A Paradise Built in Hell

The Extraordinary Communities That Arise in Disaster

Author: Rebecca Solnit

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101459010

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 1685

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A startling investigation of what people do in disasters and why it matters Why is it that in the aftermath of a disaster? whether manmade or natural?people suddenly become altruistic, resourceful, and brave? What makes the newfound communities and purpose many find in the ruins and crises after disaster so joyous? And what does this joy reveal about ordinarily unmet social desires and possibilities? In A Paradise Built in Hell, award-winning author Rebecca Solnit explores these phenomena, looking at major calamities from the 1906 earthquake in San Francisco through the 1917 explosion that tore up Halifax, Nova Scotia, the 1985 Mexico City earthquake, 9/11, and Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans. She examines how disaster throws people into a temporary utopia of changed states of mind and social possibilities, as well as looking at the cost of the widespread myths and rarer real cases of social deterioration during crisis. This is a timely and important book from an acclaimed author whose work consistently locates unseen patterns and meanings in broad cultural histories.

Gesellschaft und Kultur (1897–1937)

Author: Alfred Adler

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647460559

Category: Psychology

Page: 239

View: 8838

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Der 7. Band der Alfred Adler Studienausgabe umfasst 25 Aufsätze aus Adlers gesamter Schaffensperiode (1897 bis 1937), in denen er sich zu gesellschaftlichen, politischen und kulturellen Erscheinungen äußert, zu ihnen engagiert Stellung nimmt und sie im Licht seiner psychologischen Theorie erörtert. Die ausgewählten Texte behandeln eine große Bandbreite von Themen wie Sozialmedizin, Sexualität und soziale Beziehungen unter gesellschaftlichem Gesichtspunkt, politische und weltanschauliche Phänomene wie Marxismus, Bolschewismus, Krieg, Massenbewegungen und Führerpersönlichkeiten, Fragen zur Literatur- und Künstlerpsychologie. Es eröffnen sich spannende Ausblicke sowohl auf diese Problembereiche als auch auf Adlers theoretisches und methodologisches Denken. In seinen Beiträgen zeigt sich ein hohes gesellschaftspolitisches Engagement, in dem auch der Mensch Alfred Adler sichtbar wird.Eine Besonderheit dieses Bandes ist es, dass sehr viele dieser Aufsätze bisher nur in einer Erstveröffentlichung durch Adler selbst an verstreuten Orten vorlagen und daher bisher weitgehend unbekannt waren.

Die Mutter aller Fragen

Author: Rebecca Solnit

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455001785

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 2290

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»Warum haben Sie keine Kinder?« Diese »Mutter aller Fragen« wird Rebecca Solnit hartnäckig von Journalisten gestellt, die sich mehr für ihren Bauch als für ihre Bücher interessieren. Warum gilt Mutterschaft noch immer als Schlüssel zur weiblichen Identität? Die Autorin findet die Antwort darauf in der Ideologie des Glücks und tritt dafür ein, lieber nach Sinn als nach Glück zu streben. Außerdem erklärt sie in ihren Essays, warum die Geschichte des Schweigens mit der Geschichte der Frauen untrennbar verknüpft ist, warum fünfjährige Jungen auf rosa Spielzeug lieber verzichten, und nennt 80 Bücher, die keine Frau lesen sollte. Sie schreibt über Männer, die Feministen und Männer, die Vergewaltiger sind, und setzt sich gegen jegliches Schubladendenken zur Wehr. Wenn Männer mir die Welt erklären sorgte weltweit für Furore – in ihren neuen Essays setzt Rebecca Solnit ebenso scharfsichtig wie humorvoll ihre Erkundung der heutigen Geschlechterverhältnisse fort. Ein wichtiges, Mut machendes Buch aus dezidiert feministischer Perspektive, über und für alle, die Geschlechteridentitäten infrage stellen und für eine freiere Welt eintreten.

Aus der nahen Ferne

Author: Rebecca Solnit

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455851169

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 9203

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"Manchmal ist der Schlüssel lange vor dem Schloss da. Manchmal fällt einem eine Geschichte in den Schoß. Einmal fielen fünfzig Kilo Aprikosen in meinen ..." Als ihre Mutter sich nicht länger um den Aprikosenbaum in ihrem Garten kümmern kann, fällt Rebecca Solnit die Ernte zu - und ein Jahr des Abschieds und des Neuanfangs beginnt: Ihre Mutter bekommt Alzheimer, sie selbst Brustkrebs, ihre Beziehung endet. Und während sie zurückblickt auf dieses Jahr der Aprikosen und der Notfälle, fasst Solnit die Erzählfäden ihres Lebens zusammen - denn es ist das Erzählen, das den Menschen ausmacht, ihn vor dem Vergessen schützt.

