Avicenna

Author: Lenn Evan Goodman

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801472541

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 261

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In this updated edition of his classic work, Lenn E. Goodman provides a concise introduction to the life and thought of Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina, known as Avicenna, who was born in the year 980 C.E. near Bokhara in what is now Uzbekistan and died 1037 C.E. in Hamadan, now in Iran.

Avicenna and His Heritage

Acts of the International Colloquium Leuven-Louvain-la-Neuve, September 8-September 11, 1999

Author: Jules L. Janssens,D. De Smet

Publisher: Leuven University Press

ISBN: 9789058672094

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 341

View: 3958

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Ibn Sina, known in the West as Avicenna, may be considered to be a major figure of the history of Arabo-Islamic philosophy, medicine and science. His influence was substantial and enduring, not only in the Islamic world, but also in medieval Christian-Latin and Jewish circles. This volume includes contributions of eminent scholars in very different fields of Avicenna's thought and influence. New insights are offered inter alia on the different ways of reception of his philosophy in the Islamic East or, more specifically, in Isma'ili thought, or in the great Shi'ite Iranian thinker, i.e., Mullah Sadra; on a recently—thus far unknown—treatise on ethics; on the phenomenon of pseudepigraphica related to Avicenna; on several innovative ideas in Avicenna's logic, physics, metaphysics and zoology; on the difficult issue of hendyades in the Avicenna Latinus; on Albert the Great's probable knowledge of Avicenna's Preface to the latter's opus magnum; on William of Auvergne's and Duns Scotus' critical use of Avicennian ideas in several aspects of their philosophy; on the significance of Avicenna for such particular doctrines as that of relation in Henry of Ghent or of evil in Thomas of Aquinas; on Avicenna's direct or indirect influence on medieval Jewish philosophy, and, more particularly, on Maimonides; on the place of Avicenna's medical thought in the Arabo-Islamic tradition and on the way it was dealt with in medieval Europe. Herewith, a serious basis is laid for a better understanding of Avicenna's thought and its spread.

Avicenna

Author: L E Goodman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134977794

Category: Philosophy

Page: 255

View: 9984

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the philosophers in the West, none, perhaps, is better known by name and less familiar in actual content of his ideas than the medieval Muslim philosopher, physician, minister and naturalist Abu Ali Ibn Sina, known since the days of the scholastics as Avicenna. In this book the author, himself a philosopher, and long known for his studies of Arabic thought, presents a factual account of Avicenna's philosophy. Setting the thinker in the context of his often turbulent times and tracing the roots and influences of Avicenna's ideas, this book offers a factual philosophical portrait. It details Avicenna's account of being as a synthesis between the seemingly irreconcilable extremes of Aristotelian eternalism and the creationism of monotheistic scripture. It examines Avicenna's distinctive theory of knowledge, his ideas about immortality and individuality, including the famous "floating man argument", his contributions to logic, and his probing thoughts on rhetoric and poetics.

Allegory and Philosophy in Avicenna (Ibn Sina)

With a Translation of the Book of the Prophet Muhammad's Ascent to Heaven

Author: Peter Heath

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812202228

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

View: 4582

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Explores the use of allegory in the writing of the renowned eleventh-century Muslim philosopher known in the West as Avicenna, paying special attention to the ways he influenced theological, mystical, and literary thought in subsequent Islamic—and Western—intellectual and religious history.

Avicenna and the Visionary Recital

(Mythos Series)

Author: Henry Corbin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400859069

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 4575

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In this work a distinguished scholar of Islamic religion examines the mysticism and psychological thought of the great eleventh-century Persian philosopher and physician Avicenna (Ibn Sina), author of over a hundred works on theology, logic, medicine, and mathematics. Henry Corbin's discovery in an Istanbul library of the manuscript of a Persian translation of and commentary on Avicenna's Hayy ibn Yaqzan, written in Arabic, led him to an analysis of three of Avicenna's mystical "recitals." These form an initiatory cycle leading the adept along the path of spiritual progress. In Part I Corbin summarizes the great themes that show the philosophical situation of Avicennan man in the cosmos and presents translations of these three great Avicennan recitals. Part II is a complete translation, with notes, of the Persian commentary. Originally published in 1960. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Avicenna

Author: Gotthard Strohmaier

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406716741

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 184

View: 4743

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Kaum ein anderer nicht-christlicher Denker des Mittelalters ist so sehr Teil der abendländischen Geistesgeschichte geworden wie der persische Muslim Avicenna (um 980–1037). Durch seine Vermittlung gelangten die Werke des Aristoteles wieder nach Westeuropa. Sein enzyklopädisches Hauptwerk „Buch der Genesung der Seele“ hatte prägenden Einfluß auf Albert den Großen und Thomas von Aquin. Gotthard Strohmaier schildert das abenteuerliche Leben Avicennas, gibt eine Einführung in sein Werk auf dem neuesten Stand der Forschung und skizziert Avicennas Bedeutung für das abendländische Denken.

