Analysis of Multivariate Social Science Data, Second Edition

Author: David J. Bartholomew,Fiona Steele,Jane Galbraith,Irini Moustaki

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1584889616

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 9929

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Drawing on the authors’ varied experiences working and teaching in the field, Analysis of Multivariate Social Science Data, Second Editionenables a basic understanding of how to use key multivariate methods in the social sciences. With updates in every chapter, this edition expands its topics to include regression analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, structural equation models, and multilevel models. After emphasizing the summarization of data in the first several chapters, the authors focus on regression analysis. This chapter provides a link between the two halves of the book, signaling the move from descriptive to inferential methods and from interdependence to dependence. The remainder of the text deals with model-based methods that primarily make inferences about processes that generate data. Relying heavily on numerical examples, the authors provide insight into the purpose and working of the methods as well as the interpretation of data. Many of the same examples are used throughout to illustrate connections between the methods. In most chapters, the authors present suggestions for further work that go beyond conventional exercises, encouraging readers to explore new ground in social science research. Requiring minimal mathematical and statistical knowledge, this book shows how various multivariate methods reveal different aspects of data and thus help answer substantive research questions.

Multivariable Modeling and Multivariate Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences

Author: Brian S. Everitt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439807701

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 8245

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Multivariable Modeling and Multivariate Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences shows students how to apply statistical methods to behavioral science data in a sensible manner. Assuming some familiarity with introductory statistics, the book analyzes a host of real-world data to provide useful answers to real-life issues.The author begins by exploring

Latent Markov Models for Longitudinal Data

Author: Francesco Bartolucci,Alessio Farcomeni,Fulvia Pennoni

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466583711

Category: Mathematics

Page: 252

View: 7195

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Drawing on the authors’ extensive research in the analysis of categorical longitudinal data, Latent Markov Models for Longitudinal Data focuses on the formulation of latent Markov models and the practical use of these models. Numerous examples illustrate how latent Markov models are used in economics, education, sociology, and other fields. The R and MATLAB® routines used for the examples are available on the authors’ website. The book provides you with the essential background on latent variable models, particularly the latent class model. It discusses how the Markov chain model and the latent class model represent a useful paradigm for latent Markov models. The authors illustrate the assumptions of the basic version of the latent Markov model and introduce maximum likelihood estimation through the Expectation-Maximization algorithm. They also cover constrained versions of the basic latent Markov model, describe the inclusion of the individual covariates, and address the random effects and multilevel extensions of the model. After covering advanced topics, the book concludes with a discussion on Bayesian inference as an alternative to maximum likelihood inference. As longitudinal data become increasingly relevant in many fields, researchers must rely on specific statistical and econometric models tailored to their application. A complete overview of latent Markov models, this book demonstrates how to use the models in three types of analysis: transition analysis with measurement errors, analyses that consider unobserved heterogeneity, and finding clusters of units and studying the transition between the clusters.

Foundations of Factor Analysis, Second Edition

Author: Stanley A Mulaik

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420099817

Category: Mathematics

Page: 548

View: 3595

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Providing a practical, thorough understanding of how factor analysis works, Foundations of Factor Analysis, Second Edition discusses the assumptions underlying the equations and procedures of this method. It also explains the options in commercial computer programs for performing factor analysis and structural equation modeling. This long-awaited edition takes into account the various developments that have occurred since the publication of the original edition. New to the Second Edition A new chapter on the multivariate normal distribution, its general properties, and the concept of maximum-likelihood estimation More complete coverage of descriptive factor analysis and doublet factor analysis A rewritten chapter on analytic oblique rotation that focuses on the gradient projection algorithm and its applications Discussions on the developments of factor score indeterminacy A revised chapter on confirmatory factor analysis that addresses philosophy of science issues, model specification and identification, parameter estimation, and algorithm derivation Presenting the mathematics only as needed to understand the derivation of an equation or procedure, this textbook prepares students for later courses on structural equation modeling. It enables them to choose the proper factor analytic procedure, make modifications to the procedure, and produce new results.

