Animal Physiology

Adaptation and Environment

Author: Knut Schmidt-Nielsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521570985

Category: Science

Page: 607

View: 6755

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In this revised, updated, two-color edition of the acclaimed text Animal Physiology, Knut Schmidt-Nielsen introduces and develops the fundamental principles of animal physiology according to major environmental features--oxygen, food and energy, temperature, and water. The book is structured the same as the previous edition, but every chapter has been updated to take into account recent developments, with numerous new references and figures. New and expanded features include: extensive modifications to the chapter on Movement, Muscle and Biomechanics; new material on respiratory pigments; feeding and digestion in shrimp and hoatzin; plant defense compounds; diving in seals; high temperature tolerance; the patch clamp method for ion channel research; the pineal gland and melatonin. Two-color throughout for clear description and illustration of fundamental principles.

Comparative Animal Physiology, Environmental and Metabolic Animal Physiology

Author: C. Ladd Prosser

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471857679

Category: Science

Page: 578

View: 7371

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Here is a uniquely modern approach to the study of physiological diversity that builds on the tradition established by C. Ladd Prosser's Comparative Animal Physiology. Responding to the need for a rigorously up-to-date, comprehensive survey of function and integrative systems in a variety of species, which is also easily accessible to the user, Dr. Prosser has delivered a thoroughly revised Fourth Edition in a convenient two-volume format. This carefully designed framework lets each volume zero-in on distinct aspects of comparative physiology normally studied as a whole unit. From the study of genetically replicating molecules to investigations of adaptive modulation, these two companion volumes offer an all-encompassing view of the field. With their contemporary approach, scholarly editing, flexible format, and detailed contents, Neural and Integrative Animal Physiology and Environmental and Metabolic Animal Physiology will stand together as the authoritative source in the field.

Animals and Environmental Fitness: Physiological and Biochemical Aspects of Adaptation and Ecology

Invited Lectures

Author: R. Gilles

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483189325

Category: Science

Page: 638

View: 3873

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Animals and Environmental Fitness, Volume 1: Invited Lectures is a collection of papers that tackles ecological concerns. The materials of the book are organized according the main issue of their contents. The text first tackles the chemical factors of the environment, such as water and oxygen availability, ecomones, and pollutants. The other half of the book encompasses the physical factors of the environment that include light, pressure, and temperature. The text will be of great use to scientists who study the interaction between flora, fauna, and the total environment.

Das geheime Leben der Bäume

Was sie fühlen, wie sie kommunizieren - die Entdeckung einer verborgenen Welt

Author: Peter Wohlleben

Publisher: Ludwig

ISBN: 3641114004

Category: Nature

Page: 224

View: 5277

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Ein neuer Blick auf alte Freunde Erstaunliche Dinge geschehen im Wald: Bäume, die miteinander kommunizieren. Bäume, die ihren Nachwuchs, aber auch alte und kranke Nachbarn liebevoll umsorgen und pflegen. Bäume, die Empfindungen haben, Gefühle, ein Gedächtnis. Unglaublich? Aber wahr! – Der Förster Peter Wohlleben erzählt faszinierende Geschichten über die ungeahnten und höchst erstaunlichen Fähigkeiten der Bäume. Dazu zieht er die neuesten wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse ebenso heran wie seine eigenen unmittelbaren Erfahrungen mit dem Wald und schafft so eine aufregend neue Begegnung für die Leser: Wir schließen Bekanntschaft mit einem Lebewesen, das uns vertraut schien, uns aber hier erstmals in seiner ganzen Lebendigkeit vor Augen tritt. Und wir betreten eine völlig neue Welt ...

Encyclopedia of Deserts

Author: Michael A. Mares,Oklahoma Museum of Natural History (Norman, Okla.)

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806131462

Category: Nature

Page: 654

View: 445

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Encyclopedia of Deserts represents a milestone: it is the first comprehensive reference to the first comprehensive reference to deserts and semideserts of the world. Approximately seven hundred entries treat subjects ranging from desert survival to the way deserts are formed. Topics include biology (birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, invertebrates, plants, bacteria, physiology, evolution), geography, climatology, geology, hydrology, anthropology, and history. The thirty-seven contributors, including volume editor Michael A. Mares, have had extensive careers in deserts research, encompassing all of the world’s arid and semiarid regions. The Encyclopedia opens with a subject list by topic, an organizational guide that helps the reader grasp interrelationships and complexities in desert systems. Each entry concludes with cross-references to other entries in the volume, inviting the reader to embark on a personal expedition into fascinating, previously unknown terrain. In addition a list of important readings facilitates in-depth study of each topic. An exhaustive index permits quick access to places, topics, and taxonomic listings of all plants and animals discussed. More than one hundred photographs, drawings, and maps enhance our appreciation of the remarkable life, landforms, history, and challenges of the world’s arid land.

