The Art of Empirical Investigation

Author: Julian Lincoln Simon

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412835947

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 558

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Julian Simon was known for his methodical, and often controversial, writings challenging conventional beliefs about overpopulation, pollution, disappearing farmland, and the scarcity of energy sources and raw materials. But throughout his works is a common theme: that responsible, unbiased research and examination of the data is indispensable to formulating a well-informed and accurate opinion. "The Art of Empirical Investigation" teaches student, professor, researcher, and those interested in ascertaining the truth about social issues just how to proceed. "The Art of Empirical Investigation" is a textbook on the basics of social-scientific research. It discusses all the important empirical methods used in social science, and its examples, drawn from a wide variety of academic and applied fields, illustrate the use of each method in its most appropriate context. The actual decisions a researcher must make at every stage of a project are emphasized, as well as obstacles to knowledge--such as observer bias, deception, unreliability of data, and sampling costs--and how to overcome them. Presupposing nothing, the book introduces the reader to the foundations of empirical social-science research, regardless of a specific field. It also makes an important contribution to beginning researchers' understanding of an operational definition of causality, which cuts through philosophical obscurity and teaches the researcher how to decide whether or not a given relationship is causal. James E. Katz contributes an introduction written for this new edition, in which he explains why, after over three decades, this remains one of the best books on research methods around. Written in a clear, informal style, "The Art of Empirical Investigation" is a must for the student and teacher of the social sciences, researchers, and journalists. Julian L. Simon (1932-1998) was professor of business administration at the University of Maryland and Distinguished Senior Fellow of the Cato Institute. His books, as author or editor, include "Population Matters, Hoodwinking the Nation," and "The Economics of Population: Key Classic Writing," all available from Transaction. James E. Katz is professor of communication at the School of Communication, Information and Library Studies at Rutgers University. He is the author of "Machines That Become Us" and "Connections," both available from Transaction.

Basic Research Methods

An Entry to Social Science Research

Author: Gerard Guthrie

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 8132105966

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 8866

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This book offers a comprehensive and well-rounded view of research as a tool for problem-solving in the wide range of the social sciences. It is built on the foundation of philosophical pragmatism, postulating that the value of knowledge and research methodologies lie in their usefulness in engaging with the real world. The book synthesizes both positivist and non-positivist methodologies. It is meant for students who are undertaking their first research course or project. The techniques, while basic in nature, are used in many masters and doctoral research studies. The book uses engaging language, real-life examples from various subject areas and follows an inductive approach. With the help of this book, from an experiential base, students should be able to build a more advanced conceptual and theoretical understanding of research through further reading and practice. This book discusses a policy-applied-pure-action model of research covering both quantitative and qualitative methods for case study, survey and experimental designs. It pays considerable attention to measurement principles and to data analysis techniques that make practical use of Microsoft Excel for analysis of both words and numbers. It includes a building block approach to writing, as well as the author’s thoughts on application of research in the real world.

Basic Concepts in the Methodology of the Social Sciences

Author: Johann Mouton,H. C. Marais

Publisher: HSRC Press

ISBN: 9780796906489

Category: Humanities

Page: 276

View: 5587

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This book consists of three major sections. In the first, which includes chapters 1 to 7, the basic concepts of the methodology of the social social sciences are discussed. In the second, chapters 8 and 9, the most important concepts of part one are integrated in discussions on the writing of research proposals and research reports. The third section (appendices) consists of three "case studies" in which the most important methodological principles which were discussed in the preceding sections are illustrated.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods

Author: Michael Lewis-Beck,Alan E Bryman,Tim Futing Liao

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761923633

Category: Social Science

Page: 1305

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"The first encyclopedia to cover inclusively both quantitative and qualitative research approaches, this set provides clear explanations of 1,000 methodologies, avoiding mathematical equations when possible with liberal cross-referencing and bibliographies. Each volume includes a list of works cited, and the third contains a comprehensive index and lists of person names, organizations, books, tests, software, major concepts, surveys, and methodologies."--"Reference that rocks," American Libraries, May 2005.

Research Methodology in the Social, Behavioural and Life Sciences

Designs, Models and Methods

Author: Herman J Ader,Gideon J Mellenbergh

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761958835

Category: Social Science

Page: 393

View: 4298

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This is an ideal text for advanced courses in research methods and experimental design. It argues that the methodology of quantitative research is a unified discipline with basic notions, procedures and ways of reasoning which can be applied across the social, behavioural and life sciences. Key designs, models and methods in research are covered by leading contributors in their field who seek to explain the fundamentals of the research process to enable the student to understand the broader implications and unifying themes.

Doing Social Science Research

Author: Simeon Yates

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761967989

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 2651

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Providing an introductory overview of the process of social research, and including classic readings in research methods that all students and researchers should be familiar with, this text offers a comprehensive introduction to key areas of quantitative and qualitative research.

