Basic Research Methods

An Entry to Social Science Research

Author: Gerard Guthrie

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 8132105966

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

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This book offers a comprehensive and well-rounded view of research as a tool for problem-solving in the wide range of the social sciences. It is built on the foundation of philosophical pragmatism, postulating that the value of knowledge and research methodologies lie in their usefulness in engaging with the real world. The book synthesizes both positivist and non-positivist methodologies. It is meant for students who are undertaking their first research course or project. The techniques, while basic in nature, are used in many masters and doctoral research studies. The book uses engaging language, real-life examples from various subject areas and follows an inductive approach. With the help of this book, from an experiential base, students should be able to build a more advanced conceptual and theoretical understanding of research through further reading and practice. This book discusses a policy-applied-pure-action model of research covering both quantitative and qualitative methods for case study, survey and experimental designs. It pays considerable attention to measurement principles and to data analysis techniques that make practical use of Microsoft Excel for analysis of both words and numbers. It includes a building block approach to writing, as well as the author’s thoughts on application of research in the real world.

Basic Concepts in the Methodology of the Social Sciences

Author: Johann Mouton,H. C. Marais

Publisher: HSRC Press

ISBN: 9780796906489

Category: Humanities

Page: 276

View: 2580

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Considerations of validity that are central to all disciplines in the social sciences are discussed, and concepts that are an essential part of the intellectual equipment of the social sciences researcher are systematically analyzed. Fundamental methodological concepts underlying decisions made in the research process are highlighted to encourage a more critical attitude on the part of the researcher. This document consists of three sections. Part 1 consists of seven chapters, which discuss the basic concepts of methodology in the social sciences: (1) the definition of social sciences research; (2) research design--problem formulation; (3) research design, conceptualization, and operationalization; (4) data collection; (5) analysis and interpretation; (6) central constructs in the research process; and (7) perspectives on qualitative and quantitative research. Part 2 provides guidelines for writing research proposals and research reports. Part 3 provides case studies; it includes three papers highlighting the most important methodological principles discussed in preceding sections. The appended papers include: (1) "A Sociological Analysis of Medical Encounters of Aged Persons at an Outpatient Centre: A Qualitative Approach" (Monica Ferreira); (2) "A Typology of Value Orientations" (Dian Joubert); and (3) "Human Factors in Stope Productivity--A Field Experiment" (K. F. Mauer and A. C. Lawrence). (SLD)

Social Science Research

Principles, Methods, and Practices

Author: Anol Bhattacherjee

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781475146127

Category: Science

Page: 156

View: 7697

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This book is designed to introduce doctoral and graduate students to the process of conducting scientific research in the social sciences, business, education, public health, and related disciplines. It is a one-stop, comprehensive, and compact source for foundational concepts in behavioral research, and can serve as a stand-alone text or as a supplement to research readings in any doctoral seminar or research methods class. This book is currently used as a research text at universities on six continents and will shortly be available in nine different languages.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods

Author: Michael Lewis-Beck,Alan E Bryman,Tim Futing Liao

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761923633

Category: Social Science

Page: 1305

View: 3775

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"The first encyclopedia to cover inclusively both quantitative and qualitative research approaches, this set provides clear explanations of 1,000 methodologies, avoiding mathematical equations when possible with liberal cross-referencing and bibliographies. Each volume includes a list of works cited, and the third contains a comprehensive index and lists of person names, organizations, books, tests, software, major concepts, surveys, and methodologies."--"Reference that rocks," American Libraries, May 2005.

The Principles of Knowledge Creation

Research Methods in the Social Sciences

Author: Bengt Gustavsson (Ph. D.)

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781008843

Category: Social Science

Page: 294

View: 7508

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'. . . a vast array of material that would be useful in a variety of courses and projects. Recommended.' - R.K. Murray, Choice

Introduction to Quantitative Research Methods

An Investigative Approach

Author: Mark Balnaves,Peter Caputi

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1848608640

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 9046

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Introduction to Quantitative Research Methods is a student-friendly introduction to quantitative research methods and basic statistics. It uses a detective theme throughout the text and in multimedia courseware to show how quantitative methods have been used to solve real-life problems. The book focuses on principles and techniques that are appropriate to introductory level courses in media, psychology and sociology. Examples and illustrations are drawn from historical and contemporary research in the social sciences. The multimedia courseware provides tutorial work on sampling, basic statistics, and techniques for seeking information from databases and other sources. The statistics modules can be used as either part of a detective games or directly in teaching and learning. Brief video lessons in SPSS, using real datasets, are also a feature of the CD-ROM. Why would you choose Introduction to Quantitative Research Methods - It is theoretical, providing a concise overview of issues of quantitative research. - It is practical, providing case studies that exemplify the different ways of research is conducted in the social sciences (ranging from psychology to sociology, politics and media). - It is educational, providing practical vignettes, and chapter highlights for revision. - It is integrative, producing a typology of different ways of conducting quantitative research methods. - It is international, providing case studies from a range of countries. - It is innovative, providing multimedia tutorials on generic research and statistical skills. - It is clear, concise and accessible.

