Assessment of the Impacts of Climate Change on Mountain Hydrology

Development of a Methodology Through a Case Study in the Andes of Peru

Author: Walter Vergara,Alejandro Deeb,Irene Leino

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821386638

Category: Science

Page: 157

View: 679

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"Climate change is beginning to have effects on climate, weather and resource availability in ways that need to be anticipated when planning for the future. In particular, changes in rainfall patterns and temperature may impact the intensity or schedule of water availability. Also the retreat of tropical glaciers, the drying of unique Andean wetland ecosystems, as well as increased weather variability and weather extremes will affect water regulation. These changes have the potential to impact the energy and other sectors, such as agriculture, and could have broader economic effects.Anticipating the impacts of climate change is a new frontier. There are few examples of predictions of the impact of climate change on resource availability and even fewer examples of the applications of such predictions to planning for sustainable economic development. However, having access to an effective methodology would allow planners and policy makers to better plan for adaptation measures to address the consequences of climate change on the power and water sectors.This report presents a summary of the efforts to develop methodological tools for the assessment of climate impacts on surface hydrology in the Peruvian Andes. It is targeted to decision makers in Peru and in other countries to give them guidance on how to choose available and suitable tools and make an assessment of climate impacts on water regulation."

Assessment of the Risk of Amazon Dieback

Author: Walter Vergara,Sebastian M. Scholz

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821386224

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 112

View: 557

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The Amazon basin is a key component of the global carbon cycle. Not only is the old-growth rainforests in the basin huge carbon storage with about 120 billion metric tons of carbon in their biomass, but they also process annually twice the rate of global anthropogenic fossil fuel emissions through respiration and photosynthesis. In addition, the basin is the largest global repository of biodiversity and produces about 20 percent of the world s flow of fresh water into the oceans. Despite the large CO2 efflux from recent deforestation, the Amazon rainforest is still considered to be a net carbon sink or reservoir because vegetation growth on average exceeds mortality. However, current climate trends and human-induced deforestation may be transforming forest structure and behavior. Amazon forest dieback would be a massive event, affecting all life-forms that rely on this diverse ecosystem, including humans, and producing ramifications for the entire planet. Clearly, with changes at a global scale at stake, there is a need to better understand the risk, and dynamics of Amazon dieback. Therefore, the purpose of the book is to assist in understanding the risk, process and dynamics of potential Amazon dieback and its implications.

Reconsidering the Impact of Climate Change on Global Water Supply, Use, and Management

Author: Rao, Prakash,Patil, Yogesh

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522510478

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 4162

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Changes in the planet’s climate in recent years have led to significant impacts on natural resources and ecosystems. New strategies must be adopted in order to support the protection and continued development of numerous natural resources. Reconsidering the Impact of Climate Change on Global Water Supply, Use, and Management is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly material on the relationship between global climate changes and the planet’s water ecosystems. Highlighting relevant environmental, social, and economic issues, this book is ideally designed for academics, researchers, policy makers, students, and practitioners interested in the impacts of climate change on global water resources.

Global Change and Mountain Regions

An Overview of Current Knowledge

Author: Uli M. Huber,Harald K.M. Bugmann,Mel A. Reasoner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140203508X

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 2679

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This book gives an overview of the state of research in fields pertaining to the detection, understanding and prediction of global change impacts in mountain regions. More than sixty contributions from paleoclimatology, cryospheric research, hydrology, ecology, and development studies are compiled in this volume, each with an outlook on future research directions. The book will interest meteorologists, geologists, botanists and climatologists.

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change: Impact assessment and decision making

Author: Thorsten Wagener,Stewart W. Franks

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502084

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

View: 5875

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First considers the assessment of the hydrological impacts of future climate and then addresses decision making for mitigation/adaptation strategies, given the uncertainties associated with predictions by water resources and hydrological extremes models.

