Animal Physiology

Adaptation and Environment

Author: Knut Schmidt-Nielsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521570985

Category: Science

Page: 607

View: 2602

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In this revised, updated, two-color edition of the acclaimed text Animal Physiology, Knut Schmidt-Nielsen introduces and develops the fundamental principles of animal physiology according to major environmental features--oxygen, food and energy, temperature, and water. The book is structured the same as the previous edition, but every chapter has been updated to take into account recent developments, with numerous new references and figures. New and expanded features include: extensive modifications to the chapter on Movement, Muscle and Biomechanics; new material on respiratory pigments; feeding and digestion in shrimp and hoatzin; plant defense compounds; diving in seals; high temperature tolerance; the patch clamp method for ion channel research; the pineal gland and melatonin. Two-color throughout for clear description and illustration of fundamental principles.

Tierphysiologie

Author: David J. Randall,Roger Eckert,Warren Burggren,Kathleen French

Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag

ISBN: 9783136640043

Category:

Page: 914

View: 4172

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Comparative Animal Physiology, Environmental and Metabolic Animal Physiology

Author: C. Ladd Prosser

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471857679

Category: Science

Page: 578

View: 3664

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Here is a uniquely modern approach to the study of physiological diversity that builds on the tradition established by C. Ladd Prosser's Comparative Animal Physiology. Responding to the need for a rigorously up-to-date, comprehensive survey of function and integrative systems in a variety of species, which is also easily accessible to the user, Dr. Prosser has delivered a thoroughly revised Fourth Edition in a convenient two-volume format. This carefully designed framework lets each volume zero-in on distinct aspects of comparative physiology normally studied as a whole unit. From the study of genetically replicating molecules to investigations of adaptive modulation, these two companion volumes offer an all-encompassing view of the field. With their contemporary approach, scholarly editing, flexible format, and detailed contents, Neural and Integrative Animal Physiology and Environmental and Metabolic Animal Physiology will stand together as the authoritative source in the field.

Jenseits von Natur und Kultur

Author: Philippe Descola

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518768409

Category: Social Science

Page: 638

View: 4175

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Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.

Prinzipien der Physiologie

Grundlegende Mechanismen und evolutionäre Strategien

Author: Andreas Feigenspan

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662541173

Category: Science

Page: 703

View: 9161

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Dieses Lehrbuch entwickelt grundlegende Konzepte der Physiologie, indem es jeweils von einer Fragestellung, einem zu lösenden Problem ausgeht und verschiedene Lösungsstrategien erörtert. Konkrete Beispiele veranschaulichen den untrennbaren Zusammenhang von Struktur und Funktion und schaffen so die Voraussetzungen für ein vertieftes Verständnis physiologischer Prozesse sowie eine Wertschätzung biologischer Vielfalt, die in dem ihr zur Verfügung stehenden Raum häufig bis an die äußersten Grenzen geht. Tierische Organismen sind Meisterwerke der Evolution, in zahllosen Generationen zur Erfüllung grundlegender Aufgaben optimiert: effiziente Aufnahme und Verteilung von Nährstoffen und Atemgasen, Synthese komplexer Makromoleküle, reibungslose Koordination von Bewegungen und schnelle, präzise Verarbeitung von Informationen. Physikalische und chemische Gesetzmäßigkeiten markieren die Grenzen und legen den Möglichkeitsraum fest, in dem erstaunliche und faszinierende Lösungen für diese Aufgaben entstanden sind.

Animals and Environmental Fitness: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology

Invited Lectures

Author: R. Gilles

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483189325

Category: Science

Page: 638

View: 8913

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Animals and Environmental Fitness, Volume 1: Invited Lectures is a collection of papers that tackles ecological concerns. The materials of the book are organized according the main issue of their contents. The text first tackles the chemical factors of the environment, such as water and oxygen availability, ecomones, and pollutants. The other half of the book encompasses the physical factors of the environment that include light, pressure, and temperature. The text will be of great use to scientists who study the interaction between flora, fauna, and the total environment.

