Basic Rights

Subsistence, Affluence, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Author: Henry Shue,Senior Research Fellow Henry Shue

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691029290

Category: Philosophy

Page: 236

View: 7857

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I. Three Basic rights

Weltarmut und Menschenrechte

kosmopolitische Verantwortung und Reformen

Author: Thomas Pogge

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783111740164

Category: Cosmopolitanism

Page: 389

View: 781

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Thomas Pogge s book explains why so many of the wealthy believe that they have no responsibility for the elimination of poverty even though a degree of income transfer seems morally required. The theories of the wealthy are seemingly disconnected from poverty in other countries. Pogge dispatches with this illusion and suggests a realistic standard of global economic justice."

Laudato si

Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes

Author: Franziskus (Papst),

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 345180736X

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 6128

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Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.

Menschen in finsteren Zeiten

Author: Hannah Arendt

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492969216

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

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Die große Philosophin Hannah Arendt porträtiert Persönlichkeiten wie Rosa Luxemburg, Karl Jaspers, Bertolt Brecht, Walter Benjamin und Tania Blixen: »Gemeinsam ist allen das Zeitalter, in das ihre Lebenszeit fiel, die Welt der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts mit ihren politischen Katastrophen, moralischen Desastern und einer erstaunlichen Entwicklung von Kunst und Wissenschaft.«

Das Recht der Völker

Enthält: "Nochmals: Die Idee der öffentlichen Vernunft"

Author: John Rawls

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110898535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 294

View: 9584

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Welche Bedingungen lassen Völker gerecht und friedlich zusammenleben? Unter welchen Umständen sind Kriege gerechtfertigt? Welche Leitlinien müssen gegeben sein für Organisationen, die eine gerechte Gesellschaft von Völkern mit gleichen Rechten herzustellen vermögen? In acht Grundsätzen für eine gerechte internationale Ordnung entwickelt der amerikanische Philosoph John Rawls einen hypothetischen "Vertrag der Gesellschaft der Völker". Das jüngste Buch von John Rawls ist nach A Theory of Justice 1971, dt. 1975) und Political Liberalism (1993, dt. 1998) ein weiteres wichtiges Werk des bedeutenden amerikanischen Philosophen. Die Originalausgabe (The Law of Peoples, 1999) hat zu heftigen Kontroversen geführt.

Die politischen Werke

Zweiter Band

Author: Thomas Paine

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783737209847

Category:

Page: 388

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Thomas Paine, einer der Grundervater der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika, hat eine Vielzahl von politischen Schriften verfasst. Sein Lebensmotto war: Die Welt ist mein Land und Gutes zu tun meine Religion.." Nach diesem Motto lebte er und verfasste seine Werke. Seine Schriften hatten grossen Einfluss auf das Denken seiner Zeitgenossen. Abraham Lincoln und Thomas Edison bekannten sich zu ihm. Paine verstand es, komplizierte Sachverhalte verstandlich darzustellen. Der hier vorliegende zweite Band seiner politischen Werke enthalt eine Vielzahl politischer Schreiben, Briefe und Aufsatze. Dieses Buch ist ein unveranderter Nachdruck der deutschsprachigen Originalausgabe von 1852

Global Basic Rights

Author: Charles R. Beitz,Robert E. Goodin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191610038

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 411

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Politically, as well as philosophically, concerns with human rights have permeated many of the most important debates on social justice worldwide for fully a half-century. Henry Shue's 1980 book on Basic Rights proved to be a pioneering contribution to those debates, and one that continues to elicit both critical and constructive comment. Global Basic Rights brings together many of the most influential contemporary writers in political philosophy and international relations - Charles Beitz, Robert Goodin, Christian Reus-Smit, Andrew Hurrell, Judith Lichtenberg, Elizabeth Ashford, Thomas Pogge, Neta Crawford, Richard Miller, David Luban, Jeremy Waldron and Simon Caney- to explore some of the most challenging theoretical and practical questions that Shue's work provokes. These range from the question of the responsibilities of the global rich to redress severe poverty to the permissibility of using torture to gain information to fight international terrorism. The contributors explore the continuing value of the idea of "basic rights" in understanding moral challenges as diverse as child labor and global climate change.