Physiological Adaptations in Vertebrates

Respiration: Circulation, and Metabolism

Author: Alan Hargens

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824785581

Category: Nature

Page: 432

View: 305

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This volume originates from a symposium held in Copenhagen in June 1989 to commemorate Kjell Johansen, who died March 4, 1987. The volume begins with a nonscientific but fascinating glimpse at Kjell, followed by an overview of the kinds of physiology that interested him, i.e. adaptational, environme

Environmental Physiology of Animals

Author: Pat Willmer,Graham Stone,Ian Johnston

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444309226

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 8155

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The new and updated edition of this accessible text provides a comprehensive overview of the comparative physiology of animals within an environmental context. Includes two brand new chapters on Nerves and Muscles and the Endocrine System. Discusses both comparative systems physiology and environmental physiology. Analyses and integrates problems and adaptations for each kind of environment: marine, seashore and estuary, freshwater, terrestrial and parasitic. Examines mechanisms and responses beyond physiology. Applies an evolutionary perspective to the analysis of environmental adaptation. Provides modern molecular biology insights into the mechanistic basis of adaptation, and takes the level of analysis beyond the cell to the membrane, enzyme and gene. Incorporates more varied material from a wide range of animal types, with less of a focus purely on terrestrial reptiles, birds and mammals and rather more about the spectacularly successful strategies of invertebrates. A companion site for this book with artwork for downloading is available at: www.blackwellpublishing.com/willmer/

Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia

Author: Gary West,Darryl J. Heard,Nigel Caulkett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118792866

Category: Medical

Page: 968

View: 5689

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Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia, SecondEdition is a fully updated and revised version of the firstcomprehensive reference on anesthetic techniques in captive andfree-ranging wildlife. Now including expanded coverage ofavian and aquatic species, this exhaustive resource presentsinformation on the full range of zoo and wildlife species. Coveringtopics ranging from monitoring and field anesthesia to CPR andeuthanasia, the heart of the book is devoted to 53 species-specificchapters providing a wealth of information on little-known andcommon zoo and wildlife animals alike. In addition to new species chapters, the new edition brings a newfocus on pain management, including chronic pain, and moreinformation on species-specific physiology. Chapters on airwaymanagement, monitoring, emergency therapeutics, and fieldprocedures are all significantly expanded as well. This update toZoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia is aninvaluable addition to the library of all zoo and wildlifeveterinarians.

Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Physiology E-Book

A Problem-Based Approach

Author: Mitchell L. Halperin,Marc B. Goldstein,Kamel S. Kamel

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 143771062X

Category: Medical

Page: 616

View: 3397

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The revised and updated fourth edition of Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Physiology continues to offer expert advice on the bedside management of acid-base and electrolyte disorders. Distinguished authors synthesize key theoretical and clinical information in a way that is easy to understand and apply. Discussions on the latest science, as well as new cases, new discoveries, and new approaches in intensive care are just a few of the updates you’ll find to help you make the best management decisions. Clinical information is presented in an easy-to-understand style, and the integration of color offers increased visual guidance. What’s more, diagnostic flow charts and critical questions challenge your problem-solving skills and reinforce your decision-making expertise. Incorporates relevant information on energy metabolism and endocrine, gastrointestinal, respiratory, and cardiovascular physiology. Features a consistent, user-friendly format with diagnostic algorithms and helpful margin notes. Includes numerous case studies that illustrate how key management principles are applied in practice. Presents questions and explanations throughout that let you test your knowledge and hone your skills. Features entirely new cases with discussions that keep you on the cusp of current clinical dilemmas and standards of practice. Discusses new treatment options to help you provide optimal care. Presents new discoveries to bring you up to date on the latest findings in science and clinical practice. Offers new approaches in critical care keeping you current in this emerging area of nephrology.

