Abortion Policies and Reproductive Health Around the World

Author: United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

Publisher: United Nations Publications


Category: Medical

Page: 48

View: 1204

The report on "Abortion Policies and Reproductive Health Around the World" provides up-to-date information on Government policies on abortion and related reproductive health issues for all 193 Member States, 2 Observer States and 2 non-member States of the United Nations. The report provides changes between 1996 and 2013 in legal grounds on which induced abortion is permitted in each country. Seven legal grounds for abortion are included, namely: (1) to save the life of a woman; (2) to preserve a woman's physical health; (3) to preserve a woman's mental health; (4) in case of rape or incest; (5) because of foetal impairment; (6) for economic or social reasons; and (7) on request. The report also includes latest available information on Government policies and programmes related to fertility, family planning, access to reproductive health services, and maternal mortality. In addition, the report provides information on how abortion policies are associated with selected reproductive health indicators.

Global Perspectives on Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Across the Lifecourse

Author: Shonali Choudhury,Jennifer Toller Erausquin,Mellissa Withers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319604171

Category: Medical

Page: 441

View: 3953

This expansive survey spotlights pervasive issues affecting girls’ and women’s sexual and reproductive health across the lifecourse. Research from diverse countries around the world analyzes the complex relationships among biological, psychological, sociocultural, and economic issues—particularly in terms of inequities—as they shape women’s lives. Major challenges and possibilities for intervention are examined in their national context and with their global implications, including child marriage/motherhood, reproductive care and access, fertility, childbearing, contraception, abortion, HIV/STIs, gender-based violence, sexual pleasure, and menopause. In these forceful dispatches, a consistent human rights perspective emphasizes women’s control, autonomy, and agency in all stages of their lives. A sampling of topics covered: Girl child marriage: a persistent global women’s health and human rights violation Investigating challenges and resilience among women living with obstetric fistula in Kenya A qualitative exploration of mainstream and social media reflections on abortion A continuum of severity of sexual intimate partner violence among black women in the United States Economic empowerment to improve sexual and reproductive health among women and girls Summarizing an interdisciplinary field on research and practical levels, Global Perspectives on Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Across the Lifecourse will be an invaluable text for undergraduate and graduate courses in a wide range of fields, including public health, global health, women’s studies, sociology, anthropology, gender studies, and human rights.

The Global Gag Rule and Women's Reproductive Health

Rhetoric Versus Reality

Author: Yana van der Meulen Rodgers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019087614X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 1118

Foreign assistance by the United States is tangled with domestic politics, and perhaps this is most clear in relation to funding for health and family planning. The long arm of U.S. domestic politics has reached the intimate lives of women all over the world because it has threatened major cuts in funding to healthcare organizations in developing countries if they perform or promote abortions. This "global gag rule," so-called because to even mention abortion endangers funding, has been a hallmark of Republican administrations since it was first enacted by President Ronald Reagan. When Donald Trump reinstated and expanded the policy, there was popular uproar and a firestorm of debate. Proponents of the policy emphasize the importance of reducing the number of abortions globally and claim that the gag rule will be effective in achieving this goal. In this innovative book, Yana van der Meulen Rodgers argues that the gag rule has failed to achieve its goal of reducing abortions. Rather, the restrictive legislation is associated with higher abortion rates, and because the reduction in funding is indiscriminate there are negative repercussions across a range of health outcomes for women, children, and men. While the rhetoric in media discourse has been extreme, Rodgers provides systematic analysis of how the global gag rule affects women's reproductive health across developing regions, grounded in a conceptual framework that models the complex factors that influence women's decision making about fertility. She also traces the background to American policy, the evolution of international family planning programs, the links between contraceptive access and fertility rates, and the relationship between restrictive abortion laws and abortion rates. And because Rodgers provides a rounded perspective on factors influencing women's decisions on reproduction and abortion, she offers a constructive and cost-effective approach for U.S. family planning assistance that targets integrated reproductive health services.

