Appropriating the Weather

Vilhelm Bjerknes and the Construction of a Modern Meteorology

Author: Robert Marc Friedman

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501731106

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 9490

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this book, Robert Marc Friedman analyzes the revolution in the theory and practice of meteorology during the first quarter of the twentieth century, initiated by Vilhelm Bjerknes (1862–1951) and his collaborators. In contrast to the approach that had dominated meteorology since the late nineteenth century, their weather models and forecasting techniques marked a decisive turn to a dynamical–physical understanding of the atmosphere. Using a wide range of sources, both published and unpublished, Friedman traces the emergence of the new, so-called Bergen methodology and the process by which it transformed first Norwegian and then worldwide weather forecasting. The establishment of the new meteorology, he argues, was the result of a complaex interaction of scientific, social, and technological factors, and he gives special emphasis to the way in which Bjerknes adapted his mechanical physics of the atmosphere to benefit commercial purposes. By providing more reliable forecasts for farmers, fishermen, and especially for aviators, Bjerknes was able to nurture a school of disciples that could evert a profound influence on the international meteorological community, thereby increasing his own authority and that of the discipline he sought to shape. Friedman does an unusually subtle job of integrating the often opposing methods of the history and the sociology of science. He explains in detail how Bjerknes, a theoretical physicist, and his collaborators developed a new model of cyclone evolution and the first clear physical explanation of how weather happens. At the same time, Friedman demonstrates how conceptual change was interconnected with the Bergen school's striving to obtain political support at home and to dominate professional meteorology abroad. Appropriating the Weather is an invaluable contribution to our understanding of the processes in which scientific, institutional, and social factors interact to form scientific disciplines. It deserves wide readership among historians and sociologists of science and science policy makers, as well as meteorologists and other geophysical scientists.

Instrumente in Kunst und Wissenschaft

Zur Architektonik kultureller Grenzen im 17. Jahrhundert

Author: Helmar Schramm,Ludger Schwarte,Jan Lazardzig

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110199947

Category: Science

Page: 655

View: 8824

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume presents a collection of original papers at the intersection of philosophy, the history of science, cultural and theatrical studies. Based on a series of case studies on the 17th century, it contributes to an understanding of the role played by instruments at the interface of science and art. The papers pursue the hypothesis that the development and construction of instruments make a substantive contribution to the opening up of new fields of knowledge and to the development of new cultural practices, but also to the delineation of particular genres, methods and disciplines.

Atmospheric Science at NASA

A History

Author: Erik M. Conway

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421401638

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 8791

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Atmospheric Science at NASA critically examines this politically controversial science, dissecting the often convoluted roles, motives, and relationships of the various institutional actors involved—among them NASA, congressional appropriation committees, government weather and climate bureaus, and the military.

Storm Watchers

The Turbulent History of Weather Prediction from Franklin's Kite to El Niño

Author: John D. Cox

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471444862

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 6711

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A lively, inspiring account of the pioneers who sought toaccurately predict the weather Benjamin Franklin . . . James P. Espy . . . Cleveland Abbe . . .Carl-Gustaf Rossby . . . Jule G. Charney . . . just a few of theremarkable individuals who struggled against formidable odds tounderstand the atmosphere and predict the weather. Where they sawpatterns and processes, others saw randomness and tumult-and yetthey strove to make their voices heard, often saving lives in theprocess. Storm Watchers takes you on a fascinating journey through time thatcaptures the evolution of weather forecasting. From the age whenmeteorology was considered one step removed from sorcery to themodern-day wizardry of supercomputers, John Cox introduces you tothe pioneering scientists whose work fulfilled an ancient dream andmade it possible to foretell the future. He tells the little-knownstories of these weathermen, such as Ptolemy's weather predictionsbased on astrology, John Finley's breakthrough research inidentifying tornadoes, and Tor Bergeron's new techniques of weatherforecasting, which contributed to its final worldwideacceptance. Filled with extraordinary tales of bravery and sacrifice, StormWatchers will make you think twice the next time you turn on thelocal news to catch the weather report.

Fortune Tellers

The Story of America's First Economic Forecasters

Author: Walter Friedman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400849861

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 9262

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The period leading up to the Great Depression witnessed the rise of the economic forecasters, pioneers who sought to use the tools of science to predict the future, with the aim of profiting from their forecasts. This book chronicles the lives and careers of the men who defined this first wave of economic fortune tellers, men such as Roger Babson, Irving Fisher, John Moody, C. J. Bullock, and Warren Persons. They competed to sell their distinctive methods of prediction to investors and businesses, and thrived in the boom years that followed World War I. Yet, almost to a man, they failed to predict the devastating crash of 1929. Walter Friedman paints vivid portraits of entrepreneurs who shared a belief that the rational world of numbers and reason could tame--or at least foresee--the irrational gyrations of the market. Despite their failures, this first generation of economic forecasters helped to make the prediction of economic trends a central economic activity, and shed light on the mechanics of financial markets by providing a range of statistics and information about individual firms. They also raised questions that are still relevant today. What is science and what is merely guesswork in forecasting? What motivates people to buy forecasts? Does the act of forecasting set in motion unforeseen events that can counteract the forecast made? Masterful and compelling, Fortune Tellers highlights the risk and uncertainty that are inherent to capitalism itself.

