Shanghai Cooperation Organization

Eurasian Security Status and Trend

Author: Wu Enyuan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781844643028

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 9034

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The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organization which was founded in 2001 in Shanghai by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. This book, written by leading researchers from China, provides analyses on the current international and regional situations and the complex changes in the geopolitical and economic patterns faced by the SCO, in-depth views on the impact of regional hot-spot issues, and major events in the development of the SCO. It also gives a comprehensive introduction to intra-SCO cooperation and the vigorous progress that has been achieved in the fields of security, military, economy, transportation, education, and culture. The book includes a systematic and objective description of the current situation of the SCO Member States and observer states, as well as their relations with the SCO. Future prospects for intra-SCO cooperation are also explored. (Series: China's Relations and International Organizations) [Subject: Chinese Studies, Asian Studies, International Relations, Politics, Economics, Security Studies]

China and International Institutions

Alternate Paths to Global Power

Author: Marc Lanteigne

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415365840

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 1740

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China has shifted its foreign policy from one that avoided engagement in international organizations to one that is now embracing them. These moves present a new challenge to international relations theory. How will the global community be affected by the engagement of this massive global power with international institutions? This new study explores why China has chosen to abandon its previous doctrine of institutional isolation and details how it is currently unable to balance American power unilaterally and details an indirect path to greater power. In addition, it includes the first major analysis of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, comprising China, Russia and most of Central Asia. In contrast to many works on the "rise of China" question, which place an emphasis on her material goods and powers, this book delivers a new approach. It shows how the unique barriers Beijing is facing are preventing the country from taking the traditional paths of territorial expansion and political-economic domination in order to develop as a great power. One of these barriers is the United States and its inherent military and economic strength. The other is the existence of nuclear weapons, which makes direct great power conflict unacceptably costly. China has therefore opted for a new path, using institutions as stepping stones to great power status. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of international relations, world politics, world history and Asia.

Multilateral Approach In China's Foreign Policy

Author: Cheng Joseph Yu-shek

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813221127

Category: Political Science

Page: 704

View: 1505

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Since the mid-1990s, the Chinese authorities have gradually come to embrace multilateralism to realize their basic foreign policy objectives in maintaining a peaceful international environment and enhancing China's international status and influence. This embrace is largely based on pragmatic considerations. There is no denial, however, that elements of liberalism and constructivism gradually enter into the considerations of Chinese leaders. They accept, for example, that non-traditional security issues can only be tackled through genuine multilateralism. This volume carefully examines China's increased participation in multilateral organizations and mechanisms and its efforts to initiate and develop its own discourses on global affairs straddling Asia, the Middle East, Africa and the Latin American continents. China's presence in international multilateral organizations has been providing developing countries a better chance to maintain a balance of power. Since China has no ambitious plan to transform the existing international order, its increasing enthusiastic engagement of multilateralism is likely to be accepted by the international community. Contents: PrefaceAbout the AuthorList of TablesAcronyms and AbbreviationsMultilateralism — Theoretical Issues and China's Approach in Foreign PolicyChina in Asia: China's Asian Policy in the Early Twenty-First Century: Adjusting to its Increasing StrengthChina's Regional Strategy and Challenges in East AsiaChina's ASEAN Policy in the 1990s: Pushing for Regional Multi-polarityThe Path of Least Resistance: China's Way of Engagement in Southeast AsiaThe ASEAN-China Free Trade Area — Success or Failure? A Preliminary Evaluation Based on Econometric EvidenceChina-ASEAN Economic Co-Operation and the Role of ProvincesChina and the World: The Shanghai Co-Operation Organisation: China's Initiative in Regional Institutional BuildingChina's Approach to Shanghai Co-operation Organisation: Institutional Building, Economic Co-operation and the Challenge from AfghanistanChina's Relations with the Gulf Co-operation Council States: Multi-level Diplomacy in a Divided Arab WorldChina's Approach to BRICSLatin America in China's Contemporary Foreign PolicyChina's African Policy in the Post-Cold War EraBibliographyIndex Readership: Policymakers, academics, professionals, undergraduate and graduate students interested in China's foreign policy. Keywords: Multilateralism;China;Foreign Policy;International RelationsReview: Key Features: It is a valuable reference book for undergraduate students, postgraduate students and scholars in the fields of China's foreign policy and international relations in the Asia-PacificIt is a most up-to-date account of China's approaches to its most significant multilateral regional organizations and forumsIn view of China's importance in international politics and economy, it is important to understand its policy