Wenn Männer mir die Welt erklären

Erweiterte Neuausgabe mit 2 neuen und bislang unveröffentlichten Essays

Author: Rebecca Solnit

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455003486

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 5933

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»Das beste Buch des Jahres.« Lena Dunham Rebecca Solnit ist eine der wichtigsten feministischen Denkerinnen unserer Zeit. Ihr Essay Wenn Männer mir die Welt erklären hat weltweit für Furore gesorgt: Scharfsinnig analysiert Solnit männliche Arroganz, die die Kommunikation zwischen Männern und Frauen erschwert. Voller Biss, Komik und stilistischer Eleganz widmet sie sich in ihren Essays dem augenblicklichen Zustand der Geschlechterverhältnisse. Ein Mann, der mit seinem Wissen prahlt, in der Annahme, dass seine Gesprächspartnerin ohnehin keine Ahnung hat - jede Frau hat diese Situation schon einmal erlebt. Rebecca Solnit untersucht dieses Phänomen und weitere Mechanismen von Sexismus. Sie deckt Missstände auf, die meist gar nicht als solche erkannt werden, weil Übergriffe auf Frauen akzeptiert sind, als normal gelten. Dabei befasst sich die Autorin mit der Kernfamilie als Institution genauso wie mit Gewalt gegen Frauen, französischen Sex-Skandalen, Virginia Woolf oder postkolonialen Machtverhältnissen. Leidenschaftlich, präzise und mit einem radikal neuen Blick zeigt Rebecca Solnit auf, was längst noch nicht selbstverständlich ist: Für die Gleichberechtigung von Frauen und Männern gilt es, die Stimme zu erheben.

Trauer ist das Ding mit Federn

Author: Max Porter

Publisher: Hanser Berlin

ISBN: 3446250190

Category: Fiction

Page: 112

View: 9580

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Eine junge Frau ist gestorben. Ihre Kinder, zwei kleine Jungen, und ihr Mann sind noch betäubt vom Schock, haben haufenweise Beileidsbekundungen und Lasagne zum Aufwärmen entgegengenommen, die notwendigen Dinge organisiert, und nun setzt die unerträgliche Leere ein. Da klingelt es an der Tür. Totenschwarz und gefiedert bricht es herein, packt den Vater und verkündet: "Ich gehe erst wieder, wenn du mich nicht mehr brauchst." Die überlebensgroße Krähe nistet sich rücksichtslos in der Familie ein, meldet sich mit drastischem Witz zu Wort und wird dabei zu einer Art subversivem Therapeuten, eine herrlich anarchische Mary Poppins. Max Porter ist ein bildmächtiges, wildes Buch über die Trauer gelungen.

Der Welt nicht mehr verbunden

Die wahren Ursachen von Depressionen - und unerwartete Lösungen

Author: Johann Hari

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 3959678231

Category: Self-Help

Page: 448

View: 4014

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Das erste Rätsel, vor dem ich stand, war: Wie konnte es sein, dass ich immer noch depressiv war, obwohl ich Antidepressiva nahm? Ich machte alles richtig - und doch lief etwas falsch. Warum? Das zweite Rätsel: Warum gibt es heute so viel mehr Menschen, die unter Depressionen und schweren Ängsten leiden? Was hat sich verändert? Da ging mir auf, dass noch ein drittes Rätsel über allem schwebte. Konnte es sein, dass etwas anderes, und nicht die Chemie in meinem Hirn, Depressionen und Ängste bei mir und so vielen anderen Menschen auslöste? Und wenn ja: Was konnte es sein? »Wenn Sie sich jemals niedergeschlagen oder verloren gefühlt haben, wird dieses Buch Ihr Leben ändern.« Elton John »Eine wunderbare und bestechende Analyse.« Hillary Clinton »Ein Buch, das viel über unsere innere Verzweiflung und unseren Lebenswandel verrät« Naomi Klein »Ein brillanter, anregender und radikaler Ansatz zur psychischen Gesundheit« Matt Haig

Utopia and Terror in Contemporary American Fiction

Author: Judie Newman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136774874