Das krumme Holz der Humanität

Kapitel der Ideengeschichte

Author: Isaiah Berlin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827008169

Category: Civilization, Modern

Page: 430

View: 1230

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Mit dem Titel dieses Buches spielt Isaiah Berlin auf ein berühmtes Diktum Immanuel Kants an: "Aus so krummem Holze, als woraus der Mensch gemacht ist, kann nichts ganz Gerades gezimmert werden." Dieser Satz enthält ein Programm, das für die Werke Berlins von Anfang an charakteristisch war: Unabhängigkeit des Denkens und das Plädoyer für Humanität gerade aus dem Wissen um ihre stete Gefährdung. Das krumme Holz der Humanität belegt diese Haltung auf eindrückliche Weise. In acht ideengeschichtlichen Studien diskutiert Isaiah Berlin zentrale Konzepte der Philosophie und Politik, die in den letzten 200 Jahren einen radikalen Bedeutungs- und Bewertungswandel erfahren haben: Pluralismus und Relativismus, Nationalismus und Faschismus, europäische Einheit und Utopie. Berlin beschwört nicht die Kultur Europas, er verkörpert sie - er schreibt und argumentiert aus ihrem Geiste, in genauer Kenntnis ihrer Leistungen und ihrer Widersprüche.

Torture, Terror, and Trade-Offs

Philosophy for the White House

Author: Jeremy Waldron

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199585040

Category: Law

Page: 357

View: 9080

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This volume collects Jeremy Waldron's challenging and influential work on the moral, political and legal issues surrounding the response to terrorism since 9/11. The volume will be essential reading for all those engaged with contemporary politics and security law, and the continuing struggle for an ethical response to terrorism.

Human Rights, Migration, and Social Conflict

Towards a Decolonized Global Justice

Author: Ariadna Estévez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137097558

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 4004

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This book uses human rights as part of a constructivist methodology designed to establish a causal relationship between human rights violations and different types of social and political conflict in Europe and North America.

Human Rights

Between Idealism and Realism

Author: Christian Tomuschat

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191506699

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 6994

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This third edition of Human Rights: Between Idealism and Realism presents human rights in action, focusing on their effectiveness as legal tools designed to benefit human beings. By combining conceptual analysis with an emphasis on procedures and mechanisms of implementation, this volume provides a multidimensional overview of human rights. After examining briefly the history of human rights, the author analyses the intellectual framework that forms the basis of their legitimacy. In particular, he covers the concept of universality and the widely used model that classifies human rights into clusters of different 'generations'. In this edition, the author brings together the fundamental aspects of human rights law, addressing human dignity as the ethical foundation of human rights, the principle of equality and non-discrimination as the essence of any culture of human rights, the protections against racial discrimination and discrimination against women, and assesses the individual as a subject of international law. The volume then moves on to assess the activities of the political institutions of the United Nations, the expert bodies established by the relevant treaties, and the international tribunals specifically entrusted at the regional level with protecting human rights. This edition also includes specific analysis of the actions mandated by the UN Security Council against Libya in 2011. It also includes greater coverage of the jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. The author explains how and why the classical array of politically inspired informal devices has been enriched by the addition of international criminal procedures and by endeavours to introduce civil suits against alleged individual violators of human rights. Finally, the volume is rounded off by a consideration of the importance of humanitarian law as an instrument for the protection of human life and dignity and an exploration of the future of human rights.