Linking Trade and Security

Evolving Institutions and Strategies in Asia, Europe, and the United States

Author: Vinod K. Aggarwal,Kristi Govella

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461447658

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 5551

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​The connections between trade and security are hardly new. Analysts and practitioners have clearly recognized this interrelationship since the mercantilist arguments of the 16th and 17th centuries. Despite wishful economic liberal thinking that might prefer to separate the political from the economic, it is widely recognized that trade and security are fundamentally interconnected in the foreign policy of states. Over time, as new forms of trade policy have come into being and the international security environment has evolved, the nexus of these two spheres has grown more complex and scholars have struggled to understand their interconnection This edited volume addresses linkages between trade and security by examining the influence of security factors in driving trade policy measures and the corresponding implications of different types of trade arrangements for international security. Ultimately, the project shows that several elements—traditional economic factors, traditional security factors, and human security factors—can affect the development of trade agreements and unilateral policies, and that trade policies may have both a direct and an indirect effect on traditional and human security. The project focuses on Asia, a region where economics is increasingly important but many security issues still linger unresolved, as a primary setting to test trade linkage theories. It also provides a comparative perspective through examination of how the EU and US have used their trade policies to achieve non-economic goals and how these policies have influenced their security environment. Case studies in this project cover key trade institutions and agreements including the World Trade Organization, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAN Plus Three, the East Asia Summit, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and bilateral preferential trade agreements.

Security and Conflict in East Asia

Author: Andrew T. H. Tan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317912411

Category: Reference

Page: 246

View: 9145

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Security and Conflict in East Asia provides a timely and comprehensive analysis of the sources and implications of conflict on the Korean peninsula and in the People’s Republic of China and Japan, the three biggest economies in the world. This analysis provides the building blocks for effective solutions to manage these tensions more effectively, and is a vital resource to those seeking a clearer understanding of conflict in the most pivotal region in the world. In the context of increasingly tense China-US strategic rivalry, the ever-present potential for conflict on the Korean peninsula and over Taiwan, the absence of effective regional institutions and regimes, the emerging arms race in the region, the rise in nationalism and the absence of crisis management mechanisms, there are many good reasons why the high potential exists for miscalculation and misperception sparking a regional conflict. Given the presence of nuclear-armed powers in East Asia, namely, China, North Korea and the USA, it is also possible that any regional conflict could escalate into a nuclear conflict involving the world’s three largest economies: the USA, China and Japan. The security of, and any conflict in, East Asia thus has tremendous implications for global security. The Handbook is divided into four parts. The introductory section includes chapters which set the context, explain the history of international relations in East Asia and examine the phenomenon of regional arms race. The second section is made up of a series of chapters focusing on China, examining China’s military modernization, its relationship with the USA and the various territorial disputes in which it has been involved. The third section focuses on Japan and North and South Korea, looking at the security challenges facing Japan and the Korean peninsula. A concluding section examines the future role of China and the USA in East Asia, as well as the prospects for managing security in the region. The contributing authors are all experts in their respective fields, and all share an abiding concern over developments in East Asia. Their contributions aim to assist in a better understanding of the issues, to suggest possible solutions, and draw attention to the need for diplomacy, confidence-building measures, crisis management mechanisms and other measures to prevent conflict. This volume will be of use to government institutions involved in foreign policy, intelligence and defence, reference libraries, universities, research institutes, and non-governmental organisations. It will also appeal to analysts, researchers, journalists, policy advisers, students, academics and the general reader. Scholarly analysis is yet to catch up and currently there are no other comprehensive works examining conflict in East Asia in the context of the current tensions.

A Resurgent China

South Asian Perspectives

Author: S. D. Muni,Tan Tai Yong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131790785X

Category: Political Science

Page: 338

View: 5229

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Bringing together a range of South Asian perspectives on rising China in a comparative framework, an attempt has been made, for the first time, to identify and examine the political, economic and socio-cultural stakeholders and constituencies that influence the respective policy of individual South Asian countries towards China. The essays also project how their mutual relations are likely to be shaped by these. The book is especially relevant today owing to China’s growing weight in Asian and global affairs.

Reassessing Security Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific

Competition, Congruence, and Transformation

Author: Amitav Acharya,Evelyn Goh

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 9780262012225

Category: Political Science

Page: 290

View: 9482

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Experts examine changing security arrangements in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly the rise of multilateral efforts at cooperative security.