Basic Statistics for Social Research

Author: Robert A. Hanneman,Augustine J. Kposowa,Mark D. Riddle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470587989

Category: Education

Page: 530

View: 2220

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Basic Statistics for Social Research offers an introduction to core general statistical concepts and methods. It covers procedural aspects of the application of statistical methods for data-description ; and hypothesis-testing ; distributions, tabulations, central tendency, variability, independence, correlation and regression. The use of math and theory are deliberately limited, and the authors focus on how the concepts and tools of statistics are used in the analysis of social science data, rather than on the mathematical and computational aspects. The book also emphasizes the use of computer software to calculate statistics. The book is designed for students in the social sciences.

Basic Research Methods for Librarians

Author: Lynn Silipigni Connaway,Ronald R. Powell

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1591588634

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 370

View: 3892

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Thoroughly updated, this book introduces the major issues involved in designing and conducting original research relevant to the fields of library and information science. * Library and information science examples to explain research methodologies and techniques * Explanations and examples of sampling procedures * A table for determining sample sizes and a random number table * Notes at the end of each chapter, plus a list of more than 400 research-related references at the end of the book

The Art of Empirical Investigation

Author: Julian Lincoln Simon

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412835947

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 558

View: 6313

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Julian Simon was known for his methodical, and often controversial, writings challenging conventional beliefs about overpopulation, pollution, disappearing farmland, and the scarcity of energy sources and raw materials. But throughout his works is a common theme: that responsible, unbiased research and examination of the data is indispensable to formulating a well-informed and accurate opinion. "The Art of Empirical Investigation" teaches student, professor, researcher, and those interested in ascertaining the truth about social issues just how to proceed. "The Art of Empirical Investigation" is a textbook on the basics of social-scientific research. It discusses all the important empirical methods used in social science, and its examples, drawn from a wide variety of academic and applied fields, illustrate the use of each method in its most appropriate context. The actual decisions a researcher must make at every stage of a project are emphasized, as well as obstacles to knowledge--such as observer bias, deception, unreliability of data, and sampling costs--and how to overcome them. Presupposing nothing, the book introduces the reader to the foundations of empirical social-science research, regardless of a specific field. It also makes an important contribution to beginning researchers' understanding of an operational definition of causality, which cuts through philosophical obscurity and teaches the researcher how to decide whether or not a given relationship is causal. James E. Katz contributes an introduction written for this new edition, in which he explains why, after over three decades, this remains one of the best books on research methods around. Written in a clear, informal style, "The Art of Empirical Investigation" is a must for the student and teacher of the social sciences, researchers, and journalists. Julian L. Simon (1932-1998) was professor of business administration at the University of Maryland and Distinguished Senior Fellow of the Cato Institute. His books, as author or editor, include "Population Matters, Hoodwinking the Nation," and "The Economics of Population: Key Classic Writing," all available from Transaction. James E. Katz is professor of communication at the School of Communication, Information and Library Studies at Rutgers University. He is the author of "Machines That Become Us" and "Connections," both available from Transaction.

Research Methods and Data Analysis in the Social Sciences

Author: Thomas R. Herzog

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780673991065

Category: Psychology

Page: 378

View: 9035

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Employing a clear, straightforward framework, this text focuses on the types of data most commonly produced by the basic research methods of observation, survey, and experiment, the text pairs each method chapter with a chapter on the analysis of the types of results usually obtained with that type of research.

Research in Practice

Applied Methods for the Social Sciences

Author: Martin Terre Blanche,Kevin Durrheim,Desmond Painter

Publisher: Juta and Company Ltd

ISBN: 9781919713694

Category: Social Science

Page: 594

View: 437

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A major shift in research methodology from technical to more contextual and pragmatic approaches, this thorough resource incorporates new trends while also providing comprehensive coverage of the full range of established research approaches and techniques, skillfully combining epistemology, methodology, statistics, and application in a volume that is both sophisticated and practical. Placing a greater emphasis on interdisciplinary and applied research skills, this guide encourages the concurrent use of qualitative and quantitative methods and explores such complex topics as ethical issues in social science research; inferential statistical methods; and Marxist, feminist, and black scholarship perspectives.

Basic Content Analysis

Author: Robert Philip Weber

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803938632

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 96

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This second edition of Basic Content Analysis is completely updated and offers a concise introduction to content analysis methods from a social science perspective. It includes new computer applications, new studies and an additional chapter on problems and issues that can arise when carrying out content analysis in four major areas: measurement, indication, representation and interpretation.

Research Methods in Psychology

Evaluating a World of Information, Second Edition

Author: Beth Moring

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393936937

Category: Psychology

Page: 604

View: 1628

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This market-leading text emphasizes future consumers of psychological research, uses real-world examples drawn from popular media, and develops students’ critical-thinking skills as they become systematic interrogators of information in their everyday lives.

