Advances in Comparative-Historical Analysis

Author: James Mahoney,Kathleen Thelen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107110025

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 1460

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Situates comparative-historical analysis within contemporary debates in political science and explores the latest theoretical and conceptual advances.

Advances in Social Network Analysis

Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: Stanley Wasserman,Joseph Galaskiewicz

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803943032

Category: Social Science

Page: 299

View: 5937

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In this book, leading methodologists address the issue of how effectively to apply the latest developments in social network analysis to behavioural and social science disciplines. Topics examined include: ways to specify the network contents to be studied; how to select the method for representing network structures; how social network analysis has been used to study interorganizational relations via the resource dependence model; how to use a contact matrix for studying the spread of disease in epidemiology; and how cohesion and structural equivalence network theories relate to studying social influence. The book also offers some statistical models for social support networks.

Finding Common Ground – Consensus in Research Ethics Across the Social Sciences

Author: Ron Iphofen

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787141306

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 4419

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This volume addresses concerns about the impact of current systems for the management of research ethics in the social sciences. Many procedures in place are seen as inappropriate as they were originally designed for use in biomedical research. The content identifies areas of ‘common ground’, core ethics principles and areas of particular concern.

The SAGE Handbook of Quantitative Methodology for the Social Sciences

Author: David Kaplan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761923594

Category: Social Science

Page: 511

View: 9109

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The SAGE Handbook of Quantitative Methodology for the Social Sciences is the definitive reference for teachers, students, and researchers of quantitative methods in the social sciences, as it provides a comprehensive overview of the major techniques used in the field. The contributors, top methodologists and researchers, have written about their areas of expertise in ways that convey the utility of their respective techniques, but, where appropriate, they also offer a fair critique of these techniques. Relevance to real-world problems in the social sciences is an essential ingredient of each chapter and makes this an invaluable resource.

Methods in Consumer Research, Volume 1

New Approaches to Classic Methods

Author: Gaston Ares,Paula Varela

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081012586

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 582

View: 7181

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Methods for Consumer Research, Volume One: New Approaches to Classic Methods brings together world leading experts in global consumer research who provide a fully comprehensive state-of-the-art coverage of advances in the classical methods of consumer science. The book touches on the latest developments in qualitative techniques, including coverage of both focus groups and social media, while also focusing on liking, a fundamental principle of consumer science, consumer segmentation, and the influence of extrinsic product characteristics, such as packaging and presentation on consumer liking. In conjunction with the second volume, which covers alternative approaches and special applications, this book is an invaluable reference for academics working in the fields of in-sensory and consumer science, psychology, marketing and nutrition. And, with examples of the methodology being applied throughout, it serves as a practical guide to research and development managers in both food and non-food companies. Presents a fully comprehensive coverage of the latest developments in the classical methodologies of consumer research Provides examples of successful application of the methodologies presented Includes focus groups and social media discussions Encompasses consumer segmentation, with a focus on psychographics and genetics

Political Methodology

Author: Robert J. Franzese, Jr.

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781783474851

Category:

Page: 550

View: 3335

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This research collection offers a 34-article tour of recent advances and the current state of 5 important and booming areas of empirical methodology: Bayesian methods; modelling of temporal duration, dependence, and dynamics; network-analytic methodology; text, classification, and big-data analytic methods; methods for nonparametric and design-based causal inference. These prominent articles, written by leading scholars, break new ground and provide definitive statements of the current best practices in those respective areas. Together they describe the cutting-edge profile of modern empirical methodology for applied empirical analysis in political science. This is an essential resource for those studying and researching political methodology.

Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences

Author: Murray Webster,Jane Sell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124051863

Category: Education

Page: 534

View: 2638

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While there are many books available on statistical analysis of data from experiments, there is significantly less available on the design, development, and actual conduct of the experiments. Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences summarizes how to design and conduct scientifically sound experiments, be they from surveys, interviews, observations, or experimental methods. The book encompasses how to collect reliable data, the appropriate uses of different methods, and how to avoid or resolve common problems in experimental research. Case study examples illustrate how multiple methods can be used to answer the same research questions and what kinds of outcome would result from each methodology. Sound data begins with effective data collection. This book will assist students and professionals alike in sociology, marketing, political science, anthropology, economics, and psychology. Provides a comprehensive summary of issues in social science experimentation, from ethics to design, management, and financing Offers "how-to" explanations of the problems and challenges faced by everyone involved in social science experiments Pays attention to both practical problems and to theoretical and philosophical arguments Defines commonalities and distinctions within and among experimental situations across the social sciences

