Arc Hydro

GIS for Water Resources

Author: David R. Maidment,Scott Morehouse

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781589480346

Category: Computers

Page: 203

View: 1713

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Written for hydrologists, GIS specialists, and scientists from many disciplines who create computer models of water resources, this book presents an improved standard for creating and using data in hydrologic projects. The ArcGIS hydro data model is the latest innovation in GIS modeling and increases the potential to integrate data from many sources to solve a wider range of water resource problems. This guide shows how hydrology projects work and how they can work better: by integrating local, regional, national, and international data to create a deeper understanding of the earth's water problems.

Arc Hydro Groundwater

GIS for Hydrogeology

Author: Gil Strassberg,Norman L. Jones,David R. Maidment

Publisher: Esri Press

ISBN: 9781589481985

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 6789

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Arc Hydro Groundwater: GIS for Hydrogeologydescribes the groundwater data model, a new geodatabase design for representing groundwater systems using ArcGIS software. The groundwater data model shares a common framework with the surface water components of the Arc Hydro data model, offering a comprehensive overview of water resources.Arc Hydro Groundwateruses sample datasets from the Edwards Aquifer and other locations in Texas to address the data model framework, 3D subsurface representation, geological mapping, 3D hydrogeologic models, time series for hydrologic systems, and groundwater simulation models.

Hydrologic and Hydraulic Modeling Support

With Geographic Information Systems

Author: David R. Maidment,Dean Djokic

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781879102804

Category: Computers

Page: 216

View: 485

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This edited collection deals with the international issue of conserving and allocating water as the world's population continues to grow dramatically. Hydrologic and Hydraulic Modeling Support with Geographic Information Systems discusses applications such as watershed delineation, topographic characteristic extraction, and floodplain extent determination and provides an informed basis for water resource professionals to make sound decisions.

Geographic Information Systems in Water Resources Engineering

Author: Lynn E. Johnson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420069143

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 316

View: 323

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State-of-the-art GIS spatial data management and analysis tools are revolutionizing the field of water resource engineering. Familiarity with these technologies is now a prerequisite for success in engineers’ and planners’ efforts to create a reliable infrastructure. GIS in Water Resource Engineering presents a review of the concepts and applications of GIS in the various sub-fields of water resource engineering. After a summary review of analyses and database functions, the book addresses concepts and applications in the following areas: Surface Water Hydrology Groundwater Hydrology Water Supply and Irrigation systems Wastewater and Stormwater Systems Floodplain Management Water Quality Water Resource Monitoring and Forecasting River Basin Planning and Management The book develops a general understanding of the nature of GIS and how it is used to create and analyze geographic data. The author first introduces primary field data collection methods and describes procedures for interpretation and analysis. The second portion of the book focuses on the linkage of GIS data with water resource analysis and management models. Applications are presented with descriptions of GIS database development, analysis background theory, and model integration with GIS. The profound impact of GIS systems on water resources engineering continues to grow. GIS in Water Resource Engineering arms engineers and planners with an arsenal of tools to assist in the creation of a reliable, environmentally sensitive, infrastructure.

Designing Geodatabases

Case Studies in GIS Data Modeling

Author: David Arctur,Michael Zeiler

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781589480216

Category: Computers

Page: 393

View: 928

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This guide to creating a dynamic GIS data model helps database managers design a schema that has comprehensive and descriptive query definitions, a user-friendly cartographic display, and increased performance standards. The five steps for taking a data model through its conceptual, logical, and physical phases, including modeling the user's view, defining objects and relationships, selecting geographic representations, matching geodatabase elements, and organizing the geodatabase structure are studied in detail. A look at nine decision points that deal with concerns common to all data modeling exercises, such as validating feature geometries, modeling linear networks, managing raster data, and labeling map features help database managers fine-tune their GIS data models. Several design models for a variety of applications are considered including addresses and locations, census units and boundaries, stream and river networks, and topography and the base map.

Hydroinformatics

Data Integrative Approaches in Computation, Analysis, and Modeling

Author: Praveen Kumar,Mike Folk,Momcilo Markus,Jay C. Alameda

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420038001

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 552

View: 3474

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Modern hydrology is more interdisciplinary than ever. Staggering amounts and varieties of information pour in from GIS and remote sensing systems every day, and this information must be collected, interpreted, and shared efficiently. Hydroinformatics: Data Integrative Approaches in Computation, Analysis, and Modeling introduces the tools, approaches, and system considerations necessary to take full advantage of the abundant hydrological data available today. Linking hydrological science with computer engineering, networking, and database science, this book lays a pedagogical foundation in the concepts underlying developments in hydroinformatics. It begins with an introduction to data representation through Unified Modeling Language (UML), followed by digital libraries, metadata, the basics of data models, and Modelshed, a new hydrological data model. Building on this platform, the book discusses integrating and managing diverse data in large datasets, data communication issues such as XML and Grid computing, the basic principles of data processing and analysis including feature extraction and spatial registration, and modern methods of soft computing such as neural networks and genetic algorithms. Today, hydrological data are increasingly rich, complex, and multidimensional. Providing a thorough compendium of techniques and methodologies, Hydroinformatics: Data Integrative Approaches in Computation, Analysis, and Modeling is the first reference to supply the tools necessary to confront these challenges successfully.

GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering

Author: Barnali Dixon,Venkatesh Uddameri,Chittaranjan Ray

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118354141

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 5097

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The purpose of this book is to bridge the gap between the fundamentals of GIS and applications of this technology to the practice of environmental engineering and science. Students are provided a complete picture of GIS including data availability and fundamental spatial analysis techniques using hands-on environmental applications. A series of case-studies are used to demonstrate how GIS can enhance environmental science and engineering design and analysis. This combination of active GIS learning supplemented with case-study based reinforcement helps the student (and the practitioner) not only understand the fundamental concepts but also see how they can be used in real-world applications. This book will encompass a broad range of topics that will comprehensively cover both the fundamental and applied aspects of geographic information systems (GIS), with a specific focus on environmental and water resources applications. By providing a focus on coupling GIS with other innovative information-theoretic tools such as fuzzy logic, neural networks and support vector machines the book will demonstrate how these GIS technologies can be used to harness increasingly available digital data to develop spatially-oriented sustainable solutions. This textbook aims to: (i) Introduce foundations of spatial analysis including raster and vector representations and relational databases. (ii) Integrate environmental modeling and GIS concepts. (iii) Discuss benefits and challenges of environmental and water resources GIS applications, including a thorough discussion on estimation accuracy, precision, scaling and data consistency issues. (iv) Demonstrate advanced GIS skills related to terrain and network analysis. (v) Include a chapter on three dimensional visualization and integrating with remote-sensing data. (vi) Combine environmental GIS applications with other information-theoretic approaches such as artificial neural networks and fuzzy logic. A series of case-studies are used to demonstrate how GIS can enhance environmental science and engineering design and analysis. This combination of active GIS learning supplemented with case-study based reinforcement helps the student (and the practitioner) not only understand the fundamental concepts but also see how they can be used in real-world applications. This proposed book package (including web-based materials) will include power-point lecture outlines; outlines for a potential syllabus (a semester-long) course at the undergraduate and graduate levels; data for applications and example exercises and software-based instructions for the case studies. This information should facilitate the hands-on learning approach to be adopted in the text. The authors note.. If someone does not have access to GIS in the classroom (as in many developing nations) they can still learn the theory of GIS and its application through case studies for environmental and watershed modeling and management. This means students can be tested on the theory if they use this book as a text – yet they will have the opportunity to develop limited understanding of applications (despite the lack of software). The textbook will not emphasize a particular GIS software, so the examples and knowledge gained can be applied with any GIS software and there are a few free GIS software that students and faculty in developing countries can use along with the text. We will provide a list of free software (open source) (for GIS as well as AI tools – such as Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks, Neuro-fuzzy and Support Vector Machines).

Arc Marine

GIS for a Blue Planet

Author: Dawn J. Wright

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 1589480171

Category: Science

Page: 202

View: 6571

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Authors of the book Arc Marine discuss results of a successful effort to create and define a data model for academic, government, military, and private oceanographers, resource managers, conservationists, geographers, nautical archaeologists, and analysts and managers of marine applications. Arc Marine is the perfect starting point for the intermediate marine student as well as a resource for the marine GIS expert. At a time when health of our oceans is seen as crucial to our existence, marine researchers have developed a data model that supports sea floor mapping, fisheries management, marine mammal tracking, monitoring shoreline change, and water temperature analysis. This book enables marine professionals to do better work.

From Headwaters to the Ocean

Hydrological Change and Water Management - Hydrochange 2008, 1-3 October 2008, Kyoto, Japan

Author: Makoto Taniguchi,William C. Burnett,Yoshihiro Fukushima,MARTIN HAIGH,Yu Umezawa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415472792

Category: Science

Page: 696

View: 1297

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The vulnerability of water resources due to climate change and human activities is globally increasing. The phenomenon of hydrological change is complicated because of the combinations and interactions between natural climate fluctuation, global warming and human activities including changes in land utilization. The impact areas of hydrological changes are also not only within the basin, but reach to the ocean through coastal water exchanges. This book presents contributions focused on integrated water management from headwater to the ocean in a time of climate change and increasing population.

