the mathematical and numerical tools that lead to modeling and solving them. This approach provides the reader with a thorough understanding of the basic physical laws of thermoporoelastic rocks, the partial differential equations representing these laws and the principal numerical methods, which allow finding approximate solutions of the corresponding mathematical models. The book also presents the form in which specific useful models can be generated and solved. The text is introductory in the sense that it explains basic themes of the systems mentioned in three areas: engineering, physics and mathematics. All the laws and equations introduced in this book are formulated carefully based on fundamental physical principles. This way, the reader will understand the key importance of mathematics applied to all the subjects. Simple models are emphasized and solved with numerous examples. For more sophisticated and advanced models the numerical techniques are described and developed carefully. This book will serve as a synoptic compendium of the fundamentals of fluid, solute and heat transport, applicable to all types of subsurface systems, ranging from shallow aquifers down to deep geothermal reservoirs. The book will prove to be a useful textbook to senior undergraduate and graduate students, postgraduates, professional geologists and geophysicists, engineers, mathematicians and others working in the vital areas of groundwater and geothermal resources.

Applied Groundwater Modeling

Simulation of Flow and Advective Transport

Author: Mary P. Anderson,William W. Woessner,Randall J. Hunt

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080916384

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 630

View: 2009

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This second edition is extensively revised throughout with expanded discussion of modeling fundamentals and coverage of advances in model calibration and uncertainty analysis that are revolutionizing the science of groundwater modeling. The text is intended for undergraduate and graduate level courses in applied groundwater modeling and as a comprehensive reference for environmental consultants and scientists/engineers in industry and governmental agencies. Explains how to formulate a conceptual model of a groundwater system and translate it into a numerical model Demonstrates how modeling concepts, including boundary conditions, are implemented in two groundwater flow codes-- MODFLOW (for finite differences) and FEFLOW (for finite elements) Discusses particle tracking methods and codes for flowpath analysis and advective transport of contaminants Summarizes parameter estimation and uncertainty analysis approaches using the code PEST to illustrate how concepts are implemented Discusses modeling ethics and preparation of the modeling report Includes Boxes that amplify and supplement topics covered in the text Each chapter presents lists of common modeling errors and problem sets that illustrate concepts

Modeling Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport

Author: Jacob Bear,Alexander H.-D. Cheng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402066821

Category: Science

Page: 834

View: 5551

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In many parts of the world, groundwater resources are under increasing threat from growing demands, wasteful use, and contamination. To face the challenge, good planning and management practices are needed. A key to the management of groundwater is the ability to model the movement of fluids and contaminants in the subsurface. The purpose of this book is to construct conceptual and mathematical models that can provide the information required for making decisions associated with the management of groundwater resources, and the remediation of contaminated aquifers. The basic approach of this book is to accurately describe the underlying physics of groundwater flow and solute transport in heterogeneous porous media, starting at the microscopic level, and to rigorously derive their mathematical representation at the macroscopic levels. The well-posed, macroscopic mathematical models are formulated for saturated, single phase flow, as well as for unsaturated and multiphase flow, and for the transport of single and multiple chemical species. Numerical models are presented and computer codes are reviewed, as tools for solving the models. The problem of seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers is examined and modeled. The issues of uncertainty in model input data and output are addressed. The book concludes with a chapter on the management of groundwater resources. Although one of the main objectives of this book is to construct mathematical models, the amount of mathematics required is kept minimal.

Modelling Water Flow in Unsaturated Porous Media

Accounting for Nonlinear Permeability and Material Heterogeneity

Author: Adam Szymkiewicz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642235581

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 7315

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The book focuses on two issues related to mathematical and numerical modelling of flow in unsaturated porous media. In the first part numerical solution of the governing equations is discussed, with particular emphasis on the spatial discretization of highly nonlinear permeability coefficient. The second part deals with large scale flow in heterogeneous porous media of binary structure. Upscaled models are developed and it is shown that the presence of material heterogeneities may give rise to additional non-equilibrium terms in the governing equations or to hysteresis in the averaged constitutive relationships.

Groundwater and Global Change in the Western Mediterranean Area

Author: Maria Luisa Calvache,Carlos Duque,David Pulido-Velazquez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319693565

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 4834

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This book is a compilation of papers examining the impacts of global change (GC) on water resources systems. Mainly focusing on groundwater resources in Western Mediterranean countries, it shows that this topic is one of the most important challenges facing society. The papers explore developments in both Southern Europe and North Africa, where major impacts on the sustainability, quantity, quality, and management of water resources are expected to emerge. Although most global change publications focus on surface water, the number of research papers addressing global change and groundwater has grown rapidly in recent years. Continuing that welcome trend, this book gathers the main findings presented at the “Congress on Groundwater and Global Change in the Western Mediterranean” (Granada, Spain, November 6–9, 2017), which brought together researchers and technicians interested in groundwater issues affecting this geographic area.

Contaminated Rivers

A Geomorphological-Geochemical Approach to Site Assessment and Remediation

Author: Jerry R. Miller,Suzanne M. Orbock Miller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402056024

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 4224

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This book provides an introductory understanding of fluvial geomorphic principles and how these principles can be integrated with geochemical data to cost-effectively characterize, assess and remediate contaminated rivers. The book stresses the importance of needing to understand both geomorphic and geochemical processes. Thus, the overall presentation is first an analysis of physical and chemical processes and, second, a discussion of how an understanding of these processes can be applied to specific aspects of site assessment and remediation. Such analyses provide the basis for a realistic prediction of the kinds of environmental responses that might be expected, for example, during future changes in climate or land-use.

