Andean Hydrology

Author: Diego A. Rivera,Alex Godoy-Faundez,Mario Lillo Saavedra

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351652044

Category: Nature

Page: 256

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This book describes the ecosystem of the Andean watersheds, covering the Californian valley, tropical Andes, and southern Andes. Case studies of the new methods and techniques used for hydrological research in the Andes are provided, and sustainability issues pertaining to Andean water resources are discussed in the context of climate change, social and economic issues, and public policy. Furthermore, the impact of economic development on the Andean ecosystem, specifically the effect on the water cycle and the water-energy-food nexus, are examined.

Res

Anthropology and Aesthetics, 59/60: Spring/Autumn 2011

Author: Francesco Pellizzi

Publisher: Peabody Museum Press

ISBN: 0873658620

Category: Art

Page: 372

View: 4945

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RES 59/60 includes “The making of architectural types” by Joseph Rykwert; “Traces of the sun and Inka kinetics” by Tom Cummins and Bruce Mannheim; “Inka water management and display fountains” by Carolyn Dean; “Guaman Poma’s pictures of huacas” by Lisa Trever; “Peruvian nature up close” by Daniela Bleichmar; and other papers.

In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers

Climate Change and Andean Society

Author: Mark Carey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199779848

Category: History

Page: 288

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Climate change is producing profound changes globally. Yet we still know little about how it affects real people in real places on a daily basis because most of our knowledge comes from scientific studies that try to estimate impacts and project future climate scenarios. This book is different, illustrating in vivid detail how people in the Andes have grappled with the effects of climate change and ensuing natural disasters for more than half a century. In Peru's Cordillera Blanca mountain range, global climate change has generated the world's most deadly glacial lake outburst floods and glacier avalanches, killing 25,000 people since 1941. As survivors grieved, they formed community organizations to learn about precarious glacial lakes while they sent priests to the mountains, hoping that God could calm the increasingly hostile landscape. Meanwhile, Peruvian engineers working with miniscule budgets invented innovative strategies to drain dozens of the most unstable lakes that continue forming in the twenty first century. But adaptation to global climate change was never simply about engineering the Andes to eliminate environmental hazards. Local urban and rural populations, engineers, hydroelectric developers, irrigators, mountaineers, and policymakers all perceived and responded to glacier melting differently-based on their own view of an ideal Andean world. Disaster prevention projects involved debates about economic development, state authority, race relations, class divisions, cultural values, the evolution of science and technology, and shifting views of nature. Over time, the influx of new groups to manage the Andes helped transform glaciated mountains into commodities to consume. Locals lost power in the process and today comprise just one among many stakeholders in the high Andes-and perhaps the least powerful. Climate change transformed a region, triggering catastrophes while simultaneously jumpstarting modernization processes. This book's historical perspective illuminates these trends that would be ignored in any scientific projections about future climate scenarios.

Connectivity Conservation Management

A Global Guide

Author: Graeme L. Worboys,Wendy L. Francis,Michael Lockwood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136544054

Category: Nature

Page: 416

View: 4046

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In an era of climate change, deforestation and massive habitat loss, we can no longer rely on parks and protected areas as isolated 'islands of wilderness' to conserve and protect vital biodiversity. Increasing connections are being considered and made between protected areas and 'connectivity' thinking has started to expand to the regional and even the continental scale to match the challenges of conserving biodiversity in the face of global environmental change. This groundbreaking book is the first guide to connectivity conservation management at local, regional and continental scales. Written by leading conservation and protected area management specialists under the auspices of the World Commission on Protected Areas of IUCN, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, this guide brings together a decade and a half of practice and covers all aspects of connectivity planning and management The book establishes a context for managing connectivity conservation and identifies large scale naturally interconnected areas as critical strategic and adaptive responses to climate change. The second section presents 25 rich and varied case studies from six of the eight biogeographic realms of Earth, including the Cape Floristic Region of Africa, the Maloti-Drakensberg Mountains, the Australian Alps to Atherton Corridor, and the Sacred Himalayan Landscape connectivity area (featuring Mount Everest.) The remarkable 3200 kilometre long Yellowstone to Yukon corridor of Canada and the United States of America is described in detail. The third section introduces a model for managing connectivity areas, shaped by input from IUCN workshops held in 2006 and 2008 and additional research. The final chapter identifies broad guidelines that need to be considered in undertaking connectivity conservation management prior to reinforcing the importance and urgency of this work. This handbook is a must have for all professionals in protected area management, conservation, land management and resource management from the field through senior management and policy. It is also an ideal reference for students and academics in geography, protected area management and from across the environmental and natural sciences, social sciences and landuse planning. Published with Wilburforce Foundation, WWF, ICIMOD, IUCN, WCPA, Australian Alps and The Nature Conservancy.

Sediment Transfer Through the Fluvial System

Proceedings of the International Symposium Held at Moscow, Russia, from 2 to 6 August, 2004

Author: Valentin Golosov,Vladimir Belyaev,D. E. Walling

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502671

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 498

View: 1967

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Assessment of the Impacts of Climate Change on Mountain Hydrology

Development of a Methodology Through a Case Study in the Andes of Peru

Author: Walter Vergara,Alejandro Deeb,Irene Leino

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821386638

Category: Science

Page: 157

View: 1808

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"Climate change is beginning to have effects on climate, weather and resource availability in ways that need to be anticipated when planning for the future. In particular, changes in rainfall patterns and temperature may impact the intensity or schedule of water availability. Also the retreat of tropical glaciers, the drying of unique Andean wetland ecosystems, as well as increased weather variability and weather extremes will affect water regulation. These changes have the potential to impact the energy and other sectors, such as agriculture, and could have broader economic effects.Anticipating the impacts of climate change is a new frontier. There are few examples of predictions of the impact of climate change on resource availability and even fewer examples of the applications of such predictions to planning for sustainable economic development. However, having access to an effective methodology would allow planners and policy makers to better plan for adaptation measures to address the consequences of climate change on the power and water sectors.This report presents a summary of the efforts to develop methodological tools for the assessment of climate impacts on surface hydrology in the Peruvian Andes. It is targeted to decision makers in Peru and in other countries to give them guidance on how to choose available and suitable tools and make an assessment of climate impacts on water regulation."