Methodology of Social Sciences

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351505572

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 1366

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Max Weber wrote these methodological essays in the closest intimacy with actual research and against a background of constant and intensive meditation on substantive problems in the theory and strategy of the social sciences. They were written between 1903 and 1917, the most productive of Max Weber's life, when he was working on his studies in the sociology of religion and Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft.Weber had done important work in economic and legal history and had taught economic theory. On the basis of original investigations, he had acquired a specialist's knowledge of the details of German economic and social structure. His always vital concern for the political prosperity of Germany among the nations thrust him deeply into discussion of political ideals and programs.Weber's methodology still holds interest for us. Some of its shortcomings, from the contemporary viewpoint, may be attributed to the fact that some of the methodological problems that he treated could not be satisfactorily resolved prior to certain actual developments in research technique. These few qualifications aside, the work remains a pioneering work in large scale social research, from one of the field's masters.

Methodologies of Embodiment

Inscribing Bodies in Qualitative Research

Author: Mia Perry,Carmen Liliana Medina

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113667098X

Category: Social Science

Page: 156

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This volume is dedicated to exploring and exposing the challenges, the possibilities, and the processes of empirical work in embodiment. Grounded in qualitative inquiry in the humanities and social sciences, the chapters describe perspectives and contexts of embodied research, but focus on the methodologies, methods, and analytic frames taken up to grapple with this ever-more theorised aspect of qualitative inquiry. The authors drawn together in this volume share an investment in the ways in which the body inscribes and is inscribed within research that foregrounds the cultural, social, affective, and political discourses that are at the core of how bodies act and are acted upon.

Advances in GPU Research and Practice

Author: Hamid Sarbazi Azad

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128037881

Category: Computers

Page: 774

View: 907

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Advances in GPU Research and Practice focuses on research and practices in GPU based systems. The topics treated cover a range of issues, ranging from hardware and architectural issues, to high level issues, such as application systems, parallel programming, middleware, and power and energy issues. Divided into six parts, this edited volume provides the latest research on GPU computing. Part I: Architectural Solutions focuses on the architectural topics that improve on performance of GPUs, Part II: System Software discusses OS, compilers, libraries, programming environment, languages, and paradigms that are proposed and analyzed to help and support GPU programmers. Part III: Power and Reliability Issues covers different aspects of energy, power, and reliability concerns in GPUs. Part IV: Performance Analysis illustrates mathematical and analytical techniques to predict different performance metrics in GPUs. Part V: Algorithms presents how to design efficient algorithms and analyze their complexity for GPUs. Part VI: Applications and Related Topics provides use cases and examples of how GPUs are used across many sectors. Discusses how to maximize power and obtain peak reliability when designing, building, and using GPUs Covers system software (OS, compilers), programming environments, languages, and paradigms proposed to help and support GPU programmers Explains how to use mathematical and analytical techniques to predict different performance metrics in GPUs Illustrates the design of efficient GPU algorithms in areas such as bioinformatics, complex systems, social networks, and cryptography Provides applications and use case scenarios in several different verticals, including medicine, social sciences, image processing, and telecommunications

Advances in Web-Based Learning - ICWL 2005

4th International Conference, Hong Kong, China, July 31 - August 3, 2005, Proceedings

Author: Rynson W.H. Lau,Qing Li,Ronnie Cheung,Wenyin Liu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540278958

Category: Computers

Page: 426

View: 4397

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With the rapid development of Web-based learning, a new set of learning - vironments including virtual classrooms, virtual laboratories and virtual u- versities are being developed. These new learning environments, however, also introduce new problems that need to be addressed. On the technical side, there is a need for the deployment of e?ective technologies on Web-based education. On the learning side, the cyber mode of learning is very di?erent from tra- tional classroom-based learning. On the management side, the establishment of a cyber university imposes very di?erent requirements for the set up. ICWL 2005, the 4th International Conference on Web-Based Learning, was held in Hong Kong, China from July 31 to August 3, 2005, as a continued - tempttoaddressmanyoftheabove-mentionedissues.Followingthegreatsuccess of ICWL 2002 (Hong Kong, China), ICWL 2003 (Australia), and ICWL 2004 (China), ICWL 2005 aimed at presenting progresson the technical, pedagogical, as well as management issues of Web-based learning. The conference featured a comprehensive program, including a number of tutorials, two keynote talks, a main track containing regular as well as short paper presentations, and an application track. We received a total of 99 submissions from all over the world. The Program Committee selected 33 papers as regular papers for presentation in the main track, an acceptance rate of about 33%. Due to the high-quality submissions, the Committee decided to further accept 9 papers as short papers for presentation.

