Astronomy: A Physical Perspective

Author: Marc L. Kutner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521529273

Category: Science

Page: 582

View: 3760

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A comprehensive introduction to astronomical objects and phenomena, for undergraduate students.

Cosmological Physics

Author: J. A. Peacock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521422703

Category: Science

Page: 682

View: 2472

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An eagerly-awaited, comprehensive and authoritative introduction to contemporary cosmology; for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Sizing Up the Universe

The Cosmos in Perspective

Author: J. Richard Gott,Robert J. Vanderbei

Publisher: National Geographic Books

ISBN: 9781426206511

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 4304

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Using space photographs and scaled maps, demonstrates the actual size of objects in the cosmos, from Buzz Aldrin's historic footprint on the Moon to the entire visible universe, with a gatefold of the Gott-Juric Map of the Universe.

Measuring the Universe

A Multiwavelength Perspective

Author: George H. Rieke

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521762294

Category: Science

Page: 343

View: 1642

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A one-stop guide to astronomical instrumentation and data acquisition, with a focus on the underlying principles behind each instrument's operation.

Principles of Physical Cosmology

Author: Phillip James Edwin Peebles

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691019338

Category: Science

Page: 718

View: 5206

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During the last twenty years, dramatic improvements in methods of observing astrophysical phenomena from the ground and in space have added to our knowledge of what the universe is like now and what it was like in the past, going back to the hot big bang. In this overview of today's physical cosmology, P.J.E. Peebles shows how observation has combined with theoretical elements to establish the subject as a mature science, while he also discusses the most notable recent attempts to understand the origin and structure of the universe. A successor to Peebles's classic volume Physical Cosmology (Princeton, 1971), the book is a comprehensive overview addressed not only to students but also to scientists active in fields outside cosmology. The first chapter of the work presents the elements of physical cosmology, including the history of the discovery of the expanding universe. The second, on the cosmological tests that measure the geometry of spacetime, discusses general relativity theory as the basis for the tests, and then surveys the broad variety of ways the tests can be applied with the new generations of telescopes and detectors. The third chapter deals with the origin of galaxies and the large-scale structure of the universe, and reviews ideas about how the evolution of the universe might be traced back to very early epochs when structure originated. Each section of these chapters begins with an introduction that can be understood with no special knowledge beyond undergraduate physics, and then progresses to more specialized topics. P.J.E. Peebles is Albert Einstein Professor of Science at Princeton University. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Royal Society.

Astrophysics Processes

The Physics of Astronomical Phenomena

Author: Hale Bradt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139469584

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Bridging the gap between physics and astronomy textbooks, this book provides step-by-step physical and mathematical development of fundamental astrophysical processes underlying a wide range of phenomena in stellar, galactic, and extragalactic astronomy. The book has been written for upper-level undergraduates and beginning graduate students, and its strong pedagogy ensures solid mastery of each process and application. It contains over 150 tutorial figures, numerous examples of astronomical measurements, and 201 exercises. Topics covered include the Kepler–Newton problem, stellar structure, binary evolution, radiation processes, special relativity in astronomy, radio propagation in the interstellar medium, and gravitational lensing. Applications presented include Jeans length, Eddington luminosity, the cooling of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), the Sunyaev–Zeldovich effect, Doppler boosting in jets, and determinations of the Hubble constant. This text is a stepping stone to more specialized books and primary literature. Password-protected solutions to the exercises are available to instructors at www.cambridge.org/9780521846561.

Astrophysics for People in a Hurry

Author: Neil deGrasse Tyson

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393609405

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 3697

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Over a year on the New York Times bestseller list and more than a million copies sold. The essential universe, from our most celebrated and beloved astrophysicist. What is the nature of space and time? How do we fit within the universe? How does the universe fit within us? There’s no better guide through these mind-expanding questions than acclaimed astrophysicist and best-selling author Neil deGrasse Tyson. But today, few of us have time to contemplate the cosmos. So Tyson brings the universe down to Earth succinctly and clearly, with sparkling wit, in tasty chapters consumable anytime and anywhere in your busy day. While you wait for your morning coffee to brew, for the bus, the train, or a plane to arrive, Astrophysics for People in a Hurry will reveal just what you need to be fluent and ready for the next cosmic headlines: from the Big Bang to black holes, from quarks to quantum mechanics, and from the search for planets to the search for life in the universe.