The Late Cenozoic of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego

Author: J. Rabassa

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080558899

Category: Science

Page: 524

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Written by highly qualified Argentine scientists and scholars, this book focuses on the uninterrupted geological and paleontological record of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego since the Miocene-Pliocene boundary to the arrival of man and modern times. This region is an outstanding area for research, with significant interest at the international level. It provides an updated overview of the scientific work in all related fields with a strong paleoclimatic approach. Patagonia has also been a sort of a "paleoclimatic bridge" between the Antarctic Peninsula and the more northerly land masses, since the final opening of the Drake Passage in the middle Miocene. Timely and comprehensive, The Late Cenozoic of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego is the only monograph book written in English. * One-stop resource for paleontological information of the Late Cenozoic of Patagonia * Covers 5 million years in the uninterrupted history of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego * Comprehensive coverage of the region written by highly qualified Argentine scientists and scholars

Climate and Hydrology of Mountain Areas

Author: Carmen de Jong,David N. Collins,Roberto Ranzi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470858141

Category: Nature

Page: 315

View: 7487

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Based on a joint effort, which united scientists around the worldto exchange research ideas and results, Climate and Hydrology inMountain Areas provides a comprehensive overview of theinteraction of hydrological and climatological processes inmountain environments. This book provides an understanding ofpresent experimental and theoretical work on hydrology andclimatology in mountain areas, bridging the gap between currentresearch in the two disciplines with a common focus on mountains.It emphasises the need for interdisciplinary work in this field andthe importance of a modern research framework for such studies. Climate and Hydrology in Mountain Areas covers a largediversity of climatological and hydrological environments, withcontributions from countries worldwide. The wide range of topicsare included within five main themes: snow and ice melt, soil waterand permafrost, evapotranspiration and water balance, couplingmeteorology and hydrology, climate change impact and mountainhydrology. This book will emphasise issues of hydrological andmeteorological coupling in mountain areas. Case studies are taken from mountainous regions in Europe,North America and Central Asia. Test sites include mountain ranges in the Alps, GiantMountains, Himalayas, Andes, Norwegian Mountains and Caucasus. This is essential reading for postgraduates and researchersworking in hydrology or climatology/meteorology related mountaintopics. Also suitable for professional organisations, such asgeographical organisations and societies, ministries of science,water authorities, planning agencies and development agencies.Would be of interest to higher-level undergraduates for courses ontopics such as Water Management in Mountain Catchments or MountainHydrology, Meteorology or Climate Change.

Global Change and Mountain Regions

An Overview of Current Knowledge

Author: Uli M. Huber,Harald K.M. Bugmann,Mel A. Reasoner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140203508X

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 7962

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This book gives an overview of the state of research in fields pertaining to the detection, understanding and prediction of global change impacts in mountain regions. More than sixty contributions from paleoclimatology, cryospheric research, hydrology, ecology, and development studies are compiled in this volume, each with an outlook on future research directions. The book will interest meteorologists, geologists, botanists and climatologists.

The ecology of Volcán Chiles

high-altitude ecosystems on the Ecuador-Colombia border

Author: Paul M. Ramsay

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780953913404

Category: Science

Page: 217

View: 5993

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Volcan Chiles. Mountain ecology.

Ecohydrology of the Andes Páramo Region

Author: Veronica G. Minaya Maldonado

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 135164730X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 230

View: 9844

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In the Andes mountainous region of South America grasslands known as páramos provide important ecosystem services like sustaining biodiversity, securing carbon sequestration and providing water storage. However, many páramos regions are subject to land use change due to expanding agriculture, intensified grazing and land burning. These are usually caused by socio-economic factors driving local communities to increase their income generation. Trying to achieve a better understanding of the páramos is often restricted to exploring specific details and does not follow an integrated approach or a comprehensive ecosystem analysis. In this research the focus is on better understanding the dominant ecohydrological processes and their interactions. An integrated approach is followed using in-situ measurements, field experiments, laboratory analyses, and numerical modelling. Also, different hydroinformatics tools are used to identify and quantify the ecosystem services provided by the páramos. Moreover, a framework is developed that allows a more realistic quantification and mapping of the main ecosystem services. The approach was carried out for a test site in an Ecological area in North Ecuador. The findings show a clear difference in ecosystem services depending on their altitudinal range and type of vegetation. These results can be used to further develop environmental management and landscape planning strategies, in order to better meet the social goals. This research is aligned with the priorities advocated in the IPCC Report (2007) 'to improve representation of the interactive coupling between ecosystems and the climate system', and with SDG #15: Life on Land 'By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services'.

Microprocessors in operational hydrology

proceedings of the Technical Conference on the Use of Microprocessors and Microcomputers in Operational Hydrology, Geneva, 4-5 September 1984

Author: World Meteorological Organization

Publisher: D Reidel Pub Co

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 6558

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Hydrology of Mediterranean and Semiarid Regions

Papers Selected for the International Conference on Hydrology of the Mediterranean and Semi-Arid Regions, Held in Montpellier, France from 1 to 4 April 2003

Author: Eric Servat

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502121

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 498

View: 1630

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