Assessment of the Impacts of Climate Change on Mountain Hydrology

Development of a Methodology Through a Case Study in the Andes of Peru

Author: Walter Vergara,Alejandro Deeb,Irene Leino

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821386638

Category: Science

Page: 157

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"Climate change is beginning to have effects on climate, weather and resource availability in ways that need to be anticipated when planning for the future. In particular, changes in rainfall patterns and temperature may impact the intensity or schedule of water availability. Also the retreat of tropical glaciers, the drying of unique Andean wetland ecosystems, as well as increased weather variability and weather extremes will affect water regulation. These changes have the potential to impact the energy and other sectors, such as agriculture, and could have broader economic effects.Anticipating the impacts of climate change is a new frontier. There are few examples of predictions of the impact of climate change on resource availability and even fewer examples of the applications of such predictions to planning for sustainable economic development. However, having access to an effective methodology would allow planners and policy makers to better plan for adaptation measures to address the consequences of climate change on the power and water sectors.This report presents a summary of the efforts to develop methodological tools for the assessment of climate impacts on surface hydrology in the Peruvian Andes. It is targeted to decision makers in Peru and in other countries to give them guidance on how to choose available and suitable tools and make an assessment of climate impacts on water regulation."

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change: Impact assessment and decision making

Author: Stewart W. Franks

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502084

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

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First considers the assessment of the hydrological impacts of future climate and then addresses decision making for mitigation/adaptation strategies, given the uncertainties associated with predictions by water resources and hydrological extremes models.

Reconsidering the Impact of Climate Change on Global Water Supply, Use, and Management

Author: Rao, Prakash,Patil, Yogesh

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522510478

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 7801

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Changes in the planet’s climate in recent years have led to significant impacts on natural resources and ecosystems. New strategies must be adopted in order to support the protection and continued development of numerous natural resources. Reconsidering the Impact of Climate Change on Global Water Supply, Use, and Management is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly material on the relationship between global climate changes and the planet’s water ecosystems. Highlighting relevant environmental, social, and economic issues, this book is ideally designed for academics, researchers, policy makers, students, and practitioners interested in the impacts of climate change on global water resources.

Climatic Change at High Elevation Sites

Author: Henry F. Diaz,Martin Beniston,Raymond Bradley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401589054

Category: Science

Page: 298

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This book provides a unique, in-depth view of past, present and potential future climatic change in mountain regions, and in particular on the mechanisms which are responsible for this change. Other books which focus on environmental change in mountains focus more generally on the impacts of this change on mountain systems, rather than on the regional features of climatic change itself. The book enters into a high level of detail concerning results of international investigations which involve specialists from numerous climate-related disciplines. The book can be used in an academic and research context, for advanced graduate and doctoral students, as well as researchers working in various domains of relevance to climatic change issues. The book also has relevance in the context of future activities of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), in terms of providing up-to-date knowledge of fundamental mechanisms and consequences of climatic change in mountain regions.

Floods and Landslides: Integrated Risk Assessment

Author: Riccardo Casale,Claudio Margottini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642586090

Category: Nature

Page: 375

View: 8081

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A review of such natural disasters as floods and landslides, highlighting the possibility of safe and correct land planning and management by means of a global approach to territory. Since the events deriving from slope and fluvial dynamics are commonly triggered by the same factor, occur at the same time and are closely related, this book analyses floods and slope stability phenomena as different aspects of the same dynamic system: the drainage basin.

Dynamics of Climate Change and Water Resources of Northwestern Himalaya

Author: Rajesh Joshi,Kireet Kumar,Lok Man S Palni

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319137433

Category: Science

Page: 204

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This book is about the Himalayan ranges as a source of fresh water supply and a perennial store house of ice, snow and permafrost as well as a vast repository of rich biodiversity, in the light of climate change. Special attention is given to the dynamics of snow and glaciers in the northwestern Himalayas, assessment of climate change patterns, and the consequences of changes and flow regime in order to understand the behaviour of climate change in the northwestern Himalayas. The outcome of melting glaciers are pro-glacial lakes. Their increasing size and potential danger of outbursts requires systematic study, particularly where there is the risk of impact on life and property. Furthermore, the changing trend of the hydrological cycle on a regional or local scale is another area of research which calls for the attention of geoscientists. To date there is a scarcity of reliable data meaning that a concerted effort is still required by all parties.

