Aphra Behn: A Secret Life

Author: Janet Todd

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1448216958

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 608

View: 1299

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'Fascinating scholarship. Todd conveys Behn's vivacious character and the mores of the time' New York Times 'All women together ought to let flowers fall upon the tomb of Aphra Behn; for it was she who earned them the right to speak their minds,' said Virginia Woolf. Yet that tomb, in Westminster Abbey, records one of the few uncontested facts about this Restoration playwright, poet of the erotic and bisexual, political propagandist, novelist and spy: the date of her death, 16 April 1689. For the rest secrecy and duplicity are almost the key to her life. She loved codes, making and breaking them; writing her life becomes a decoding of a passionate but playful woman. In this revised biography, Janet Todd draws on documents she has rediscovered in the Dutch archives, and on Behn's own writings, to tell a story of court, diplomatic and sexual intrigue, and of the rise from humble origins of the first woman to earn her living as a professional writer. Aphra Behn's first notable employment was as a royal spy in Holland; she had probably also spied in Surinam. It was not until she was in her thirties that she published the first of the nineteen plays and other works which established her fame (though not riches) among her 'good, sweet, honey-candied readers'. Many of her works were openly erotic, indeed as frank as anything by her friends Wycherley and Rochester. Some also offered an inside view of court and political intrigues, and Todd reveals the historical scandals and legal cases behind some of Behn's most famous 'fictions'. Janet Todd, novelist and internationally renowned scholar, was president of Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge, and a Professor at Rutgers, NJ. An expert on women's writing and feminism, she has written about many writers, including Jane Austen, the Shelley Circle, Mary Wollstonecraft, and Aphra Behn. 'Ground-breaking it reads quickly and lightly. Even Todd's throwaway lines are steeped in learning' Women's Review of Books 'A major biography; of interest to everyone who cares about women as writers' Times Higher Education Supplement

The Cambridge Companion to Aphra Behn

Author: Derek Hughes,Janet Todd

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521527200

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 248

View: 2231

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Traditionally known as the first professional woman writer in English, Aphra Behn has now emerged as one of the major figures of the Restoration. She provided more plays for the stage than any other author and greatly influenced the development of the novel with her ground-breaking fiction, especially Love-Letters between a Nobleman and his Sister and Oroonoko, the first English novel set in America. Behn's work straddles the genres: beside drama and fiction, she also excelled in poetry and she made several important translations from French libertine and scientific works. This Companion discusses and introduces her writings in all these fields and provides the critical tools with which to judge their aesthetic and historical importance. It also includes a full bibliography, a detailed chronology and a description of the known facts of her life. The Companion will be an essential tool for the study of this increasingly important writer and thinker.

Colonial Women

Race and Culture in Stuart Drama

Author: Heidi Hutner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195349641

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 152

View: 6343

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Colonial Women examines the women-as-land metaphor in English colonial dramatic literature of the seventeenth century, and looks closely at the myths of two historical native female figures--Pocahontas of Virginia and Malinche of Mexico--to demonstrate how these two stories are crucial to constructions of gender, race, and English nationhood in the drama and culture of the period. Heidi Hutner's interpretations of the figure of the native woman in the plays of Shakespeare, Fletcher, Davenant, Dryden, and Behn reveal how the English patriarchal culture of the seventeenth century defined itself through representations of native women and European women who have "gone native." These playwrights use the figure of the native woman as a symbolic means to stabilize the turbulent sociopolitical and religious conflicts in Restoration England under the inclusive ideology of expansion and profit. Colonial Women uncovers the significance of the repeated dramatic spectacle of the native women falling for her European seducer and exploiter, and demonstrates that this image of seduction is motivated by an anxiety-laden movement to reinforce patriarchal authority in seventeenth-century England.

Oroonoko and Other Writings

Author: Aphra Behn

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019164692X

Category: Fiction

Page: 320

View: 6108

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'I value fame almost as much as if I had been born a hero'. (Preface to The Lucky Chance). Aphra Behn (1640-89) achieved both fame and notoriety in her own time, enjoying considerable success for her plays and for her short novel Oroonoko, the story of a noble slave who loves a princess. Acclaimed by Virginia Woolf as the first English woman to earn her living by the pen, Behn's achievements as a writer are now acknowledged less equivocally than in the seventeenth century. As well as Oroonoko, this volume contains five other works of fiction ranging from comedy and high melodrama to tragedy. The Fair Jilt, Memoirs of the Court of the King of Bantam, The History of the Nun, The Adventure of the Black Lady, and The Unfortunate Bride are complemented by a generous selection of her poetyr, ranging from public political verse to lyrics and witty conversation poems. This selection demonstrates Behn's range, as well as her wit, compassion, and interest in the question of identity and self-representation. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Lives of the Novelists