Planetary Sciences

Author: Imke de Pater,Jack J. Lissauer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316195694

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7535

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An authoritative introduction for graduate students in the physical sciences, this award-winning textbook explains the wide variety of physical, chemical, and geological processes that govern the motions and properties of planets. This updated second edition has been revised and improved while maintaining its existing structure and organization. Many data tables and plots have been updated to account for the latest measurements. A new Appendix focuses on recent discoveries since the second edition was first published. These include results from Cassini, Kepler, MESSENGER, MRO, LRO, Dawn at Vesta, Curiosity, and others, as well as many ground-based observatories. With over 300 exercises to help students apply the concepts covered, this textbook is ideal for graduate courses in astronomy, planetary science and earth science, and well suited as a reference for researchers. Color versions of many figures, movie clips supplementing the text, and other resources are available at www.cambridge.org/depater.

Introductory Astronomy & Astrophysics

Author: Michael Zeilik,Stephen A. Gregory

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780030062285

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 5131

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This advanced undergraduate text provides broad coverage of astronomy and astrophyscis with a strong emphasis on physics. It has an algebra and trigonometry prerequisite, but calculus is preferred.

The Rise of Radio Astronomy in the Netherlands

The People and the Politics

Author: Astrid Elbers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319490796

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 3907

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Radio astronomy was born during the Second World War, but as this book explains, the history of early Dutch radio astronomy is in several respects rather anomalous in comparison to the development of radio astronomy in other countries. The author describes how these very differences led the Netherlands to become one of the world leaders in radio astronomy. Dominated by the Leiden astronomer Jan Hendrik Oort, the field embarked on an era of success, and to this day, the country still holds a leading position. To tell this story, the book focuses on three key events in the period 1940-1970, namely the construction of the radio telescopes in Kootwijk (1948), in Dwingeloo (1956), and in Westerbork (1970). These projects show that Dutch radio astronomers must not be seen as merely scientists, but also as strategic lobbyists, networkers and organizers in a specific political and economic context. It was in the process of planning, designing and constructing these instruments that the interests of the astronomers, industrial partners, politicians and lobby groups merged to create today's existing research centers for radio astronomy.

CMOS Test and Evaluation

A Physical Perspective

Author: Manjul Bhushan,Mark B. Ketchen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493913492

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 424

View: 9648

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CMOS Test and Evaluation: A Physical Perspective is a single source for an integrated view of test and data analysis methodology for CMOS products, covering circuit sensitivities to MOSFET characteristics, impact of silicon technology process variability, applications of embedded test structures and sensors, product yield, and reliability over the lifetime of the product. This book also covers statistical data analysis and visualization techniques, test equipment and CMOS product specifications, and examines product behavior over its full voltage, temperature and frequency range.

The Physical Universe

An Introduction to Astronomy

Author: Frank H. Shu

Publisher: University Science Books

ISBN: 9780935702057

Category: Science

Page: 584

View: 8333

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This is a truly astonishing book, invaluable for anyone with an interest in astronomy. Physics Bulletin Just the thing for a first year university science course. Nature This is a beautiful book in both concept and execution. Sky & Telescope

Cosmos

Author: Carl Sagan

Publisher: Ballantine Books

ISBN: 0345539435

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 2770

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Presents an illustrated guide to the universe and to Earth's relationship to it, moving from theories of creation to humankind's discovery of the cosmos, to general relativity, to space missions, and beyond.

Turtles All the Way Down

Author: John Green

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0525555358

Category: Young Adult Fiction

Page: 304

View: 9668

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“Wrenching and revelatory.” An instant #1 bestseller, the widely acclaimed Turtles All the Way Down is John Green's brilliant and shattering new novel. “A tender story about learning to cope when the world feels out of control.” – People Sixteen-year-old Aza never intended to pursue the mystery of fugitive billionaire Russell Pickett, but there’s a hundred-thousand-dollar reward at stake and her Best and Most Fearless Friend, Daisy, is eager to investigate. So together, they navigate the short distance and broad divides that separate them from Russell Pickett’s son, Davis. Aza is trying. She is trying to be a good daughter, a good friend, a good student, and maybe even a good detective, while also living within the ever-tightening spiral of her own thoughts. In his long-awaited return, John Green, the acclaimed, award-winning author of Looking for Alaska and The Fault in Our Stars, shares Aza’s story with shattering, unflinching clarity in this brilliant novel of love, resilience, and the power of lifelong friendship.