The European Antarctic

Science and Strategy in Scandinavia and the British Empire

Author: P. Roberts

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230337902

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 1363

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This is the first transnational study of British, Norwegian, and Swedish engagement with the Antarctic. Rather than charting how Europeans unveiled the Antarctic, it uses the history of Antarctic activity as a window into the political and cultural worlds of twentieth-century Britain and Scandinavia.

Eye of the Storm

Inside the World's Deadliest Hurricanes, Tornadoes, and Blizzards

Author: Jeffrey O. Rosenfeld

Publisher: Plenum Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 308

View: 2424

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Explores the history of storm science, discusses the forces behind tornadoes, hurricanes, and other deadly storms, and introduces the scientists who have devoted their careers to understanding the weather

Science and Its Times

Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery

Author: Neil Schlager,Josh Lauer

Publisher: Gale / Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9780787639389

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 7022

DOWNLOAD NOW »
"This series discusses how the major fields of science developed during specific time periods. Each volume focuses on a range of years and includes developments in exploration, life sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and technology. When the series is completed, the seven volumes will cover 2000 B.C. to the present."--"Outstanding Reference Sources," American Libraries, May 2001.

Earth Sciences History

Journal of the History of the Earth Sciences Society

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Earth sciences

Page: N.A

View: 8006

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Wissenschaft, die Grenzen schafft

Geschlechterkonstellationen im disziplinären Vergleich

Author: Bettina Heintz,Martina Merz,Christina Schumacher

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sex discrimination in science

Page: 317

View: 4870

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Physikalische Hydrodynamik

Mit Anwendung auf die Dynamische Meteorologie

Author: V. Bjerknes,J. Bjerknes,H. Solberg,T. Bergeron

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642526160

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 797

View: 5605

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Auf Schneeschuhen durch Grönland (1894)

2. Band, mit 159 Abbildungen

Author: Fridtjof Nansen

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3954274973

Category: Transportation

Page: 464

View: 3461

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Mit der berühmten Grönland-Expedition, durchgeführt in den Jahren 1888 und 1889, gelang Nansen erstmals der Beweis, dass Grönland vollständig mit Eis überzogen ist. Dieses von ihm selbst verfasste Buch über die Expedition aus dem Jahre 1894 war seinerzeit eine Sensation und ist auch heute noch an Authentizität schwer zu überbieten.

Klimatologie

Klimaforschung im 21. Jahrhundert - Herausforderung für Natur- und Sozialwissenschaften

Author: Martin Kappas

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3827422426

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 2893

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Die Klimatologie ist in den letzten Jahren zu einer globalen „Systemwissenschaft“ des Klimasystems bzw. des Erdsystems als Ganzes geworden und stellt heute eine hoch interdisziplinäre und extrem problemgetriebene „Mega-Science“ dar. Dieses neue Lehrbuch greift diese Entwicklung auf. Es besteht aus drei gleichmäßig gewichteten Kernbereichen – Teil I: Basiswissen Klimatologie, Teil II: Klimawandel / Global Change, Teil III: Klima und Politik / Gesellschaft – und zielt auf die Vermittlung der Zusammenhänge von Klimafaktoren – Klimawandel – Gesellschaft – Politik ab. Anders als bisherige Lehrbücher der Klimatologie geht es sehr ausführlich auf das hochaktuelle Themenfeld „Global Change“ ein und verdeutlicht die gesellschaftliche Relevanz der Klimaforschung. In dem es einen klaren Zusammenhang zwischen den „natürlichen“ Grundlagen – klassische Klimatologie, Global Change – und den Auswirkungen auf die Gesellschaften der Erde herstellt, geht es über die eigentliche Kernklientel eines Lehrbuchs für Klimatologen/Meteorologen hinaus und spricht einen sehr breiten Leserkreis an. Insofern ist das Buch auf dem deutschen Markt ein Novum.

Klimagerechtigkeit und Klimaethik

Author: Angela Kallhoff

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110401061

Category: Philosophy

Page: 265

View: 2940

DOWNLOAD NOW »
For the first time in the German language, this volume presents key positions in the intense international debate on climate justice. Experts from the fields of ethics, political philosophy, and the climate sciences discuss principles of fair distribution, future-oriented cooperation models for dealing with global climate change, and ethical responses to climate engineering proposals.