Abortion Policy

An Evaluation of the Consequences for Maternal and Infant Health

Author: Jerome S. Legge

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780873959599

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 4221

In the first study of its kind, Jerome Legge provides a reasoned and dispassionate summary of the procedures and effects of abortion. The ethics of abortion have been widely discussed by philosophers, social scientists, and health professionals. Until now, however, little has been devoted to the results of various abortion policy changes.

Women and Health

Author: Marlene B. Goldman,Maureen C. Hatch

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080543855

Category: Medical

Page: 1282

View: 1636

Women and Health is a comprehensive reference which addresses health issues affecting women of all ages--adolescence through maturity. It goes far beyond other books on this topic which concentrate only on reproductive health, and has a truly international perspective. It covers key issues ranging from osteoporosis to breast cancer and other cancers, domestic violence, sexually transmitted diseases, occupational hazards, eating disorders, heart disease and other chronic illnesses, substance abuse, and societal and behavioral influences on health. Women and Health covers not only those conditions that are unique to or occur more frequently in women, but also those that present differently or are treated differently in women. Key Features: * Comprehensive, in-depth review of all aspects of women's health * Highlights key women's health issues including osteoporosis, domestic violence, breast cancer, menopause, infertility, heart disease, and many others * Addresses international women's health issues from a human rights and cultural perspective * Presents the latest research and clinical findings from leaders in their respective fields * Highlights controversies in treatment modalities * Challenges the medical community to address the impact of gender on health * Expands our thinking about the perceptions of disease and disorders in women * Challenges current status quo in health care delivery

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Global Women's Issues and Knowledge

Author: Cheris Kramarae,Dale Spender

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135963150

Category: Reference

Page: 2050

View: 5147

For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

Abortion Counseling

A Clinician's Guide to Psychology, Legislation, Politics, and Competency

Author: Rachel Needle, PsyD,Lenore Walker, EdD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826103376

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 3987

The majority of women who have had abortions report feeling happy, satisfied, and relieved following their abortion. Some few women who have had an abortion may experience some feelings of guilt and sadness; however, this rarely lasts longer than a few days. Those very few women who present with prolonged feelings of sadness and mental health problems are women who have either had these problems prior to their abortion, had other risk factors, or were influenced by frightening demonstrations and inaccurate biased information provided prior to the abortion. Through this book the authors hope to train general therapists and counselors in pre- and post-abortion counseling techniques--to avoid women experiencing unnecessary psychological problems created by those who insist that the non-existent "post-abortion syndrome" exists. "Abortion counseling has a critical role to play in ensuring women's mental health is the priority and not the goals of a political agenda. Thus, Needle and Walker have taken on a complex, profound and essential task -- equipping therapists and abortion counselors with the knowledge and skills needed to help their clients -- and they have done it wellÖ.Readers of this book should [gain] an increased understanding of how women's diverse life circumstances affect their ability to cope with the difficult decisions and circumstances surrounding abortion. They will also be better able to build women's resilience and coping skills by having considered them both in the context of women's lives (e.g., coping resources, social support, partner violence, incidence of depression), and in the context of socio-political agendas that seek to manipulate women's mental health in order to undermine women's reproductive rights....In the final analysis, it is important to remember that abortion counseling is not about abortion - it is about women confronting the decision to bear a child - with all of the profound and life changing commitments and responsibilities that entails." -- From the Foreword by Nancy Felipe Russo, PhD, Regents Professor of Psychology, Arizona State University