Evolution and the Emergent Self

The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature

Author: Raymond L. Neubauer

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231521685

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 5808

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Evolution and the Emergent Self is an eloquent and evocative new synthesis that explores how the human species emerged from the cosmic dust. Lucidly presenting ideas about the rise of complexity in our genetic, neuronal, ecological, and ultimately cosmological settings, the author takes readers on a provocative tour of modern science's quest to understand our place in nature and in our universe. Readers fascinated with "Big History" and drawn to examine big ideas will be challenged and enthralled by Raymond L. Neubauer's ambitious narrative. How did humans emerge from the cosmos and the pre-biotic Earth, and what mechanisms of biological, chemical, and physical sciences drove this increasingly complex process? Neubauer presents a view of nature that describes the rising complexity of life in terms of increasing information content, first in genes and then in brains. The evolution of the nervous system expanded the capacity of organisms to store information, making learning possible. In key chapters, the author portrays four species with high brain:body ratios—chimpanzees, elephants, ravens, and dolphins—showing how each species shares with humans the capacity for complex communication, elaborate social relationships, flexible behavior, tool use, and powers of abstraction. A large brain can have a hierarchical arrangement of circuits that facilitates higher levels of abstraction. Neubauer describes this constellation of qualities as an emergent self, arguing that self-awareness is nascent in several species besides humans and that potential human characteristics are embedded in the evolutionary process and have emerged repeatedly in a variety of lineages on our planet. He ultimately demonstrates that human culture is not a unique offshoot of a language-specialized primate, but an analogue of fundamental mechanisms that organisms have used since the beginning of life on Earth to gather and process information in order to buffer themselves from fluctuations in the environment. Neubauer also views these developments in a cosmic setting, detailing open thermodynamic systems that grow more complex as the energy flowing through them increases. Similar processes of increasing complexity can be found in the "self-organizing" structures of both living and nonliving forms. Recent evidence from astronomy indicates that planet formation may be nearly as frequent as star formation. Since life makes use of the elements commonly seeded into space by burning and expiring stars, it is reasonable to speculate that the evolution of life and intelligence that happened on our planet may be found across the universe.

Exploring Earth's Biomes

Author: Claire O'Neal

Publisher: Mitchell Lane Publishers, Inc.

ISBN: 1612281249

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 5144

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It’s a tough life out there. Throughout Earth’s six major biomes—tundra, taiga, rain forest, temperate deciduous forest, grassland, and desert—plants and animals use special strategies to cope with challenges in their environment. Have you ever wondered how plants survive in the desert? Or what happens to worms in the winter? Or where you fit in a food web? In this book, you’ll find these answers and more by doing experiments about Earth’s biomes. Learn to think like an ecologist as you plant, bake, and dig your way through biomes around the globe.

The Cardiovascular System

Author: Britannica Educational Publishing

Publisher: Britannica Educational Publishing

ISBN: 1615302514

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 288

View: 7343

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Though only about the size of a clenched fist, the human heart bears the immense burden of sustaining human life and activity. Functioning to circulate blood throughout the body, the heart is an organ on which all others intimately depend. This volume relates the anatomy of the heart and the effects of the diseases to which it is sometimes prone. Annotated diagrams and illustrations bolster the narrative and highlight significant aspects of cardiology and the incredible cardiovascular system.

Eckert Animal Physiology

Author: David Randall,Warren W. Burggren,Kathleen French,Roger Eckert

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780716738633

Category: Science

Page: 120

View: 1616

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This edition highlights the latest breakthroughs in the field and offers new themes. With this edition more student help has been included. (Midwest).

Biologie

gymnasiale Oberstufe

Author: Neil A. Campbell,Jane B. Reece

Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH

ISBN: 9783868949001

Category:

Page: 748

View: 9196

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Die 8. Auflage des Campbell (deutsche Ausgabe BA 11/09) wurde jetzt unter Beachtung der hiesigen Lehrpläne für die Oberstufe bearbeitet und erschien in einem wesentlich handlicheren, schultaschenfähigen Format. Der Campbell hatte sich bereits früher als Zusatzlehrbuch für Leistungskurse Biologie und berufliche Gymnasien mit entsprechend fachlicher Ausrichtung bewährt. Diese für Schulen optimierte Ausgabe ist im Rahmen des Imprints Pearson Schule eine folgerichtige Edition (vgl. auch M. Kölling: "Einführung in Java mit Greenfoot"; R. Hattenhauer: "Informatik für Schule und Ausbildung", beide BA 9/10). Ein Themenband zur Ökologie ist für November diesen Jahres angekündigt. - Vorrangig ist der Band für Bibliotheken mit den oben angesprochenen Schultypen im Einzugsbereich zu empfehlen. Als allgemeines Biologielehrbuch ohne bundeslandspezifische Varianten ist der auch preislich sehr akzeptable Titel aufgrund seines fachlichen Niveaus und seiner grafisch hervorragenden Gestaltung auch darüber hinaus einsetzbar. (2 S)