An Introduction to Galaxies and Cosmology

Author: Mark H. Jones,Robert J. Lambourne,David John Adams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521546232

Category: Science

Page: 442

View: 3037

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This introductory textbook has been designed by a team of experts for elementary university courses in astronomy and astrophysics. It starts with a detailed discussion of the structure and history of our own Galaxy, the Milky Way, and goes on to give a general introduction to normal and active galaxies including models for their formation and evolution. The second part of the book provides an overview of the wide range of cosmological models and discusses the Big Bang and the expansion of the Universe. Written in an accessible style that avoids complex mathematics, and illustrated in colour throughout, this book is suitable for self-study and will appeal to amateur astronomers as well as undergraduate students. It contains numerous helpful learning features such as boxed summaries, student exercises with full solutions, and a glossary of terms. The book is also supported by a website hosting further teaching materials.

Einführung in die Extragalaktische Astronomie und Kosmologie

Author: Peter Schneider

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540305890

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 1285

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In diesem kompetent geschriebenen Lehrbuch wird, ausgehend von der Beschreibung unserer Milchstraße, die Astronomie der Galaxien und ihrer großräumigen Verteilung eingehend dargestellt und schließlich im kosmologischen Kontext diskutiert. Aufbauend auf eine Einführung in die moderne beobachtende und theoretische Kosmologie wird die Entstehung von Strukturen und astronomischen Objekten im frühen Universum besprochen.

Einführung in die moderne Kosmologie

Author: Andrew Liddle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527670920

Category: Science

Page: 217

View: 6793

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Dank sich stets verbessernder boden- und weltraumgestützter Teleskope stehen der Kosmologie inzwischen Daten zur Verfügung, die Rückschlüsse auf immer frühere Phasen des Universums und Vergleiche mit Modellvorstellungen erlauben. Daher gewinnt die Kosmologie in den Astronomiekursen der Universitäten beständig an Wichtigkeit. Die "Einführung in die Moderne Kosmologie" ist eine anschauliche und leicht verständliche Darstellung moderner kosmologischer Konzepte, die neben zahlreichen Beispielen und Übungsaufgaben auch Hinweise und Endergebnisse enthält, sodass das Erlernte sofort ausprobiert und kontrolliert werden kann. Das Buch ist klar eingeteilt und behandelt in sechs separaten Kapiteln Themen für Fortgeschrittene, darunter relativistische Kosmologie und Neutrino-Kosmologie. Die vorliegende Übersetzung der zweiten Auflage wurde wesentlich ergänzt und erweitert und umfasst neueste Beobachtungsergebnisse sowie zusätzliches Material zur empirischen Kosmologie und Strukturbildung.

Galaxies in the Universe

An Introduction

Author: Linda S. Sparke,John S. Gallagher, III

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139462385

Category: Science

Page: 442

View: 9946

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This extensively illustrated book presents the astrophysics of galaxies since their beginnings in the early Universe. It has been thoroughly revised to take into account the most recent observational data, and recent discoveries such as dark energy. There are new sections on galaxy clusters, gamma ray bursts and supermassive black holes. The authors explore the basic properties of stars and the Milky Way before working out towards nearby galaxies and the distant Universe. They discuss the structures of galaxies and how galaxies have developed, and relate this to the evolution of the Universe. The book also examines ways of observing galaxies across the whole electromagnetic spectrum, and explores dark matter and its gravitational pull on matter and light. This book is self-contained and includes several homework problems with hints. It is ideal for advanced undergraduate students in astronomy and astrophysics.

The Physical Universe

An Introduction to Astronomy

Author: Frank H. Shu

Publisher: University Science Books

ISBN: 9780935702057

Category: Science

Page: 584

View: 6596

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This is a truly astonishing book, invaluable for anyone with an interest in astronomy. Physics Bulletin Just the thing for a first year university science course. Nature This is a beautiful book in both concept and execution. Sky & Telescope

An Introduction to Cosmology

Author: J. V. Narlikar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521793766

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 541

View: 8756

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Fully updated edition of the successful introductory graduate textbook on modern cosmology.

