Advances in Watershed Science and Assessment

Author: Tamim Younos,Tammy E. Parece

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319142127

Category: Science

Page: 292

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This volume offers concepts, methods and case studies of innovative and evolving technologies in the area of watershed assessment. Topics discussed include: (1) Development and applications of geospatial, satellite imagery and remote sensing technologies for land monitoring; (2) Development and applications of satellite imagery for monitoring inland water quality; (3) Development and applications of water sensor technologies for real-time monitoring of water quantity and quality; and (4) Advances in biological monitoring and microbial source tracking technologies. This book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers involved in watershed science and environmental studies. Equally, it will serve as a valuable guide to experts in government agencies who are concerned with water-availability and water-quality issues, and engineers and other professionals involved in the design of land- and water-monitoring systems.

Recent Advances in Environmental Science from the Euro-Mediterranean and Surrounding Regions

Proceedings of Euro-Mediterranean Conference for Environmental Integration (EMCEI-1), Tunisia 2017

Author: Amjad Kallel,Mohamed Ksibi,Hamed Ben Dhia,Nabil Khélifi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319705482

Category: Science

Page: 2023

View: 799

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This volume includes the papers presented during the 1st Euro-Mediterranean Conference for Environmental Integration (EMCEI) which was held in Sousse, Tunisia in November 2017. This conference was jointly organized by the editorial office of the Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration in Sfax, Tunisia and Springer (MENA Publishing Program) in Germany. It aimed to give a more concrete expression to the Euro-Mediterranean integration process by supplementing existing North-South programs and agreements with a new multilateral scientific forum that emphasizes in particular the vulnerability and proactive remediation of the Euro-Mediterranean region from an environmental point of view. This volume gives a general and brief overview on current research focusing on emerging environmental issues and challenges and its applications to a variety of problems in the Euro-Mediterranean zone and surrounding regions. It contains over five hundred and eighty carefully refereed short contributions to the conference. Topics covered include (1) innovative approaches and methods for environmental sustainability, (2) environmental risk assessment, bioremediation, ecotoxicology, and environmental safety, (3) water resources assessment, planning, protection, and management, (4) environmental engineering and management, (5) natural resources: characterization, assessment, management, and valorization, (6) intelligent techniques in renewable energy (biomass, wind, waste, solar), (7) sustainable management of marine environment and coastal areas, (8) remote sensing and GIS for geo-environmental investigations, (9) environmental impacts of geo/natural hazards (earthquakes, landslides, volcanic, and marine hazards), and (10) the environmental health science (natural and social impacts on Human health). Presenting a wide range of topics and new results, this edited volume will appeal to anyone working in the subject area, including researchers and students interested to learn more about new advances in environmental research initiatives in view of the ever growing environmental degradation in the Euro-Mediterranean region, which has turned environmental and resource protection into an increasingly important issue hampering sustainable development and social welfare.

Advances in Computation and Intelligence

Third International Symposium on Intelligence Computation and Applications, ISICA 2008 Wuhan, China, December 19-21, 2008 Proceedings

Author: Lishan Kang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540921362

Category: Computers

Page: 861

View: 3916

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We are proud to introduce the proceedings of the Third International Sym- sium on Intelligence Computation and Applications (ISICA 2008) held at the China UniversityofGeosciences(Wuhan), China,during December 19–21,2008. ISICA 2008 successfully attracted nearly 700 submissions. Through rigorous - views, 93 high-quality papers were included in the proceedings of ISICA 2008. ISICA conferences are one of the ?rst series of internationalconferences on c- putational intelligence that combine elements of learning, adaptation, evolution and fuzzy logic to create programs as alternative solutions to arti?cial intel- gence. The proceedings of ISICA conferences have a number of special features including uniqueness, novelty, success, and broadness of scope. The proceedings ofISICA conferences havebeen acceptedin the Index to Scienti?c andTechnical Proceedings (ISTP), while the ISICA 2007 proceedings have also been indexed by Engineering Information (EI). Following the success of ISICA 2005 and ISICA 2007, ISICA 2008 made good progress on analyzing and processing massive real-time data by compu- tional intelligence. ISICA 2008 featured the most up-to-date research in c- putational intelligence, evolutionary computation, evolutionary multi-objective and dynamic optimization,evolutionarylearning systems, neuralnetworks,cl- si?cation and recognition, bioinformatics and bioengineering, evolutionary data mining and knowledge discovery, intelligent GIS and control, theory of int- ligent computation, combinational and numerical optimization, and real-world applications. ISICA 2008 provided a venue to foster technical exchanges, renew everlasting friendships, and establish new connections.