A History of Fiction in 294 Lives

Author: John Sutherland

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300182430

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 896

View: 7158

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No previous author has attempted a book such as this: a complete history of novels written in the English language, from the genre's seventeenth-century origins to the present day. In the spirit of Dr. Johnson’s Lives of the Poets, acclaimed critic and scholar John Sutherland selects 294 writers whose works illustrate the best of every kind of fiction—from gothic, penny dreadful, and pornography to fantasy, romance, and high literature. Each author was chosen, Professor Sutherland explains, because his or her books are well worth reading and are likely to remain so for at least another century. Sutherland presents these authors in chronological order, in each case deftly combining a lively and informative biographical sketch with an opinionated assessment of the writer's work. Taken together, these novelists provide both a history of the novel and a guide to its rich variety. Always entertaining, and sometimes shocking, Sutherland considers writers as diverse as Daniel Defoe, Henry James, James Joyce, Edgar Allan Poe, Virginia Woolf, Michael Crichton, Jeffrey Archer, and Jacqueline Susann. Written for all lovers of fiction, Lives of the Novelists succeeds both as introduction and re-introduction, as Sutherland presents favorite and familiar novelists in new ways and transforms the less favored and less familiar through his relentlessly fascinating readings.

The History of British Women's Writing, 1610-1690

Volume Three

Author: M. Suzuki

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230305504

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 339

View: 2772

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During the seventeenth century, in response to political and social upheavals such as the English Civil Wars, women produced writings in both manuscript and print. This volume represents recent scholarship that has uncovered new texts as well as introduced new paradigms to further our understanding of women's literary history during this period.

Aphra Behn (1640-1689)

Le Modèle Européen : Actes Du Colloque Tenu en Sorbonne, 7-9 Juillet 2003

Author: Mary Ann O'Donnell,Bernard Dhuicq

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Women and literature

Page: 176

View: 7406

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Fear, Exclusion and Revolution

Roger Morrice and Britain in the 1680s

Author: Jason McElligott

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754656821

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 7966

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Between the years 1677 and 1691 the puritan minister Roger Morrice compiled an astonishingly detailed record of the day-to-day public affairs in Britain. His 'Entering Book' provides a unique record of late seventeenth-century political and religious hist

The Seventeenth - Century Literature Handbook

Author: Marshall Grossman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390117

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 392

View: 7321

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The Seventeenth Century Handbook provides the undergraduate with a succinct account of the century’s events, along with an exploration of the ways the literature reflected and helped shape the history of the time. Provides a coherent narrative of the entire century of literary history as well as an easy-to-use guide to the principal literary works and figures Offers an exploration of the ways the literature reflected and helped shape the history of the time Describes the continuities as well as the radical changes in this century of civil war and reformation Combines a central narrative account of “texts and contexts” with a selection of brief essays on key texts and topics Includes an alphabetical selection of capsule descriptions of important writers

Aphra Behn

Author: Susan Wiseman

Publisher: Northcote House Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 130

View: 3117

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Aphra Behn has emerged as a central literary figure in early feminist studies and as such, this new edition of Wiseman's critical study covers the considerable revision of critical appreciation of her work that has occurred in the past few years. During a writing career from the Restoration (1660) to the so-called Glorious Revolution (1688-89) Aphra Behn was prolific in all the commercial genres of her time and treated the most controversial issues of her day: sexual and cultural difference, slavery, politics and money. This study brings together an analysis of the full range of her work in poetry, prose and drama, giving full textual and contextual analysis of her best-known plays and prose: The River, Oroonoko, Love letters Between a Nobleman and His Sister. It also offers extended treatment of plays such as The Lucky Chance and The City Heiress in relation to the sexual and national politics of the Restoration and a critical evaluation of Behn's hitherto relatively neglected political and erotic poetry.

