Abortion Policies and Reproductive Health Around the World

Author: United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 48

View: 6553

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The report on "Abortion Policies and Reproductive Health Around the World" provides up-to-date information on Government policies on abortion and related reproductive health issues for all 193 Member States, 2 Observer States and 2 non-member States of the United Nations. The report provides changes between 1996 and 2013 in legal grounds on which induced abortion is permitted in each country. Seven legal grounds for abortion are included, namely: (1) to save the life of a woman; (2) to preserve a woman's physical health; (3) to preserve a woman's mental health; (4) in case of rape or incest; (5) because of foetal impairment; (6) for economic or social reasons; and (7) on request. The report also includes latest available information on Government policies and programmes related to fertility, family planning, access to reproductive health services, and maternal mortality. In addition, the report provides information on how abortion policies are associated with selected reproductive health indicators.

Safe Abortion

Technical and Policy Guidance for Health Systems

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241590343

Category: Medical

Page: 106

View: 6884

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At a UN General Assembly Special Session in 1999, governments recognised unsafe abortion as a major public health concern, and pledged their commitment to reduce the need for abortion through expanded and improved family planning services, as well as ensure abortion services should be safe and accessible. This technical and policy guidance provides a comprehensive overview of the many actions that can be taken in health systems to ensure that women have access to good quality abortion services as allowed by law.

Unsafe Abortion and Women's Health

Change and Liberalization

Author: Colin Francome

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317004213

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 6750

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Unsafe abortion remains one of the most neglected sexual and reproductive health problems according to the World Health Organisation. In recent years it has been estimated that nearly 44 million abortions occur annually leading to around 47,000 deaths. At this rate a woman will die of an unsafe abortion every 11 minutes. Bringing together a wealth of information from around the world, this book argues that the time has come for a great change in legislation, advocating a shift towards the legalization of abortion to improve the health of women in poorer countries. With attention to circumstances in each of the major continental regions, an outline of the global situation is provided to reveal the major trends in the provision and procurement of abortion, as well their effects. Presenting data drawn from over a hundred countries covering over ninety per cent of the world’s population, based on published statistical information, changes to legal frameworks, court cases and the accounts of local commentators and activists, Unsafe Abortion and Women's Health will be of interest to scholars and students of the sociology of medicine, gender and reproductive health, social and health policy and feminist studies.

Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective

Cases and Controversies

Author: Rebecca J. Cook,Joanna N. Erdman,Bernard M. Dickens

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812209990

Category: Law

Page: 480

View: 4364

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It is increasingly implausible to speak of a purely domestic abortion law, as the legal debates around the world draw on precedents and influences of different national and regional contexts. While the United States and Western Europe may have been the vanguard of abortion law reform in the latter half of the twentieth century, Central and South America are proving to be laboratories of thought and innovation in the twenty-first century, as are particular countries in Africa and Asia. Abortion Law in Transnational Perspective offers a fresh look at significant transnational legal developments in recent years, examining key judicial decisions, constitutional texts, and regulatory reforms of abortion law in order to envision ways ahead. The chapters investigate issues of access, rights, and justice, as well as social constructions of women, sexuality, and pregnancy, through different legal procedures and regimes. They address the promises and risks of using legal procedure to achieve reproductive justice from different national, regional, and international vantage points; how public and courtroom debates are framed within medical, religious, and human rights arguments; the meaning of different narratives that recur in abortion litigation and language; and how respect for women and prenatal life is expressed in various legal regimes. By exploring how legal actors advocate, regulate, and adjudicate the issue of abortion, this timely volume seeks to build on existing developments to bring about change of a larger order. Contributors: Luis Roberto Barroso, Paola Bergallo, Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, Joanna N. Erdman, Lisa M. Kelly, Adriana Lamačková, Julieta Lemaitre, Alejandro Madrazo, Charles G. Ngwena, Rachel Rebouché, Ruth Rubio-Marín, Sally Sheldon, Reva B. Siegel, Verónica Undurraga, Melissa Upreti.