Conducting Research in Conservation

Social Science Methods and Practice

Author: Helen Newing

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136934391

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 630

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Conducting Research in Conservation is the first textbook on social science research methods written specifically for use in the expanding and increasingly multidisciplinary field of environmental conservation. The first section on planning a research project includes chapters on the need for social science research in conservation, defining a research topic, methodology, and sampling. Section two focuses on practical issues in carrying out fieldwork with local communities, from fieldwork preparation and data collection to the relationships between the researcher and the study community. Section three provides an in-depth focus on a range of social science methods including standard qualitative and quantitative methods such as participant observation, interviewing and questionnaires, and more advanced methods, such as ethnobiological methods for documenting local environmental knowledge and change, and participatory methods such as the ‘PRA’ toolbox. Section four then demonstrates how to analyze social science data qualitatively and quantitatively; and the final section outlines the writing-up process and what should happen after the end of the formal research project. This book is a comprehensive and accessible guide to social science research methods for students of conservation related subjects and practitioners trained in the natural sciences. It features practical worldwide examples of conservation-related research in different ecosystems such as forests; grasslands; marine and riverine systems; and farmland. Boxes provide definitions of key terms, practical tips, and brief narratives from students and practitioners describe the practical issues that they have faced in the field.

Methods in Consumer Research, Volume 2

Alternative Approaches and Special Applications

Author: Gaston Ares,Paula Varela

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081017448

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 478

View: 6267

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Methods for Consumer Research, Volume Two: Alternative Approaches and Special Applications brings together world leading experts in global consumer research who provide a fully comprehensive state-of-the-art coverage of emerging methodologies and their innovative application. The book puts consumer research in-context with coverage of immersive techniques and virtual reality, while also looking at health-related Issues in consumer science, including sections on food intake and satiation. Other sections delve into physiological measurements within the context of consumer research and how to design studies for specific populations. In conjunction with the first volume, which covers new approaches to classical methodology, this book is an invaluable reference for academics working in the fields of in-sensory and consumer science, psychology, marketing and nutrition. With examples of the methodology being applied throughout, it serves as a practical guide to research and development managers in both food and non-food companies. Presents comprehensive coverage of new and emerging techniques in consumer science Provides examples of successful application of the methodologies presented throughout Identifies how to design research for special populations, including children, the elderly and low-income consumers Discusses sensitivity to cross-cultural populations and emerging markets Includes research design for food, cosmetic and household products Highlights both psychological and physiological consumer measurements

Advances in Information Retrieval

32nd European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2010, Milton Keynes, UK, March 28-31, 2010. Proceedings

Author: Cathal Gurrin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642122744

Category: Computers

Page: 677

View: 9517

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 32nd annual European Conference on Information Retrieval Research, ECIR 2010, held in Milton Keynes, UK, in March 2010. The 44 revised full papers and 23 poster papers presented together with the keynote lecture, 5 tool demonstrations and the abstracts of 3 invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from 202 full research paper submissions and 73 poster/demo submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on NLP and text mining, Web IR, evaluation, multimedia IR, distributed IR and performance issues, IR theory and formal models, personalization and recommendation, domain-specific IR and CLIR, as well as user issues.

Advances in Psychology Research

Author: Serge P. Shohov

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781590337981

Category: Psychology

Page: 173

View: 7696

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This book presents original research results on the leading edge of psychology. Each chapter has been carefully selected in an attempt to present substantial advances across a broad spectrum. Contents: Preface; COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY -- Problem Focused Coping and Worry: the Mediating Role of Meta-Cognitions; General Trends and Individual Differences: Perspectives on Normal Speech Development; Automatic Processes in Face Recognition; Ideologies in Reasoning: The Influence of Social Group and Shared Values; Attentional Instructions can Modulate Repetition Priming from Single Words: Evidence for the Role of Mental Set in Word Perception; BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOLOGY -- From Necessity To Pleasure: Individual Differences in Instrumental and Stimulating Risk Attitudes; Toward an Understanding of the Sources of Influence on Male and Female Executive Decision-Making Under Risk and Uncertainty: Individual, Group and Organisational-Level Factors; Agreement Errors and Object Attraction; BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY -- A New Approach to the Multivariate Genetic Analysis of the Consistency and Variability of the Big Five; EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY -- Darwinian Support for Single-Participant Designs; Index.

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

50th Anniversary Edition

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226458148

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 410

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A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.