Behavioral and Social Science Research

A National Resource

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309032784

Category: Social Science

Page: 121

View: 6105

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Behavioral and Social Science Research: A National Resource specifies appropriate criteria for assessing the value, significance, and social utility of basic research in the social sciences. This report identifies illustrative areas of basic research in the social sciences that have developed analytic frameworks of high social utility and describes the development of these frameworks and their utilization. It also identifies illustrative areas of basic research in the social sciences that are likely to be of high value, significance, and/or social utility in the near future, reviews the current state of knowledge in these areas, and indicates research efforts needed to bring these areas to their full potential.

Research in Practice

Applied Methods for the Social Sciences

Author: Martin Terre Blanche,Kevin Durrheim,Desmond Painter

Publisher: Juta and Company Ltd

ISBN: 9781919713694

Category: Social Science

Page: 594

View: 1771

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A major shift in research methodology from technical to more contextual and pragmatic approaches, this thorough resource incorporates new trends while also providing comprehensive coverage of the full range of established research approaches and techniques, skillfully combining epistemology, methodology, statistics, and application in a volume that is both sophisticated and practical. Placing a greater emphasis on interdisciplinary and applied research skills, this guide encourages the concurrent use of qualitative and quantitative methods and explores such complex topics as ethical issues in social science research; inferential statistical methods; and Marxist, feminist, and black scholarship perspectives.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods

Author: Mike Allen

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483381420

Category: Social Science

Page: 2064

View: 2787

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Communication research is evolving and changing in a world of online journals, open-access, and new ways of obtaining data and conducting experiments via the Internet. Although there are generic encyclopedias describing basic social science research methodologies in general, until now there has been no comprehensive A-to-Z reference work exploring methods specific to communication and media studies. Our entries, authored by key figures in the field, focus on special considerations when applied specifically to communication research, accompanied by engaging examples from the literature of communication, journalism, and media studies. Entries cover every step of the research process, from the creative development of research topics and questions to literature reviews, selection of best methods (whether quantitative, qualitative, or mixed) for analyzing research results and publishing research findings, whether in traditional media or via new media outlets. In addition to expected entries covering the basics of theories and methods traditionally used in communication research, other entries discuss important trends influencing the future of that research, including contemporary practical issues students will face in communication professions, the influences of globalization on research, use of new recording technologies in fieldwork, and the challenges and opportunities related to studying online multi-media environments. Email, texting, cellphone video, and blogging are shown not only as topics of research but also as means of collecting and analyzing data. Still other entries delve into considerations of accountability, copyright, confidentiality, data ownership and security, privacy, and other aspects of conducting an ethical research program. Features: 652 signed entries are contained in an authoritative work spanning four volumes available in choice of electronic or print formats. Although organized A-to-Z, front matter includes a Reader’s Guide grouping entries thematically to help students interested in a specific aspect of communication research to more easily locate directly related entries. Back matter includes a Chronology of the development of the field of communication research; a Resource Guide to classic books, journals, and associations; a Glossary introducing the terminology of the field; and a detailed Index. Entries conclude with References/Further Readings and Cross-References to related entries to guide students further in their research journeys. The Index, Reader’s Guide themes, and Cross-References combine to provide robust search-and-browse in the e-version.

Research Methods for Criminal Justice and the Social Sciences

Practice and Applications

Author: Connie Ireland,Bruce Lawrence Berg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780135018774

Category: Law

Page: 155

View: 3537

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Research Methods for Criminal Justice and the Social Sciences combines a traditional research book with exercises that allow students to experience research in a controlled environment. It is a companion methods/manual for use with most traditional social scientific research textbooks. This book offers readers basic information about methodological concerns (brief readings); and a variety of practices exercises relating to those readings. Some features of this book: Each chapter begins with a BRIEF discussion of the elements relevant to a basic understanding of research methods After each section of each chapter are several abstracted reprints containing basic intros of published articles Each reading is then followed with an Application Exercise which relates to the methodological procedure in the abstracted reprint...all exercises were designed to be completed by college students amd allows them to get their "hands dirty with the This is a perfect resource for individuals interested in the field of criminal justice, criminology, or sociology.

The Behavioral and Social Sciences

Achievements and Opportunities

Author: Committee on Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309542782

Category: Science

Page: 279

View: 5059

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This volume explores the scientific frontiers and leading edges of research across the fields of anthropology, economics, political science, psychology, sociology, history, business, education, geography, law, and psychiatry, as well as the newer, more specialized areas of artificial intelligence, child development, cognitive science, communications, demography, linguistics, and management and decision science. It includes recommendations concerning new resources, facilities, and programs that may be needed over the next several years to ensure rapid progress and provide a high level of returns to basic research.

Research Methods and Data Analysis in the Social Sciences

Author: Thomas R. Herzog

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780673991065

Category: Psychology

Page: 378

View: 637

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Employing a clear, straightforward framework, this text focuses on the types of data most commonly produced by the basic research methods of observation, survey, and experiment, the text pairs each method chapter with a chapter on the analysis of the types of results usually obtained with that type of research.