Climate Change Effects on Groundwater Resources

A Global Synthesis of Findings and Recommendations

Author: Holger Treidel,Jose Luis Martin-Bordes,Jason J. Gurdak

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203120760

Category: Nature

Page: 414

View: 4247

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Climate change is expected to modify the hydrological cycle and affect freshwater resources. Groundwater is a critical source of fresh drinking water for almost half of the world’s population and it also supplies irrigated agriculture. Groundwater is also important in sustaining streams, lakes, wetlands, and associated ecosystems. But despite this, knowledge about the impact of climate change on groundwater quantity and quality is limited. Direct impacts of climate change on natural processes (groundwater recharge, discharge, storage, saltwater intrusion, biogeochemical reactions, chemical fate and transport) may be exacerbated by human activities (indirect impacts). Increased groundwater abstraction, for example, may be needed in areas with unsustainable or contaminated surface water resources caused by droughts and floods. Climate change effects on groundwater resources are, therefore, closely linked to other global change drivers, including population growth, urbanization and land-use change, coupled with other socio-economic and political trends. Groundwater response to global changes is a complex function that depends on climate change and variability, topography, aquifer characteristics, vegetation dynamics, and human activities. This volume contains case studies from diverse aquifer systems, scientific methods, and climatic settings that have been conducted globally under the framework of the UNESCO-IHP project Groundwater Resources Assessment under the Pressures of Humanity and Climate Change (GRAPHIC). This book presents a current and global synthesis of scientific findings and policy recommendations for scientists, water managers and policy makers towards adaptive management of groundwater sustainability under future climate change and variability.

Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture, Land Resources, Water Resources, and Biodiversity in the United States

Author: Peter Backlund

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 143791098X

Category:

Page: 240

View: 595

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This report by the Nat. Science and Tech. Council¿s U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) is part of a series of 21 reports aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. These reports are also intended to help the CCSP develop future program research priorities. The CCSP¿s guiding vision is to provide the Nation and the global community with the science-based knowledge needed to manage the risks and capture the opportunities associated with climate and related environmental changes. This report assesses the effects of climate change on U.S. land resources, water resources, agriculture, and biodiversity. It was developed with broad scientific input. Illus.

Climate and Hydrology of Mountain Areas

Author: Carmen de Jong,David N. Collins,Roberto Ranzi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470858141

Category: Nature

Page: 315

View: 1472

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Based on a joint effort, which united scientists around the worldto exchange research ideas and results, Climate and Hydrology inMountain Areas provides a comprehensive overview of theinteraction of hydrological and climatological processes inmountain environments. This book provides an understanding ofpresent experimental and theoretical work on hydrology andclimatology in mountain areas, bridging the gap between currentresearch in the two disciplines with a common focus on mountains.It emphasises the need for interdisciplinary work in this field andthe importance of a modern research framework for such studies. Climate and Hydrology in Mountain Areas covers a largediversity of climatological and hydrological environments, withcontributions from countries worldwide. The wide range of topicsare included within five main themes: snow and ice melt, soil waterand permafrost, evapotranspiration and water balance, couplingmeteorology and hydrology, climate change impact and mountainhydrology. This book will emphasise issues of hydrological andmeteorological coupling in mountain areas. Case studies are taken from mountainous regions in Europe,North America and Central Asia. Test sites include mountain ranges in the Alps, GiantMountains, Himalayas, Andes, Norwegian Mountains and Caucasus. This is essential reading for postgraduates and researchersworking in hydrology or climatology/meteorology related mountaintopics. Also suitable for professional organisations, such asgeographical organisations and societies, ministries of science,water authorities, planning agencies and development agencies.Would be of interest to higher-level undergraduates for courses ontopics such as Water Management in Mountain Catchments or MountainHydrology, Meteorology or Climate Change.

Climatic Change at High Elevation Sites

Author: Henry F. Diaz,Martin Beniston,Raymond Bradley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401589054

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 8656

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This book provides a unique, in-depth view of past, present and potential future climatic change in mountain regions, and in particular on the mechanisms which are responsible for this change. Other books which focus on environmental change in mountains focus more generally on the impacts of this change on mountain systems, rather than on the regional features of climatic change itself. The book enters into a high level of detail concerning results of international investigations which involve specialists from numerous climate-related disciplines. The book can be used in an academic and research context, for advanced graduate and doctoral students, as well as researchers working in various domains of relevance to climatic change issues. The book also has relevance in the context of future activities of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), in terms of providing up-to-date knowledge of fundamental mechanisms and consequences of climatic change in mountain regions.

Global Change and Mountain Regions

An Overview of Current Knowledge

Author: Uli M. Huber,Harald K.M. Bugmann,Mel A. Reasoner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140203508X

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 3499

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This book gives an overview of the state of research in fields pertaining to the detection, understanding and prediction of global change impacts in mountain regions. More than sixty contributions from paleoclimatology, cryospheric research, hydrology, ecology, and development studies are compiled in this volume, each with an outlook on future research directions. The book will interest meteorologists, geologists, botanists and climatologists.