Advances in Computer Science and Engineering

Author: Dehuai Zeng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642279481

Category: Computers

Page: 818

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This book includes the proceedings of the second International Conference on Advances in Computer Science and Engineering (CES 2012), which was held during January 13-14, 2012 in Sanya, China. The papers in these proceedings of CES 2012 focus on the researchers’ advanced works in their fields of Computer Science and Engineering mainly organized in four topics, (1) Software Engineering, (2) Intelligent Computing, (3) Computer Networks, and (4) Artificial Intelligence Software.

Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice

Author: Robert P. Brooks,Denice Heller Wardrop

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461455960

Category: Science

Page: 491

View: 823

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The lands and waters of the Mid-Atlantic Region (MAR) have changed significantly since before the 16th century when the Susquehannock lived in the area. Much has changed since Captain John Smith penetrated the estuaries and rivers during the early 17th century; since the surveying of the Mason-Dixon Line to settle border disputes among Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware during the middle of the 18th century; and since J. Thomas Scharf described the physiographic setting of Baltimore County in the late 19th century. As early as 1881, Scharf provides us with an assessment of the condition of the aquatic ecosystems of the region, albeit in narrative form, and already changes are taking place – the conversion of forests to fields, the founding of towns and cities, and the depletion of natural resources. We have always conducted our work with the premise that “man” is part of, and not apart from, this ecosystem and landscape. This premise, and the historical changes in our landscape, provide the foundation for our overarching research question: how do human activities impact the functioning of aquatic ecosystems and the ecosystem services that they provide, and how can we optimize this relationship?

Advances in Ecology Environment and Conservation Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464991111

Category: Science

Page: 1059

View: 7791

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Advances in Ecology Environment and Conservation Research and Application / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Ecology Environment and Conservation. The editors have built Advances in Ecology Environment and Conservation Research and Application / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Ecology Environment and Conservation in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Ecology Environment and Conservation Research and Application / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies II

Author: Josef Matyáš,Tatsuki Ohji,Xingbo Liu,M. Parans Paranthaman,Ram Devanathan,Kevin M. Fox,Mrityunjay Singh,Winnie Wong-Ng

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118751086

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 278

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These proceedings contains a collection of 24 papers from five 2012Materials Science and Technology (MS&T’12)symposia. Green Technologies for Materials Manufacturing and ProcessingIII Materials Development for Nuclear Applications and ExtremeEnvironments Materials Issues in Nuclear Waste Management in the21st Century Energy Conversion – Photovoltaic, Concentrating SolarPower, and Thermoelectric Energy Storage: Materials, Systems and Applications

Recent Advances in Environmental Science

Author: K. G. Hiremath

Publisher: Discovery Publishing House

ISBN: 9788171416790

Category: Environmental sciences

Page: 470

View: 4394

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The book contains articles covering a wide range of subjects of environmental science. The terrestrial section has articles on air pollution, solid waste ground water regime, western ghats, eastern ghats, mining, medicinal, plants, ethnobotany, role of pesticides, agriculture, microbial sensors, wetlands and ornithological studies. The marine environmental aspect such as mangroves, application of remote sensing, harmful algal blooms, bio-remediation, sustainable management of molluscan resources, benthic fauna, deep seabed mining and bio-fouling have been dealt in the marine environment section.

Source Water Assessment

Variability of Pathogen Concentrations

Author: Mark W. LeChevallier,George Di Giovanni,Microbial/Disinfection By-Products Research Council (U.S.)

