A Geometric Introduction to Topology

Author: Charles Terence Clegg Wall

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486678504

Category: Mathematics

Page: 168

View: 4700

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First course in algebraic topology for advanced undergraduates. Homotopy theory, the duality theorem, relation of topological ideas to other branches of pure mathematics. Exercises and problems. 1972 edition.

Einführung in die Geometrie und Topologie

Author: Werner Ballmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034809018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 162

View: 5621

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Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Topologie, Differentialtopologie und Differentialgeometrie. Es basiert auf Manuskripten, die in verschiedenen Vorlesungszyklen erprobt wurden. Im ersten Kapitel werden grundlegende Begriffe und Resultate aus der mengentheoretischen Topologie bereitgestellt. Eine Ausnahme hiervon bildet der Jordansche Kurvensatz, der für Polygonzüge bewiesen wird und eine erste Idee davon vermitteln soll, welcher Art tiefere topologische Probleme sind. Im zweiten Kapitel werden Mannigfaltigkeiten und Liesche Gruppen eingeführt und an einer Reihe von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Diskutiert werden auch Tangential- und Vektorraumbündel, Differentiale, Vektorfelder und Liesche Klammern von Vektorfeldern. Weiter vertieft wird diese Diskussion im dritten Kapitel, in dem die de Rhamsche Kohomologie und das orientierte Integral eingeführt und der Brouwersche Fixpunktsatz, der Jordan-Brouwersche Zerlegungssatz und die Integralformel von Stokes bewiesen werden. Das abschließende vierte Kapitel ist den Grundlagen der Differentialgeometrie gewidmet. Entlang der Entwicklungslinien, die die Geometrie der Kurven und Untermannigfaltigkeiten in Euklidischen Räumen durchlaufen hat, werden Zusammenhänge und Krümmung, die zentralen Konzepte der Differentialgeometrie, diskutiert. Den Höhepunkt bilden die Gaussgleichungen, die Version des theorema egregium von Gauss für Untermannigfaltigkeiten beliebiger Dimension und Kodimension. Das Buch richtet sich in erster Linie an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten im zweiten und dritten Studienjahr und ist als Vorlage für ein- oder zweisemestrige Vorlesungen geeignet.

Introduction to Topology and Geometry

Author: Saul Stahl,Catherine Stenson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118546148

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 3348

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An easily accessible introduction to over threecenturies of innovations in geometry Praise for the First Edition “. . . a welcome alternative to compartmentalizedtreatments bound to the old thinking. This clearly written,well-illustrated book supplies sufficient background to beself-contained.” —CHOICE This fully revised new edition offers the most comprehensivecoverage of modern geometry currently available at an introductorylevel. The book strikes a welcome balance between academic rigorand accessibility, providing a complete and cohesive picture of thescience with an unparalleled range of topics. Illustrating modern mathematical topics, Introduction toTopology and Geometry, Second Edition discusses introductorytopology, algebraic topology, knot theory, the geometry ofsurfaces, Riemann geometries, fundamental groups, and differentialgeometry, which opens the doors to a wealth of applications. Withits logical, yet flexible, organization, the SecondEdition: • Explores historical notes interspersed throughout theexposition to provide readers with a feel for how the mathematicaldisciplines and theorems came into being • Provides exercises ranging from routine to challenging,allowing readers at varying levels of study to master the conceptsand methods • Bridges seemingly disparate topics by creating thoughtfuland logical connections • Contains coverage on the elements of polytope theory, whichacquaints readers with an exposition of modern theory Introduction to Topology and Geometry, Second Edition is anexcellent introductory text for topology and geometry courses atthe upper-undergraduate level. In addition, the book serves as anideal reference for professionals interested in gaining a deeperunderstanding of the topic.

A Combinatorial Introduction to Topology

Author: Michael Henle

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486679662

Category: Mathematics

Page: 310

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Excellent text covers vector fields, plane homology and the Jordan Curve Theorem, surfaces, homology of complexes, more. Problems and exercises. Some knowledge of differential equations and multivariate calculus required.Bibliography. 1979 edition.