The Oxford Companion to English Literature

Author: Dinah Birch

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030848

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 1184

View: 5814

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The Oxford Companion to English Literature has long been established as the leading reference resource for students, teachers, scholars, and general readers of English literature. It provides unrivalled coverage of all aspects of English literature - from writers, their works, and the historical and cultural context in which they wrote, to critics, literary theory, and allusions. For the seventh edition, the Companion has been thoroughly revised and updated to meet the needs and concerns of today's students and general readers. Over 1,000 new entries have been added, ranging from new writers - Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Patrick Marber, David Mitchell, Arundhati Roy - to increased coverage of writers and literary movements from around the world. Coverage of American literature has been substantially increased, with new entries on writers such as Cormac McCarthy and Amy Tan and on movements and publications. Contextual and historical coverage has also been expanded, with new entries on European history and culture, post-colonial literature, as well as writers and literary movements from around the world that have influenced English literature. The Companion has always been a quick and dependable source of reference for students, and the new edition confirms its pre-eminent role as the go-to resource of first choice. All entries have been reviewed, and details of new works, biographies, and criticism have been brought right up to date. So also has coverage of the themes, approaches and concepts encountered by students today, from terms to articles on literary theory and theorists. There is increased coverage of writers from around the world, as well as from Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, and of contextual topics, including film and television, music, and art. Cross-referencing has been thoroughly updated, with stronger linking from writers to thematic and conceptual entries. Meanwhile coverage of popular genres such as children's literature, science fiction, biography, reportage, crime fiction, fantasy or travel literature has been increased substantially, with new entries on writers from Philip Pullman to Anne Frank and from Anais Nin to Douglas Adams. The seventh edition of this classic Companion - now under the editorship of Dinah Birch, assisted by a team of 28 distinguished associate editors, and over 150 contributors - ensures that it retains its status as the most authoritative, informative, and accessible guide to literature available.

Sobre Cervantes

Author: Diego Martínez Torrón

Publisher: Centro Estudios Cervantinos

ISBN: 9788488333810

Category: Spanish literature

Page: 272

View: 1285

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The Counter-Revolution of 1776

Slave Resistance and the Origins of the United States of America

Author: Gerald Horne

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479808725

Category: History

Page: 363

View: 7399

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The successful 1776 revolt against British rule in North America has been hailed almost universally as a great step forward for humanity. But the Africans then living in the colonies overwhelmingly sided with the British. In this trailblazing book, Gerald Horne shows that in the prelude to 1776, the abolition of slavery seemed all but inevitable in London, delighting Africans as much as it outraged slaveholders, and sparking the colonial revolt. Prior to 1776, anti-slavery sentiments were deepening throughout Britain and in the Caribbean, rebellious Africans were in revolt. For European colonists in America, the major threat to their security was a foreign invasion combined with an insurrection of the enslaved. It was a real and threatening possibility that London would impose abolition throughout the colonies—a possibility the founding fathers feared would bring slave rebellions to their shores. To forestall it, they went to war. The so-called Revolutionary War, Horne writes, was in part a counter-revolution, a conservative movement that the founding fathers fought in order to preserve their right to enslave others. The Counter-Revolution of 1776 brings us to a radical new understanding of the traditional heroic creation myth of the United States.

Aphra Behn Stages the Social Scene in the Restoration Theatre

Author: Dawn Lewcock

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Drama

Page: 245

View: 3654

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Usually recognised as the first professional woman writer, Aphra Behn (1640-1689) has become a popular subject for academic study. Most scholars have concentrated on her poetry, her short stories, and her one full-length novel, finding fuel for arguments that suggest she was an early feminist or a proponent of anti-racism. Although there have been examinations of individual plays, the prefaces and epistles, as well as studies, none examine her plays against aspects of the cultural context of the time and the political background, which have usually been used as examples supporting a particular argument, in relation to certain events of the time. The study considers the ways in which Behn has constructed her plays and used their staging to ensure the perceptions and apprehensions she wants from that audience. It considers the ways in which her use of the scenic stage developed from contemporary staging, acting styles, and changing stage conventions and how she used these to contribute to the reception and understanding of her plays by the audience.

Women and Politics in Early Modern England, 1450-1700

Author: Assistant Professor in Medieval and Early Modern History James Daybell, Dr,James Daybell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 268

View: 5672

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A blend of traditional Tudor history and insights from feminist theory this volume is not a definitive study of women and politics. Rather it presents essays that are concerned with socially elite women, well-connected aristocrats and literate women of the 'middling sort' during the early modern period.

Aphra Behn

An Annotated Bibliography of Primary and Secondary Sources

Author: N.A

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 711

View: 8568

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This annotated bibliography constitutes a thoroughly revised and easily readable study of Behn's publications, of those edited or translated by her, of publications that included her works, and of writings ascribed to her, along with an annotated bibliography of over 1600 works about her from 1671 to 2001, with an unannotated update covering 2002. The augmented primary bibliography describes all known editions and issues of her works to 1702 and adds a catalogue of editions to 2002, including on-line sources. The secondary bibliography adds close to 1000 items published since 1984 to the original 600 of the first edition along with about 175 more from 1671 to 1984, with attention to materials not in English. New appendices include a list of dedicatees, actors, recent productions (with reviews), and provenances. This volume will be invaluable for book dealers, collectors and librarians, as well as students and scholars of Aphra Behn and of Restoration literature.