Our Bodies, Ourselves

Author: Boston Women's Health Book Collective,Judy Norsigian

Publisher: Touchstone

ISBN: 9781439190661

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 944

View: 3577

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Hailed by The New York Times as a “feminist classic,” and “America’s bestselling book on women’s health,” the comprehensive guide to all aspects of women’s health and sexuality, including menopause, birth control, childbirth, sexual health, sexual orientation, gender identity, mental health and general well-being. Six years after the 2005 overhaul of this classic guide to women’s health, the 2011 edition focuses on what Our Bodies, Ourselves does best: provide information on women’s reproductive health and sexuality; practical information on how find and access health information; and resources, stories, and information to educate women about health care injustices and inspire them to work collectively to address them. This new edition of Our Bodies, Ourselves includes the latest vital information on: •Changes in the health care system—especially how health care reform affects women and how to get the care you need. • Safer sex—how to engage in pleasurable, satisfying sexual experiences while protecting your health and the health of your partner. • Environmental health risks—including minimizing exposure to everyday pollutants that endanger reproductive health. • Body image—resisting negative media stereotypes and embracing healthier approaches to looking and feeling good. • Local and global activism—using social media and organizing tactics to build community and advocate for policies that improve women’s lives. • As well as crucial information about gender identity, sexual orientation, birth control, abortion, pregnancy and birth, perimenopause, and sexuality and sexual health as we age. Together with its companion website, OurBodiesOurselves.org, Our Bodies, Ourselves is a one-stop resource for women of all generations.

Critical Issues in Reproductive Health

Author: Andrzej Kulczycki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400767226

Category: Medical

Page: 351

View: 3919

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In this book, leading academics and practitioners in the field of reproductive health address topics such as contraception, abortion, sexually transmitted infections, maternal and prenatal health, sexuality and reproductive rights by examining a number of critical issues in these areas. The authors describe new research, identify gaps and priorities in policy and practice, and illustrate innovative solutions. The book further addresses such current imperatives as understanding the social meanings of emergency contraception, measuring gender-based violence, improving reproductive health governance, strengthening health systems and services, and redressing institutional barriers. The book also assesses how reproductive health programs can be reconfigured to new challenges such as those posed by climate change, vulnerable youth in fragile states, and risks from new infertility treatments. Using a rich and varied set of cases, a broad public health and social science perspective, and novel methodological approaches, this book questions common assumptions, illustrates effective solutions and sets out research, policy, and programmatic agendas for the present and future. This is a comprehensive volume which provides a valuable resource to researchers, educators, practitioners, policymakers and students, as well as anyone studying or advocating for reproductive health.

Willing and Unable

Doctors' Constraints in Abortion Care

Author: Lori Freedman

Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press

ISBN: 0826517161

Category: Law

Page: 200

View: 8493

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"Willing and Unable" explores the social world where abortion politics and mainstream medicine collide. The author interviewed physicians of obstetrics and gynecology around the United States to find out why physicians rarely integrate abortion into their medical practice. While abortion stigma, violence, and political contention provide some explanation, her findings demonstrate that willing physicians are further encumbered by a variety of barriers within their practice environments. Structural barriers to the mainstream practice of abortion effectively institutionalize the buck-passing of abortion patients to abortion clinics. As the author notes, "Public-health-minded HMOs and physician practices could significantly change the world of abortion care if they stopped outsourcing it." Drawing from forty in-depth interviews, the book presents a challenge to a commonly held assumption that physicians decide whether or not to provide abortion based on personal ideology. Physician narratives demonstrate how their choices around learning, doing, and even having abortions themselves disrupt the pro-choice/pro-life moral and political binary.

Women of the World

Laws and Policies Affecting Their Reproductive Lives : Latin America and the Caribbean, Progress Report 2000

Author: CRLP (New York, NY).,DEMUS (Lima).

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781890671006

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5820

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Global Perspectives on Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Across the Lifecourse

Author: Shonali Choudhury,Jennifer Toller Erausquin,Mellissa Withers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319604171

Category: Medical

Page: 441

View: 1050

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This expansive survey spotlights pervasive issues affecting girls’ and women’s sexual and reproductive health across the lifecourse. Research from diverse countries around the world analyzes the complex relationships among biological, psychological, sociocultural, and economic issues—particularly in terms of inequities—as they shape women’s lives. Major challenges and possibilities for intervention are examined in their national context and with their global implications, including child marriage/motherhood, reproductive care and access, fertility, childbearing, contraception, abortion, HIV/STIs, gender-based violence, sexual pleasure, and menopause. In these forceful dispatches, a consistent human rights perspective emphasizes women’s control, autonomy, and agency in all stages of their lives. A sampling of topics covered: Girl child marriage: a persistent global women’s health and human rights violation Investigating challenges and resilience among women living with obstetric fistula in Kenya A qualitative exploration of mainstream and social media reflections on abortion A continuum of severity of sexual intimate partner violence among black women in the United States Economic empowerment to improve sexual and reproductive health among women and girls Summarizing an interdisciplinary field on research and practical levels, Global Perspectives on Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Across the Lifecourse will be an invaluable text for undergraduate and graduate courses in a wide range of fields, including public health, global health, women’s studies, sociology, anthropology, gender studies, and human rights.