Canon of Medicine Complete 5 Volume Set

Author: Avicenna

Publisher: Kazi Publictions

ISBN: 9781567442243

Category: History of Medicine, Medieval

Page: N.A

View: 9110

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Translated for the first time into English here, the Latin was translated in the 12th century and into Hebrew in 1279. Henceforth the Canon served as the chief guide to medical science in the West and is said to have influenced Leonardo da Vinci. Its encyclopedic content, its systematic arrangement and philosophical plan soon worked its way into a position of pre-eminence in the medical literature of Europe, displacing the works of Galen and becoming the textbook for medical education in the schools of Europe. The text was read in the medical schools at Montpellier and Leuven as late as 1650. Experimental medicine the Canon of Medicine was the first book dealing with evidence-based medicine, experimental medicine, clinical trials, randomized controlled trials, efficacy tests, risk factor analysis, and the In phytotherapy, the Canon introduced the medicinal use of Taxus baccata L. He used it as a cardiac remedy. This was the first known use of a calcium channel blocker drug.

Eine „Summa Medicinae“ bei Avicenna

Zur Krankheitslehre und Heilkunde des Ibn Sīnā (980–1037)

Author: Heinrich Schipperges

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662068443

Category: Medical

Page: 59

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,,von der Tiefe der schwarzen Erde bis zum Gipfel des Saturns habe ich alle Probleme des Universums gelöst. Ich habe die Fesseln jeder Falle und jeder List gesprengt; jeder Knoten wurde gelöst, außer dem Knoten des Todes~' Diese stolzen Worte prangen als Motto auf einem Mahnmal zu Hamagan und künden vom dia lektischen Optimismus einer absoluten Erkennbarkeit aller Dinge. Ganz anders hingegen lauten die Worte auf einem Standbild zu Teheran aus dem Jahre 1954, wo wir lesen: "Obschon sich mein Geist in dieser Wüste sehr beeilte, hat er kein Haar erkannt, wenngleich viel Haar gespalten. Da drinnen im meinem Herzen aber, da erglänzen Tausende von Sonnen, und doch konnte es am Ende nicht ein mal eindringen in die Vollkommenheit eines einzigen Atoms~' 1 Zwei Herzen, so scheint es, in einer Brust, zwei Köpfe - und wie viele Gedan ken, ein Geist, voll kopernikanischer Stoßkraft, ein Herz aber auch mit geradezu Pascalschem Esprit! Und noch einen dritten Zeugen sollte ich zur Einstimmung heranzitieren. Der englische Wissenschaftshistoriker Richie Calder schreibt in einem Werk mit dem pompösen Titel "Medizinmänner, Männer und Medizin" (1960) über den gleichen Mann: "Er befaßte sich weitschweifig mit dem Argument, warum die Brüste nicht auf dem Bauch wüchsen, warum der Magen nicht dort wäre, wo das Gehirn sitzt, und warum die Waden sich an der Hinterseite der Beine und nicht an der Vorder seite befänden.

Avicenna (Ibn Sina)

Muslim Physician and Philosopher of the Eleventh Century

Author: Aisha Khan

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9781404205093

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 7461

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Presents the life, times, and legacy of the Muslim physician and philosopher Avicenna.

Avicenna and I

The Journey of Spirits : a Novel

Author: Manoucher Parvin

Publisher: Ibex Publishers, Inc.

ISBN: 1588140482

Category: Fiction

Page: 267

View: 8296

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"Avicenna and I" is a love saga spanning here and the hereafter; it is a journey of spirits toward immortality. Together two lovers explore the city of Hamadan in north-west of Iran, one of the oldest residences of civilisation, where the tomb of one of history's most remarkable thinkers, Avicenna, lies. To ascend from what they are to what they dream to be, the lovers seek and find the spirit of Avicenna. From him-the prince of medicine and the leading wise man-they learn how to heal the body, the mind, the spirit and even love, and how to tend to a wounded nature. They discover the path to immortality. "Avicenna and I" strips history naked of its pretensions and shatters the myth of the East as a place of unreason-deserving to be subjugated by the West -- and establishes that the Italian Renaissance was merely a continuation of the Persian Renaissance which occurred in the Golden Era of Avicenna. In this unforgettable novel the future and the past recreate one another and set the present afire with passion for immortal wisdom, and immortal love and truth. The reader is invited to view the mind and the universe, intuition and reason, science and faith, and life and death with a profoundly new understanding. The trials and tribulations of the characters, even history, on their transcendental journey are recounted with a pen searching for the beginning and the end of everything -- for the answers God never created. So humans must invent the answers as we have invented many things God did not create. This novel is a chapter in the book of answers.