An Introduction to the Geometry and Topology of Fluid Flows

Author: Renzo L. Ricca

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401004463

Category: Science

Page: 347

View: 3761

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Leading experts present a unique, invaluable introduction to the study of the geometry and typology of fluid flows. From basic motions on curves and surfaces to the recent developments in knots and links, the reader is gradually led to explore the fascinating world of geometric and topological fluid mechanics. Geodesics and chaotic orbits, magnetic knots and vortex links, continual flows and singularities become alive with more than 160 figures and examples. In the opening article, H. K. Moffatt sets the pace, proposing eight outstanding problems for the 21st century. The book goes on to provide concepts and techniques for tackling these and many other interesting open problems.

Geometry with an Introduction to Cosmic Topology

Author: Michael P. Hitchman

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0763754579

Category: Mathematics

Page: 238

View: 6453

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The content of Geometry with an Introduction to Cosmic Topology is motivated by questions that have ignited the imagination of stargazers since antiquity. What is the shape of the universe? Does the universe have and edge? Is it infinitely big? Dr. Hitchman aims to clarify this fascinating area of mathematics. This non-Euclidean geometry text is organized intothree natural parts. Chapter 1 provides an overview including a brief history of Geometry, Surfaces, and reasons to study Non-Euclidean Geometry. Chapters 2-7 contain the core mathematical content of the text, following the ErlangenProgram, which develops geometry in terms of a space and a group of transformations on that space. Finally chapters 1 and 8 introduce (chapter 1) and explore (chapter 8) the topic of cosmic topology through the geometry learned in the preceding chapters.

Einführung in die Funktionalanalysis

Author: Reinhold Meise,Dietmar Vogt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322803104

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 9100

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Dieses Buch wendet sich an Studenten der Mathematik und der Physik, welche über Grundkenntnisse in Analysis und linearer Algebra verfügen.

From Geometry to Topology

Author: H. Graham Flegg

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486138496

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 8579

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Introductory text for first-year math students uses intuitive approach, bridges the gap from familiar concepts of geometry to topology. Exercises and Problems. Includes 101 black-and-white illustrations. 1974 edition.

Introduction to Topological Manifolds

Author: John Lee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441979409

Category: Mathematics

Page: 433

View: 5901

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This book is an introduction to manifolds at the beginning graduate level, and accessible to any student who has completed a solid undergraduate degree in mathematics. It contains the essential topological ideas that are needed for the further study of manifolds, particularly in the context of differential geometry, algebraic topology, and related fields. Although this second edition has the same basic structure as the first edition, it has been extensively revised and clarified; not a single page has been left untouched. The major changes include a new introduction to CW complexes (replacing most of the material on simplicial complexes in Chapter 5); expanded treatments of manifolds with boundary, local compactness, group actions, and proper maps; and a new section on paracompactness.

Introduction to Topological Manifolds

Author: John M. Lee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038722727X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 6979

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Manifolds play an important role in topology, geometry, complex analysis, algebra, and classical mechanics. Learning manifolds differs from most other introductory mathematics in that the subject matter is often completely unfamiliar. This introduction guides readers by explaining the roles manifolds play in diverse branches of mathematics and physics. The book begins with the basics of general topology and gently moves to manifolds, the fundamental group, and covering spaces.

An Introduction to Differential Geometry and Topology in Mathematical Physics

Author: Wang Rong,Chen Yue

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814495808

Category: Mathematics

Page: 220

View: 9025

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This book gives an outline of the developments of differential geometry and topology in the twentieth century, especially those which will be closely related to new discoveries in theoretical physics. Contents:Differential Manifolds:Preliminary Knowledge and DefinitionsProperties and Operations of Tangent Vectors and Cotangent VectorsCurvature Tensors, Torsion Tensors, Covariant Differentials and Adjoint Exterior DifferentialsRiemannian GeometryComplex ManifoldGlobal Topological Properties:Homotopy Equivalence and Homotopy Groups of ManifoldsHomology and de Rham CohomologyFibre Bundles and Their Topological StructuresConnections and Curvatures on Fibre BundlesCharacteristic Classes of Fibre BundlesIndex Theorem and 4-Manifolds:Index Theorems for Manifolds Without BoundaryEssential Features of 4-Manifolds Readership: Mathematicians and physicists. Keywords:Homotopy Theory;Index Theorems;Riemannian Geometry;Complex Manifolds;Homology;De Rham Cohomology;Fibre Bundles;Characteristic Classes