Applied Survey Data Analysis

Author: Steven G. Heeringa,Brady T. West,Patricia A. Berglund

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420080674

Category: Mathematics

Page: 487

View: 6926

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Taking a practical approach that draws on the authors’ extensive teaching, consulting, and research experiences, Applied Survey Data Analysis provides an intermediate-level statistical overview of the analysis of complex sample survey data. It emphasizes methods and worked examples using available software procedures while reinforcing the principles and theory that underlie those methods. After introducing a step-by-step process for approaching a survey analysis problem, the book presents the fundamental features of complex sample designs and shows how to integrate design characteristics into the statistical methods and software for survey estimation and inference. The authors then focus on the methods and models used in analyzing continuous, categorical, and count-dependent variables; event history; and missing data problems. Some of the techniques discussed include univariate descriptive and simple bivariate analyses, the linear regression model, generalized linear regression modeling methods, the Cox proportional hazards model, discrete time models, and the multiple imputation analysis method. The final chapter covers new developments in survey applications of advanced statistical techniques, including model-based analysis approaches. Designed for readers working in a wide array of disciplines who use survey data in their work, this book also provides a useful framework for integrating more in-depth studies of the theory and methods of survey data analysis. A guide to the applied statistical analysis and interpretation of survey data, it contains many examples and practical exercises based on major real-world survey data sets. Although the authors use Stata for most examples in the text, they offer SAS, SPSS, SUDAAN, R, WesVar, IVEware, and Mplus software code for replicating the examples on the book’s website: http://www.isr.umich.edu/src/smp/asda/

Multivariate Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences, Second Edition

Author: Kimmo Vehkalahti,Brian S. Everitt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351202251

Category: Mathematics

Page: 415

View: 583

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Multivariate Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences, Second Edition is designed to show how a variety of statistical methods can be used to analyse data collected by psychologists and other behavioral scientists. Assuming some familiarity with introductory statistics, the book begins by briefly describing a variety of study designs used in the behavioral sciences, and the concept of models for data analysis. The contentious issues of p-values and confidence intervals are also discussed in the introductory chapter. After describing graphical methods, the book covers regression methods, including simple linear regression, multiple regression, locally weighted regression, generalized linear models, logistic regression, and survival analysis. There are further chapters covering longitudinal data and missing values, before the last seven chapters deal with multivariate analysis, including principal components analysis, factor analysis, multidimensional scaling, correspondence analysis, and cluster analysis. Features: Presents an accessible introduction to multivariate analysis for behavioral scientists Contains a large number of real data sets, including cognitive behavioral therapy, crime rates, and drug usage Includes nearly 100 exercises for course use or self-study Supplemented by a GitHub repository with all datasets and R code for the examples and exercises Theoretical details are separated from the main body of the text Suitable for anyone working in the behavioral sciences with a basic grasp of statistics

Modeling Techniques in Predictive Analytics

Business Problems and Solutions with R, Revised and Expanded Edition

Author: Thomas W. Miller

Publisher: FT Press

ISBN: 0133886190

Category: Computers

Page: 384

View: 7823

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To succeed with predictive analytics, you must understand it on three levels: Strategy and management Methods and models Technology and code This up-to-the-minute reference thoroughly covers all three categories. Now fully updated, this uniquely accessible book will help you use predictive analytics to solve real business problems and drive real competitive advantage. If you’re new to the discipline, it will give you the strong foundation you need to get accurate, actionable results. If you’re already a modeler, programmer, or manager, it will teach you crucial skills you don’t yet have. Unlike competitive books, this guide illuminates the discipline through realistic vignettes and intuitive data visualizations–not complex math. Thomas W. Miller, leader of Northwestern University’s pioneering program in predictive analytics, guides you through defining problems, identifying data, crafting and optimizing models, writing effective R code, interpreting results, and more. Every chapter focuses on one of today’s key applications for predictive analytics, delivering skills and knowledge to put models to work–and maximize their value. Reflecting extensive student and instructor feedback, this edition adds five classroom-tested case studies, updates all code for new versions of R, explains code behavior more clearly and completely, and covers modern data science methods even more effectively. All data sets, extensive R code, and additional examples available for download at http://www.ftpress.com/miller If you want to make the most of predictive analytics, data science, and big data, this is the book for you. Thomas W. Miller’s unique balanced approach combines business context and quantitative tools, appealing to managers, analysts, programmers, and students alike. Miller addresses multiple business cases and challenges, including segmentation, brand positioning, product choice modeling, pricing research, finance, sports, text analytics, sentiment analysis, and social network analysis. He illuminates the use of cross-sectional data, time series, spatial, and spatio-temporal data. You’ll learn why each problem matters, what data are relevant, and how to explore the data you’ve identified. Miller guides you through conceptually modeling each data set with words and figures; and then modeling it again with realistic R programs that deliver actionable insights. You’ll walk through model construction, explanatory variable subset selection, and validation, mastering best practices for improving out-of-sample predictive performance. Throughout, Miller employs data visualization and statistical graphics to help you explore data, present models, and evaluate performance. This edition adds five new case studies, updates all code for the newest versions of R, adds more commenting to clarify how the code works, and offers a more detailed and up-to-date primer on data science methods. Gain powerful, actionable, profitable insights about: Advertising and promotion Consumer preference and choice Market baskets and related purchases Economic forecasting Operations management Unstructured text and language Customer sentiment Brand and price Sports team performance And much more