Research Methods for Criminal Justice and the Social Sciences

Practice and Applications

Author: Connie Ireland,Bruce Lawrence Berg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780135018774

Category: Law

Page: 155

View: 3713

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Research Methods for Criminal Justice and the Social Sciences combines a traditional research book with exercises that allow students to experience research in a controlled environment. It is a companion methods/manual for use with most traditional social scientific research textbooks. This book offers readers basic information about methodological concerns (brief readings); and a variety of practices exercises relating to those readings. Some features of this book: Each chapter begins with a BRIEF discussion of the elements relevant to a basic understanding of research methods After each section of each chapter are several abstracted reprints containing basic intros of published articles Each reading is then followed with an Application Exercise which relates to the methodological procedure in the abstracted reprint...all exercises were designed to be completed by college students amd allows them to get their "hands dirty with the This is a perfect resource for individuals interested in the field of criminal justice, criminology, or sociology.

Social Research

Issues, Methods and Process

Author: Tim May

Publisher: Open University Press

ISBN: 9780335206124

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 771

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"a welcome third edition of an already well-known and widely used text... truly 'user-friendly' " Network "The third edition of this tried and tested book works very well and should be extremely successful...its strength is that it covers all the principal areas of research in an accessible and lively style, treating each approach in relation to the philosophical and methodological debates that underpin them. It is logically organised and each chapter is well-structured...complex topics are clearly explained for the inexperienced reader, at the same time it contains enough of substance and food for thought for more advanced students." - John Scott, University of Essex Praise for the previous edition: "This is the finest introduction to social research I have ever read...Methods are meticulously worked through from official statistics to comparative research via surveys, interviews, observation and documentary analysis...The writing is clear, concise and scholarly with the bibliography a delightful A to Z compendium of the best in sociology." - British Sociological Association Network The fully revised and updated third edition of this hugely popular text incorporates the latest developments in the interdisciplinary field of social research, while retaining the style and structure that appealed to so many in the first two editions. Tim May successfully bridges the gap between theory and methods in social research, clearly illuminating these essential components for understanding the dynamics of social relations. The book is divided into two parts, with Part I examining the issues and perspectives in social research and Part II setting out the methods and processes. Revisions and additions have been made to Part I to take account of new ways of thinking about the relationship between theory and research, and values and ethics in the research process. These take on board advances in post-empiricist thinking, as well as the relations between values, objectivity and data collection. Where necessary, recommended readings and references to studies that form the bases of discussions throughout the book have been updated. In Part II, additions have been made to the chapter on questionnaires, and elsewhere new discussions have been introduced, for example, on research on the internet, narratives, case studies and new technologies. The reader will detect many other changes, the intention of which is to aid understanding by staying up-to-date with the latest innovations in social research. The chapters follow a common structure to enable a clear appreciation of the place, process and analysis of each method, and to allow the comparison of their strengths and weaknesses in the context of discussions in Part I. The clear writing style, chapter summaries, questions for reflection and signposts to further readings continue to make this book the ideal companion to social research for students across the social sciences. In addition, it will be recognised as an invaluable source of reference for those practising and teaching social research who wish to keep abreast of key developments in the field.

Methods for Policy Research

Taking Socially Responsible Action

Author: Ann Majchrzak,M. Lynne Markus

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483315932

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 8518

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Methods for Policy Research, Second Edition, by Ann Majchrzak and M. Lynne Markus, is a book about responsible and evidence-based policy decision making written for those interested in improving the decisions that affect people’s lives. It describes how to define policy research questions so that evidence can be applied to policy decisions, how to find and synthesize existing evidence, how to generate new evidence if needed, how to make acceptable recommendations that can solve policy problems without negative side effects, and how to describe evidence and policy recommendations in a manner that changes minds. The suggestions made throughout the book are based on the fundamental belief that evidence-based decision making is superior to decisions based purely on opinion, intuition, and emotion.

Designing Social Inquiry

Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research

Author: Gary King,Robert O. Keohane,Sidney Verba

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400821211

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 9527

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While heated arguments between practitioners of qualitative and quantitative research have begun to test the very integrity of the social sciences, Gary King, Robert Keohane, and Sidney Verba have produced a farsighted and timely book that promises to sharpen and strengthen a wide range of research performed in this field. These leading scholars, each representing diverse academic traditions, have developed a unified approach to valid descriptive and causal inference in qualitative research, where numerical measurement is either impossible or undesirable. Their book demonstrates that the same logic of inference underlies both good quantitative and good qualitative research designs, and their approach applies equally to each. Providing precepts intended to stimulate and discipline thought, the authors explore issues related to framing research questions, measuring the accuracy of data and uncertainty of empirical inferences, discovering causal effects, and generally improving qualitative research. Among the specific topics they address are interpretation and inference, comparative case studies, constructing causal theories, dependent and explanatory variables, the limits of random selection, selection bias, and errors in measurement. Mathematical notation is occasionally used to clarify concepts, but no prior knowledge of mathematics or statistics is assumed. The unified logic of inference that this book explicates will be enormously useful to qualitative researchers of all traditions and substantive fields.

Action Theory

A Primer for Applied Research in the Social Sciences

Author: Ladislav Valach,Richard Anthony Young,M. Judith Lynam

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275970864

Category: Psychology

Page: 268

View: 9261

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Presents a theory of goal directed action, helping us see our everyday behavior in a systematic manner relevant to our lives.