Climate and Hydrology of Mountain Areas

Author: Carmen de Jong,David N. Collins,Roberto Ranzi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470858141

Category: Nature

Page: 315

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Based on a joint effort, which united scientists around the worldto exchange research ideas and results, Climate and Hydrology inMountain Areas provides a comprehensive overview of theinteraction of hydrological and climatological processes inmountain environments. This book provides an understanding ofpresent experimental and theoretical work on hydrology andclimatology in mountain areas, bridging the gap between currentresearch in the two disciplines with a common focus on mountains.It emphasises the need for interdisciplinary work in this field andthe importance of a modern research framework for such studies. Climate and Hydrology in Mountain Areas covers a largediversity of climatological and hydrological environments, withcontributions from countries worldwide. The wide range of topicsare included within five main themes: snow and ice melt, soil waterand permafrost, evapotranspiration and water balance, couplingmeteorology and hydrology, climate change impact and mountainhydrology. This book will emphasise issues of hydrological andmeteorological coupling in mountain areas. Case studies are taken from mountainous regions in Europe,North America and Central Asia. Test sites include mountain ranges in the Alps, GiantMountains, Himalayas, Andes, Norwegian Mountains and Caucasus. This is essential reading for postgraduates and researchersworking in hydrology or climatology/meteorology related mountaintopics. Also suitable for professional organisations, such asgeographical organisations and societies, ministries of science,water authorities, planning agencies and development agencies.Would be of interest to higher-level undergraduates for courses ontopics such as Water Management in Mountain Catchments or MountainHydrology, Meteorology or Climate Change.

Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture, Land Resources, Water Resources, and Biodiversity in the United States

Author: Peter Backlund

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 143791098X

Category:

Page: 240

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This report by the Nat. Science and Tech. Council¿s U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) is part of a series of 21 reports aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. These reports are also intended to help the CCSP develop future program research priorities. The CCSP¿s guiding vision is to provide the Nation and the global community with the science-based knowledge needed to manage the risks and capture the opportunities associated with climate and related environmental changes. This report assesses the effects of climate change on U.S. land resources, water resources, agriculture, and biodiversity. It was developed with broad scientific input. Illus.

Assessment of the Benefits of Extending the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission:

A Perspective from the Research and Operations Communities, Interim Report

Author: Committee on the Future of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309102820

Category: Science

Page: 116

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Launched jointly in 1997 by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) is a satellite mission that placed a unique suite of instruments, including the first precipitation radar, in space. These instruments are used to monitor and predict tropical cyclone tracks and intensity, estimate rainfall, and monitor climate variability (precipitation and sea surface temperature). TRMM has been collecting data for seven years; this data is used by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center, the National Center for Environmental Prediction, and the National Hurricane Center, among others worldwide. In July 2004, NASA announced that it would terminate TRMM in August 2004. At the request of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the White House, and the science community, NASA agreed to continue TRMM operations through the end of 2004. Meanwhile, NASA asked a National Research Council (NRC) committee to provide advice on the benefits of keeping TRMM in operation beyond 2004. After holding a workshop with a number of experts in the field, the committee found that TRMM will contribute significantly to operations and science if the mission is extended; and therefore, strongly recommends continued operation of TRMM with the caveat that cost and risk will need to be further examined before a final decision about the future of TRMM can be made.

Review of the GAPP Science and Implementation Plan

Author: Committee to Review the GAPP Science and Implementation Plan,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309096782

Category: Science

Page: 142

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Water managers rely on predicting changes in the hydrologic cycle on seasonal-to-interannual time frames to prepare for water resource needs. Seasonal to interannual predictability of the hydrologic cycle is related to local and remote influences involving land processes and ocean processes, such as the El Niño Southern Oscillation. Although advances in understanding land-surface processes show promise in improving climate prediction, incorporating this information into water management decision processes remains a challenge since current models provide only limited information for predictions on seasonal and longer time scales. To address these needs, the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Americas Prediction Project (GAPP) was established in 2001 to improve how changes in water resources are predicted on intraseasonal-to-interannual time scales for the continental United States. The GAPP program has developed a science and implementation plan to guide its science activities, which describes strategies for improving prediction and decision support in the hydrologic sciences. This report by the National Research Council provides a review of the GAPP Science and Implementation Plan, outlining suggestions to strengthen the plan and the GAPP program overall.

