Neurosis and Assimilation

Contemporary Revisions on The Life of the Concept

Author: Charles William Johns

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319475428

Category: Philosophy

Page: 66

View: 647

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This book deals with the possibility of an ontological and epistemological account of the psychological category 'neurosis'. Intertwining thoughts from German idealism, Continental philosophy and psychology, the book shows how neurosis precedes and exists independently from human experience and lays the foundations for a non-essentialist, non-rational theory of neurosis; in cognition, in perception, in linguistics and in theories of object-relations and vitalism. The personal essays collected in this volume examine such issues as assimilation, the philosophy of neurosis, aneurysmal philosophy, and the connection between Hegel and Neurosis, among others. The volume establishes the connection between a now redundant psycho-analytic term and an extremely progressive discipline of Continental philosophy and Speculative realism.

The Oxford Handbook of Hume

Author: Paul Russell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199742847

Category:

Page: 840

View: 4699

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The Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711-1776) is widely regarded as the greatest and most significant English-speaking philosopher and often seen as having had the most influence on the way philosophy is practiced today in the West. His reputation is based not only on the quality of his philosophical thought but also on the breadth and scope of his writings, which ranged over metaphysics, epistemology, morals, politics, religion, and aesthetics. The Handbook's 38 newly commissioned chapters are divided into six parts: Central Themes; Metaphysics and Epistemology; Passion, Morality and Politics; Aesthetics, History, and Economics; Religion; Hume and the Enlightenment; and After Hume. The volume also features an introduction from editor Paul Russell and a chapter on Hume's biography.

Introducing Empiricism

A Graphic Guide

Author: Dave Robinson

Publisher: Icon Books Ltd

ISBN: 1785780174

Category: Philosophy

Page: 176

View: 4580

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Our knowledge comes primarily from experience – what our senses tell us. But is experience really what it seems? The experimental breakthroughs in 17th-century science of Kepler, Galileo and Newton informed the great British empiricist tradition, which accepts a ‘common-sense’ view of the world – and yet concludes that all we can ever know are ‘ideas’. Dave Robinson, with the aid of Bill Mayblin’s brilliant illustrations, outlines the arguments of Locke, Berkeley, Hume, J.S. Mill, Bertrand Russell and the last British empiricist, A.J. Ayer. They also explore criticisms of empiricism in the work of Kant, Wittgenstein, Karl Popper and others, providing a unique overview of this compelling area of philosophy.

Warum es die Welt nicht gibt

Author: Markus Gabriel

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843705100

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 1697

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Die Welt gibt es nicht. Aber das bedeutet nicht, dass es überhaupt nichts gibt. Mit Freude an geistreichen Gedankenspielen, Sprachwitz und Mut zur Provokation legt der Philosoph Markus Gabriel dar, dass es zwar nichts gibt, was es nicht gibt – die Welt aber unvollständig ist. Wobei noch längst nicht alles gut ist, nur weil es alles gibt. Und Humor hilft durchaus dabei, sich mit den Abgründen des menschlichen Seins auseinanderzusetzen.

Die Philosophischen Schriften

Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Freiherr von Leibniz,Karl Immanuel Gerhardt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1421245582

Category:

Page: 642

View: 2161

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This Elibron Classics title is a reprint of the original edition published by Weidmann in Berlin, 1885.

Denken

Die großen Fragen der Philosophie

Author: Simon Blackburn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783863120511

Category:

Page: 260

View: 1053

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Locke

Author: Edward Feser

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780744536

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 9444

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The philosophy of John Locke has dramatically shaped the way we live today. He is quoted in the Declaration of Independence and has had a lasting influence on many of our political systems, shaping our ideas on rights, government by consent, religious toleration, psychology and empirical science. Thought by many to be the quintessential philosopher of the modern age, his ideas are the key to understanding society and politics in the West. In this accessible introduction, Edward Feser explores Locke in historical context as well as his lasting influence, and looks critically at his legacy. In this, the author argues, we find the origins of many of the conflicts that dominate modern Western social and political life.

Die Naturgeschichte der Religion. Über Aberglaube und Schwärmerei. Über die Unsterblichkeit der Seele. Über Selbstmord

Author: David Hume

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3787323562

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 6910

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In der Naturgeschichte der Religion (1757) trägt Hume eine Entwicklungsgeschichte des Religiösen vor und ergänzt damit die systematisch orientierte Fragestellung der Dialoge. Über Aberglaube und Schwärmerei ist ausschließlich religionsphilosophisch orientiert. In Über die Unsterblichleit der Seele und Über Selbstmord systematisiert Hume zunächst die jeweils entgegenstehenden Argumente, entkräftet sie dann und hält so nicht nur ein Plädoyer für die moralische wie politisch-rechtliche Legalität des Selbstmords, sondern erweist auch die Unsterblichkeitslehre als philosophisch unbegründet.

The Major Works

Author: Francis Bacon,Brian Vickers

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780192840813

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 813

View: 5132

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This authoritative edition was originally published in the acclaimed Oxford Authors series under the general editorship of Frank Kermode. It brings together an extensive collection of Bacon's writing - the major prose in full, together with sixteen other pieces not otherwise available - to give the essence of his work and thinking. Although he had a distinguished career as a lawyer and statesman, Francis Bacon's lifelong goal was to improve and extend human knowledge. In The Advancement of Learning (1605) he made a brilliant critique of the deficiencies of previous systems of thought and proposed improvements to knowledge in every area of human life. He conceived the Essays (1597, much enlarged in 1625) as a study of the formative influences on human behaviour, psychological and social. In The New Atlantis (1626) he outlined his plan for a scientific research institute in the form of a Utopian fable. In addition to these major English works this edition includes 'Of Tribute', an important early work here printed complete for the first time, and a revealing selection of his legal and political writings, together with his poetry. A special feature of the edition is its extensive annotation which identifies Bacon's sources and allusions, and glosses his vocabulary.