Physiology and Maintenance - Volume I

General Physiology

Author: Osmo Otto Paivio Hanninen,Mustafa Atalay

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848260393

Category:

Page: 368

View: 2840

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Physiology and Maintenance is a component of Encyclopedia of Biological, Physiological and Health Sciences in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Physiology and Maintenance with contributions from distinguished experts in the field, discusses the functions of our body and their regulations which are some of the most fascinating areas of science. The content of the theme is organized with state-of-the-art presentations covering the following aspects of the subject: General Physiology; Enzymes: The Biological Catalysts of Life; Nutrition and Digestion; Renal Excretion; Endocrinology; Respiration; Blood Circulation: Its Dynamics And Physiological Control; Locomotion in Sedentary Societies; Neurophysiology; Plant Physiology and Environment : A Synopsis, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These five volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Encyclopedia of Deserts

Author: Michael A. Mares,Oklahoma Museum of Natural History (Norman, Okla.)

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806131462

Category: Nature

Page: 654

View: 7749

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Encyclopedia of Deserts represents a milestone: it is the first comprehensive reference to the first comprehensive reference to deserts and semideserts of the world. Approximately seven hundred entries treat subjects ranging from desert survival to the way deserts are formed. Topics include biology (birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, invertebrates, plants, bacteria, physiology, evolution), geography, climatology, geology, hydrology, anthropology, and history. The thirty-seven contributors, including volume editor Michael A. Mares, have had extensive careers in deserts research, encompassing all of the world’s arid and semiarid regions. The Encyclopedia opens with a subject list by topic, an organizational guide that helps the reader grasp interrelationships and complexities in desert systems. Each entry concludes with cross-references to other entries in the volume, inviting the reader to embark on a personal expedition into fascinating, previously unknown terrain. In addition a list of important readings facilitates in-depth study of each topic. An exhaustive index permits quick access to places, topics, and taxonomic listings of all plants and animals discussed. More than one hundred photographs, drawings, and maps enhance our appreciation of the remarkable life, landforms, history, and challenges of the world’s arid land.

Environmental Physiology of Animals

Author: Pat Willmer,Graham Stone,Ian Johnston

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444309226

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 334

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The new and updated edition of this accessible text provides a comprehensive overview of the comparative physiology of animals within an environmental context. Includes two brand new chapters on Nerves and Muscles and the Endocrine System. Discusses both comparative systems physiology and environmental physiology. Analyses and integrates problems and adaptations for each kind of environment: marine, seashore and estuary, freshwater, terrestrial and parasitic. Examines mechanisms and responses beyond physiology. Applies an evolutionary perspective to the analysis of environmental adaptation. Provides modern molecular biology insights into the mechanistic basis of adaptation, and takes the level of analysis beyond the cell to the membrane, enzyme and gene. Incorporates more varied material from a wide range of animal types, with less of a focus purely on terrestrial reptiles, birds and mammals and rather more about the spectacularly successful strategies of invertebrates. A companion site for this book with artwork for downloading is available at: www.blackwellpublishing.com/willmer/

Eckert Animal Physiology

Author: David Randall,Warren W. Burggren,Kathleen French,Roger Eckert

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780716738633

Category: Science

Page: 120

View: 960

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This edition highlights the latest breakthroughs in the field and offers new themes. With this edition more student help has been included. (Midwest).

Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia

Author: Gary West,Darryl J. Heard,Nigel Caulkett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118792866

Category: Medical

Page: 968

View: 1253

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Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia, SecondEdition is a fully updated and revised version of the firstcomprehensive reference on anesthetic techniques in captive andfree-ranging wildlife. Now including expanded coverage ofavian and aquatic species, this exhaustive resource presentsinformation on the full range of zoo and wildlife species. Coveringtopics ranging from monitoring and field anesthesia to CPR andeuthanasia, the heart of the book is devoted to 53 species-specificchapters providing a wealth of information on little-known andcommon zoo and wildlife animals alike. In addition to new species chapters, the new edition brings a newfocus on pain management, including chronic pain, and moreinformation on species-specific physiology. Chapters on airwaymanagement, monitoring, emergency therapeutics, and fieldprocedures are all significantly expanded as well. This update toZoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia is aninvaluable addition to the library of all zoo and wildlifeveterinarians.