The Propositional Logic of Avicenna

Author: Avicenna,Nabil Shehaby

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027703606

Category: Philosophy

Page: 298

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The main purpose of this work is to provide an English translation of and commentary on a recently published Arabic text dealing with con ditional propositions and syllogisms. The text is that of A vicenna (Abu represents his views on the subject as they were held throughout his life.

Essentialität und Notwendigkeit: Avicenna und die Aristotelische Tradition

Author: Fedor Benevich

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004380027

Category: Religion

Page: 482

View: 8400

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In Essentialität und Notwendigkeit: Avicenna und die Aristotelische Tradition stellt Fedor Benevich Avicennas (gest. 1037) Theorie der Essenz und der wissenschaftlichen Bestimmung essentieller und notwendiger Attribute in einem historischen Kontext der aristotelischen Tradition. In Essentialität und Notwendigkeit: Avicenna und die Aristotelische Tradition Fedor Benevich presents Avicenna’s (d. 1037) theory of essence and the scientific determination of essential and necessary attributes in its historical context of the Aristotelian tradition.

The 'Metaphysica' of Avicenna (ibn Sīnā)

A critical translation-commentary and analysis of the fundamental arguments in Avicenna's 'Metaphysica' in the 'Dānish Nāma-i 'alā'ī' ('The Book of Scientific Knowledge')

Author: Parviz Morewedge

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317366115

Category: Religion

Page: 364

View: 1717

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In this book, first published in 1973, Professor Parviz Morewedge, an expert on Islamic philosophy and mysticism, provides a critical exposition of one text of ibn Sina (Avicenna), the great Persian philosopher who lived from 980 to 1037. The text is his Metaphysica in the Danish Nama-I ‘ala’I (The Book of Scientific Knowledge). In addition to a translation of the text from Persian into English, this edition includes a critical commentary on the major arguments found in the text, and notes and references to other texts of ibn Sina as well as to relevant texts of Greek philosophers, particularly Aristotle, Plotinus and Proclus. There is also a glossary of the key terms used in the Metaphysica, with their Persian, Arabic, Greek and Latin equivalents where necessary. This book is concerned primarily to show that although in the text ibn Sina resorts to the Aristotelian vocabulary and Neo-Platonic themes, and appears to be in accord with the Islamic tradition, there is evidence that many doctrines expressed by him may be considered non-Greek and non-Islamic. These include his peculiar doctrine of Self (nafs) and the doctrine of the Necessary Existent (wajib al-wujud). The author attempts to clarify the extent to which salient features of ibn Sina’s position are in agreement with what may be regarded as Sufic doctrines.

Chance and Determinism in Avicenna and Averroës

Author: Catarina Carriço Marques de Moura Belo

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004155872

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 3397

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This book addresses the issue of determinism in Avicenna and Averroes through an analysis of their views on chance, matter and divine providence. It sets the debate against the philosophical/historical background of Aristotelianism, Neoplatonism and Islamic theology.

Avicenna, der Prinz der Ärzte

Eine biografische Skizze

Author: Heidemarie Wawrzyn

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668798052

Category: History

Page: 29

View: 8723

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Forschungsarbeit aus dem Jahr 2018 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Asien, , Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Der persische Arzt und Philosoph Avicenna (Ibn Sina) lebte von ca. 980-1037. Er war ein überaus begabter und reger Wissenschaftler in Medizin, Philosophie, Mathematik, Physik, Logik und vielen anderen Fachgebieten. Der Überlieferung nach hat er etwa 400-450 Bücher geschrieben. Darüber hinaus war er als Arzt, Lehrer, politischer Berater und Regierungsangestellter an vielen verschiedenen Orten des damaligen Irans tätig. Avicenna, der auch bekannt wurde als Prinz der Ärzte, leistete dies gänzlich ohne die zahlreichen technischen Errungenschaften, die uns heute zur Verfügung stehen. Seine beeindruckende Leistungskraft und sein umfangreiches Wissen zu würdigen und auch in Erinnerung zu erhalten, soll die Kurzbiografie „Avicenna, der Prinz der Ärzte“ beitragen.