International Strategic Relations and China's National Security

Author: Institute for Strategic Studies, National Defense University of People's Liberation Army

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981467575X

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

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The international strategic relations have been undergoing great turbulence, readjustment and reformation since the financial crisis in 2008. This round of transition is mainly driven by economic competition instead of wars. International competition, crises and collisions will ebb and flow and happen frequently in the foreseeable future, but will not break through the international political framework based on cooperation. However, these crises, collisions and even wars will have disturbing effects on the political framework for international cooperation, and will change and distort the patterns of international cooperation. This annual publication provides Chinese scholars' views, opinions and predictions on global political and security issues, and China's strategic choices. It covers almost all the significant issues in the international security arena. It evaluates the strategic influence of regional issues such as the Ukraine crisis, the crisis in the Middle East, the South China Sea disputes and the US-Asia-Europe strategic balance. It analyzes strategic trends of international organizations like the BRICS, the SCO, and the ASEAN. It studies strategic development of countries and regions like Japan, India, the Korean Peninsula, Africa, Taiwan and cross-Strait relations. It researches the strategic situations in the cyber space and the outer space, and sums up the reform and development of China's national security system. Contents: The Profoundly Evolving International Landscape and China's International Strategy: A General Review of the International Strategic Situation and China's National Securityÿ(Qi Dapeng); An Assessment of the Impact of the Ukraine Crisisÿ(Feng Yujun); An Assessment of the Impact of the Middle East Crisisÿ(Li Xiaolu); The South China Sea Disputes and Their Strategic Implications for the Asia-Pacific Regionÿ(Lim Kheng Swe and Li Mingjiang); The "Rebalancing" of the U.S. Eurasia Policyÿ(Xu Qiyu); An Assessment of the Development of BRICSÿ(Zhou Piqi); An Assessment of Future Development of the Shanghai Cooperation Organizationÿ(Yang Lei); An Analysis of ASEAN's Strategic Trendsÿ(Zhao Yi); The Adjustments in Japan's Defense Policy and Their Implicationsÿ(Jiang Xinfeng); An Assessment of the Orientation of India's National Strategyÿ(Ma Jiali); A Review of the Strategic Situation on the Korean Peninsulaÿ(Lu Yin); An Assessment of the Political Situation in Taiwan and the Status of Cross-Strait Relationsÿ(Zhu Weidong); An Analysis of the Security Situation in Africaÿ(Xu Weizhong, Yu Wensheng and Wang Lei); An Assessment of the Strategic Situation in Spaceÿ(Chen Guoying); An Assessment of the Strategic Situation in Cyberspaceÿ(Wen Baihua and Xu Weidi); An Assessment of the World Energy Strategic Situationÿ(Zhang Chi); The Establishment of the Central National Security Commission: A Milestone in China's Reform of Its National Security Systemÿ(Meng Xiangqing and Wang Xiao); Readership:ÿAcademics, professionals, policy-makers, undergraduate and graduate students, interested in international relations and China's Security. Key Features: Comprehensive studies on important global political and security issuesIn-depth researches by top Chinese civilian and military expertsTimely analysis and important resources for readers to understand China and Chinese views on international strategic relationsKeywords: International Relations; National Security; Policy Studies; Chinaÿ

US-China-EU Relations

Managing the New World Order

Author: Robert Ross,Øystein Tunsjø,Zhang Tuosheng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135272816

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 7004

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This volume brings together a group of leading international scholars to discuss how US-China-EU relations will shape the future of international politics.

Debating China

The U.S.-China Relationship in Ten Conversations

Author: Nina Hachigian

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199973903

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 2129

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America and China are the two most powerful players in global affairs, and no relationship is more consequential. How they choose to cooperate and compete affects billions of lives. But U.S.-China relations are complex and often delicate, featuring a multitude of critical issues that America and China must navigate together. Missteps could spell catastrophe. In Debating China, Nina Hachigian pairs American and Chinese experts in collegial "letter exchanges" that illuminate this multi-dimensional and complex relationship. These fascinating conversations-written by highly respected scholars and former government officials from the U.S. and China-provide an invaluable dual perspective on such crucial issues as trade and investment, human rights, climate change, military dynamics, regional security in Asia, and the media, including the Internet. The engaging dialogue between American and Chinese experts gives readers an inside view of how both sides see the key challenges. Readers bear witness to the writers' hopes and frustrations as they explore the politics, values, history, and strategic frameworks that inform their positions. This unique volume is perfect for anyone who wants a deeper understanding of U.S.-China relations today.