Dispatches from the Abortion Wars

The Costs of Fanaticism to Doctors, Patients, and the Rest of Us

Author: Carole Joffe

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 0807035033

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 9637

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Surprising firsthand accounts from the front lines of abortion provision reveal the persistent cultural, political, and economic hurdles to access More than thirty-five years after women won the right to legal abortion, most people do not realize how inaccessible it has become. In these pages, reproductive-health researcher Carole Joffe shows how a pervasive stigma—cultivated by the religious right—operates to maintain barriers to access by shaming women and marginalizing abortion providers. Through compelling testimony from doctors, health-care workers, and patients, Joffe reports the lived experiences behind the polemics, while also offering hope for a more compassionate standard of women’s health care. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Sharing Responsibility

Women, Society & Abortion Worldwide

Author: Deirdre Wulf,Alan Guttmacher Institute

Publisher: Alan Guttmacher Inst

ISBN: 9780939253470

Category: Abortion

Page: 56

View: 6311

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Women's Human Rights and Migration

Sex-Selective Abortion Laws in the United States and India

Author: Sital Kalantry

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 081224933X

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 7121

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In Women's Human Rights and Migration, Sital Kalantry examines the laws to ban sex-selective abortion in the United States and India to argue for a transnational feminist legal approach to evaluating prohibitions on the practices of immigrant women that raise human rights concerns.

Constitutions and Gender

Author: Helen Irving

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1784716960

Category:

Page: 560

View: 2948

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Constitutions and gender is a new and exciting field, attracting scholarly attention and influencing practice around the world. This timely handbook features contributions from leading pioneers and younger scholars, applying a gendered lens to constitution-making and design, constitutional practice and citizenship, and constitutional challenges to gender equality rights and values. It offers a gendered perspective on the constitutional text and record of multiple jurisdictions, from the long-established, to the world’s newly emerging democracies. Constitutions and Gender portrays a profound shift in our understanding of what constitutions stand for and what they do.

When Abortion Was a Crime

Women, Medicine, and Law in the United States, 1867-1973

Author: Leslie J. Reagan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520216571

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 2440

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A collection of stories of women who survived abortions and those who did not, based on narratives from involved parties as well as court records, police reports, medical literature, and coroners' reports

Abortion Care

Author: Sam Rowlands

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110764738X

Category: Medical

Page: 275

View: 3727

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This multidisciplinary review of abortion is invaluable reading for clinicians and other care providers in the area of women's health.

Reproductive Health and Human Rights

Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Author: Rebecca J. Cook,Bernard M. Dickens,Mahmoud F. Fathalla

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191553832

Category: Philosophy

Page: 582

View: 932

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The concept of reproductive health promises to play a crucial role in improving women's health and rights around the world. It was internationally endorsed by a United Nations conference in 1994, but remains controversial because of the challenge it presents to conservative agencies: it challenges policies of suppressing public discussion on human sexuality and regulating its private expressions. Reproductive Health and Human Rights is designed to equip healthcare providers and administrators to integrate ethical, legal, and human rights principles in protection and promotion of reproductive health, and to inform lawyers and women's health advocates about aspects of medicine and healthcare systems that affect reproduction. Rebecca Cook, Bernard Dickens, and Mahmoud Fathalla, leading international authorities on reproductive medicine, human rights, medical law, and bioethics, integrate their disciplines to provide an accessible but comprehensive introduction to reproductive and sexual health. They analyse fifteen case-studies of recurrent problems, focusing particularly on resource-poor settings. Approaches to resolution are considered at clinical and health system levels. They also consider kinds of social change that would relieve the underlying conditions of reproductive health dilemmas. Supporting the explanatory chapters and case-studies are extensive resources of epidemiological data, human rights documents, and research materials and websites on reproductive and sexual health. In explaining ethics, law, and human rights to healthcare providers and administrators, and reproductive health to lawyers and women's health advocates, the authors explore and illustrate limitations and dysfunctions of prevailing health systems and their legal regulation, but also propose opportunities for reform. They draw on the values and principles of ethics and human rights recognized in national and international legal systems, to guide healthcare providers and administrators, lawyers, governments, and national and international agencies and legal tribunals. Reproductive Health and Human Rights will be an invaluable resource for all those working to improve services and legal protection for women around the world. Updates to this book, and information on translations to French, Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese and Arabic are now available at www.law.utoronto.ca/faculty/cook/ReproductiveHealth.html

Radical Reproductive Justice

Foundation, Theory, Practice, Critique

Author: Loretta Ross,Erika Derkas,Whitney Peoples,Lynn Roberts,Pamela Bridgewater

Publisher: Feminist Press at CUNY

ISBN: 1936932040

Category: Social Science

Page: 500

View: 2721

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This anthology assembles two decades’ of work initiated by SisterSong Women of Color Health Collective, who created the human rights-based “reproductive justice” to move beyond polarized pro-choice/pro-life debates. Rooted in Black feminism and built on intersecting identities, this revolutionary framework asserts a woman's right to have children, not have children, and to parent and provide for the children they have.