An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology

Author: Derek Raine,E.G. Thomas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750304054

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 7885

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A thorough introduction to modern ideas on cosmology and on the physical basis of the general theory of relativity, An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology explores various theories and ideas in big bang cosmology, providing insight into current problems. Assuming no previous knowledge of astronomy or cosmology, this book takes you beyond introductory texts to the point where you are able to read and appreciate the scientific literature, which is broadly referenced in the book. The authors present the standard big bang theory of the universe and provide an introduction to current inflationary cosmology, emphasizing the underlying physics without excessive technical detail. The book treats cosmological models without reliance on prior knowledge of general relativity, the necessary physics being introduced in the text as required. It also covers recent observational evidence pointing to an accelerating expansion of the universe. The first several chapters provide an introduction to the topics discussed later in the book. The next few chapters introduce relativistic cosmology and the classic observational tests. One chapter gives the main results of the hot big bang theory. Next, the book presents the inflationary model and discusses the problem of the origin of structure and the correspondingly more detailed tests of relativistic models. Finally, the book considers some general issues raised by expansion and isotropy. A reference section completes the work by listing essential formulae, symbols, and physical constants. Beyond the level of many elementary books on cosmology, An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology encompasses numerous recent developments and ideas in the area. It provides more detailed coverage than many other titles available, and the inclusion of problems at the end of each chapter aids in self study and makes the book suitable for taught courses.

An Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics

Author: Pankaj Jain

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439885915

Category: Science

Page: 365

View: 8901

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Astronomy is the field of science devoted to the study of astronomical objects, such as stars, galaxies, and nebulae. Astronomers have gathered a wealth of knowledge about the universe through hundreds of years of painstaking observations. These observations are interpreted by the use of physical and chemical laws familiar to mankind. These interpretations supply information about the nature of these astronomical objects, allowing for the deduction of their surface and interior conditions. The science associated with these interpretations is called astrophysics. An Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics offers a comprehensive introduction to astronomy and astrophysics, complete with illustrative examples and illuminating homework problems. Requiring a familiarity with basic physics and mathematics, this undergraduate-level textbook: Addresses key physics concepts relevant to stellar observations, including radiation, electromagnetic spectrum, photometry, continuous and discrete spectrum, and spectral lines Describes instruments used for astronomical observations as well as how the radiation received is characterized and interpreted to determine the properties of stars Examines the structure of stars, the basic equations which explain stars in equilibrium, and the fusion reactions occurring in stellar cores Discusses the evolution of stars, the solar system, the dynamics of galaxies, and the fundamentals of modern cosmology Explores the universe at high redshifts, where it is dominated by objects such as active galaxies Solutions manual and figure slides available with qualifying course adoption An Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics teaches students how to interpret the night sky, providing them with a critical understanding of the stars and other heavenly bodies.

An Introduction to Mathematical Cosmology

Author: J. N. Islam,Jamal Nazrul Islam

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521499736

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 5734

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An introductory textbook on mathematical cosmology for beginning graduate students.

Das Universum für Eilige

Author: Neil deGrasse Tyson

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446259538

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 8479

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Der nach Stephen Hawking prominenteste Astrophysiker des Planeten hat das ultimative Kompendium über den Kosmos verfasst. In Neil deGrasse Tysons Bestseller ist alles versammelt, was wir über das Universum wissen: über Exoplaneten und Dunkle Energie, über Zwerggalaxien und den Urknall. Der Autor begeistert wie kein Zweiter mit funkelndem Witz für die Wunder des Weltalls. Zugleich regt er zum Nachdenken über unseren Platz im Universum an und zu Demut angesichts kosmischer Skalen. Sein „Universum für Eilige“ ist das perfekte Buch für alle, die auf nur 200 Seiten die heutige Astrophysik verstehen – und sich dabei auf hohem Niveau unterhalten lassen möchten.

Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology

An Introduction

Author: Peter Schneider

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 364254083X

Category: Science

Page: 626

View: 7082

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This second edition has been updated and substantially expanded. Starting with the description of our home galaxy, the Milky Way, this cogently written textbook introduces the reader to the astronomy of galaxies, their structure, active galactic nuclei, evolution and large scale distribution in the Universe. After an extensive and thorough introduction to modern observational and theoretical cosmology, the focus turns to the formation of structures and astronomical objects in the early Universe. The basics of classical astronomy and stellar astrophysics needed for extragalactic astronomy are provided in the appendix. While this book has grown out of introductory university courses on astronomy and astrophysics and includes a set of problems and solutions, it will not only benefit undergraduate students and lecturers; thanks to the comprehensive coverage of the field, even graduate students and researchers specializing in related fields will appreciate it as a valuable reference work.

An Introduction to Distance Measurement in Astronomy

Author: Richard de Grijs

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470511796

Category: Nature

Page: 313

View: 5153

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Distance determination is an essential technique in astronomy, and is briefly covered in most textbooks on astrophysics and cosmology. It is rarely covered as a coherent topic in its own right. When it is discussed the approach is frequently very dry, splitting the teaching into, for example, stars, galaxies and cosmologies, and as a consequence, books lack depth and are rarely comprehensive. Adopting a unique and engaging approach to the subject An Introduction to distance Measurement in Astronomy will take the reader on a journey from the solar neighbourhood to the edge of the Universe, discussing the range of distance measurements methods on the way. The book will focus on the physical processes discussing properties that underlie each method, rather than just presenting a collection of techniques. As well as providing the most compressive account of distance measurements to date, the book will use the common theme of distance measurement to impart basic concepts relevant to a wide variety of areas in astronomy/astrophysics. The book will provide an updated account of the progress made in a large number of subfields in astrophysics, leading to improved distance estimates particularly focusing on the underlying physics. Additionally it will illustrate the pitfalls in these areas and discuss the impact of the remaining uncertainties in the complete understanding of the Universes at large. As a result the book will not only provide a comprehensive study of distance measurement, but also include many recent advances in astrophysics.

Das unbekannte Universum

Raum, Zeit und die moderne Kosmologie

Author: Stuart Clark

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662548968

Category: Nature

Page: 327

View: 1323

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Eine Tour d'horizon bis an die Grenzen des Kosmos In zehn Kapiteln präsentiert Stuart Clark eine aktuelle Einführung in die Wissenschaft der Kosmologie: wie sie sich entwickelt hat, welche Konzepte und Personen sie maßgeblich geprägt haben, wo wir heute stehen – und wie es weitergehen könnte. Am 21. März 2013 veröffentlichte die Europäische Weltraumorganisation ESA eine neue Karte vom Echo des Urknalls. Diese – im Zuge der Planck-Mission erstellte – erste vollständige Karte der kosmischen Hintergrundstrahlung war ein wissenschaftlicher Paukenschlag. Über eine Zeit von 13,8 Milliarden Jahren hinweg und über einen Raum von 440 Trillionen Kilometern kann es physikalisch keine bessere Darstellung geben – das heißt, wir werden das frühe Universum kaum je detaillierter sehen. Einerseits erscheint eine solche Ansicht wie die Krönung der modernen Kosmologie, andererseits rüttelt sie an viele ihrer Grundfesten. Denn die Karte enthält Anomalien, die unser bisheriges Verständnis des Universums herausfordern. Sie zwingt uns, das, was bekannt ist, und das, was noch unbekannt ist, in neuem Licht zu betrachten. Wir werden ein verändertes Modell unseres Universums entwickeln müssen. Dies ist das erste Buch, das diesen epochalen wissenschaftlichen Paradigmenwechsel beleuchtet - und in einen breiteren Kontext stellt. Stuart Clark beschäftigt sich darin unter anderem mit der Frage, ob Newtons berühmte Gravitationsgesetze umgeschrieben werden müssen - oder ob die dunkle Materie und die dunkle Energie, die heute Schlagzeilen machen, etwa nur kosmische Phantome sind. Können wir jemals wissen, was vor dem Urknall passiert ist? Was befindet sich am Ende eines Schwarzen Loches? Gibt es Universen jenseits unseres eigenen? Existiert die Zeit? Wandeln sich die einst unveränderlich erscheinenden Gesetze der Physik?