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 182

View: 2872

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This book examines the quest for/failure of Utopia across a range of contemporary American/transnational fictions in relation to terror and globalization through authors such as Susan Choi, André Dubus, Dalia Sofer, and John Updike. While recent critical thinkers have reengaged with Utopia, the possibility of terror — whether state or non-state, external or homegrown — shadows Utopian imaginings. Terror and Utopia are linked in fiction through the exploration of the commodification of affect, a phenomenon of a globalized world in which feelings are managed, homogenized across cultures, exaggerated, or expunged according to a dominant model. Narrative approaches to the terrorist offer a means to investigate the ways in which fiction can resist commodification of affect, and maintain a reasoned but imaginative vision of possibilities for human community. Newman explores topics such as the first American bestseller with a Muslim protagonist, the links between writer and terrorist, the work of Iranian-Jewish Americans, and the relation of race and religion to Utopian thought.

The Invisible Hand in Popular Culture

Liberty vs. Authority in American Film and TV

Author: Paul A. Cantor

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813140838

Category: Political Science

Page: 488

View: 3129

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Popular culture often champions freedom as the fundamentally American way of life and celebrates the virtues of independence and self-reliance. But film and television have also explored the tension between freedom and other core values, such as order and political stability. What may look like healthy, productive, and creative freedom from one point of view may look like chaos, anarchy, and a source of destructive conflict from another. Film and television continually pose the question: Can Americans deal with their problems on their own, or must they rely on political elites to manage their lives? In this groundbreaking work, Paul A. Cantor explores the ways in which television shows such as Star Trek, The X-Files, South Park, and Deadwood and films such as The Aviator and Mars Attacks! have portrayed both top-down and bottom-up models of order. Drawing on the works of John Locke, Adam Smith, Alexis de Tocqueville, and other proponents of freedom, Cantor contrasts the classical liberal vision of America -- particularly its emphasis on the virtues of spontaneous order -- with the Marxist understanding of the "culture industry" and the Hobbesian model of absolute state control. The Invisible Hand in Popular Culture concludes with a discussion of the impact of 9/11 on film and television, and the new anxieties emerging in contemporary alien-invasion narratives: the fear of a global technocracy that seeks to destroy the nuclear family, religious faith, local government, and other traditional bulwarks against the absolute state.

Psychosocial Capacity Building in Response to Disasters

Author: Joshua L. Miller

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519761

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 9048

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Disaster responders treat more than just the immediate emotional and psychological trauma of victims: they empower individuals and families to heal themselves long into a disaster's aftermath. This requires helping survivors to rebuild their ability to meet their emotional and psychological needs, not only for themselves but also for others, which necessitates a careful consideration of survivors' social, economic, and political realities as their communities heal and recover. This comprehensive book integrates Western mental health approaches and international models of psychosocial capacity building within a social ecology framework, providing practitioners and volunteers with a blueprint for individual, family, group, and community interventions. Joshua L. Miller focuses on a range of disasters at local, regional, national, and international levels. Global case studies explore the social, psychological, economic, political, and cultural issues affecting various reactions to disaster and illustrate the importance of drawing on local cultural practices to promote empowerment and resiliency. Miller encourages developing people's capacity to direct their own recovery, using a social ecology framework to conceptualize disasters and their consequences. He also considers sources of vulnerability and how to support individual, family, and community resiliency; adapt and implement traditional disaster mental health interventions in different contexts; use groups and activities to facilitate recovery as part of a larger strategy of psychosocial capacity building; and foster collective grieving and memorializing. Miller's text examines the unique dynamics of intergroup conflict and the relationship between psychosocial healing, social justice, and peace and reconciliation. Each chapter ends with a mindfulness exercise, and a section reviews practitioner self-care.

The Big Truck That Went By

How the World Came to Save Haiti and Left Behind a Disaster

Author: Jonathan M. Katz

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1137323957

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 3048

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On January 12, 2010, the deadliest earthquake in the history of the Western Hemisphere struck the nation least prepared to handle it. Jonathan M. Katz, the only full-time American news correspondent in Haiti, was inside his house when it buckled along with hundreds of thousands of others. In this visceral, authoritative first-hand account, Katz chronicles the terror of that day, the devastation visited on ordinary Haitians, and how the world reacted to a nation in need. More than half of American adults gave money for Haiti, part of a monumental response totaling $16.3 billion in pledges. But three years later the relief effort has foundered. It's most basic promises—to build safer housing for the homeless, alleviate severe poverty, and strengthen Haiti to face future disasters—remain unfulfilled. The Big Truck That Went By presents a sharp critique of international aid that defies today's conventional wisdom; that the way wealthy countries give aid makes poor countries seem irredeemably hopeless, while trapping millions in cycles of privation and catastrophe. Katz follows the money to uncover startling truths about how good intentions go wrong, and what can be done to make aid "smarter." With coverage of Bill Clinton, who came to help lead the reconstruction; movie-star aid worker Sean Penn; Wyclef Jean; Haiti's leaders and people alike, Katz weaves a complex, darkly funny, and unexpected portrait of one of the world's most fascinating countries. The Big Truck That Went By is not only a definitive account of Haiti's earthquake, but of the world we live in today.

