Grammatik des klassischen Arabisch

Author: Wolfdietrich Fischer

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447052658

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 296

View: 4942

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In der nunmehr in 4. Auflage vorliegenden, weitverbreiteten Grammatik fur das Klassische Arabisch wurden eine Reihe von Verbesserungen, Berichtigungen und Erganzungen vorgenommen, die sie an den neuesten Forschungsstand anpassen. Aufbau und Inhalt wurden jedoch nicht wesentlich verandert. Nach wie vor bietet das als Referenz-Grammatik konzipierte Werk moglichst umfassende, aber knapp gehaltene Informationen uber die Phonologie, die Morphologie und die syntaktischen Strukturen des Klassischen Arabisch. Die Bibliographie enthalt die wichtigen Monographien und Aufsatze, die es dem Benutzer ermoglichen sich eingehend uber den Forschungsstand auf dem Gebiet der arabischen Sprache und ihrer Geschichte zu orientieren

Dependenz und Valenz / Dependency and Valency. 1. Halbband

Author: Vilmos Ágel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110194112

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 867

View: 9382

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"Dependenz" als grammatisches Konzept, das die gerichtete Verkettung von Wörtern zum Ausgang nimmt, und "Valenz" als komplementäre Annahme, dass Wörter Leerstellen um sich eröffnen, die zu füllen sind, haben sich als sehr fruchtbare grammatische Ansätze erwiesen, mit denen die Grundstruktur von Sätzen und auch die Ausbaumöglichkeiten erfasst werden können. Die Rezeption dieses Ansatzes, Eigenentwicklungen auf der Basis vergleichbarer Annahmen und gegenseitige Beeinflussung haben zu einer inzwischen weitverzweigten Forschungslage geführt. Das Handbuch stellt im ersten Teilband zunächst die wissenschaftsgeschichtlichen Voraussetzungen der Konzeptionen dar und behandelt sodann ausführlich die einzelnen Theorieteile (u.a. Valenz des Verbs, Ergänzungen und Angaben, Tiefenkasus, Wortstellung). Theorie und Empirie wird gleichermaßen Rechnung getragen. Die Hauptrichtungen der Dependenzgrammatik, die Word Grammar, die Lexicase Grammar und andere Konzeptionen werden ausführlich dargestellt.

Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning

Author: Michael Byram,Adelheid Hu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136235531

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 856

View: 9962

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The Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning is an authoritative reference dealing with all aspects of this increasingly important field of study. Offering a comprehensive range of articles on contemporary language teaching and its history, it has been produced specifically for language teaching professionals and as a reference work for academic studies at postgraduate level. In this new edition, every single entry has been reviewed and updated with reference to new developments and publications. Coverage has been expanded to reflect new technological, global and academic developments, with particular attention to areas such as online and distance learning, teacher and learner cognition, testing, assessment and evaluation, global English and teacher education. Themes and disciplines covered include: Methods and materials, including new technologies and materials development Contexts and concepts, such as mediation, risk-taking in language learning and intercomprehension Influential figures from the early days of language teaching to the contemporary Related disciplines, such as psychology, anthropology and corpus linguistics? It covers the teaching of specific languages, including Japanese, Chinese, Arabic and African languages, as well as English, French, German and Spanish. There are thirty five overview articles dealing with issues such as communicative language teaching, early language learning, teacher education and syllabus and curriculum design. A further 160 entries focus on topics such as bilingualism, language laboratories and study abroad. Numerous shorter items examine language and cultural institutions, professional associations and acronyms. Multiple cross-references enable the user to browse from one entry to another, and there are suggestions for further reading. Written by an international team of specialists, the Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning is an invaluable resource and reference manual for anyone with a professional or academic interest in the subject.

A New Approach to Teaching Arabic Grammar

Author: Abdallah Nacereddine

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1449039855

Category: Education

Page: 392

View: 7119

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Abdallah Nacereddine first taught Arabic in the United States before moving to Switzerland, where he led Arabic language courses at the League of Arab States and in conjunction with the Arab-Swiss Chamber of Commerce. He directed his own Institute for Arabic Language Teaching in Geneva, Lausanne, Bern, and Zurich, and taught Arabic at the United Nations in Geneva for over twenty-two years. At present, he is teaching at the International Labour Office. His teaching materials are the result of this experience and have been thoroughly tested in class. One of the first Arabic grammar books was published in the 13th century, under the title al-Alfia (didactic treatise in one thousand lines) by Ibn Malek (600-673 A. H. / 1203-1274 A. D) Since that time, Arabic grammar has not changed at all. In 1636, Thomas Erpenius published his definitive work, Grammatica Arabica, in Latin at Leiden. He followed a methodology which suited the European mind and adopted a specific terminology, which had to be applied by every non Arabic-speaking grammarian. Following this, several Arabic grammar books were published in different languages. Contrary to the grammar of other languages which have continued to evolve, Arabic grammar has remained unchanged. There are already a certain number of Arabic grammar books. What then is the point of publishing yet another? From his childhood, the author studied Arabic grammar, mainly from the al-Alfia treatise. He started to teach it in exactly the same archaic manner that he had learnt it. It was when he began to teach Arabic at the United Nations in Geneva to non-Arabic speakers in a multicultural context that he had to learn a new teaching method and its terminology. He therefore started to follow the European methodology for teaching Arabic grammar and to use its terminology.

