Advances in Social Network Analysis

Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: Stanley Wasserman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803943032

Category: Social Science

Page: 299

View: 4733

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In this book, leading methodologists address the issue of how effectively to apply the latest developments in social network analysis to behavioural and social science disciplines. Topics examined include: ways to specify the network contents to be studied; how to select the method for representing network structures; how social network analysis has been used to study interorganizational relations via the resource dependence model; how to use a contact matrix for studying the spread of disease in epidemiology; and how cohesion and structural equivalence network theories relate to studying social influence. The book also offers some statistical models for social support networks.

Advances in the Study of Bilingualism

Author: Dr. Enlli Môn Thomas,Ineke Mennen

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 178309172X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 3667

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This book provides a contemporary approach to the study of bilingualism. Drawing on contributions from leading experts in the field, this book brings together - in a single volume - a selection of the exciting work conducted as part of the programme of the ESRC Centre for Research on Bilingualism in Theory and Practice at Bangor University, Wales. Each chapter has as its main focus an exploration of the relationship between the two languages of a bilingual. Section by section, the authors draw on current findings and methodologies to explore the ways in which their research can address this question from a number of different perspectives.

Mental health service users in research

Critical sociological perspectives

Author: Staddon, Patsy

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 144732059X

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 3703

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This book aims to show the value but also the difficulties encountered in the application of 'insider knowledge' in service user research. Mental health service users in research considers ways of 'doing research' which bring multiple understandings together effectively, and explains the sociological use of autobiography and its relevance. It examines how our identity shapes the knowledge we produce, and asks why voices which challenge contemporary beliefs about health and the role of treatment are often silenced. An imbalance of power and opportunity for service users, and the stigmatising nature of services, are considered as human rights issues.Most of the contributors to the book are service users/survivors as well as academics. Their fields of expertise include LGB issues, racial tensions, and recovering from the shame and stigma of alcoholism. They stress the importance of research approaches which involve mutualities of respect and understanding within the worlds of researcher, clinician and service user/survivor.

New Directions in the Sociology of Aging

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on New Directions in Social Demography, Social Epidemiology, and the Sociology of Aging

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309293006

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 1616

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The aging of the population of the United States is occurring at a time of major economic and social changes. These economic changes include consideration of increases in the age of eligibility for Social Security and Medicare and possible changes in benefit levels. Furthermore, changes in the social context in which older individuals and families function may well affect the nature of key social relationships and institutions that define the environment for older persons. Sociology offers a knowledge base, a number of useful analytic approaches and tools, and unique theoretical perspectives that can facilitate understanding of these demographic, economic, and social changes and, to the extent possible, their causes, consequences and implications. New Directions in the Sociology of Aging evaluates the recent contributions of social demography, social epidemiology and sociology to the study of aging and identifies promising new research directions in these sub-fields. Included in this study are nine papers prepared by experts in sociology, demography, social genomics, public health, and other fields, that highlight the broad array of tools and perspectives that can provide the basis for further advancing the understanding of aging processes in ways that can inform policy. This report discusses the role of sociology in what is a wide-ranging and diverse field of study; a proposed three-dimensional conceptual model for studying social processes in aging over the life cycle; a review of existing databases, data needs and opportunities, primarily in the area of measurement of interhousehold and intergenerational transmission of resources, biomarkers and biosocial interactions; and a summary of roadblocks and bridges to transdisciplinary research that will affect the future directions of the field of sociology of aging.

New Horizons in Arts, Heritage, Nonprofit and Social Marketing

Author: Roger Bennett,Finola Kerrigan,Daragh O'Reilly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135743878

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 4747

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Arts, heritage, non-profit and social marketing today comprise key components of the contemporary marketing management scene. Governments, charities and voluntary sector organisations throughout the world are increasingly involved in the development of marketing campaigns, and more and more of these organisations are likely to be at the cutting edge of the application of the very latest marketing methods. Research in the arts, heritage, non-profit and social marketing fields is intellectually rigorous, relevant for user communities, and has a great deal to offer to marketing theory as well as to promotional practice. This book presents a collection of stimulating articles that report some of the freshest and most innovative research and thinking in the authors’ specialist domains. Collectively the chapters offer a balance of empirical and conceptual research in arts, heritage, non-profit and social marketing. They explore new ideas, challenge pre-existing orthodoxies, develop knowledge, and demonstrate the epistemological importance of current research in these critical areas. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Marketing Management.