The Future of the World's Climate

Author: Ann Henderson-Sellers,K. McGuffie

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012386917X

Category: Science

Page: 650

View: 9567

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The study of climate today seems to be dominated by global warming, but these predictions of climatic models must be placed in their geological, paleo-climatic, and astronomical context to create a complete picture of the Earth's future climate. The Future of the World's Climate presents that perspective with data and projections that have emerged from more technologically advanced and accurate climate modeling. The book is comprised of 18 new and revised chapters that feature reviews of current climate science. The authors are drawn from all over the world and from the highest regarded peer-reviewed groups. Each chapter has undergone major revisions and new content has been added throughout. Authored by the world's leading climate scientists, most of whom are also contributing authors to the IPCC Assessment Reports. More than 200 tables, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs Climate modeling technology is more advanced and precise than it was 15 years ago-a major implication featured in this new edition.

Floods and Landslides: Integrated Risk Assessment

Author: Riccardo Casale,Claudio Margottini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642586090

Category: Nature

Page: 375

View: 655

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A review of such natural disasters as floods and landslides, highlighting the possibility of safe and correct land planning and management by means of a global approach to territory. Since the events deriving from slope and fluvial dynamics are commonly triggered by the same factor, occur at the same time and are closely related, this book analyses floods and slope stability phenomena as different aspects of the same dynamic system: the drainage basin.

The High-Mountain Cryosphere

Author: Christian Huggel,Mark Carey,John J. Clague,Andreas Kääb

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107065844

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 5472

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Provides a definitive overview of the global drivers of high-mountain cryosphere change and their implications for people across high-mountain regions.

Climate Impacts on Energy Systems

Key Issues for Energy Sector Adaptation

Author: Jane O. Ebinger

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821386980

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 178

View: 9120

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"While the energy sector is a primary target of efforts to arrest and reverse the growth of greenhouse gas emissions and lower the carbon footprint of development, it is also expected to be increasingly affected by unavoidable climate consequences from the damage already induced in the biosphere. Energy services and resources, as well as seasonal demand, will be increasingly affected by changing trends, increasing variability, greater extremes and large inter-annual variations in climate parameters in some regions. All evidence suggests that adaptation is not an optional add-on but an essential reckoning on par with other business risks. Existing energy infrastructure, new infrastructure and future planning need to consider emerging climate conditions and impacts on design, construction, operation, and maintenance. Integrated risk-based planning processes will be critical to address the climate change impacts and harmonize actions within and across sectors. Also, awareness, knowledge, and capacity impede mainstreaming of climate adaptation into the energy sector. However, the formal knowledge base is still nascent?information needs are complex and to a certain extent regionally and sector specific. This report provides an up-to-date compendium of what is known about weather variability and projected climate trends and their impacts on energy service provision and demand. It discusses emerging practices and tools for managing these impacts and integrating climate considerations into planning processes and operational practices in an environment of uncertainty. It focuses on energy sector adaptation, rather than mitigation which is not discussed in this report. This report draws largely on available scientific and peer-reviewed literature in the public domain and takes the perspective of the developing world to the extent possible."

Impacts of Global Change on the Hydrological Cycle in West and Northwest Africa

Author: Peter Speth,Michael Christoph,Bernd Diekkrüger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642129575

Category: Science

Page: 675

View: 6212

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Africa is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. In particular shortage of fresh water is expected to be the dominant water problem for West and Northwest Africa of the 21th century. In order to solve present and projected future problems concerning fresh water supply, a highly interdisciplinary approach is used in the book. Strategies are offered for a sustainable and future-oriented water management. Based on different scenarios, a range of management options is suggested with the aid of Information Systems and Spatial Decision Support Systems for two river catchments in Northwest and West Africa: the wadi Drâa in south-eastern Morocco and the Ouémé basin in Benin. The selected catchments are representative in the sense: "what can be learnt from these catchments for other similar catchments?

Dynamics of Climate Change and Water Resources of Northwestern Himalaya

Author: Rajesh Joshi,Kireet Kumar,Lok Man S Palni

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319137433

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 4905

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This book is about the Himalayan ranges as a source of fresh water supply and a perennial store house of ice, snow and permafrost as well as a vast repository of rich biodiversity, in the light of climate change. Special attention is given to the dynamics of snow and glaciers in the northwestern Himalayas, assessment of climate change patterns, and the consequences of changes and flow regime in order to understand the behaviour of climate change in the northwestern Himalayas. The outcome of melting glaciers are pro-glacial lakes. Their increasing size and potential danger of outbursts requires systematic study, particularly where there is the risk of impact on life and property. Furthermore, the changing trend of the hydrological cycle on a regional or local scale is another area of research which calls for the attention of geoscientists. To date there is a scarcity of reliable data meaning that a concerted effort is still required by all parties.