Handbook for Arabic Language Teaching Professionals in the 21st Century

Author: Kassem M. Wahba,Zeinab A. Taha,Liz England

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134999046

Category: Education

Page: 512

View: 929

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This landmark volume offers an introduction to the field of teaching Arabic as a foreign or second language. Recent growth in student numbers and the demand for new and more diverse Arabic language programs of instruction have created a need that has outpaced the ability of teacher preparation programs to provide sufficient numbers of well-qualified professional teachers at the level of skill required. Arabic language program administrators anticipate that the increases in enrollment will continue into the next decades. More resources and more varied materials are seriously needed in Arabic teacher education and training. The goal of this Handbook is to address that need. The most significant feature of this volume is its pioneer role in approaching the field of Arabic language teaching from many different perspectives. It offers readers the opportunity to consider the role, status, and content of Arabic language teaching in the world today. The Handbook is intended as a resource to be used in building Arabic language and teacher education programs and in guiding future academic research. Thirty-four chapters authored by leaders in the field are organized around nine themes: Background of Arabic Language Teaching; Contexts of Arabic Language Teaching; Communicative Competence in Arabic; The Learners; Assessment; Technology Applications; Curriculum Development, Design, and Models; Arabic Language Program Administration and Management; and Planning for the Future of Arabic Language Learning and Teaching. The Handbook for Arabic Language Teaching Professionals in the 21st Century will benefit and be welcomed by Arabic language teacher educators and trainers, administrators, graduate students, and scholars around the world. It is intended to create dialogue among scholars and professionals in the field and in related fields--dialogue that will contribute to creating new models for curriculum and course design, materials and assessment tools, and ultimately, better instructional effectiveness for all Arabic learners everywhere, in both Arabic-speaking and non-Arabic speaking countries.

The Arabic Verb

Form and meaning in the vowel-lengthening patterns

Author: Warwick Danks

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027286957

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 281

View: 7846

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The Arabic verbal system is, for most grammarians, the keystone of the language. Notable for the regularity of its patterns, it presents the linguist with an unparalleled opportunity to explore the Saussurean notion of the indivisible sign: form and meaning. Whilst Arabic forms are well-documented, the elucidation of the corresponding meanings has proved more challenging. Beginning with an examination of the verbal morphology of Modern Standard Arabic, including an evaluation of the significance of the consonantal root, this volume then concentrates on establishing the function of the vowel-lengthening verbal patterns (III and VI). It explores issues of mutuality and reciprocity, valency and transitivity, ultimately focusing on atelic lexical aspect as the unified meaning of these patterns. This study is rich in data and relies extensively upon contemporary examples (with transliteration and translation) to illustrate its arguments, adopting an empirical structuralist approach which is aimed both at general linguists and at specialist Arabists.

The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran

A Contribution to the Decoding of the Language of the Koran

Author: Christoph Luxenberg

Publisher: Verlag Hans Schiler

ISBN: 3899300882

Category: Social Science

Page: 349

View: 3892

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Throughout its history the Koran has presented problems of interpretation. Some scholars estimate that at least a quarter of the text is obscure in meaning, not only for Western translators but even native Arabic speakers, who struggle with the archaic vocabulary that is no longer used in modern Arabic. In this in-depth study of the language of the Koran, scholar Christoph Luxenberg dispels much of the mystery surrounding numerous hitherto unclear passages. The key, as Luxenberg shows exhaustively, is to understand that Aramaic--the language of most Middle Eastern Jews and Christians of the pre-Islamic era--had a pervasive influence on the development of the Arabic text of the Koran. For a thousand years preceding the advent of Islam, Aramaic (or Syriac as it was sometimes called) was the lingua franca of many parts of the Near East. It was the native language of the first Christian evangelists and the main liturgical language of the early Christian churches from Syria to Iran. Based on this historical context and a profound knowledge of Semitic languages, Luxenberg clarifies many thorny textual puzzles. Perhaps his most interesting argument is that the passage often translated as referring to the "virgins" that are believed to greet the departed faithful in paradise was long ago misunderstood. In fact, knowledge of ancient Christian hymns in Aramaic suggests that the word in question refers to "grapes" that the departed will enjoy in a paradisiacal garden. Luxenberg discusses many other similar fascinating instances where Aramaic vocabulary and concepts influenced the text of the Koran This highly erudite work makes a significant contribution to the study of the Koran and the history of Islamic origins.