China Steps Out

Beijing's Major Power Engagement with the Developing World

Author: Joshua Eisenman,Eric Heginbotham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315472635

Category: Social Science

Page: 438

View: 5658

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What are Beijing’s objectives towards the developing world and how they have evolved and been pursued over time? Featuring contributions by recognized experts, China Steps Out analyzes and explains China’s strategies in Southeast Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, Africa, Middle East, and Latin America, and evaluates their effectiveness. This book explains how other countries perceive and respond to China’s growing engagement and influence. Each chapter is informed by the functionally organized academic literature and addresses a uniform set of questions about Beijing’s strategy. Using a regional approach, the authors are able to make comparisons among regions based on their economic, political, military, and social characteristics, and consider the unique features of Chinese engagement in each region and the developing world as a whole. China Steps Out will be of great interest to students and scholars of Chinese foreign policy, comparative political economy, and international relations.

Dilemmas of a Trading Nation

Japan and the United States in the Evolving Asia-Pacific Order

Author: Mireya Solís

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815729200

Category: Political Science

Page: 180

View: 757

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The balancing of competing interests and goals will have momentous consequences for Japan—and the United States—in their quest for economic growth, social harmony, and international clout. Japan and the United States face difficult choices in charting their paths ahead as trading nations. Tokyo has long aimed for greater decisiveness, which would allow it to move away from a fragmented policymaking system favoring the status quo in order to enable meaningful internal reforms and acquire a larger voice in trade negotiations. And Washington confronts an uphill battle in rebuilding a fraying domestic consensus in favor of internationalism essential to sustain its leadership role as a champion of free trade. In Dilemmas of a Trading Nation, Mireya Solís describes how accomplishing these tasks will require the skillful navigation of vexing tradeoffs that emerge from pursuing desirable, but to some extent contradictory goals: economic competitiveness, social legitimacy, and political viability. Trade policy has catapulted front and center to the national conversations taking place in each country about their desired future direction—economic renewal, a relaunched social compact, and projected international influence. Dilemmas of a Trading Nation underscores the global consequences of these defining trade dilemmas for Japan and the United States: decisiveness, reform, internationalism. At stake is the ability of these leading economies to upgrade international economic rules and create incentives for emerging economies to converge toward these higher standards. At play is the reaffirmation of a rules-based international order that has been a source of postwar stability, the deepening of a bilateral alliance at the core of America’s diplomacy in Asia, and the ability to reassure friends and rivals of the staying power of the United States. In the execution of trade policy today, we are witnessing an international leadership test dominated by domestic governance dilemmas.

Pacific Currents

The Responses of U.S. Allies and Security Partners in East Asia to China's Rise

Author: Evan S. Medeiros

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833044648

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 9098

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China1s importance in the Asia-Pacific has been on the rise, raising concerns about competition the United States. The authors examined the reactions of six U.S. allies and partners to China1s rise. All six see China as an economic opportunity. They want it to be engaged productively in regional affairs, but without becoming dominant. They want the United States to remain deeply engaged in the region.

China's Multilateral Co-operation in Asia and the Pacific

Institutionalizing Beijing's 'Good Neighbour Policy'

Author: Chien-peng Chung

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136975624

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 3158

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The leaders and bureaucrats of China have actively attended, initiated, promoted or made skilful use of regional multilateral political, economic, and security institutions to accelerate regional cooperation and integration with neighboring states, convince Asian states that China’s rise will not threaten the regional order and their national interests, and exploit its role and diplomacy in the Asia-Pacific as a launch pad for greater influence in world affairs. This book examines why and to what extent China wishes to promote, accelerate, delay, or overcome constrains to, the institutionalization of these regional organizations. It explores the meaning, scope and repercussion in the drive that a rising China has for institutionalizing multilateral cooperative processes in the Asia-Pacific region, the extent to which its actions are motivated by concerns of politics, economics or security, and the obstacles it faces for so doing. These arrangements have varying effect on the diplomatic postures, economic development, and strategic orientation of countries in Asia and the Western Pacific, and hence the stability and prosperity of the entire region. China's Multilateral Co-operation in Asia and the Pacific will be of interest to those studying the politics and international relations of China and the Asia-Pacific region.