Women's Health in General Practice

Author: Danielle Mazza

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729578712

Category: Medical

Page: 330

View: 1150

A clear, accessible guide to women’s health, providing evidence-based information relevant to the primary care setting Women’s Health in General Practice, 2nd Edition has been written for General Practitioners, family physicians and doctors undertaking general practice training programs. This comprehensive women’s health textbook will also assist health practitioners working in rural and remote areas, and nurse practitioners working in primary care settings. This new edition of Women’s Health in General Practice textbook incorporates a fresh style and format focused on the needs of busy doctors and nurses. Of particular benefit are the textbook’s practice tips and examples of useful approaches to take when dealing with women’s sexual health issues and reproductive health issues. Key point summaries, pullout boxes and tables highlighting pertinent points, tips for practitioners, case scenarios and a Q&A format all make Women’s Health in General Practice, 2nd Edition an essential addition to any general practice. Addresses common issues seen by GPs in their practice and addresses the questions and quandaries they face on a day to day basis Gives practical information and advice to GPs that where possible is based on up to date guidelines or research evidence Tips and example of useful approaches when undertaking histories, examining, and managing women’s health problems Discussion of current controversies in women’s health This second edition has been fully revised to include recent developments in women’s health such as: • the quick-start method for commencement of contraception, better ‘missed pill’ rules, developments in the provision of emergency contraception and an overview of new contraceptive devices such as the NuvaRing • the epidemiology of HPV infection, its relationship to cervical cancer and HPV vaccination • better characterisation of the risk inherent in a family history of breast and/or ovarian cancer • greater awareness of the importance of preconception care, the breadth of issues that need to be addressed and the effect of lifestyle factors on fertility • developments in the understanding of the aetiology and management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) • evidence-based guidelines to support diagnosis and management of common conditions such as menorrhagia, endometriosis, miscarriage and postnatal care, and support of evidence-based counselling regarding ovarian cancer screening, sexual problems and intimate partner violence

AIDS and Women’s Reproductive Health

Author: Lincoln C. Chen,Jaime Sepulveda Amor,Sheldon J. Segal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461533546

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 3656

Over the past decade, the AIDS pandemic has propagated so widely and exerted such a dev astating impact that one may properly ask the question, Why not concentrate all AIDS efforts on disease control alone? Why link AIDS with women's reproductive health? What is the scientific basis for this linkage? And how might AID~ control and women's health objectives be promot ed simultaneously? These questions constitute the principal themes addressed in this monograph. The 15 chapters in this volume are intended to provide state-of-the-art reviews of key interac tions between AIDS and women's reproductive health for an audience of scientists and policy makers in the AIDS and population fields. Impetus for this monograph comes in pan from what we perceive to be an inadequate global response, thus far, to AIDS and women's health ;>roblems. A common platform has failed to emerge among the disparate professional communities working in the areas of AIDS, STDs, and family planning. As a result, endeavors in these fields have been isolated, and opportunities for joint action have been missed. An enormous and, as yet, unharnessed potential exists for power ful interdisciplinary collaborations that could strengthen policies and programs against these pressing health problems of humankind.

Women, Islam and Modernity

Single Women, Sexuality and Reproductive Health in Contemporary Indonesia

Author: Linda Rae Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113433155X

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 6789

In popular debates about reproductive and sexual rights, formal religions, especially Islam, are seen as barriers providing institutional and ideological resistance to women's realization of reproductive and social autonomy. This book challenges this simplified view of Islam. Based on original fieldwork in Eastern Indonesia, the book explores the complex factors that affect how young Indonesian women form their sexual subjectivities, discusses the cultural and historical conditions under which single Muslim women repress or express their sexuality, and examines how the cultural context, including other factors besides Islam, simultaneously influence the ways in which young single women approach courtship, and issues of sexuality and reproductive health. It demonstrates that Islam is neither alone in trying to control female sexuality, nor entirely successful in doing so.

Footprints of the Nursing Profession

Current Trends and Emerging Issues in Ghana

Author: Aziato, Lydia,Kwashie, Adzo

Publisher: Sub-Saharan Publishers

ISBN: 9988647514

Category: Medical

Page: 226

View: 5118

The Reader contains educative and exciting chapters centred on the nursing profession and research areas of faculty members in Ghana. The target readers are nursing students of all categories, nurse educators, administrators, clinicians, and researchers locally and internationally.