Astronomy, the Cosmic Perspective

Author: Michael Zeilik,John E. Gaustad

Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Astronomy

Page: 954

View: 7731

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The ninth edition of this successful textbook describes the full range of the astronomical universe and how astronomers think about the cosmos.

The History and Practice of Ancient Astronomy

Author: James Evans

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199874453

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 6356

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The History and Practice of Ancient Astronomy combines new scholarship with hands-on science to bring readers into direct contact with the work of ancient astronomers. While tracing ideas from ancient Babylon to sixteenth-century Europe, the book places its greatest emphasis on the Greek period, when astronomers developed the geometric and philosophical ideas that have determined the subsequent character of Western astronomy. The author approaches this history through the concrete details of ancient astronomical practice. Carefully organized and generously illustrated, the book can teach readers how to do real astronomy using the methods of ancient astronomers. For example, readers will learn to predict the next retrograde motion of Jupiter using either the arithmetical methods of the Babylonians or the geometric methods of Ptolemy. They will learn how to use an astrolabe and how to design sundials using Greek and Roman techniques. The book also contains supplementary exercises and patterns for making some working astronomical instruments, including an astrolabe and an equatorium. More than a presentation of astronomical methods, the book provides a critical look at the evidence used to reconstruct ancient astronomy. It includes extensive excerpts from ancient texts, meticulous documentation, and lively discussions of the role of astronomy in the various cultures. Accessible to a wide audience, this book will appeal to anyone interested in how our understanding of our place in the universe has changed and developed, from ancient times through the Renaissance.

The Distribution of the Galaxies

Gravitational Clustering in Cosmology

Author: William C. Saslaw

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521394260

Category: Science

Page: 508

View: 8328

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This topical volume examines one of the leading problems in astronomy today--how galaxies cluster in our Universe. This is the first book to describe gravitational theory, computer simulations and observations related to galaxy distribution functions (a general method for measuring the distribution of galaxies and their motions).Key results are derived and the necessary physics provided to ensure the book is self-contained. And throughout, theory, computer simulation and observation are carefully interwoven and critically compared.This clear and authoritative volume is written at a level suitable for graduate students, and will be of key interest to astronomers, cosmologists, physicists and applied statisticians.

The Unknown Universe: A New Exploration of Time, Space, and Modern Cosmology

Author: Stuart Clark

Publisher: Pegasus Books

ISBN: 1681771934

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 2558

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A groundbreaking guide to the universe and how our latest deep-space discoveries are forcing us to revisit what we know—and what we don't. On March 21, 2013, the European Space Agency released a map of the afterglow of the Big Bang. Taking in 440 sextillion kilometres of space and 13.8 billion years of time, it is physically impossible to make a better map: we will never see the early universe in more detail. On the one hand, such a view is the apotheosis of modern cosmology, on the other, it threatens to undermine almost everything we hold cosmologically sacrosanct. The map contains anomalies that challenge our understanding of the universe. It will force us to revisit what is known and what is unknown, to construct a new model of our universe. This is the first book to address what will be an epoch-defining scientific paradigm shift. Stuart Clark will ask if Newton's famous laws of gravity need to be rewritten; if dark matter and dark energy are just celestial phantoms? Can we ever know what happened before the Big Bang? What’s at the bottom of a black hole? Are there universes beyond our own? Does time exist? Are the once immutable laws of physics changing?

Teaching and Learning about Climate Change

A Framework for Educators

Author: Daniel P. Shepardson,Anita Roychoudhury,Andrew S. Hirsch

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317245253

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 5510

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Responding to the issues and challenges of teaching and learning about climate change from a science education-based perspective, this book is designed to serve as an aid for educators as they strive to incorporate the topic into their classes. The unique discussion of these issues is drawn from the perspectives of leading and international scholars in the field. The book is structured around three themes: theoretical, philosophical, and conceptual frameworks for climate change education and research; research on teaching and learning about global warming and climate change; and approaches to professional development and classroom practice.