Publisher: American Water Works Association

ISBN: 1583212264

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 238

View: 2455

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GIS Modules and Distributed Models of the Watershed

Author: Task Committee on GIS Modules and Distributed Models of the Watershed

Publisher: ASCE Publications

ISBN: 9780784474730

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 136

View: 8658

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Prepared by the Task Committee on GIS Modules and Distributed Models of the Watershed of ASCE. This report guides professionals in selecting the most advantageous applications of geographic information system (GIS) modules and distributed models for watershed runoff. Recent advances in technology offer hydrologic engineers, watershed managers, and data collection agencies unprecedented capabilities for storing and manipulating data. With the advent of Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Triangulated Irregular Networks (TIN), Digital Line Graphs (DLG), and GIS software, the use of watershed modeling among industry professionals has increased at an incredible rate. With this growth, it is increasingly difficult for practitioners to choose the most effective use of the technology. This report identifies state-of-the-art GIS hydrology analysis software and techniques, as well as GIS types and map projections. It covers data commonly required for hydrologic analysis, limitations of available data, and the integration of watershed hydrological analysis software and GIS techniques. The appendix highlights nine examples of watershed modeling systems, including the Watershed Modeling System (WMS), the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), and the Hydrologic Model CASC2D.

The Technology Explosion in Medical Science: Implications for the Health Care Industry and the Public (1981-2001)

Author: James R. Gay,Barbara J. Sax Jacobs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401173990

Category: Medical

Page: 156

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The second annual Frank M. Norfleet Forum for the Advancement of Health was convened November 30, December 1 and 2, 1981 at The University of Tennessee Center for the Health Sciences, Memphis, Tennessee. The Norfleet Forum is a continuing series of discussions on issues related to national health policy and organization of health care at all levels. Application of the competitive model for containing costs and assuring high quality of medical care (1980 Forum) is jeopardized in part by rapid introduction of expensive medi cal technology. Decision-makers in business and industry, government and health care provider groups recognize the benefits of high technology and are reluctant to impose controls that might reduce the effective level of scientific creativity. And yet, some technologies are rushed into routine use before their efficacy and safety are assured, and without measuring the benefits to be achieved against the harsh reality of cost. In this volume, 11 of the worldls experts on technology issues summarize current ideas for understanding and coping with the technological imperative of the 1980s. James R. Gay, M.D.

Assessment of Hydrologic and Hydrometeorological Operations and Services

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,National Weather Service Modernization Committee

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309056349

Category: Science

Page: 62

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Floods are by far the most devastating of all weather-related hazards in the United States. The National Weather Service (NWS) is charged by Congress to provide river and flood forecasts and warnings to the public to protect life and property and to promote the nation's economic and environmental well-being (such as through support for water resources management). As part of a modernization of its technologies and organizational structure, the NWS is undertaking a thorough updating of its hydrologic products and services and the activities that produce them. The National Weather Service Modernization Committee of the National Research Council undertook a comprehensive assessment of the NWS' plans and progress for the modernization of hydrologic and hydrometeorological operations and services. The committee's conclusions and recommendations and their related analysis and rationale are presented in this report.

Vitellins—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition

ScholarlyBrief

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1481618032

Category: Science

Page: 45

View: 4771

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Vitellins—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Vitellins in a concise format. The editors have built Vitellins—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Vitellins in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Vitellins—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Dating Torrential Processes on Fans and Cones

Methods and Their Application for Hazard and Risk Assessment

Author: Michelle Schneuwly-Bollschweiler,Markus Stoffel,Florian Rudolf-Miklau

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940074336X

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 2757

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This book provides a detailed overview on methods used for the dating of past torrential activity on fans and cones and fosters the discussion on the impact of past and potential future climate change on torrential processes. The book has a clear focus on the practical applications of these methods, complemented by case studies. The limits of each dating method in case of excessive natural and human interventions on fans and cones are shown.

Recent Advances in the Modeling of Hydrologic Systems

Author: David S. Bowles,P. Enda O'Connell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792313984

Category: Science

Page: 667

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This book offers a wealth of information to anyone seeking a survey of the state of the hydrologic modeling disciple in the research community in the late 1980sThe book is an excellent source of information for students seeking topics that may prove worthy of further research and study. Practitioners of hydrology would also benefit from exposure to the activities at the leading edge of their filed of interest. It also serves as a means of introducing people to aspects of hydrology that are outside their editors are to be commended for their efforts in presenting this material to the hydrologic community.' Bulletin American meteorological Society 73:12 1992

Recent Advances in Knowledge-based Paradigms and Applications

Enhanced Applications Using Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Techniques

Author: Jeffrey W. Tweedale,Lakhmi C. Jain

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319016490

Category: Computers

Page: 205

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This book presents carefully selected contributions devoted to the modern perspective of AI research and innovation. This collection covers several areas of applications and motivates new research directions. The theme across all chapters combines several domains of AI research, Computational Intelligence and Machine Intelligence including an introduction to the recent research and models. Each of the subsequent chapters reveals leading edge research and innovative solution that employ AI techniques with an applied perspective. The problems include classification of spatial images, early smoke detection in outdoor space from video images, emergent segmentation from image analysis, intensity modification in images, multi-agent modeling and analysis of stress. They all are novel pieces of work and demonstrate how AI research contributes to solutions for difficult real world problems that benefit the research community, industry and society.