Action Theory

A Primer for Applied Research in the Social Sciences

Author: Ladislav Valach,Richard Anthony Young,M. Judith Lynam

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275970864

Category: Psychology

Page: 268

View: 9090

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Presents a theory of goal directed action, helping us see our everyday behavior in a systematic manner relevant to our lives.

Research Methods and Society

Foundations of Social Inquiry

Author: Linda Dorsten,Lawrence Hotchkiss

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131551091X

Category: Social Science

Page: 684

View: 7002

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Provides a foundation for understanding research findings in social sciences. Designed to help students acquire basic skills in the methods of social science research, the second edition of Research Methods and Society contains numerous excerpts from professional journal articles, scholarly books, and popular press. The text uses a straightforward writing style to present essential information, without eliminating key concepts, tools, and their applications. Concrete, everyday examples and “hands-on” practice activities reinforce fundamental concepts that will be useful to students in their future careers and life. Topics are illustrated in ways that are student-centered, yet instructor-friendly. Features and updates to this 2nd edition include: Highlighted concepts and terms in each chapter -- In addition to a chapter-end list of key terms. These familiarize students with important content, and helps ensure they understand and retain it. Chapter summaries – Includes a section titled Your Review Sheet: Questions Discussed in This Chapter. Enables students to review the major themes presented in each chapter, and encourages them to reflect on the key points. Numerous “real-world” activities – Help students meet specific learning needs, such as evaluating excerpts from research articles, analyzing secondary data, and analyzing primary data from direct observation and other mini-projects Excerpts from professional journal articles and popular press readings – these are followed by questions, which guide learning on specific methods topics, and illustrates specific issues related to methodology typically employed by social scientists. Added and expanded discussion of Ethics, with special attention to chapters on direct methods of data collection, as well as new discussions about online research. New secondary data tables and their discussions/applications.

Social Research Methods

Author: David Dooley

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780139554285

Category: Social Science

Page: 385

View: 5248

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This book presents a balanced presentation of research methods across disciplinary boundaries—both psychological and sociological, laboratory experiments and survey methods, quantitative and qualitative techniques. It offers a coherent, organizing theme, in this case, that of validity in its various guises-internal, external, inferential statistical, and measurement construct. The organizing theme is validity—the extent to which the researcher's conclusion can be judged credible. Validity is broken down into several components each of which is developed in one or more chapters including construct validity (both measurement and experimental), statistical inference validity, internal validity, and external validity. These validity types are then revisited as appropriate in the treatments of the several basic research approaches—true experimental, quasi-experimental, correlational, and qualitative. Ideal for professionals belonging to various psychological or sociological association or anyone interested in review or updating their current knowledge.

Introduction to Quantitative Research Methods

An Investigative Approach

Author: Mark Balnaves,Peter Caputi

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446223280

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 675

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Introduction to Quantitative Research Methods is a student-friendly introduction to quantitative research methods and basic statistics. It uses a detective theme throughout the text and in multimedia courseware to show how quantitative methods have been used to solve real-life problems. The book focuses on principles and techniques that are appropriate to introductory level courses in media, psychology and sociology. Examples and illustrations are drawn from historical and contemporary research in the social sciences. The multimedia courseware provides tutorial work on sampling, basic statistics, and techniques for seeking information from databases and other sources. The statistics modules can be used as either part of a detective games or directly in teaching and learning. Brief video lessons in SPSS, using real datasets, are also a feature of the CD-ROM. Why would you choose Introduction to Quantitative Research Methods - It is theoretical, providing a concise overview of issues of quantitative research. - It is practical, providing case studies that exemplify the different ways of research is conducted in the social sciences (ranging from psychology to sociology, politics and media). - It is educational, providing practical vignettes, and chapter highlights for revision. - It is integrative, producing a typology of different ways of conducting quantitative research methods. - It is international, providing case studies from a range of countries. - It is innovative, providing multimedia tutorials on generic research and statistical skills. - It is clear, concise and accessible.

Applied Social Research

Author: NA Hall,Ralph Hall

Publisher: Macmillan Education AU

ISBN: 9781420256123

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 7943

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Applied Social Research focuses on the real world context of applied research. It discusses the often overlooked, yet essential process of planning: poor planning inevitably produces inadequate research. The text helps researchers decide how to approach their applied research problems and to think through the major issues in the design and analysis of their project. 'Applied Social Research' also discussed the idea that in applied social research the use of a single method type is unlikely to provide answers to the often complex set of research questions being addressed and highlights the benefits of using two or more research methods in the one study. The author argues that such mixed method designs are becoming widely used in applied social research, particularly where the methods combine qualitative and quantitative data, thereby enabling a richer set of data to provide various perspectives on the research topic, removing limitations imposed by using single methods. Examples of such designs are provided throughout, useful mixed method designs are outlined and their advantages discussed.