Glacier systems and seasonal snow cover in six major Asian river basins: hydrological role under changing climate

Author: Savoskul, O. S.,Smakhtin, V.

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 929090769X

Category:

Page: N.A

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The hydrological roles of glaciers and seasonal snow in the Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra, Amu Darya, Syr Darya and Mekong basins are, for the first time, assessed comprehensively at a major river basin scale in this paper. Contribution of glacier runoff, subdivided into renewable and nonrenewable components, and seasonal snowmelt to mean annual flow is evaluated for two time slices: 1961-1990 and 2001-2010. The recent changes of the hydrological roles of glaciers and snow, and the most likely changes of those under future climate change are analyzed.

Regional Hydrological Response to Climate Change

Author: J. A. A. Jones,Changming Liu,Hsiang-Te Kung,Ming-Ko Woo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792343295

Category: Science

Page: 429

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The potential impact of global warming on water resources is of major national and international concern. This book draws together research work aimed at providing global and regional syntheses of the likely hydrological effects of climate change over the coming century. The chapters range from assessments at continental and sub-continental scale, to the development of new methodological approaches for down-scaling climatic predictions, analyses of recent trends in hydrometric data, and reviews of ongoing research on regional hydrological impacts. Although it is still early days for climatic impact prediction, the book demonstrates considerable unaniminity in its general conclusions.

Global Change and Mountain Regions

An Overview of Current Knowledge

Author: Uli M. Huber,Harald K.M. Bugmann,Mel A. Reasoner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140203508X

Category: Science

Page: 652

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This book gives an overview of the state of research in fields pertaining to the detection, understanding and prediction of global change impacts in mountain regions. More than sixty contributions from paleoclimatology, cryospheric research, hydrology, ecology, and development studies are compiled in this volume, each with an outlook on future research directions. The book will interest meteorologists, geologists, botanists and climatologists.

TECHNEAU

Safe Drinking Water from Source to Tap State of the Art & Perspectives

Author: Theo van den Hoven,Christian Kazner

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1843392755

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 469

View: 9432

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"TECHNEAU, an integrated project funded by the European Commission, challenges the ability of traditional system and technology solutions for drinking water supply ..."--P. [3].

Scenario-based impact assessment of global and regional change on the semi-natural flow regime

Author: Mikołaj Piniewski

Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)

ISBN: 395489274X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 1593

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Globally, freshwater ecosystems are considered to be under severe threat from human pressure and climate change (Vörösmarty et al., 2010). Malmqvist and Rundle (2002) suggest that running water is the most impacted upon ecosystem on Earth due to being surrounded by dense human settlements and exploited for domestic and industrial water supply, irrigation, electricity generation and waste disposal. For example, the progressive over-exploitation of surface water resources for irrigation and urban uses in the Colorado River Basin has resulted most years in no runoff reaching the river’s delta (Gleick, 2003). [...] Hereafter, natural and anthropogenic driving forces will be referred to as global and regional driving forces, respectively. The future effects of these forces up to the 2050s will be assessed in quantitative scenarios implemented in a hydrological model. It is believed that using this nomenclature (i.e. global and regional instead of natural and anthropogenic) better reflects considered environmental stressors, since global-scale driving forces will include not only climatic change but also changes in CO2, atmospheric carbon dioxide and plant physiological parameters, whereas regional-scale driving forces will include changes in land use, agriculture development and agricultural water management. Hence, the difference is that the first group of driving forces acts globally and independently on the study area, whereas the second group includes factors that are specific to the study area. Furthermore, in order to expand on the title of this thesis, impacts in the present study will be assessed not only on the flow regime as such, but also on its ecological functions, i.e. on the environmental flow regime. This is motivated mainly by the semi-natural character of the study area, that is unique in Poland and in Europe, but it also underlines the novelty of this thesis, as going beyond the pure impacts on the flow regime in a scenario-modelling framework is rare in hydrological science, if achieved at all.

The New Normal

The Canadian Prairies in a Changing Climate

Author: University of Regina. Canadian Plains Research Center

Publisher: University of Regina Press

ISBN: 9780889772311

Category: Science

Page: 380

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The Canadian Prairies in a Changing Climate is a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of climate change in the prairie provinces, the impacts on natural resources, communities, human health and sectors of the economy, and the adaptation options that are available for alleviating adverse impacts and taking advantage of new opportunities provided by a warmer climate.