Advances in Experimental Social Psychology

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128024720

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 9884

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Advances in Experimental Social Psychology continues to be one of the most sought after and most often cited series in this field. Containing contributions of major empirical and theoretical interest, this series represents the best and the brightest in new research, theory, and practice in social psychology. This serial is part of the Social Sciences package on ScienceDirect. Visit info.sciencedirect.com for more information. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology is available online on ScienceDirect - full-text online of volume 32 onward. Elsevier book series on ScienceDirect gives multiple users throughout an institution simultaneous online access to an important complement to primary research. Digital delivery ensures users reliable, 24-hour access to the latest peer-reviewed content. The Elsevier book series are compiled and written by the most highly regarded authors in their fields and are selected from across the globe using Elsevier’s extensive researcher network. For more information about the Elsevier Book Series on ScienceDirect Program, please visit info.sciencedirect.com/bookseries/. One of the most sought after and most often cited series in this field Contains contributions of major empirical and theoretical interest Represents the best and the brightest in new research, theory, and practice in social psychology

Alkoholismus - Mißbrauch und Abhängigkeit

Entstehung - Folgen - Therapie

Author: Wilhelm Feuerlein,Heinrich Küfner,Michael Soyka

Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag

ISBN: 313169016X

Category: Medical

Page: 648

View: 594

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Das bewährte Standardwerk! Alkohol ist in unser gesellschaftliches Leben integriert, birgt jedoch ein großes Missbrauchs- und Abhängigkeitspotenzial:~/~Rund 3 Millionen Menschen in Deutschland sind alkoholabhängig oder leiden unter Alkoholmissbrauch mit Folgeschäden.~/~Ärzte und Psychologen haben häufig mit Menschen zu tun, deren Alkoholabhängigkeit große therapeutische Probleme verursacht. Dieses bewährte Standardwerk bietet: Theorie und Befunde zur Entstehung der Alkoholabhängigkeit, eine ausführliche Darstellung der Folgeschäden und ihrer Therapiemöglichkeiten, Informationen zur Epidemiologie. Erkennen, behandeln, vorbeugen: - ausführliche Darstellung der körperlichen und psychischen Aspekte der Alkoholsucht - Überblick der Therapiemöglichkeiten und psychosozialen Hilfsangebote - Darstellung der rechtlichen Aspekte konkrete Vorschläge zur Verbesserung der Situation von Alkoholkranken

Self-Esteem Research, Theory, and Practice

Toward a Positive Psychology of Self-Esteem, Third Edition

Author: Christopher J. J. Mruk, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826103147

Category: Psychology

Page: 316

View: 6560

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Dr. Mruk has produced a highly readable new edition of his original work on an often misunderstood psychological construct--self-esteem. Mruk's view that self-esteem is a critically important influence on psychological adjustment and quality of life is now an accepted tenet in personality theory. Lack of self-esteem is frequently a precursor to depression, suicidal behavior, and other personality disorders. Nonetheless, the clinical diagnosis of self-esteem problems has lacked the basis of an overarching theory. Dr. Mruk's comprehensive analysis distills the literature on self-esteem into practical and reliable treatment methods for both clinicians and researchers. The new edition contains updated research and current terms, and addresses the self-esteem "backlash." He concludes with worksheets and detailed guidelines for conducting self-esteem building workshops. Added features include: Major theories of self-esteem Chapter on the new positive psychology 150 new references Dr. Mruk has developed a writing style that is successfully oriented toward both academic and clinical audiences in the areas of counseling, education, nursing, psychology, and social work, thus providing much-needed information for teachers, students, and practicing clinicians in a clear, concise way.

From Health Behaviours to Health Practices

Critical Perspectives

Author: Simon Cohn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118898370

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 6842

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A wide range of international contributions draw on theoreticaland empirical sources to explore whether alternatives exist to bothconceptualise and conduct research into what people do anddon’t do, in relation to their health and experiences ofillness. Presents a collection of international contributions thatcomplement, as well as critique, dominant conceptualisations ofhealth behaviour Includes a wide range of both theoretical perspectives andempirical cases Reasserts the unique contribution social sciences can make tohealth research Challenges assumptions about the usefulness of the concept ofhealth behaviour A timely publication given the rise of chronic and lifestylediseases and the resulting changes in global health agendas

Handbook of Clinical Health Psychology

Author: C. Green,R. Meagher,T. Millon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461334128

Category: Psychology

Page: 632

View: 6711

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We seek to throw down the gauntlet with this handbook, challenging the he gemony of the "behavioral medicine" approach to the psychological study and treatment of the physically ill. This volume is not another in that growing surfeit oftexts that pledge allegiance to the doctrinaire purity of behavioristic thinking, or conceptualize their subject in accord with the sterility of medical models. Diseases are not our focus, nor is the narrow band of behavioral assessment and therapy methodologies. Rather, we have sought to redefine this amorphous, yet burgeoning field so as to place it squarely within the province of a broadly-based psychology-specifically, the emerging, substantive discipline of health psy chology and the well-established professionalism and diverse technologies of clinical psychology. The handbook's title-Clinical Health Psychology-reflects this reorientation explicitly, and Chapter 1 addresses its themes and provides its justifications more fully. In the process of developing a relevant and comprehensive health assess ment tool, the editors were struck by the failure of clinical psychologists to avail themselves of the rich vein of materials that comprise the psychosocial world of the physically ill. Perhaps more dismaying was the observation that this field was being mined-less than optimally-by physicians and nonclinical psychologists.