Introduction to Topology

Author: Bert Mendelson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486663524

Category: Mathematics

Page: 206

View: 1055

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Highly regarded for its exceptional clarity, imaginative and instructive exercises, and fine writing style, this concise book offers an ideal introduction to the fundamentals of topology. It provides a simple, thorough survey of elementary topics, starting with set theory and advancing to metric and topological spaces, connectedness, and compactness. 1975 edition.

Curves and Singularities

A Geometrical Introduction to Singularity Theory

Author: James William Bruce,P. J. Giblin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521429993

Category: Mathematics

Page: 321

View: 5712

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The differential geometry of curves and surfaces in Euclidean space has fascinated mathematicians since the time of Newton. Here the authors take a novel approach by casting the theory into a new light, that of singularity theory. The second edition of this successful textbook has been thoroughly revised throughout and includes a multitude of new exercises and examples. A new final chapter has been added that covers recently developed techniques in the classification of functions of several variables, a subject central to many applications of singularity theory. Also in this second edition are new sections on the Morse lemma and the classification of plane curve singularities. The only prerequisites for students to follow this textbook are a familiarity with linear algebra and advanced calculus. Thus it will be invaluable for anyone who would like an introduction to the modern theories of catastrophes and singularities.

Topology

A Geometric Approach

Author: Terry Lawson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199202485

Category: Mathematics

Page: 388

View: 9929

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This new-in-paperback introduction to topology emphasizes a geometric approach with a focus on surfaces. A primary feature is a large collection of exercises and projects, which fosters a teaching style that encourages the student to be an active class participant. A wide range of material at different levels supports flexible use of the book for a variety of students. Part I is appropriate for a one-semester or two-quarter course, and Part II (which is problem based) allows the book to be used for a year-long course which supports a variety of syllabuses. The over 750 exercises range from simple checks of omitted details in arguments, to reinforce the material and increase student involvement, to the development of substantial theorems that have been broken into many steps. The style encourages an active student role. Solutions to selected exercises are included as an appendix, with solutions to all exercises available to the instructor on a companion website.

Topology

Point-Set and Geometric

Author: Paul L. Shick

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118030585

Category: Mathematics

Page: 296

View: 3760

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The essentials of point-set topology, complete with motivation andnumerous examples Topology: Point-Set and Geometric presents an introduction totopology that begins with the axiomatic definition of a topology ona set, rather than starting with metric spaces or the topology ofsubsets of Rn. This approach includes many more examples, allowingstudents to develop more sophisticated intuition and enabling themto learn how to write precise proofs in a brand-new context, whichis an invaluable experience for math majors. Along with the standard point-set topologytopics—connected and path-connected spaces, compact spaces,separation axioms, and metric spaces—Topology covers theconstruction of spaces from other spaces, including products andquotient spaces. This innovative text culminates with topics fromgeometric and algebraic topology (the Classification Theorem forSurfaces and the fundamental group), which provide instructors withthe opportunity to choose which "capstone" best suits his or herstudents. Topology: Point-Set and Geometric features: A short introduction in each chapter designed to motivate theideas and place them into an appropriate context Sections with exercise sets ranging in difficulty from easy tofairly challenging Exercises that are very creative in their approaches and workwell in a classroom setting A supplemental Web site that contains complete and colorfulillustrations of certain objects, several learning modulesillustrating complicated topics, and animations of particularlycomplex proofs

An Introduction to Contact Topology

Author: Hansjörg Geiges

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139467956

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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This text on contact topology is a comprehensive introduction to the subject, including recent striking applications in geometric and differential topology: Eliashberg's proof of Cerf's theorem via the classification of tight contact structures on the 3-sphere, and the Kronheimer-Mrowka proof of property P for knots via symplectic fillings of contact 3-manifolds. Starting with the basic differential topology of contact manifolds, all aspects of 3-dimensional contact manifolds are treated in this book. One notable feature is a detailed exposition of Eliashberg's classification of overtwisted contact structures. Later chapters also deal with higher-dimensional contact topology. Here the focus is on contact surgery, but other constructions of contact manifolds are described, such as open books or fibre connected sums. This book serves both as a self-contained introduction to the subject for advanced graduate students and as a reference for researchers.