Thermal Use of Shallow Groundwater

Author: Fritz Stauffer,Peter Bayer,Philipp Blum,Nelson Molina Giraldo,Wolfgang Kinzelbach

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466560193

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 287

View: 2766

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The thermal use of the shallow subsurface is increasingly being promoted and implemented as one of many promising measures for saving energy. A series of questions arises concerning the design and management of underground and groundwater heat extraction systems, such as the sharing of the thermal resource and the assessment of its long-term potential. For the proper design of thermal systems it is necessary to assess their impact on underground and groundwater temperatures. Thermal Use of Shallow Groundwater introduces the theoretical fundamentals of heat transport in groundwater systems, and discusses the essential thermal properties. It presents a complete overview of analytical and numerical subsurface heat transport modeling, providing a series of mathematical tools and simulation models based on analytical and numerical solutions of the heat transport equation. It is illustrated with case studies from Austria, Germany, and Switzerland of urban thermal energy use, and heat storage and cooling. This book gives a complete set of analytical solutions together with MATLAB® computer codes ready for immediate application or design. It offers a comprehensive overview of the state of the art of analytical and numerical subsurface heat transport modeling for students in civil or environmental engineering, engineering geology, and hydrogeology, and also serves as a reference for industry professionals.

Groundwater and Ecosystems

Author: Luis Ribeiro,Tibor Y. Stigter,Antonio Chambel,M. Teresa Condesso de Melo,Jose Paulo Monteiro,Albino Medeiros

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1138000337

Category: Nature

Page: 358

View: 6836

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Groundwater resources are facing increasing pressure from consuming and contaminating activities. There is a growing awareness that the quantitative and qualitative preservation of groundwater resources is a global need, not only to safeguard their future use for public supply and irrigation, but also to protect those ecosystems that depend partially or entirely on groundwater to maintain their species composition and natural ecological processes. Known as groundwater dependent ecosystems (GDEs), they have been a fast-growing field of research during the last two decades. This book is intended to provide a diverse overview of important studies on groundwater and ecosystems, including a toolbox for assessing the ecological water requirements for GDEs, and relevant case studies on groundwater/surface-water interactions, as well as the role of nutrients in groundwater for GDEs and ecosystem dependence (vegetation and cave fauna) on groundwater. Case studies are from Australia (nine studies) and Europe (12 studies from nine countries) as well as Argentina, Canada and South Africa. This book is of interest to everybody dealing with groundwater and its relationship with ecosystems. It is highly relevant for researchers, managers and decision-makers in the field of water and environment. It provides up-to-date information on crucial factors and parameters that need to be considered when studying groundwater-ecosystem relationships in different environments worldwide.

Reactive Transport in Soil and Groundwater

Processes and Models

Author: Gunnar Nützmann,Paolo Viotti,Per Aagaard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540267468

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 5217

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In this book, the authors focus on the improvement of the scientific base for the development of environmental risk indicators measured by the presence of pollutants in water and porous media. In pursuit of a correct and complete numerical approach, they deliver insight into the understanding of integrated process, and also of modeling capabilities.

Groundwater Recharge from Run-off, Infiltration and Percolation

Author: K.-P. Seiler,J.R. Gat

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402053053

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 2977

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To face the threats to the water supply and to maintain sustainable water management policies, detailed knowledge is needed on the surface-to-subsurface transformation link in the water cycle. Recharge flux is covered in this book as well as many other groundwater issues, including a comparison of the traditional and modern approaches to determine groundwater recharge. The authors also explain in detail the fate of groundwater recharge in the subsurface by hydraulic and geologic means, in order to stimulate adapted groundwater-management strategies.

Estimation of Natural Groundwater Recharge

Author: I. Simmers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401577803

Category: Science

Page: 510

View: 7940

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In view of the rapidly expanding urban, industrial and agri cultural water requirements in many areas and the normally associated critical unreliability of surface water supplies in arid and semi-arid zones, groundwater exploration and use is of fundamental importance for logical economic development. Two interrelated facets should be evident in all such groundwater projects : (a) definition of groundwater recharge mechanisms and characteristics for identified geological formations, in order to determine whether exploitation in the long-term involves 'mining' of an es sentially 'fossil' resource or withdrawal from a dynamic supply. A solution to this aspect is essential for development of a re source management policy: (b) determination of recharge variability in time and space to thus enable determination of total aquifer input and to quantify such practical aspects as 'minimum risk' waste disposal locations and artificial recharge potential via (e.g.) devegetation or engi neering works. However, current international developments relating to natural recharge indicate the following 'problems' ; no single comprehensive estimation technique can yet be iden tified from the spectrum of methods available; all are reported to give suspect results.

Groundwater

Resource Evaluation, Augmentation, Contamination, Restoration, Modeling and Management

Author: M. Thangarajan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402057296

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 5037

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This book provides comprehensive coverage on the assessment and management of groundwater. It contains the work of international experts in the field of groundwater resource evaluation, characterization, augmentation, restoration, modeling and management.

Urban Groundwater Management and Sustainability

Author: John H. Tellam,Michael O. Rivett,Rauf G. Israfilov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402051751

Category: Science

Page: 490

View: 6623

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The forty papers in this book explore the state of sustainable groundwater management in a wide range of countries and cultures, climates, and geologies. They are organized in topic areas covering flow, chemical water quality, biological water quality, remediation, engineering, and socio-economics. An introductory section presents a range of integrated regional-scale studies. This volume will interest groundwater specialists in industry and research, and will provide insight for other urban specialists, including planners.

Groundwater Geophysics

A Tool for Hydrogeology

Author: Reinhard Kirsch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354088405X

Category: Science

Page: 548

View: 5418

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Edited by Reinhard Kirsch, this book demonstrates the use of geophysics for the detection and delineation of groundwater resources. As well as being an excellent reference, it could also be used as a textbook. An addition to the bookshelf of any geophysicist.