Animal Health and Welfare in Organic Agriculture

Author: Mette Vaarst,V. Lund,S. Roderick,W. Lockeretz

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851998701

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 5815

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Annotation. The rapid growth of organic farming has been among the most remarkable changes in global agriculture in recent decades. However, more attention was initially aid to the crop side of organic systems, and animals are a lower priority in formal research and the development of organic farming. But now, that has changed. There is now greater recognition of the need to understand animal health and welfare better. The purpose of this book is to further the understanding of organic animal husbandry and to demonstrate practical solutions and innovative methods, drawing mainly on research and practical experience with organic farming in Europe.

Organic Agriculture

A Global Perspective

Author: Acram Taji,John Reganold

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643099395

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 2250

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With global revenue surpassing twenty-five billion dollars annually, organic agriculture is a highly visible and rapidly growing component of agricultural production. In Organic Agriculture: A Global Perspective, Paul Kristiansen, Acram Taji, and John Reganold, and their international group of contributors scientifically review key aspects of organic agriculture. At the intersection of research, education, and practice, the contributors look at the organic agricultural movement’s successes and limitations. The first half of this book critically evaluates the agricultural production of both plants and livestock in organic farming systems. All major aspects of organic agriculture are explored, including historical background and underlying principles, soil-fertility management, crop and animal production, breeding strategies, and crop protection. This global and comprehensive overview also addresses the economic, social, and political aspects of organic farming. These include economics and marketing; standards and certification; environmental impacts and social responsibility; and research, education, and extension. The book is a unique and timely science-based international work documenting current practices in organic agriculture and evaluating their strengths and weaknesses. For more than two decades, research into organic methods by mainstream scientists has generated a large body of information that can now be integrated and used for assessing the actual impacts of organic farming in a wide range of disciplines. The knowledge of selected international experts has been combined in one volume, providing a comprehensive review of organic farming globally. Researchers, teachers, extensionists, students, primary producers and others around the world who are interested in sustainable agriculture will find this book to be a valuable and reliable resource.

Animal Welfare in Animal Agriculture

Husbandry, Stewardship, and Sustainability in Animal Production

Author: Wilson G. Pond,Fuller W. Bazer,Bernard E. Rollin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439848424

Category: Medical

Page: 333

View: 7542

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What constitutes animal welfare? With animals being used for companionship, service, research, food, fiber, and by-products, animal welfare is a topic of great interest and importance to society. As the world’s population continues to increase, a major challenge for society is the maintenance of a strong and viable food system, which is linked to the well-being and comfort of food animals. Animal Welfare in Animal Agriculture: Husbandry, Stewardship, and Sustainability in Animal Production explores the pressing issue of farm animal welfare in animal production systems in the United States and globally. A framework for open discussion on animal welfare, this multidisciplinary book brings together the perspectives of 40 highly qualified and recognized experts in their respective fields. Fourteen chapters address a range of topics that includes ethics, sociology, food safety, ecology, feed resources, biotechnology, government regulations, and sustainability, as well as animal comfort, health, and contributions to society. The book also offers a historical perspective on the growth of animal agriculture from family farms to industrial animal agriculture—and the impact this has had on society. Illustrating the diversity of viewpoints, the concept of animal welfare is defined from the perspectives of an ethicist and philosopher, a research scientist, a veterinarian, an industrialist, and an activist, as well as from the perspective of sustainability and product quality. Written primarily for students, but also highly relevant for professionals in varying fields of academia and industry, this timely book reveals important insights into animal welfare and animal agriculture. Unique in its depth, breadth, and balance, it underscores the need for dialogue on wide-ranging and often contentious issues related to animal production systems.

Agricultural Resource Use and Management

Author: Kimberly Etingoff

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498701256

Category: Nature

Page: 348

View: 6476

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This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. Agriculture is one of the prime users of water, particularly in arid places with already-limited water resources, and its effects are diverse and far reaching. Providing a nuanced study of agricultural resource management, this informative book takes a four-pronged approach, covering research on: • The impact of agriculture on water • The impact of agriculture on soil quality and its ecological health • Energy and greenhouse gases • The impact of a growing population on agricultural resources Topics include the connection between chemical fertilizer use in agriculture and stream water quality; beef and dairy production on livestock, dairy, and crops; livestock and greenhouse gases; energy consumption rates in agriculture; efficient farming techniques, such as precision agriculture, irrigation management, and sustainable water technologies; and more. This informative and accessible volume offers a comprehensive guide to this vital and necessary field of study.

