Anthropogenic influence on the Tibetan Plateau

Author: Roman Kühn

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656724180

Category: Social Science

Page: 14

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Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Regional Geography, grade: 2,3, RWTH Aachen University (Geographisches Institut), language: English, abstract: The Tibetan Plateau is probably the most important and one of the most fragile areas in the world. With its enormous tectonic geomorphology forms and its unique ecosystem the Tibetan Plateau has an huge impact on the asian continent and even on the whole global climate (Cui/Graf 2009:49). For hundred of years this area was inhabited by few nomads, who practiced a sustainable approach of life in this space. Initiating with the reforms of " the Great Leap Forward, the Opening Door Policy and the Globalisation" an imigration flow began to discover and settle down. Those hu-man activities had an influence on the climate change and land-cover change. The consequences resulting thereoff are evident and measurable and the aftereffects of that development cant yet be foreseen in their whole scale. The purpose of this study is to examinethe anthropogenic influence on the Tibetan Plateau in recent years. The structure applied to this paper begins with a geographic classification of the Tibetan Plateau with its geographical, geomorphological and climatical charecteristics. The second part discribes the anthropogenic influence on the Plateau area and its demographical and agricltural development since the 1950s. The impacts of this influence on the vegetational and soil change are being discribed in the third part and the conclusion finalises this study.

Asian Change in the Context of Global Climate Change

Impact of Natural and Anthropogenic Changes in Asia on Global Biogeochemical Cycles

Author: James Galloway,Jerry Melillo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521638883

Category: Nature

Page: 363

View: 3510

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Reviews existing impact and possible future effects of global change in Asia.

Statistical Analysis in Climate Research

Author: Hans von Storch,Francis W. Zwiers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139425099

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6311

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Climatology is, to a large degree, the study of the statistics of our climate. The powerful tools of mathematical statistics therefore find wide application in climatological research. The purpose of this book is to help the climatologist understand the basic precepts of the statistician's art and to provide some of the background needed to apply statistical methodology correctly and usefully. The book is self contained: introductory material, standard advanced techniques, and the specialised techniques used specifically by climatologists are all contained within this one source. There are a wealth of real-world examples drawn from the climate literature to demonstrate the need, power and pitfalls of statistical analysis in climate research. Suitable for graduate courses on statistics for climatic, atmospheric and oceanic science, this book will also be valuable as a reference source for researchers in climatology, meteorology, atmospheric science, and oceanography.

The Social Life of Climate Change Models

Anticipating Nature

Author: Kirsten Hastrup

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 041562858X

Category: Nature

Page: 240

View: 1904

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Drawing on a combination of perspectives from diverse fields, this volume offers an anthropological study of climate change and the ways in which people attempt to predict its local implications, showing how the processes of knowledge making among lay people and experts are not only comparable but also deeply entangled. Through analysis of predictive practices in a diversity of regions affected by climate change – including coastal India, the Cook Islands, Tibet, and the High Arctic, and various domains of scientific expertise and policy making such as ice core drilling, flood risk modelling, and coastal adaptation – the book shows how all attempts at modelling nature’s course are deeply social, and how current research in "climate" contributes to a rethinking of nature as a multiplicity of modalities that impact social life.

Issues in Environmental Economics, Engineering, and Technology: 2013 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1490109331

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1122

View: 875

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Issues in Environmental Economics, Engineering, and Technology: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Environmental Economics. The editors have built Issues in Environmental Economics, Engineering, and Technology: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Environmental Economics in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Environmental Economics, Engineering, and Technology: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080547826

Category: Science

Page: 3576

View: 5230

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The quaternary sciences constitute a dynamic, multidisciplinary field of research that has been growing in scientific and societal importance in recent years. This branch of the Earth sciences links ancient prehistory to modern environments. Quaternary terrestrial sediments contain the fossil remains of existing species of flora and fauna, and their immediate predecessors. Quaternary science plays an integral part in such important issues for modern society as groundwater resources and contamination, sea level change, geologic hazards (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis), and soil erosion. With over 360 articles and 2,600 pages, many in full-color, the Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science provides broad ranging, up-to-date articles on all of the major topics in the field. Written by a team of leading experts and under the guidance of an international editorial board, the articles are at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with the latest information in the field. Also available online via ScienceDirect (2006) – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. 360 individual articles written by prominent international authorities, encompassing all important aspects of quaternary science Each entry provides comprehensive, in-depth treatment of an overview topic and presented in a functional, clear and uniform layout Reference section provides guidence for further research on the topic Article text supported by full-color photos, drawings, tables, and other visual material Writing level is suited to both the expert and non-expert

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Author: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107025060

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 582

View: 2134

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Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. This Special Report explores the social as well as physical dimensions of weather- and climate-related disasters, considering opportunities for managing risks at local to international scales. SREX was approved and accepted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on 18 November 2011 in Kampala, Uganda.

Nomads of Western Tibet

The Survival of a Way of Life

Author: Melvyn C. Goldstein,Cynthia M. Beall

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520072107

Category: History

Page: 191

View: 1555

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this copiously illustrated book is a fascinating account of these remarkable people, of their traditional way of survival. In a world where indigenous peoples and their environments are vanishing at alarming rates, the survival of this way of life represents an unexpected and heartening victory for humanity.