The Great Kantō Earthquake and the Chimera of National Reconstruction in Japan

Author: J. Charles Schencking

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231535066

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 4313

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In September 1923, a magnitude 7.9 earthquake devastated eastern Japan, killing more than 120,000 people and leaving two million homeless. Using a rich array of source material, J. Charles Schencking tells for the first time the graphic tale of Tokyo's destruction and rebirth. In emotive prose, he documents how the citizens of Tokyo experienced this unprecedented calamity and explores the ways in which it rattled people's deep-seated anxieties about modernity. While explaining how and why the disaster compelled people to reflect on Japanese society, he also examines how reconstruction encouraged the capital's inhabitants to entertain new types of urbanism as they rebuilt their world. Some residents hoped that a grandiose metropolis, reflecting new values, would rise from the ashes of disaster-ravaged Tokyo. Many, however, desired a quick return of the city they once called home. Opportunistic elites advocated innovative state infrastructure to better manage the daily lives of Tokyo residents. Others focused on rejuvenating society—morally, economically, and spiritually—to combat the perceived degeneration of Japan. Schencking explores the inspiration behind these dreams and the extent to which they were realized. He investigates why Japanese citizens from all walks of life responded to overtures for renewal with varying degrees of acceptance, ambivalence, and resistance. His research not only sheds light on Japan's experience with and interpretation of the earthquake but challenges widespread assumptions that disasters unite stricken societies, creating a "blank slate" for radical transformation. National reconstruction in the wake of the Great Kanto Earthquake, Schencking demonstrates, proved to be illusive.

The Encyclopedia of Trouble and Spaciousness

Author: Rebecca Solnit

Publisher: Trinity University Press

ISBN: 1595341994

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 4470

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The incomparable Rebecca Solnit, author of more than a dozen acclaimed, prizewinning books of nonfiction, brings the same dazzling writing to the essays in Encyclopedia of Trouble and Spaciousness. As the title suggests, the territory of Solnit’s concerns is vast, and in her signature alchemical style she combines commentary on history, justice, war and peace, and explorations of place, art, and community, all while writing with the lyricism of a poet to achieve incandescence and wisdom. Gathered here are celebrated iconic essays along with little-known pieces that create a powerful survey of the world we live in, from the jungles of the Zapatistas in Mexico to the splendors of the Arctic. This rich collection tours places as diverse as Haiti and Iceland; movements like Occupy Wall Street and the Arab Spring; an original take on the question of who did Henry David Thoreau’s laundry; and a searching look at what the hatred of country music really means. Solnit moves nimbly from Orwell to Elvis, to contemporary urban gardening to 1970s California macramé and punk rock, and on to searing questions about the environment, freedom, family, class, work, and friendship. It’s no wonder she’s been compared in Bookforum to Susan Sontag and Annie Dillard and in the San Francisco Chronicle to Joan Didion. The Encyclopedia of Trouble and Spaciousness proves Rebecca Solnit worthy of the accolades and honors she’s received. Rarely can a reader find such penetrating critiques of our time and its failures leavened with such generous heapings of hope. Solnit looks back to history and the progress of political movements to find an antidote to despair in what many feel as lost causes. In its encyclopedic reach and its generous compassion, Solnit’s collection charts a way through the thickets of our complex social and political worlds. Her essays are a beacon for readers looking for alternative ideas in these imperiled times.