Introduction to Cosmology

Author: Barbara Ryden

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316889408

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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This second edition of Introduction to Cosmology is an exciting update of an award-winning textbook. It is aimed primarily at advanced undergraduate students in physics and astronomy, but is also useful as a supplementary text at higher levels. It explains modern cosmological concepts, such as dark energy, in the context of the Big Bang theory. Its clear, lucid writing style, with a wealth of useful everyday analogies, makes it exceptionally engaging. Emphasis is placed on the links between theoretical concepts of cosmology and the observable properties of the universe, building deeper physical insights in the reader. The second edition includes recent observational results, fuller descriptions of special and general relativity, expanded discussions of dark energy, and a new chapter on baryonic matter that makes up stars and galaxies. It is an ideal textbook for the era of precision cosmology in the accelerating universe.

The New Cosmos

An Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics

Author: Albrecht Unsöld,Bodo Baschek

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540678779

Category: Science

Page: 557

View: 9546

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This new edition of the classic textbook The New Cosmos presents a comprehensive introductory survey of the whole field of astronomy and astrophysics. Among the topics covered are: - Classical astronomy and the Solar System - Instruments and observational methods - The Sun and the stars - The Milky Way and other galaxies - Cosmology - The origin of the Solar System - The evolution of the Earth and of life The observational methods and results of astronomical research as well as their theoretical foundations and interrelations are presented in an understandable format. The rapid progress of observational techniques and of theoretical understanding in the past decade are introduced and summarized in this timely and readable volume. This revised and extended new printing demonstrates the rapid advances in astronomical research and observation in the three years since the appearance of the 5th edition. The most important new results can be found within, providing in particular up-to-date information on our solar system, neutrino radiation from the Sun, the farthest galaxies and quasars and the development of the Universe.

An Introduction to Modern Cosmology

Author: Andrew Liddle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118690257

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 6152

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An Introduction to Modern Cosmology Third Edition is anaccessible account of modern cosmological ideas. The Big BangCosmology is explored, looking at its observational successes inexplaining the expansion of the Universe, the existence andproperties of the cosmic microwave background, and the origin oflight elements in the universe. Properties of the very earlyUniverse are also covered, including the motivation for a rapidperiod of expansion known as cosmological inflation. The thirdedition brings this established undergraduate textbook up-to-datewith the rapidly evolving observational situation. This fully revised edition of a bestseller takes an approachwhich is grounded in physics with a logical flow of chaptersleading the reader from basic ideas of the expansion described bythe Friedman equations to some of the more advanced ideas about theearly universe. It also incorporates up-to-date results from thePlanck mission, which imaged the anisotropies of the CosmicMicrowave Background radiation over the whole sky. The AdvancedTopic sections present subjects with more detailed mathematicalapproaches to give greater depth to discussions. Student problemswith hints for solving them and numerical answers are embedded inthe chapters to facilitate the reader’s understanding andlearning. Cosmology is now part of the core in many degree programs. Thiscurrent, clear and concise introductory text is relevant to a widerange of astronomy programs worldwide and is essential reading forundergraduates and Masters students, as well as anyone startingresearch in cosmology. Supplementary material, includingfull-colour images, updates and links for students and instructors,is available on the author’s website: ahref="http://www.roe.ac.uk/~arl/"http://www.roe.ac.uk/~arl//a.

An Introduction to Active Galactic Nuclei

Author: Bradley M. Peterson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521479110

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 9384

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The first comprehensive graduate-level textbook on one of the most dynamic areas of contemporary astronomy - the study of 'active galactic nuclei'.

An Introduction to Radio Astronomy

Author: Bernard F. Burke,Francis Graham-Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052187808X

Category: Science

Page: 444

View: 9491

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This well-established, graduate-level textbook is a thorough introduction to radio telescopes and techniques for students and researchers new to the subject.

An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics

Author: Bradley W. Carroll,Dale A. Ostlie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108422160

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3707

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A comprehensive and engaging textbook, covering the entire astrophysics curriculum in one volume.