Animal farming and environmental interactions in the Mediterranean region

Author: Isabel Casasús,Jozo Rogosić,Andrea Rosati,Igor Stoković,Dunixi Gabiña

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9086867413

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 3596

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Livestock production systems are the result of an interaction between domestic animals and the environment, modulated by man, that dates back to Neolithic times. As a consequence of this interaction among the wide diversity of animal resources, natural habitats and population needs, very different farming systems have developed across the Mediterranean Basin. Understanding the mechanisms and effects of these relationships is key to design the farming systems best adapted to each condition, guaranteeing an adequate balance between target animal production and environmental outcomes provided by these systems. This is indeed a multidimensional topic, influenced by animal genetics, feeding resources, flock management, and economic and social aspects inside and outside the household. Therefore, this book focuses on the basis of the animal-environment interactions and the impact of human activities on the type and magnitude of these interactions. In this context, the issue of sustainability of livestock production is evaluated considering economic, social and environmental aspects. This book contributes to upgrade the state of the art in Mediterranean conditions, providing indicators and procedures of application across a wide range of systems, and hence of interest for researchers, students and professionals concerned with livestock production and the environment.

Organic Meat and Milk from Ruminants

Proceedings of a Joint International Conference Organised by the Hellenic Society of Animal Production and the British Society of Animal Science, Athens, Greece, 4-6 October 2001

Author: I. Kyriazakis,George Zervas,Hellenic Society of Animal Production,British Society of Animal Science

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9076998086

Category: Medical

Page: 253

View: 8204

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Udder Health and Communication

Author: H. Hogeveen,T.J.G.M. Lam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9086867421

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 474

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In dairy industries throughout the world there is a desire to optimize udder health. An improved udder health will lead to improved animal welfare, improved production efficiency and a reduction of the use of antibiotics. To improve udder health, first of all, technical knowledge on issues such as treatment, milking, infectious pressure and host resistance is important. However, over the years we learned that knowledge alone is not enough: knowledge has to be used. And for knowledge to be used, farmers have to be motivated. This requires knowledge about motivation and communication. In this book, recent knowledge on technical udder health issues is combined with knowledge on motivation and communication. A large number of descriptions of mastitis control programs that are being carried out worldwide is combined with more specific studies. These are aimed at effective advising, motivation and communication strategies, economics, and technical studies on mastitis control and prevention. Therefore, this book provides an applied source of information for all that are willing to improve udder health.

Animal Welfare and Meat Production

Author: Neville G. Gregory,Temple Grandin

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845932161

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 7437

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Animal welfare issues are becoming increasingly prominent in animal prodution, for both economic and moral reasons. This book presents a clear understanding of the relationship between the welfare of major food animal species and their physiology, and the direct impact this has on meat quality. This new edition focuses on recent research and developments and also looks into welfare in aquaculture.

Organic Farming

An International History

Author: William Lockeretz

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 085199833X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 282

View: 5187

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This book discusses organic farming with regards to the origins and principles, policies and markets, organizations and institutions, and future concepts.

Improving Animal Welfare, 2 Edition

A Practical Approach

Author: Temple Grandin

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780644671

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 9427

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By taking an entirely practical approach, this textbook aims to help those working with animals to apply methods for improving welfare, bridging the gap between scientific research and practical application. This book provides a guide to practical evaluation and auditing of welfare problems for farmed animals, emphasizing the importance of measuring conditions that compromise welfare such as lameness, or the use of electric goads. This second edition is fully updated with new literature, new, up to date coverage of pain management, and the addition of a new chapter on animal welfare in organic farming systems.

Microorganisms in Sustainable Agriculture and Biotechnology

Author: Tulasi Satyanarayana,Bhavdish Narain Johri,Anil Prakash

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400722133

Category: Science

Page: 829

View: 1736

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This review of recent developments in our understanding of the role of microbes in sustainable agriculture and biotechnology covers a research area with enormous untapped potential. Chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and other agricultural inputs derived from fossil fuels have increased agricultural production, yet growing awareness and concern over their adverse effects on soil productivity and environmental quality cannot be ignored. The high cost of these products, the difficulties of meeting demand for them, and their harmful environmental legacy have encouraged scientists to develop alternative strategies to raise productivity, with microbes playing a central role in these efforts. One application is the use of soil microbes as bioinoculants for supplying nutrients and/or stimulating plant growth. Some rhizospheric microbes are known to synthesize plant growth-promoters, siderophores and antibiotics, as well as aiding phosphorous uptake. The last 40 years have seen rapid strides made in our appreciation of the diversity of environmental microbes and their possible benefits to sustainable agriculture and production. The advent of powerful new methodologies in microbial genetics, molecular biology and biotechnology has only quickened the pace of developments. The vital part played by microbes in sustaining our planet’s ecosystems only adds urgency to this enquiry. Culture-dependent microbes already contribute much to human life, yet the latent potential of vast numbers of uncultured—and thus untouched—microbes, is enormous. Culture-independent metagenomic approaches employed in a variety of natural habitats have alerted us to the sheer diversity of these microbes, and resulted in the characterization of novel genes and gene products. Several new antibiotics and biocatalysts have been discovered among environmental genomes and some products have already been commercialized. Meanwhile, dozens of industrial products currently formulated in large quantities from petrochemicals, such as ethanol, butanol, organic acids, and amino acids, are equally obtainable through microbial fermentation. Edited by a trio of recognized authorities on the subject, this survey of a fast-moving field—with so many benefits within reach—will be required reading for all those investigating ways to harness the power of microorganisms in making both agriculture and biotechnology more sustainable.