Optimizing Nitrogen Management in Food and Energy Production and Environmental Protection

Proceedings of the 2nd International Nitrogen Conference on Science and Policy, Potomac, MD, USA, 14-18 October 2001

Author: J. Galloway,C. Jordan,Joe Wisniewski,J.W. Erisman,E. Cowling

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789026519277

Category: Science

Page: 1022

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The production of food and energy interfere with the natural nitrogen cycle of the earth. Many of these changes are beneficial, while others are detrimental to societies and the environment. The changing nature of nitrogen in the global environment crosses scientific disciplines, geographical boundaries and political divisions and challenges the creative minds of natural and social scientists, economists, engineers, business leaders and planners. The papers in this book give readers a panoramic view of the changing nature of reactive nitrogen in the global environment, enabling them to make better choices about nitrogen management in food production and consumption, energy production and use, and environmental protection.

Nutrient Use Efficiency: from Basics to Advances

Author: Amitava Rakshit,Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Avijit Sen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 8132221699

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 417

View: 5699

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This book addresses in detail multifaceted approaches to boosting nutrient use efficiency (NUE) that are modified by plant interactions with environmental variables and combine physiological, microbial, biotechnological and agronomic aspects. Conveying an in-depth understanding of the topic will spark the development of new cultivars and strains to induce NUE, coupled with best management practices that will immensely benefit agricultural systems, safeguarding their soil, water, and air quality. Written by recognized experts in the field, the book is intended to provide students, scientists and policymakers with essential insights into holistic approaches to NUE, as well as an overview of some successful case studies. In the present understanding of agriculture, NUE represents a question of process optimization in response to the increasing fragility of our natural resources base and threats to food grain security across the globe. Further improving nutrient use efficiency is a prerequisite to reducing production costs, expanding crop acreage into non-competitive marginal lands with low nutrient resources, and preventing environmental contamination. The nutrients most commonly limiting plant growth are N, P, K, S and micronutrients like Fe, Zn, B and Mo. NUE depends on the ability to efficiently take up the nutrient from the soil, but also on transport, storage, mobilization, usage within the plant and the environment. A number of approaches can help us to understand NUE as a whole. One involves adopting best crop management practices that take into account root-induced rhizosphere processes, which play a pivotal role in controlling nutrient dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. New technologies, from basic tools like leaf color charts to sophisticated sensor-based systems and laser land leveling, can reduce the dependency on laboratory assistance and manual labor. Another approach concerns the development of crop plants through genetic manipulations that allow them to take up and assimilate nutrients more efficiently, as well as identifying processes of plant responses to nutrient deficiency stress and exploring natural genetic variation. Though only recently introduced, the ability of microbial inoculants to induce NUE is gaining in importance, as the loss, immobilization, release and availability of nutrients are mediated by soil microbial processes.

Aquifer Storage and Recovery in the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

A Critique of the Pilot Projects and Related Plans for ASR in the Lake Okeechobee and Western Hillsboro Areas

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Restoration of the Greater Everglades Ecosystem

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309171202

Category: Political Science

Page: 74

View: 4808

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Aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) is a process by which water is recharged through wells to an aquifer and extracted for beneficial use at some later time from the same wells. ASR is proposed as a major water storage component in the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP), developed jointly by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) and the South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD). The plan would use the Upper Floridan aquifer (UFA) to store as much as 1.7 billion gallons per day (gpd) (6.3 million m3/day) of excess surface water and shallow groundwater during wet periods for recovery during seasonal or longer-term dry periods, using about 333 wells. ASR represents about one-fifth of the total estimated cost of the CERP. Aquifer Storage and Recovery in the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan examines pilot project from the perspective of adaptive assessment, i.e., the extent to which the pilot projects will contribute to process understanding that can improve design and implementation of restoration project components. This report is a critique of the pilot projects and related studies.