Symplectic Geometry and Topology

Author: Yakov Eliashberg,Lisa M. Traynor

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821840959

Category: Mathematics

Page: 430

View: 3839

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Symplectic geometry has its origins as a geometric language for classical mechanics. But it has recently exploded into an independent field interconnected with many other areas of mathematics and physics. The goal of the IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute Graduate Summer School on Symplectic Geometry and Topology was to give an intensive introduction to these exciting areas of current research. Included in this proceedings are lecture notes from the following courses: Introduction to Symplectic Topology by D. McDuff; Holomorphic Curves and Dynamics in Dimension Three by H. Hofer; An Introduction to the Seiberg-Witten Equations on Symplectic Manifolds by C. Taubes; Lectures on Floer Homology by D. Salamon; A Tutorial on Quantum Cohomology by A. Givental; Euler Characteristics and Lagrangian Intersections by R. MacPherson; Hamiltonian Group Actions and Symplectic Reduction by L. Jeffrey; and Mechanics: Symmetry and Dynamics by J. Marsden.

A Topological Introduction to Nonlinear Analysis

Author: Robert F. Brown

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319117947

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 8665

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This third edition is addressed to the mathematician or graduate student of mathematics - or even the well-prepared undergraduate - who would like, with a minimum of background and preparation, to understand some of the beautiful results at the heart of nonlinear analysis. Based on carefully-expounded ideas from several branches of topology, and illustrated by a wealth of figures that attest to the geometric nature of the exposition, the book will be of immense help in providing its readers with an understanding of the mathematics of the nonlinear phenomena that characterize our real world. Included in this new edition are several new chapters that present the fixed point index and its applications. The exposition and mathematical content is improved throughout. This book is ideal for self-study for mathematicians and students interested in such areas of geometric and algebraic topology, functional analysis, differential equations, and applied mathematics. It is a sharply focused and highly readable view of nonlinear analysis by a practicing topologist who has seen a clear path to understanding. "For the topology-minded reader, the book indeed has a lot to offer: written in a very personal, eloquent and instructive style it makes one of the highlights of nonlinear analysis accessible to a wide audience."-Monatshefte fur Mathematik (2006)

Topology

An Introduction

Author: Stefan Waldmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331909680X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 136

View: 915

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This book provides a concise introduction to topology and is necessary for courses in differential geometry, functional analysis, algebraic topology, etc. Topology is a fundamental tool in most branches of pure mathematics and is also omnipresent in more applied parts of mathematics. Therefore students will need fundamental topological notions already at an early stage in their bachelor programs. While there are already many excellent monographs on general topology, most of them are too large for a first bachelor course. Topology fills this gap and can be either used for self-study or as the basis of a topology course.

Introduction to Metric and Topological Spaces

Author: Wilson A Sutherland

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191568309

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 675

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One of the ways in which topology has influenced other branches of mathematics in the past few decades is by putting the study of continuity and convergence into a general setting. This new edition of Wilson Sutherland's classic text introduces metric and topological spaces by describing some of that influence. The aim is to move gradually from familiar real analysis to abstract topological spaces, using metric spaces as a bridge between the two. The language of metric and topological spaces is established with continuity as the motivating concept. Several concepts are introduced, first in metric spaces and then repeated for topological spaces, to help convey familiarity. The discussion develops to cover connectedness, compactness and completeness, a trio widely used in the rest of mathematics. Topology also has a more geometric aspect which is familiar in popular expositions of the subject as `rubber-sheet geometry', with pictures of Möbius bands, doughnuts, Klein bottles and the like; this geometric aspect is illustrated by describing some standard surfaces, and it is shown how all this fits into the same story as the more analytic developments. The book is primarily aimed at second- or third-year mathematics students. There are numerous exercises, many of the more challenging ones accompanied by hints, as well as a companion website, with further explanations and examples as well as material supplementary to that in the book.