From Evidence to Outcomes in Child Welfare

An International Reader

Author: Aron Shlonsky,Rami Benbenishty

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199973741

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 8941

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The information age is upon us and, with it, a new era of human services has emerged. The terms 'Evidence-Based,' 'evidence-informed,' 'best practice', and 'effective' have become ubiquitous in scholarly and professional publications, government documents, funding applications, and training institutions across the world. Yet despite this avalanche of words, there is substantial disagreement with respect to the definition of evidence and how it should be used to improve the lives of children and youth. This book builds on the burgeoning evidence-informed practice movement in social welfare that evolved from evidence-based medicine some twenty years ago. Key insights from an internationally recognized group of scholars representing several child welfare systems promotes a nuanced understanding of evidence in all its forms; makes a strong case for understanding the role of context in generating, interpreting, and employing evidence; and provides guidance for integrating evidence and context in the provision of child welfare services. The book begins with an introduction to evidence-informed practice and a broad overview of the different types of evidence that can be useful in guiding difficult decisions under uncertain conditions. This is followed by a decision-making framework that incorporates the use of evidence within the context of a complex child protection system. Next, empirically supported programs and treatments are evaluated with respect to their transportability across contexts, with sometimes surprising results. Two revolutionary approaches to the delivery of effective services, common factors and common elements, are then introduced and followed by a treatise on the importance of implementation in child welfare settings. Embracing different types of evidence used for different questions, the role of randomized controlled trials, epidemiology, administrative and survey data are then explored. Finally, the context of service provision within an agency is explored through an overview of the structure, function, and culture of human services organizations; the role of universities in training staff and conducting relevant practice and policy research; and an applied example involving a partnership between a major university and a large child welfare agency.

Handbook of Advances in Trust Research

Author: Reinhard Bachmann,Akbar Zaheer

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857931385

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 8633

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The Handbook of Advances in Trust Research represents new and important developments in trust research. The contributors are all prominent and highly respected experts in the field. They provide a contemporary overview of the most crucial issues in cur

Social Stress and the Family

Advances and Developments in Family Stress Therapy and Research

Author: Hamilton I Mc Cubbin,Marvin B Sussman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317774523

Category: Psychology

Page: 231

View: 5155

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An informative anthology of recent theory and research developments pertinent to family stress.

Western Psychological and Educational Theory in Diverse Contexts

Author: Julian Elliott,Elena Grigorenko

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317997042

Category: Education

Page: 200

View: 3465

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This book examines aspects of Western psychological and educational theory in relation to educational practice around the world, and considers the extent to which current understandings are truly applicable to a range of diverse settings. In so doing, it also seeks to question, where appropriate, existing orthodoxies within Western educational systems.

Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Minority Representation in Special Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309170818

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 3461

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Special education and gifted and talented programs were designed for children whose educational needs are not well met in regular classrooms. From their inceptions, these programs have had disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic minority students. What causes this disproportion? Is it a problem? Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education considers possible contributors to that disparity, including early biological and environmental influences and inequities in opportunities for preschool and K-12 education, as well as the possibilities of bias in the referral and assessment system that leads to placement in special programs. It examines the data on early childhood experience, on differences in educational opportunity, and on referral and placement. The book also considers whether disproportionate representation should be considered a problem. Do special education programs provide valuable educational services, or do they set students off on a path of lower educational expectations? Would students not now placed in gifted and talented programs benefit from raised expectations, more rigorous classes, and the gifted label, or would they suffer failure in classes for which they are unprepared? By examining this important problem in U.S. education and making recommendations for early intervention and general education, as well as for changes in referral and assessment processes, Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education will be an indispensable resource to educators throughout the nation, as well as to policy makers at all levels, from schools and school districts to the state and federal governments.

Mapping the Sociology of Health and Medicine

America, Britain and Australia Compared

Author: F. Collyer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137009314

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 2150

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This book studies the sociology of health and medicine across three different countries, the USA, UK and Australia, examining the nature of disciplines and their specialties and posing sociological questions about the formation of intellectual fields and their social relations.