Tiere essen

Author: Jonathan Safran Foer

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462302191

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 400

View: 2864

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»Ich liebe Würste auch, aber ich esse sie nicht.« Jonathan Safran Foer in der Frankfurter Allgemeinen Sonntagszeitung »Tiere essen« ist ein leidenschaftliches Buch über die Frage, was wir essen und warum. Der hoch gelobte amerikanische Romancier und Bestsellerautor Jonathan Safran Foer hat ein aufrüttelndes Buch über Fleischkonsum und dessen Folgen geschrieben, das weltweit Furore macht und bei uns mit Spannung erwartet wird. Wie viele junge Menschen schwankte Jonathan Safran Foer lange zwischen Fleischgenuss und Vegetarismus hin und her. Als er Vater wurde und er und seine Frau überlegten, wie sie ihr Kind ernähren würden, bekamen seine Fragen eine neue Dringlichkeit: Warum essen wir Tiere? Würden wir sie auch essen, wenn wir wüssten, wo sie herkommen? Foer stürzt sich mit Leib und Seele in sein Thema. Er recherchiert auf eigene Faust, bricht nachts in Tierfarmen ein, konsultiert einschlägige Studien und spricht mit zahlreichen Akteuren und Experten. Vor allem aber geht er der Frage auf den Grund, was Essen für den Menschen bedeutet. Auch Foer kennt die trostspendende Kraft einer fleischhaltigen Lieblingsmahlzeit, die seit Generationen in einer Familie gekocht wird. In einer brillanten Synthese aus Philosophie, Literatur, Wissenschaft und eigenen Undercover-Reportagen bricht Foer in »Tiere essen« eine Lanze für eine bewusste Wahl. Er hinterfragt die Geschichten, die wir uns selbst erzählen, um unser Essverhalten zu rechtfertigen, und die dazu beitragen, dass wir der Wirklichkeit der Massentierhaltung und deren Konsequenzen nicht ins Auge sehen. »Tiere essen« besticht durch eine elegante Sprache, überraschende Denkfiguren und viel Humor. Foer zeigt ein großes Herz für menschliche Schwächen, lässt sich aber in seinem leidenschaftlichen Plädoyer für die Möglichkeiten ethischen Handelns nicht bremsen. Eine unverzichtbare Lektüre für jeden Menschen, der über sich und die Welt – und seinen Platz in ihr – nachdenkt. Mit einem eigens für die deutsche Ausgabe geschriebenen Vorwort von Jonathan Safran Foer. »Diese Geschichte begann nicht als ein Buch. Ich wollte nur wissen – für mich und für meine Familie – was Fleisch eigentlich ist. Wo kommt es her? Wie wird es produziert? Welche Folgen hat unser Fleischkonsum für die Wirtschaft, die Gesellschaft und unsere Umwelt? Gibt es Tiere, die man bedenkenlos essen kann? Gibt es Situationen, in denen der Verzicht auf Fleisch falsch ist? Warum essen wir kein Hundefleisch? Was als persönliche Untersuchung begann, wurde rasch sehr viel mehr als das ...« Jonathan Safran Foer Der Titel enthält eine vom Vegetarierbund Deutschlands (VEBU) zusammengestellte Übersicht zur Sachlage der Massentierhaltung in der Bundesrepublik.

The Complete Textbook of Animal Health & Welfare E-Book

Author: Jane Williams

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702049352

Category: Medical

Page: 504

View: 3967

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The Complete Textbook of Animal Health and Welfare is a core text for students in animal care, animal technology or animal science programmes, and a supplementary text for related equine, wildlife and veterinary courses. It provides an in depth text for students at Further Education (FE) levels 2 and 3, and a foundation text for students studying in Higher Education. Each chapter covers the subject in depth (level 3 FE) via diagrams, images and text, then summarises it at a foundation level (level 2 FE) to engage students of different abilities. core text for students studying animal care, animal technology or animal science supplementary text for related equine, wildlife and veterinary courses reflects all aspects covered in the animal care curriculum highly illustrated written by author with expertise in this area with many contributions from experienced educationalists and experts to ensure quality & validity covers all species

Agriculture in the United Kingdom 2005

Author: Great Britain: Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780112430919

Category: Nature

Page: 136

View: 2168

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Produced by the departments responsible for agriculture in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.