Bionik

Biologische Funktionsprinzipien und ihre technischen Anwendungen

Author: Ekkehard W. Zerbst

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663119092

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 233

View: 8407

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Adaptation to Environment

Essays on the Physiology of Marine Animals

Author: R. C. Newell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483162974

Category: Science

Page: 554

View: 9735

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Adaptation to Environment: Essays on the Physiology of Marine Animals contains a series of essays that is intended as a review of the special adaptations of marine organisms to the particular environmental conditions they are likely to encounter in the natural habitat. This book emphasizes developments in physiology of marine animals and on approaches to the study of the adaptations of marine organisms. This compilation also interprets the term “Physiology in its widest sense to include all aspects of the functioning of the organism from the behavior of animals to the mode of function of enzymes. For this reason, structural adaptations have been reviewed in detail only where their functional role is understood and where they constitute a specific adaptation to defined environmental conditions. This publication benefits students and individuals conducting research on the physiology of marine animals.

ber Die Entstehung Der Arten

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781532849701

Category:

Page: 506

View: 2947

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Charles Darwin: Über die Entstehung der Arten Edition Holzinger. Taschenbuch Berliner Ausgabe, 2016 Vollständiger, durchgesehener Neusatz mit einer Biographie des Autors bearbeitet und eingerichtet von Michael Holzinger Erstdruck: London 1859. Erste deutsche Übersetzung von Heinrich Georg Bronn unter dem Titel »Über die Entstehung der Arten im Thier- und Pflanzenreich durch natürliche Züchtung, oder Erhaltung der vervollkommneten Rassen im Kampf ums Daseyn«, Stuttgart 1860. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung der sechsten Auflage, London 1872, durch Julius Victor Carus von 1884. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Charles Darwin: Über die Entstehung der Arten durch natürliche Zuchtwahl oder die Erhaltung der begünstigten Rassen im Kampfe um's Dasein. Nach der letzten englischen Ausgabe wiederholt durchgesehen von J. Victor Carus, 9. Auflage, Stuttgart: Schweitzerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1899. Herausgeber der Reihe: Michael Holzinger Reihengestaltung: Viktor Harvion Umschlaggestaltung unter Verwendung des Bildes: Charles Darwin auf einem Aquarell von George Richmond (1809-1896) aus dem Jahr 1840 Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Physiology E-Book

A Problem-Based Approach

Author: Mitchell L. Halperin,Marc B. Goldstein,Kamel S. Kamel

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 143771062X

Category: Medical

Page: 616

View: 7875

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The revised and updated fourth edition of Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Physiology continues to offer expert advice on the bedside management of acid-base and electrolyte disorders. Distinguished authors synthesize key theoretical and clinical information in a way that is easy to understand and apply. Discussions on the latest science, as well as new cases, new discoveries, and new approaches in intensive care are just a few of the updates you’ll find to help you make the best management decisions. Clinical information is presented in an easy-to-understand style, and the integration of color offers increased visual guidance. What’s more, diagnostic flow charts and critical questions challenge your problem-solving skills and reinforce your decision-making expertise. Incorporates relevant information on energy metabolism and endocrine, gastrointestinal, respiratory, and cardiovascular physiology. Features a consistent, user-friendly format with diagnostic algorithms and helpful margin notes. Includes numerous case studies that illustrate how key management principles are applied in practice. Presents questions and explanations throughout that let you test your knowledge and hone your skills. Features entirely new cases with discussions that keep you on the cusp of current clinical dilemmas and standards of practice. Discusses new treatment options to help you provide optimal care. Presents new discoveries to bring you up to date on the latest findings in science and clinical practice. Offers new approaches in critical care keeping you current in this emerging area of nephrology.

Das sechste Sterben

Wie der Mensch Naturgeschichte schreibt

Author: Elizabeth Kolbert

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740628

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 7731

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Sie haben noch nie etwas vom Stummelfußfrosch gehört? Oder vom Sumatra-Nashorn? Gut möglich, dass Sie auch nie von ihnen hören werden, denn sie sind dabei auszusterben. Wir erleben derzeit das sechste sogenannte Massenaussterben: In einem relativ kurzen Zeitraum verschwinden ungewöhnlich viele Arten. Experten gehen davon aus, dass es das verheerendste sein wird, seit vor etwa 65 Millionen Jahren ein Asteroid unter anderem die Dinosaurier auslöschte. Doch dieses Mal kommt die Bedrohung nicht aus dem All, sondern wir tragen die Verantwortung. Wie haben wir Menschen das Massenaussterben herbeigeführt? Wie können wir es beenden? Elizabeth Kolbert spricht mit Geologen, die verschwundene Ozeane erforschen, begleitet Botaniker in die Anden und begibt sich gemeinsam mit Tierschützern auf die Suche nach den letzten Exemplaren gefährdeter Arten. Sie zeigt, wie ernst die Lage ist, und macht uns zu Zeugen der dramatischen Ereignisse auf unserem Planeten.