Bullshit

Author: Harry G. Frankfurt

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518734873

Category: Political Science

Page: 48

View: 4608

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Mit »Bullshit« legte der amerikanische Philosoph Harry G. Frankfurt den Klassiker der »Empört Euch!«-Bücher vor. Im Sturmlauf eroberte er die Herzen aller, die vom Nonsense-Gerede in U-Bahn und Büro und auf allen Kanälen schon lange genug hatten. Binnen Wochen verkaufte sich sein zorniges Manifest in den Vereinigten Staaten eine halbe Million Mal, ein globaler Feldzug gegen »Bullshitting« war die Folge. Doch Bullshit siegte. Bis heute haben wir dümmliche »Bild«-Kolumnen und hohles Gequassel in den Talkshows und am Handy. Ohnmächtig müssten wir all das über uns ergehen lassen, hätten wir nicht Frankfurts elegant-präzise Abrechnung mit derlei Phänomenen zur Hand, Urschrift aller Wut-Bücher und unverzichtbares Grundlagenwerk der angewandten Dummheitsforschung. Bullshit? Lesen!

American Psycho

Roman

Author: Bret Easton Ellis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783462036992

Category:

Page: 548

View: 6028

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Patrick Bateman sieht gut aus, ist gut erzogen und intelligent. Tagsüber sitzt er in seinem Büro in der Wall Street und vergrößert seinen Reichtum. Seine Nächte hingegen verbringt er auf unfaßbare Weise. Er ist ein Serienmörder und lebt seinen ganz eigenen amerikanischen Traum.

Purposiveness

Teleology Between Nature and Mind

Author: Luca Illetterati,Francesca Michelini

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110321246

Category: Philosophy

Page: 219

View: 3642

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Since the rise of modern thought and natural science, teleological discourses have been banished as explanatory tools in natural investigations. The various contributions to this volume embrace the task of rethinking natural purposiveness in accordance with natural science. They set out from the issue of whether, and in which form, it is possible to talk of purposes in nature, without resorting to an account requesting some intentional agent. The legitimacy of such a notion as that of internal teleology has been addressed, together with the issue of what the term "internal" properly denotes. It is meant to be an alternative both to the position of those who assume that teleology in biology requires a dimension transcending nature itself and find in teleological language an argument for the Intelligent Designer, and to the stance of those who aim to eliminate teleology from scientific inquiry altogether.

A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful

Author: Edmund Burke

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645982

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 1318

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'Pain and pleasure are simple ideas, incapable of definition.' In 1757 the 27-year-old Edmund Burke argued that our aesthetic responses are experienced as pure emotional arousal, unencumbered by intellectual considerations. In so doing he overturned the Platonic tradition in aesthetics that had prevailed from antiquity until the eighteenth century, and replaced metaphysics with psychology and even physiology as the basis for the subject. Burke's theory of beauty encompasses the female form, nature, art, and poetry, and he analyses our delight in sublime effects that thrill and excite us. His revolution in method continues to have repercussions in the aesthetic theories of today, and his revolution in sensibility has paved the way for literary and artistic movements from the Gothic novel through Romanticism, twentieth-century painting, and beyond. In this new edition Paul Guyer conducts the reader through Burke's Enquiry, focusing on its place in the history of aesthetics and highlighting its innovations, as well as its influence on many subsequent authors from Kant and Schiller to Ruskin and Nietzsche. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Locke on Essence and Identity

Author: C.H. Conn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400710054

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

View: 3585

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This book is a study of John Locke's metaphysics of organisms and persons, with particular emphasis on his theory of identity through time and his conventionalism with respect to kinds and essences. After presenting three arguments for thinking that the organisms and persons in Locke's ontology have both spatial and temporal extent, the author argues that on a four-dimensional ontology there is no contradiction between Locke's theory of identity and his rejection of essentialism.

Worlds Without End

The Many Lives of the Multiverse

Author: Mary-Jane Rubenstein

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023152742X

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 1649

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"Multiverse" cosmologies imagine our universe as just one of a vast number of others. While this idea has captivated philosophy, religion, and literature for millennia, it is now being considered as a scientific hypothesis—with different models emerging from cosmology, quantum mechanics, and string theory. Beginning with ancient Atomist and Stoic philosophies, Mary-Jane Rubenstein links contemporary models of the multiverse to their forerunners and explores the reasons for their recent appearance. One concerns the so-called fine-tuning of the universe: nature's constants are so delicately calibrated that it seems they have been set just right to allow life to emerge. For some thinkers, these "fine-tunings" are evidence of the existence of God; for others, however, and for most physicists, "God" is an insufficient scientific explanation. Hence the allure of the multiverse: if all possible worlds exist somewhere, then like monkeys hammering out Shakespeare, one universe is bound to be suitable for life. Of course, this hypothesis replaces God with an equally baffling article of faith: the existence of universes beyond, before, or after our own, eternally generated yet forever inaccessible to observation or experiment. In their very efforts to sidestep metaphysics, theoretical physicists propose multiverse scenarios that collide with it and even produce counter-theological narratives. Far from invalidating multiverse hypotheses, Rubenstein argues, this interdisciplinary collision actually secures their scientific viability. We may therefore be witnessing a radical reconfiguration of physics, philosophy, and religion in the modern turn to the multiverse.