Reproduction and Society: Interdisciplinary Readings

Author: Carole Joffe,Jennifer Reich

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317623479

Category: Social Science

Page: 314

View: 8847

A collection of essays, framed with original introductions, Reproduction and Society: Interdisciplinary Readings helps students to think critically about reproduction as a social phenomenon. Divided into six rich and varied sections, this book offers students and instructors a broad overview of the social meanings of reproduction and offers opportunities to explore significant questions of how resources are allocated, individuals are regulated, and how very much is at stake as people and communities aim to determine their own family size and reproductive experiences. This is an ideal core text for courses on reproduction, sexuality, gender, the family, and public health.

Encyclopedia of Women in Today's World

Author: Mary Zeiss Stange,Carol K. Oyster,Jane E. Sloan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412976855

Category: Social Science

Page: 2016

View: 4304

This work includes 1000 entries covering the spectrum of defining women in the contemporary world.

Abortion in the developing world

Author: Axel I. Mundigo,Cynthia Indriso,World Health Organization

Publisher: Zed Books


Category: Social Science

Page: 498

View: 5720

Twenty million unsafe abortions are performed each year, 90% of which occur in the developing world. Even in countries such as China, where abortion is fully accessible in practice as well as in theory, our understanding of the phenomenon is very partial. The result of a global research project commissioned by the World Health Organization, this book provides new information on abortion, why it happens and what happens when it does. There are sections detailing women’s perspectives and also chronicling the providers views and the effect they have on medical provision. Several essays focus on the relationship between contraception and abortion, while a section on adolescents addresses a newly emerging concern for program managers around the world. Including much previously unavailable material, this book is the most comprehensive and up-to-date picture of abortion globally.

Gender, Development and Health

Author: Caroline Sweetman

Publisher: Oxfam

ISBN: 9780855984564

Category: Social Science

Page: 115

View: 5492

Articles included here focus on understandings of reproductive health; integrating gender issues into infectious disease prevention; the impact of HIV/AIDS on women; working with communities to promote health and on the monitoring and evaluation of health projects from a gender perspective.

Kenya Journal of Law and Justice

Justice Be Our Shield and Defender

Author: N.A

Publisher: Kenya Journal of Law and Justice


Category: Law

Page: 90

View: 2945

The Kenya Journal of Law and Justice (KJLJ) is Journal that was initiated so as to expound the existing Legal Literature. The Legal Literature is more of what is written by Kenyans regards to various factors affecting Kenyans in terms of: Legal academic jurisprudence, critique of case law, critique and/or espousing with other written materials et al. The Journal is Published in three times a year. For purposes of more information, one is requested to visit: www.kenyanlegal.com; or email KJLJ at [email protected]

Contemporary Latin America

1970 to the Present

Author: Robert H. Holden,Rina Villars

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111827492X

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 4647

Contemporary Latin America presents the epochal political,economic, social, and cultural changes in Latin America over thelast 40 years and comprehensively examines their impact on life inthe region, and beyond. Provides a fresh approach and a new interpretation of theseismic changes of the last 40 years in Latin America Introduces major themes from a humanistic and universalperspective, putting each subject in a context that readers canunderstand and relate to Focuses on ‘Ibero-America'--Brazil and the eighteencountries that were formerly Spanish possessions- while offeringvaluable comparative views of the non-Iberian areas of theCaribbean Emphasizes the global, regional and national dimensions of theregion's recent past

Women of the World

Laws and Policies Affecting Their Reproductive Lives, South Asia

Author: N.A

Publisher: Center for Reproductive Law & Policy

ISBN: 9781890671105

Category: Law

Page: 242

View: 8081

The Center for Reproductive Rights report, Women of the World: Laws and Policies Affecting their Reproductive Lives - South Asia, is the first extensive examination of laws and policies that influence women s reproductive health in five countries of the region - Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The report, which is based on three years of research, is the result of a collaborative partnership between the Center and leading nongovernmental organizations in the region. It offers advocates and policymakers a broad view of the laws and policies that determine women s reproductive choices in these countries, to enable legal and policy reform and the implementation of norms needed to improve women s health and lives. The report is a resource for those interested in advancing and protecting women s reproductive health and rights through legal advocacy and establishing state accountability for violations of reproductive rights.