Innovation in Electric Arc Furnaces

Scientific Basis for Selection

Author: Yuri N. Toulouevski,Ilyaz Y. Zinurov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642362737

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 4296

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This book equips a reader with knowledge necessary for critical analysis of innovations in electric arc furnaces and helps to select the most effective ones and for their successful implementation. The book also covers general issues related to history of development, current state and prospects of steelmaking in Electric Arc Furnaces. Therefore, it can be useful for everybody who studies metallurgy, including students of colleges and universities. The modern concepts of mechanisms of Arc Furnace processes are discussed in the book at the level sufficient to solve practical problems: To help readers lacking knowledge required in the field of heat transfer as well as hydro-gas dynamics, it contains several chapters which provide the required minimum of information in these fields of science. In order to better assess different innovations, the book describes experience of the application of similar innovations in open-hearth furnaces and oxygen converters. Some promising ideas on key issues regarding intensification of the heat, which are of interest for developers of new processes and equipment for Electric Arc Furnaces, are also the concern of the book It should be noted, that carrying out the simplified calculations as distinct from using "off the shelf" programs greatly promotes comprehensive understanding of physical basics of processes and effects produced by various factors. This book gives numerous examples of such calculations performed by means of simplified methods and formulas. Getting familiar with material in this book will allow the reader to perform required calculations on his / her own without any difficulties.

Theoretical Hydrodynamics

Author: L. M. Milne-Thomson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486318699

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 5537

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Classic exposition of the mathematical theory of fluid motion, applicable to both hydrodynamics and aerodynamics. Treatment based on vector methods and notation. Over 600 exercises. 391 diagrams. 1968 edition.

GIS, Spatial Analysis, and Modeling

Author: David J. Maguire,Michael Batty,Michael F. Goodchild

Publisher: Esri Press

ISBN: 9781589481305

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 1936

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A guide for geographic analysts, modelers, software engineers, and GIS professionals, this book discusses agent-based modeling, dynamic feedback and simulation modeling, as well as links between models and GIS software. This collection also presents a state-of-the-art understanding of applications based on environmental, atmospheric, hydrological, urban, social, health, and economic models.

Smart Land-use Analysis

The LUCIS Model Land-use Conflict Identification Strategy

Author: Margaret H. Carr,Paul Dean Zwick

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 1589481747

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 5114

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"This volume gives readers everything they need to understand and apply the LUCIS model to their own regions. Background information on data formats and the ArcGIS geoprocessing environment is provided, and then the steps of LUCIS are laid out in an easy-to-follow manner. Concepts are illustrated by a real-world case study, a nine-county region of north central Florida where LUCIS has been applied with great success. ArcGIS assignments are provided at various points along the way to reinforce the concepts and provide hands-on experience with LUCIS techniques."--BOOK JACKET.

Hydrosystems Engineering and Management

Author: Larry W. Mays,Yeou-Koung Tung

Publisher: Water Resources Publication

ISBN: 9781887201322

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 530

View: 2311

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This book's major focus is to bring together the use of economics, operations research, probablilty and staticstic with the use of hydrology, hydraulics and water resources for the analysis, design, operaiton, and management of various types of water projects.

Manual of Applied Field Hydrogeology

Author: Willis D. Weight,John L. Sonderegger

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780070696396

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 6089

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Stay leagues ahead with this hands-on guide to practicing field hydrogeology For actual procedures and real-world decisions not explained in textbooks, look to The Manual of Applied Field Hydrogeology. Expert authors Willis Weight and John Songeregger provide plenty of practical examples to help you: Stay on top of what can go wrong, and prevent mishaps, injuries, and disasters Investigate contamination at hazardous waste sites safely and accurately Provide prescriptions for site cleanup Assess the quality and the quantity of an aquifer Work with mining operations on both contamination prevention and new water sources Design a single-well pumping test that's as effective as multiple wells Locate sources of groundwater Take a groundwater sample Log a drill hole Install a monitoring well Analyze a slug test More!

GIS for Surface Water

Using the National Hydrography Dataset

Author: Jeff Simley

Publisher: ESRI Press

ISBN: 9781589484795

Category: Education

Page: 600

View: 2771

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The only book of its kind detailing how the National Hydrography Dataset is used within an ArcGIS environment.

Appropriate Technologies for Environmental Protection in the Developing World

Selected Papers from ERTEP 2007, July 17-19 2007, Ghana, Africa

Author: Ernest K. Yanful

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402091397

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 4146

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This book is the first edited compilation of selected, refereed papers submitted to ERTEP 2007. The selected papers either dealt with technologies or scientific work and policy findings that address specific environmental problems affecting humanity in general, but more specifically, people and ecosystems in developing countries. It was not necessary for the work to have been done in a developing country, but the findings and results must be appropriate or applicable to a developing country setting. It is acknowledged that environmental research, technology applications and policy implementation have been demonstrated to improve environmental sustainability and protection in several developed economies. The main argument of the book is that similar gains can be achieved in developing economies and economies in transition. The book is organized into six chapters along some of the key themes discussed at the conference: Environmental Health Management, Sustainable Energy and Fuel, Water Treatment, Purification and Protection, Mining and Environment, Soil Stabilization, and Environmental Monitoring. It is hoped that the contents of the book will provide an insight into some of the environmental and health mana- ment challenges confronting the developing world and the steps being taken to address them.