China and Russia

The New Rapprochement

Author: Alexander Lukin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1509521747

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 4993

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With many predicting the end of US hegemony, Russia and China's growing cooperation in a number of key strategic areas looks set to have a major impact on global power dynamics. But what lies behind this Sino-Russian rapprochement? Is it simply the result of deteriorated Russo–US and Sino–US relations or does it date back to a more fundamental alignment of interests after the Cold War? In this book Alexander Lukin answers these questions, offering a deeply informed and nuanced assessment of Russia and China’s ever-closer ties. Tracing the evolution of this partnership from the 1990s to the present day, he shows how economic and geopolitical interests drove the two countries together in spite of political and cultural differences. Key areas of cooperation and possible conflict are explored, from bilateral trade and investment to immigration and security. Ultimately, Lukin argues that China and Russia’s strategic partnership is part of a growing system of cooperation in the non-Western world, which has also seen the emergence of a new political community: Greater Eurasia. His vision of the new China–Russia rapprochement will be essential reading for anyone interested in understanding this evolving partnership and the way in which it is altering the contemporary geopolitical landscape.

Asian Security Reassessed

Author: Stephen Hoadley,Jurgen Ruland

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9812304002

Category: Political Science

Page: 381

View: 9390

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This book traces changes in the concept of security in Asia from realist to cooperative, comprehensive, and human security approaches, and assesses a number of policy alternatives to management of both old and new security threats. It surveys not only orthodox security threats such as tensions between regional powers or armed ethnic antagonists but also new sources of anxiety such as resource scarcity, economic instability, irregular migration, community fragmentation, and international terro...

Korea and East Asia

The Stony Road to Collective Security

Author: Rüdiger Frank,John Swenson-Wright

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004229108

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 6001

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This book critically addresses the potential of the liberal concept of collective security to provide a solution to conflict in East Asia, with a focus on the Korean peninsula.

Base Politics

Democratic Change and the U.S. Military Overseas

Author: Alexander Cooley

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801457234

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 5344

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According to the Department of Defense's 2004 Base Structure Report, the United States officially maintains 860 overseas military installations and another 115 on noncontinental U.S. territories. Over the last fifteen years the Department of Defense has been moving from a few large-footprint bases to smaller and much more numerous bases across the globe. This so-called lily-pad strategy, designed to allow high-speed reactions to military emergencies anywhere in the world, has provoked significant debate in military circles and sometimes-fierce contention within the polity of the host countries. In Base Politics, Alexander Cooley examines how domestic politics in different host countries, especially in periods of democratic transition, affect the status of U.S. bases and the degree to which the U.S. military has become a part of their local and national landscapes. Drawing on exhaustive field research in different host nations across East Asia and Southern Europe, as well as the new postcommunist base hosts in the Black Sea and Central Asia, Cooley offers an original and provocative account of how and why politicians in host countries contest or accept the presence of the U.S. military on their territory. Overseas bases, Cooley shows, are not merely installations that serve a military purpose. For host governments and citizens, U.S. bases are also concrete institutions and embodiments of U.S. power, identity, and diplomacy. Analyzing the degree to which overseas bases become enmeshed in local political agendas and interests, Base Politics will be required reading for anyone interested in understanding the extent-and limits-of America's overseas military influence.

Axis of Convenience

Moscow, Beijing, and the New Geopolitics

Author: Bobo Lo

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815701460

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 4991

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Few relationships have been as misunderstood as the "strategic partnership" between Russia and China. Official rhetoric portrays it as the very model of international cooperation: Moscow and Beijing claim that ties are closer and warmer than at any time in history. In reality, however, the picture is highly ambiguous. While both sides are committed to multifaceted engagement, cooperation is complicated by historical suspicions, cultural prejudices, geopolitical rivalries, and competing priorities. For Russia, China is at once the focus of a genuine convergence of interests and the greatest long-term threat to its national security. For China, Russia is a key supplier of energy and weapons, but is frequently dismissed as a self-important power whose rhetoric far outstrips its real influence. A xis of Convenience cuts through the mythmaking and examines the Sino-Russian partnership on its own merits. It steers between the overblown interpretation of an anti-Western (particularly, anti-American) alliance and the complacent assumption that past animosities and competing agendas must always divide the two nations. Their relationship reflects a new geopolitics, one that eschews formal alliances in favor of more flexible and opportunistic arrangements. Ultimately, it is an axis of convenience driven by cold-eyed perceptions of the national interest. In evaluating the current state and future prospects of the relationship, Bobo Lo assesses its impact on the evolving strategic environments in Central and East Asia. He also analyzes the global implications of rapprochement between Moscow and Beijing, focusing in particular on the geopolitics of energy and Russia-China-U.S. triangularism.

Rising to the Challenge

China's Grand Strategy and International Security

Author: Avery Goldstein

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804752183

Category: Political Science

Page: 274

View: 1277

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This book describes and explains the grand strategy China's leaders have adopted to pursue their country's interests in the international system of the 21st century