Arid Lands Water Evaluation and Management

Author: Robert Maliva,Thomas Missimer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364229104X

Category: Science

Page: 1076

View: 2903

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A large part of the global population lives in arid lands which have low rainfall and often lack the water required for sustainable population and economic growth. This book presents a comprehensive description of the hydrogeology and hydrologic processes at work in arid lands. It describes the techniques that can be used to assess and manage the water resources of these areas with an emphasis on groundwater resources, including recent advances in hydrologic evaluation and the differences between how aquifer systems behave in arid lands versus more humid areas. Water management techniques are described and summarized to show how a more comprehensive approach to water management is required in these areas, including the need to be aware of cultural sensitivities and conditions unique to many arid regions. The integration of existing resources with the addition of new water sources, such as desalination of brackish water and seawater, along with reusing treated wastewater, will be required to meet future water supply needs. Also, changing climatic conditions will force water management systems to be more robust so that future water supply demands can be met as droughts become more intense and rainfall events become more intense. A range of water management techniques are described and discussed in order to illustrate the methods for integrating these measures within the context of arid lands conditions.

Monsoon Evolution and Tectonics

Climate Linkage in Asia

Author: Peter D. Clift,Ryuji Tada,Hongbo Zheng

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862393103

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 7749

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The Earth's climate varies through geological time as a result of external, orbital processes, as well as the positions of continents, growth of mountains and the opening and closure of oceanic gateways. Climate modelling suggests that the intensity of the Asian monsoon should correlate, at least in part, with the uplift history of the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalaya, as well as the evolution of gateways and the retreat of shallow seas in Central Asia. Long-term reconstructions of both mountain building and monsoon activity are key to testing the proposed links. This collection of papers presents a series of new studies documenting the variations of the Asian monsoon on orbital and tectonic timescales, together with the impact this has had on environmental conditions. The issue of which proxies are best suited to measuring monsoons is addressed, as is the effect that the monsoon has had on erosion and the formation of the stratigraphic record both on and offshore.

Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment

Scenarios for the 21st Century

Author: F.Stuart Chapin,Osvaldo E. Sala,Elisabeth Huber-Sannwald

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461301572

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 7900

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The scientific community has voiced two general concerns about the future of the earth. Firstly, climatologists and oceanographers have focused on the changes in our physical environment, ie climate, oceans, and air. And secondly, environmental biologists have addressed issues of conservation and the extinction of species. There is increasing evidence that these two broad concerns are intertwined and mutually dependent. Past changes in biodiversity have both responded to and caused changes in the earths environment. In its discussions of ten key terrestrial biomes and freshwater ecosystems, this volume uses our broad understanding of global environmental change to present the first comprehensive scenarios of biodiversity for the twenty-first century. Combining physical earth science with conservation biology, the book provides a starting-point for regional assessments on all scales. The book will be of interest to those concerned with guiding research on the changing environment of the earth and with planning future policy, especially in accordance with the Global Biodiversity Convention.

Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment

Author: R. Nieder,D.K. Benbi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402084331

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 4113

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Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary description of C and N fluxes between the atmosphere and the terrestrial biosphere; issues related to C and N management in different ecosystems and their implications for the environment and global climate change; and the approaches to mitigate emission of greenhouse gases. Drawing upon the most up-to-date books, journals, bulletins, reports, symposia proceedings and internet sources documenting interrelationships between different aspects of C and N cycling in the terrestrial environment, Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment fills the gap left by most of the currently available books on C and N cycling. They either deal with a single element of an ecosystem, or are related to one or a few selected aspects like soil organic matter (SOM) and agricultural or forest management, emission of greenhouse gases, global climate change or modeling of SOM dynamics.

Methods of Dendrochronology

Applications in the Environmental Sciences

Author: E.R. Cook,L.A. Kairiukstis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401578796

Category: Science

Page: 394

View: 1676

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This book is a review and description of the state-of-the-art methods of tree-ring analy~is with specific emphasis on applications in the environmental sciences. Traditionally, methods of tree-ring analysis, or more properly in this case methods 0/ dendrochronology, were developed and used for dating archaeological and historical structures and for reconstructing past climates. The classic book Tree Rings and Climate, by H.C. Fritts, published in 1976, provided a superb introduction to the science and an in-depth description of techniques useful for extracting climatic information from tree rings. This book, which was published by Academic Press, is sadly out of print and, even though only 12 years old, lim ited in its methods and applications. This is owing to the extremely rapid development of the science since the 1970s. Only recently have tree rings as environmental sensors been fully recog nized as a valuable tool in detecting environmental change. For example, tree ring measurements have been critically important in studies of forest decline in Europe and North America. There are also attempts to use tree-ring analysis for ecological prognosis to solve large-scale regional problems including the sustain ability of water supplies, prediction of agricultural crops, and adoption of silvi cultural measures in response to ecological changes. More speculatively, dendro chronological methods are also used for dating and evaluating some astrophysical phenomena and for indicating possible increase in the biospheric carrying capac ity due to increased atmospheric carbon dioxide.

The Monsoons and Climate Change

Observations and Modeling

Author: Leila Maria Véspoli de Carvalho,Charles Jones

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319216503

Category: Science

Page: 253

View: 6660

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This book presents a global overview examining monsoon variability in South Asia, Australian, South America and North American, as well as a focus on glaciers and monsoon systems. Monsoon systems are important components of the Earth's climate and play fundamental roles in water and energy balances. The variability and changes in the monsoons affect millions of people and the economies of many countries. This book presents the physical mechanisms involved with monsoon systems, including recent modeling advances addressing climate changes and future projections. The Monsoons and Climate Change will be of interest to both graduate students and researchers.