Design and Analysis

A Researcher's Handbook

Author: Geoffrey Keppel,Thomas D. Wickens

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780135159415

Category: Psychology

Page: 611

View: 5447

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The fourth edition of Design and Analysis continues to offer a readily accessible introduction to the designed experiment in research and the statistical analysis of the data from such experiments. Unique because it emphasizes the use of analytical procedures, this book is appropriate for all as it requires knowledge of only the most fundamental mathematical skills and little or no formal statistical background. Topics include: single- and two-factor designs with independent groups of subjects; corresponding designs with multiple observations; analysis of designs with unequal sample sizes; analysis of covariance; designs with three factors, including all combinations of between-subjects and within-subject factors; random factors and statistical generalization; and nested factors. This book lives up to its name as a handbook, because of its usefulness as a source and guide to researchers who require assistance in both planning a study and analyzing its results.

Self-Adaptive Systems for Machine Intelligence

Author: Haibo He

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118025598

Category: Computers

Page: 250

View: 6172

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This book will advance the understanding and application of self-adaptive intelligent systems; therefore it will potentially benefit the long-term goal of replicating certain levels of brain-like intelligence in complex and networked engineering systems. It will provide new approaches for adaptive systems within uncertain environments. This will provide an opportunity to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the current state-of-the-art of knowledge, give rise to new research directions, and educate future professionals in this domain. Self-adaptive intelligent systems have wide applications from military security systems to civilian daily life. In this book, different application problems, including pattern recognition, classification, image recovery, and sequence learning, will be presented to show the capability of the proposed systems in learning, memory, and prediction. Therefore, this book will also provide potential new solutions to many real-world applications.

Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics

Author: Neil J. Salkind

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 1416

View: 9821

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The Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics presents state-of-the-art information and ready-to-use facts from the fields of measurement and statistics in an unintimidating style. The ideas and tools contained in these pages are approachable and can be invaluable for understanding our very technical world and the increasing flow of information. Although there are references that cover statistics and assessment in depth, none provides as comprehensive a resource in as focused and accessible a manner as the three volumes of this Encyclopedia. Through approximately 500 contributions, experts provide an overview and an explanation of the major topics in these two areas.

Ökonometrie für Dummies

Author: Roberto Pedace

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527801529

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 388

View: 8668

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Theorien verstehen und Techniken anwenden Was haben die Gehälter von Spitzensportlern und der Mindestlohn gemeinsam? Richtig, man kann sie mit Ökonometrie erforschen. Im Buch steht, wie es geht. Und nicht nur dafür, sondern für viele weitere Gebiete lohnt es sich, der zunächst etwas trocken und sperrig anmutenden Materie eine Chance zu geben. Lernen Sie von den Autoren, wie Sie spannende Fragen formulieren, passende Variablen festlegen, treffsichere Modelle entwerfen und Ihre Aussagen auf Herz und Nieren prüfen. Werden Sie sicher im Umgang mit Hypothesentests, Regressionsmodellen, Logit- & Probit-Modellen und allen weiteren gängigen Methoden der Ökonometrie. So begleitet Ökonometrie für Dummies Sie Schritt für Schritt und mit vielen Beispielen samt R Output durch dieses spannende Thema.

Strukturgleichungsmodellierung

Eine anwendungsorientierte Einführung in die Kausalanalyse mit Hilfe von AMOS, SmartPLS und SPSS

Author: Rolf Weiber,Daniel Mühlhaus

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642350127

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 387

View: 7440

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Alle Analysen werden an einem durchgehenden Fallbeispiel konkret und transparent durchgeführt Strukturgleichungsmodelle sind in allen Wissenschaftsdisziplinen von größter Bedeutung, da sie das Standardinstrument zur empirischen Prüfung von Hypothesensystemen darstellen. Dabei stehen oftmals die Beziehungen zwischen hypothetischen Konstrukten (latenten Variablen) im Fokus des Interesses. Das Buch zeichnet den gesamten Prozess der Strukturgleichungsmodellierung von der Konzeptualisierung theoretischer Konstrukte über die Spezifikation von Messmodellen, die Reliabilitäts- und Validitätsprüfung mittels konfirmatorischer Faktorenanalyse bis hin zur Prüfung von kausalen Wirkhypothesen mittels Kovarianzstrukturanalyse sowie PLS nach. Alle Arbeitsschritte werden an einem durchgehenden Fallbeispiel unter Verwendung von SPSS, AMOS und SmartPLS veranschaulicht und jeweils konkrete Anwendungsempfehlungen gegeben. Ebenso werden weiterführende Aspekte wie die Mehrgruppenkausalanalyse, die Spezifikation reflektiver und formativer Messansätze sowie MIMIC-Modelle einsteigergerecht behandelt.