Compendium of the World's Languages

Author: George L. Campbell,Gareth King

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136258450

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1984

View: 2185

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This third edition of Compendium of the World’s Languages has been thoroughly revised to provide up-to-date and accurate descriptions of a wide selection of natural language systems. All cultural and historical notes as well as statistical data have been checked, updated and in many cases expanded. Presenting an even broader range of languages and language families, including new coverage of Australian aboriginal languages and expanded treatment of North American and African languages, this new edition offers a total of 342 entries over nearly 2000 pages. Key features include: Complete rewriting, systematization and regularisation of the phonology sections Provision of IPA symbol grids arranged by articulatory feature and by alphabetic resemblance to facilitate use of the new phonology sections Expansion of morphology descriptions for most major languages Provision of new illustrative text samples Addition of a glossary of technical terms and an expanded bibliography Comparative tables of the numerals 1-10 in a representative range of languages, and also grouped by family Drawing upon a wealth of recent developments and research in language typology and broadened availability of descriptive data, this new incarnation of George Campbell’s astounding Compendium brings a much-loved survey emphatically into the twenty-first century for a new generation of readers. Scholarly, comprehensive and highly accessible, Compendium of the World’s Languages remains the ideal reference for all interested linguists and professionals alike.

Arabic Language and Islam: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Mustafa Shah

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199805970

Category:

Page: 32

View: 5515

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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In Islamic studies, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Islamic Studies, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of the Islamic religion and Muslim cultures. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Arabisches Worterbuch Fur Die Schriftsprache Der Gegenwart

Arabisch - Deutsch

Author: Hans Wehr

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz

ISBN: 9783447065849

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 1452

View: 9483

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Das Worterbuch ist in arabischer Sprache mit Umschrift verfasst und enthalt auch Wortschatz aus Wissenschaft, Wirtschaft, Politik und Technik. Es umfasst ca. 30000 Worter mit ca. 20 Wortern je Seite.

Central Asia

Aspects of Transition

Author: Tom Everett-Heath

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135798230

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 6304

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The five central Asian States of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan stand at the crossroads of world civilization. Influenced by South Asia, Iran, China and Russia, this region which has recently burst onto the world stage once again, guards a distinct identity. This collection by established experts on the area covers the dramatic Soviet interventions of the early twentieth century, and details the role of ethnicity and the contribution made by Islamic impulses in the process of building the modern nation states.

An Introduction to Modern Literary Arabic

Author: David Cowan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521092401

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 205

View: 8150

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The lessons are clear, in non-technical language, and have generous examples, with plenty of exercises for translation from Arabic to English and from English to Arabic. This is the manual that students interested in Arabic as a living and expanding world language will prefer. It is the first to deal mainly with modern literary Arabic. In Mr Cowan's words: 'The purpose is to explain to the students, in as concise a manner as possible, the grammatical structure of the modern Arabic literary language as it is found today in newspapers, magazines, books, the radio, and public speaking. I have endeavoured to restrict the material to the minimum which may serve as a stepping-stone to a deeper study of Arabic. As the fundamental grammar of written Arabic has hardly changed as an introduction to the classical language also. Having once mastered its contents the student should have a sound grasp of Arabic grammar and can then direct his studies towards modern literature or classical according to his needs and inclinations.

Medieval Transformations

Texts, Power, and Gifts in Context

Author: Esther Cohen,Mayke De Jong

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004117280

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 9755

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The Middle Ages witnessed the transformation of identities, cultural objects and relationships. The 12 papers by leading experts in this volume investigate the authority attributed to texts and their canonization in different contexts; the shifting uses and meanings of gifts, from honorable instruments in the settlement of disputes to corruption and bribery; and the transition of violence and power from relationships between equals to a tool for the maintenance of hierarchies.

A History of the Jewish People

Author: Abraham Malamat,Haim Hillel Ben-Sasson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674397316

Category: History

Page: 1170

View: 2893

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A comprehensive, detailed survey of Jewish politics, religion, economics, and society and of Jewish life and achievement, from the second millennium B.C. through the Diaspora, and in the state of Israel