Myxomatosis

A History of Pest Control and the Rabbit

Author: Peter W.J. Bartrip

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 085771502X

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 2249

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Myxomatosis, a viral disease of European wild rabbits, was discovered in South America in the 1890s. It was deliberately introduced in Australia and France in the 1950s and reached Britain in 1953. Within a year it had killed tens of millions of rabbits from Kent to the Shetlands. The British reaction to myxomatosis was mixed; members of the public reared on the tales of Beatrix Potter were appalled. With meat still rationed, consumers deplored the loss of a cheap and nutritious foodstuff. Many farmers, on the other hand, welcomed the rabbit’s demise as a serious agricultural pest and actively spread the disease.However some lost their livelyhood through the spread of Myxomatosis, such as rough shooters who regretted the loss of prey and hatters and furriers who mourned the unavailability of the fur on which they depended. Rabbits also had champions within the ‘establishment’; including Winston Churchill and the Archbishop of York, who both regarded myxomatosis as an abomination. Winston Churchill was personally influential in making its deliberate transmission a criminal offence. Even the farmers and foresters who applauded the rabbit’s demise often had qualms about a disease that inflicted such a horrible death. Myxomatosis presented the authorities with difficult questions: should they try to contain the disease, encourage it, or do nothing? Should they take advantage of rabbit depopulation and try to exterminate the animal? _x000D_ Britain’s myxomatosis outbreak has hitherto attracted little historical attention, notwithstanding parallels with other recent animal disease crises. In the first book dedicated to this subject, Peter Bartrip examines how the disease reached Britain. He argues it was not the government who was reesponsible, as many thought at the time, but instead identifies the individual who may have deliberatlely brought myxomatosis over from France. Bartrip tracks the spread of the virus throughout the country and considers the response of government and other bodies and the impact of rabbit de-population on agriculture and the natural environment. The cultural significance of myxomatosis in Britain raises topical and controversial issues relating to veterinary medicine, animal rights, the interface between human and animal health, the ethics of pest control by biological means and the politics of environmental meddling. These are important considerations if we are to learn lessons from more recent animal disease crises such as foot and mouth, BSE and H5N1 avian influenza._x000D_

The Tithe Surveys of England and Wales

Author: Roger J. P. Kain,Hugh C. Prince

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521024310

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 6931

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This book describes the nature of tithe payments, the Tithe Commutation Act of 1836 and the survey of over 11,000 parishes.

Habitats of Wales

A Comprehensive Field Survey, 1979-1997

Author: Tim Blackstock,E. a. Howe,Jane Stevens,Liz Howe,Peter Jones

Publisher: Univ of Wales Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 240

View: 4670

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Habitats of Walespresents the findings of a major field survey undertaken in the latter part of the twentieth century across the rural landscapes of Wales. Among the major types of terrestrial habitat discussed are the woodlands, grasslands, heathlands, mires, and coastlands. For each of the habitats, the authors provide distribution maps, information on habitat fragmentation and connectivity, and the debates surrounding land-use planning and nature conservation.

The Analytical Review, Or History of Literature, Domestic and Foreign, on an Enlarged Plan

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9589

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Containing scientific abstracts of important and interesting works, published in English; a general account of such as are of less consequence, with short characters; notices, or reviews of valuable foreign books; criticisms on new pieces of music and works of art; and the literary intelligence of Europe, &c.

The Complete Farmer

Or, General Dictionary of Agriculture and Husbandry: Comprehending the Most Improved Methods of Cultivation; the Different Modes of Raising Timber, Fruit, and Other Trees; and the Modern Management of Live-stock: with Descriptions of the Most Approved Implements, Machinery, and Farm-buildings

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agriculture

Page: N.A

View: 7819

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The Ecology of Urban Habitats

Author: Oliver Gilbert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400908210

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 2348

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This book is about the plants and animals of urban areas, not the urban fringe, not encapsulated countryside but those parts of towns where man's impact is greatest. The powerful anthropogenic influences that operate in cities have, until recently, rendered them unattractive to ecologists who find the high proportion of exotics and mixtures of planted and spontaneous vegetation bewildering. They are also unused to considering fashion, taste, mowing machines and the behaviour of dog owners as habitat factors. I have always maintained, however, and I hope this book demonstrates, that there are as many interrelationships to be uncovered in a flower bed as in a field, in a cemetery as on a sand dune; and due to the well documented history of urban sites, together with the strong effects of management, they are frequently easier to interpret than those operating in more natural areas. The potential of these communities as rewarding areas for study is revealed in the literature on the pests of stored products, urban foxes and birds. The journals oflocal natural history societies have also provided a rich source of material as amateurs have never been averse to following the fortunes of their favourite groups into the heart of our cities. It is predictable that among the few professionals to specialize in this discipline have been those enclosed in West Berlin, who must be regarded as among the leading exponents of urban ecology.

The Gardener's and Botanist's Dictionary

Containing the Best and Newest Methods of Cultivating and Improving the Kitchen, Fruit, and Flower Garden, and Nursery; of the Performing the Practical Parts of Agriculture; of Managing Vineyards, and of Propagating All Sorts of Timber Trees

Author: Philip Miller

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Botany

Page: N.A

View: 5429

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An Environmental History of Wildlife in England 1650 - 1950

Author: Tom Williamson

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441167439

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 9363

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Choice Outstanding Academic Title 2014 While few detailed surveys of fauna or flora exist in England from the period before the nineteenth century, it is possible to combine the evidence of historical sources (ranging from game books, diaries, churchwardens' accounts and even folk songs) and our wider knowledge of past land use and landscape, with contemporary analyses made by modern natural scientists, in order to model the situation at various times and places in the more remote past. This timely volume encompasses both rural and urban environments from 1650 to the mid-twentieth century, drawing on a wide variety of social, historical and ecological sources. It examines the impact of social and economic organisation on the English landscape, biodiversity, the agricultural revolution, landed estates, the coming of large-scale industry and the growth of towns and suburbs. It also develops an original perspective on the complexity and ambiguity of man/animal relationships in this post-medieval period.

Effect of Heavy Metal Pollution on Plants

Metals in the Environment

Author: N. W. Lepp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940098099X

Category: Science

Page: 258

View: 4114

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Trace metals occur as natural constituents of the earth's crust, and are ever present constituents of soils, natural waters and living matter. The biological significance of this disparate assemblage of elements has gradually been uncovered during the twentieth century; the resultant picture is one of ever-increasing complexity. Several of these elements have been demonstrated to be essential to the functions of living organisms, others appear to only interact with living matter in a toxic manner, whilst an ever-decreasing number do not fall conveniently into either category. When the interactions between trace metals and plants are considered, one must take full account of the known chemical properties of each element. Consideration must be given to differences in chemical reactivity, solubility and to interactions with other inorganic and organic molecules. A clear understanding of the basic chemical properties of an element of interest is an essential pre-requisite to any subsequent consideration of its biological significance. Due consideration to basic chemical considerations is a theme which runs through the collection of chapters in both volumes.