Human Rights

Concept and Context

Author: Brian Orend

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 1460401077

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 4159

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Winner: 2002 Choice Outstanding Academic Title Award What are human rights? What justifies us in believing we have them? What are rights-holders and duty-bearers? Who should bear the costs and responsibilities for making human rights real? Why have some criticized the human rights perspective? And how can those supportive of human rights best respond? These and other conceptual issues are discussed in full in the first part of this book. The second part offers a detailed account of how the human rights idea came to be such a powerful force in the contemporary world; it traces the evolution of human rights from their origins to their present position in our daily lives, in political struggles, and in both national and international law.

Health and Human Rights

Author: Thérèse Murphy

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1782251723

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

View: 4750

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This book aims to bolster the burgeoning discourse of health and human rights. In so doing, it charts the history of the linkage between health and human rights. It also pinpoints the sense of imperative that surrounds this relationship. More importantly, the book identifies a series of threats and challenges facing attempts to link health and human rights and proposes how these might be addressed. Amongst other things, it asks: is conflict between risk and rights inevitable in the context of infectious disease control? Is reproductive choice a bad argument in the context of reproductive technologies? Is it sensible for human rights to make use of measurement tools such as indicators? Is the 'cost of human rights' an argument that can and should be used by proponents of human rights? The answers it gives to these questions are original and engaging and will be of great interest to a diverse audience, including scholars and policy-makers in these areas.

The Twilight of Human Rights Law

Author: Eric Posner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199313466

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

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Countries solemnly intone their commitment to human rights, and they ratify endless international treaties and conventions designed to signal that commitment. At the same time, there has been no marked decrease in human rights violations, even as the language of human rights has become the dominant mode of international moral criticism. Well-known violators like Libya, Saudi Arabia, and Sudan have sat on the U.N. Council on Human Rights. But it's not just the usual suspects that flagrantly disregard the treaties. Brazil pursues extrajudicial killings. South Africa employs violence against protestors. India tolerate child labor and slavery. The United States tortures. In The Twilight of Human Rights Law--the newest addition to Oxford's highly acclaimed Inalienable Rights series edited by Geoffrey Stone--the eminent legal scholar Eric A. Posner argues that purposefully unenforceable human rights treaties are at the heart of the world's failure to address human rights violations. Because countries fundamentally disagree about what the public good requires and how governments should allocate limited resources in order to advance it, they have established a regime that gives them maximum flexibility--paradoxically characterized by a huge number of vague human rights that encompass nearly all human activity, along with weak enforcement machinery that churns out new rights but cannot enforce any of them. Posner looks to the foreign aid model instead, contending that we should judge compliance by comprehensive, concrete metrics like poverty reduction, instead of relying on ambiguous, weak, and easily manipulated checklists of specific rights. With a powerful thesis, a concise overview of the major developments in international human rights law, and discussions of recent international human rights-related controversies, The Twilight of Human Rights Law is an indispensable contribution to this important area of international law from a leading scholar in the field.

Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights

Author: Diana Tietjens Meyers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199396906

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 7594

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Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights collects thirteen new essays that analyze how human agency relates to poverty and human rights respectively as well as how agency mediates issues concerning poverty and social and economic human rights. No other collection of philosophical papers focuses on the diverse ways poverty impacts the agency of the poor, the reasons why poverty alleviation schemes should also promote the agency of beneficiaries, and the fitness of the human rights regime to secure both economic development and free agency. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1 considers the diverse meanings of poverty both from the standpoint of the poor and from that of the relatively well-off. Part 2 examines morally appropriate responses to poverty on the part of persons who are better-off and powerful institutions. Part 3 identifies economic development strategies that secure the agency of the beneficiaries. Part 4 addresses the constraints poverty imposes on agency in the context of biomedical research, migration for work, and trafficking in persons.

Fulfilling Social and Economic Rights

Author: Sakiko Fukuda-Parr,Terra Lawson-Remer,Susan Randolph

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190226692

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 1971

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One of the most ambitious legacies of the 20th century was the universal commitment to ensure freedom from want as a human right. But to what extent are countries across the world living up to this commitment? This path breaking book develops an innovative, evidence-based index for comparing performance on education, food, health, work and housing across very differently situated countries and over time. It explores the factors influencing performance and provides empirical evidence to resolve some long standing controversies over the principle of "progressive realization". By defying the boundaries of traditional research disciplines, this work fundamentally advances our knowledge about the status of and factors promoting social and economic rights fulfillment at the dawn of the 21st century.

Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict

Author: Gilles Giacca

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191026913

Category: Law

Page: 414

View: 4922

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This book addresses the international legal obligation to protect economic, social, and cultural human rights in times of armed conflict and other situations of armed violence. These rights provide guarantees to individuals of their fundamental rights to work, to an adequate standard of living (food, water, housing), to education, and to health. Armed violence can take many forms, from civil unrest or protest and other forms of internal disturbances and tensions to higher levels of violence that may amount to armed conflict, whether of an international or of a non-international character. However, in all such cases the protection of ESC rights is sorely challenged. Situations of actual or potential violence present a number of challenges to the application and implementation of human rights law in general and socio-economic rights obligations more specifically. This book sets out the legal framework, defining what constitutes a minimum universal standard of human rights protection applicable in all circumstances. It assesses the concept and content of ESC rights' obligations, and evaluates how far they can be legally applicable in various scenarios of armed violence. By looking at the specific human rights treaty provisions, it discusses how far ESC rights obligations can be affected by practical and legal challenges to their implementation. The book addresses the key issues facing the protection of such rights in times of armed conflict: the legal conditions to limit ESC rights on security grounds, including the use of force; the extraterritorial applicability of international human rights treaties setting out ESC rights; the relationship between human rights law and international humanitarian law; and the obligations of non-state actors under human rights law and with particular relevance to the protection of ESC rights. The book assesses the nature of these potential challenges to the protection of ESC rights, and offers solutions to reinforce their continued application.

Challenges in Human Rights

A Social Work Perspective

Author: Elisabeth Reichert

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231510349

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 4098

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By using human rights as a guidepost, social workers can help create social welfare policies that better serve societal needs. However, in applying human rights to contemporary situations, social workers often encounter challenges that require thinking outside the box. Bringing together provocative essays from a diverse range of authors, Elisabeth Reichert demonstrates how approaching social work from a human rights perspective can profoundly affect legislation, resource management, and enforcement of policies. Topics include the reconciliation of cultural relativism with universal human rights; the debate over whether human rights truly promote economic and social development or simply allow economically developed societies to exploit underdeveloped countries; the role of gender in the practice of human rights; the tendency to promote political and civil rights over economic and social rights; and the surprising connection between the social work and legal professions.

Burma Redux

Global Justice and the Quest for Political Reform in Myanmar

Author: Ian Holliday

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231504241

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 5276

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Contemporary Myanmar faces a number of political challenges, and it is unclear how other nations should act in relation to the country. Prioritizing the opinions of local citizens and reading them against the latest scholarship on this issue, Ian Holliday affirms the importance of foreign interests in Myanmar's democratic awakening, yet only through committed, grassroots strategies of engagement encompassing foreign states, international aid agencies, and global corporations. Holliday supports his argument by using multiple sources and theories, particularly ones that take historical events, contemporary political and social investigations, and global justice literature into account, as well as studies that focus on the effects of democratic transition, the aid industry, and socially responsible corporate investing and sanctions. One of the only volumes to apply broad-ranging global justice theories to a real-world nation in flux, Burma Redux will appeal to professionals researching Burma/Myanmar; political advisers and advocacy groups; nonspecialists interested in Southeast Asian politics and society and the local and international problems posed by pariah states; general readers who seek a richer understanding of the country beyond journalistic accounts; and the Burmese people themselves—both within the country and in diaspora. Burma Redux is also the first book-length study on the nation to be completed after the contentious general elections of 2010.

Torture, Power, and Law

Author: David Luban

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107051096

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 4124

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David Luban analyzes the torture debate in the struggle against terrorism from a sophisticated philosophical and legal perspective.