Patriotism in East Asia

Author: Jun-Hyeok Kwak,Koichiro Matsuda

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317816013

Category: Political Science

Page: 174

View: 9300

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Current territorial disputes between the Northeast Asian countries have stimulated a resurgence of bellicose nationalism, and threaten to upset recent efforts to achieve regional cooperation and economic integration in East Asia. Alongside this, debates over pre-1945 Japanese wartime atrocities, aggravated by still unresolved territorial disputes between Japan and its neighbours have triggered diplomatic conflicts in Japanese-South Korean relations, virulent anti-Japanese protests in China, and a dramatic increase of right-wing nationalism in Japan. Many have perceived these phenomena as inevitable corollaries, inasmuch as they regard the Northeast Asian countries as historically homogeneous and nationalistic states, and have begun to question the feasibility of the post-Cold War efforts to replace nationalism with a moderate version of civic solidarity. This book contributes to the debates surrounding patriotism and nationalism in Northeast Asia, and investigates the feasibility of non-ethnocentric patriotism in countries across the region. In doing so, it highlights the differences between Asian and Western concepts of republican patriotism via theoretical discussions of the evolving discourses on nationalism, patriotism, democracy and civic solidarity. The chapters combine theoretical discussion with historical case studies such as modern state building in late Qing Dynasty; nineteenth century Japanese political thought; and the twentieth century Korean independence movement. In turn, the contributors explore the possibilities for republican patriotism in contemporary Northeast Asia, with a focus on the Chinese term minzu, and the possibilities it holds for an alternative configuration of national identity in the age of globalization; Maruyama Masao’s theories of nationalism in Japan; the National Security Law in South Korea, and the impact it has had on the country’s political culture; and the Taiwanese movement for self-governance. Patriotism in East Asia will appeal to students and scholars of Asian politics, political theory, Asian history and peace studies, as well as to those interested in issues of nationalism.

Wir Tiere

Roman

Author: Justin Torres

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641103177

Category: Fiction

Page: 176

View: 1070

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Gewalt und Mitleid, Pathos und Humor – die aufregendste junge Stimme aus den USA Drei Brüder schlagen sich durch ihre Kindheit: Sie bewerfen sich gegenseitig mit Tomaten, bauen aus Müllsäcken Drachen, verstecken sich, wenn sich die Eltern anschreien, dreschen auf Paps und Ma ein, wenn diese lachen. Die Eltern, nur wenig älter als ihre Kinder, stammen aus Brooklyn – er ist Puerto Ricaner, sie eine Weiße –, und ihre Liebe ist eine ernsthafte, gefährliche Sache, die die Familie zusammenschweißt, sie aber auch immer wieder zerreißt. Laut ist es in diesem Haushalt und leidenschaftlich, die Jungs sind immer hungrig und wollen mehr: mehr Fleisch, mehr Krach, mehr Wärme, mehr Leben. »Wir Tiere« erkundet die ungestümen Jahre des Erwachsenwerdens – wie stark wir durch unsere ersten Bindungen geformt und wie wir schließlich mit Fluchtgeschwindigkeit in unsere Zukunft geschleudert werden.

God Bless America

The Surprising History of an Iconic Song

Author: Sheryl Kaskowitz

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199919771

Category: Music

Page: 240

View: 4205

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The song 'God Bless America' has come to inhabit our collective consciousness. This book tells the fascinating story behind the song, from its composition in 1918 by Irving Berlin, to its first performance by Kate Smith in 1938, to its post 9/11 popularity.

All We Have to Fear

Psychiatry's Transformation of Natural Anxieties into Mental Disorders

Author: Allan V. Horwitz, PhD,Jerome C. Wakefield, DSW, PhD

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199978867

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 320

View: 3783

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Thirty years ago, it was estimated that less than five percent of the population had an anxiety disorder. Today, some estimates are over fifty percent, a tenfold increase. Is this dramatic rise evidence of a real medical epidemic? In All We Have to Fear, Allan Horwitz and Jerome Wakefield argue that psychiatry itself has largely generated this "epidemic" by inflating many natural fears into psychiatric disorders, leading to the over-diagnosis of anxiety disorders and the over-prescription of anxiety-reducing drugs. American psychiatry currently identifies disordered anxiety as irrational anxiety disproportionate to a real threat. Horwitz and Wakefield argue, to the contrary, that it can be a perfectly normal part of our nature to fear things that are not at all dangerous--from heights to negative judgments by others to scenes that remind us of past threats (as in some forms of PTSD). Indeed, this book argues strongly against the tendency to call any distressing condition a "mental disorder." To counter this trend, the authors provide an innovative and nuanced way to distinguish between anxiety conditions that are psychiatric disorders and likely require medical treatment and those that are not--the latter including anxieties that seem irrational but are the natural products of evolution. The authors show that many commonly diagnosed "irrational" fears--such as a fear of snakes, strangers, or social evaluation--have evolved over time in response to situations that posed serious risks to humans in the past, but are no longer dangerous today. Drawing on a wide range of disciplines including psychiatry, evolutionary psychology, sociology, anthropology, and history, the book illuminates the nature of anxiety in America, making a major contribution to our understanding of mental health.