Beliefs and Rituals in Archaic Eastern North America

An Interpretive Guide

Author: Cheryl Claassen

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817318542

Category: Reference

Page: 385

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A comprehensive and essential field reference, Beliefs and Rituals in Archaic Eastern North America reveals the spiritual landscape in the American Archaic period. Beliefs and Rituals in Archaic Eastern North America describes, illustrates, and offers nondogmatic interpretations of rituals and beliefs in Archaic America. In compiling a wealth of detailed entries, author Cheryl Claassen has created both an exhaustive reference as well as an opening into new archaeological taxonomies, connections, and understandings of Native American culture. The material is presented in an introductory essay about Archaic rituals followed by two sections of entries that incorporate reports and articles discussing archaeological sites; studies of relevant practices of ritual and belief; data related to geologic features, artifact attributes, and burial settings; ethnographies; and pilgrimages to specific sites. Claassen’s work focuses on the American Archaic period (marked by the end of the Ice Age approximately 11,000 years ago) and a geographic area bounded by the edge of the Great Plains, Newfoundland, and southern Florida. This period and region share specific beliefs and practices such as human sacrifice, dirt mound burial, and oyster shell middens. This interpretive guide serves as a platform for new interpretations and theories on this period. For example, Claassen connects rituals to topographic features and posits the Pleistocene-Holocene transition as a major stimulus to Archaic beliefs. She also expands the interpretation of existing data previously understood in economic or environmental terms to include how this same data may also reveal spiritual and symbolic practices. Similarly, Claassen interprets Archaic culture in terms of human agency and social constraint, bringing ritual acts into focus as drivers of social transformation and ethnogenesis. Richly annotated and cross-referenced for ease of use, Beliefs and Rituals in Archaic Eastern North America will benefit scholars and students of archaeology and Native American culture. Claassen’s overview of the archaeological record should encourage the development of original archaeological and historical connections and patterns. Such an approach, Claassen suggests, may reveal patterns of influence extending from early eastern Americans to the Aztec and Maya.

People with Animals

Perspectives and Studies in Ethnozooarchaeology

Author: Lee Broderick

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1785702483

Category: Science

Page: 156

View: 7675

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People with Animals emphasizes the interdependence of people and animals in society, and contributors examine the variety of forms and time-depth that these relations can take. The types of relationship studied include the importance of manure to farming societies, dogs as livestock guardians, seasonality in pastoralist societies, butchery, symbolism and food. Examples are drawn from the Pleistocene to the present day and from the Altai Mountains, Ethiopia, Iraq, Italy, Mongolia and North America. The 11 papers work from the basis that animals are an integral part of society and that past society is the object of most archaeological inquiry. Discussion papers explore this topic and use the case-studies presented in other contributions to suggest the importance of ethnozooarchaeology not just to archaeology but also to anthrozoology. A further contribution to archaeological theory is made by an argument for the validity of ethnozooarchaeology derived models to Neanderthals. The book makes a compelling case for the importance of human-animal relations in the archaeological record and demonstrates why the information contained in this record is of significance to specialists in other disciplines.

Climate, Clothing, and Agriculture in Prehistory

Linking Evidence, Causes, and Effects

Author: Ian Gilligan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108611389

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

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Clothing was crucial in human evolution, and having to cope with climate change was as true in prehistory as it is today. In Climate, Clothing, and Agriculture in Prehistory, Ian Gilligan offers the first complete account of the development of clothing as a response to cold exposure during the ice ages. He explores how and when clothes were invented, noting that the thermal motive alone is tenable in view of the naked condition of humans. His account shows that there is considerably more archaeological evidence for palaeolithic clothes than is generally appreciated. Moreover, Gilligan posits, clothing played a leading role in major technological innovations. He demonstrates that fibre production and the advent of woven fabrics, developed in response to global warming, were pivotal to the origins of agriculture. Drawing together evidence from many disciplines, Climate Clothing, and Agriculture in Prehistory is written in a clear and engaging style, and is illustrated with nearly 100 images.

Monacan Millennium

A Collaborative Archaeology and History of a Virginia Indian People

Author: Jeffrey L. Hantman

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813941482

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 922

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While Jamestown and colonial settlements dominate narratives of Virginia’s earliest days, the land’s oldest history belongs to its native people. Monacan Millennium tells the story of the Monacan Indian people of Virginia, stretching from 1000 A.D. through the moment of colonial contact in 1607 and into the present. Written from an anthropological perspective and informed by ethnohistory, archaeology, and indigenous tribal perspectives, this comprehensive study reframes the Chesapeake’s early colonial period—and its deep precolonial history—by viewing it through a Monacan lens. Shifting focus to the Monacans, Hantman reveals a group whose ritual practices bespeak centuries of politically and culturally dynamic history. This insightful volume draws on archeology, English colonial archives, Spanish sources, and early cartography to put the Monacans back on the map. By examining representations of the tribe in colonial, postcolonial, and contemporary texts, the author fosters a dynamic, unfolding understanding of who the Monacan people were and are.

Dressing the Part

Power, Dress, Gender, and Representation in the Pre-Columbian Americas

Author: Sarahh E. M. Scher,Billie J. A. Follensbee

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813062211

Category: Art

Page: 497

View: 8486

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"From Olmec costume switching to Peruvian bundle burials we see which types of power were gendered, which symbols or motifs were power filled, and how these symbols were borne by the living and the dead. This collection showcases a mature gendered archaeology."--Cheryl Claassen, author of Beliefs and Rituals in Archaic Eastern North America: An Interpretive Guide Costume can reveal a wealth of information about an individual's identity within society. Dressing the Part looks at the ways individuals in the ancient Americas used clothing, hairstyle, and personal ornaments to express status and power, gender identity, and group affiliations, even from the grave. While most gender studies of pre-Columbian societies focus on women, these essays also foreground men and persons of multiple or ambiguous gender, exploring how these various identities are part of the greater fabric of social relations, political power, and religious authority. The contributors to this volume discuss how costume elements represented empowered identities, how different costumes expressed gender and power, and how elite gendered costume elements may have been appropriated by people of other genders as symbols of power. Dressing the Part examines how individual identity played a role in larger schemes of social relationship in the ancient Americas. Employing a variety of theories and methodologies from art history, anthropology, ethnography, semiotics, and material science, this volume considers not only how authority is gendered or related to gender but also how the dynamics between power and gender are negotiated through costume. Contributors: Katie McElfresh Buford | Billie J. A. Follensbee | Alice Beck Kehoe | Melissa K. Logan | Matthew G. Looper | Ann H. Peters | Kim N. Richter | Sarahh E. M. Scher | Elsa L. Tomasto-Cagigao | Laura M. Wingfield | Karon Winzenz | Cherra Wyllie

Bis ans Ende der Geschichte

Roman

Author: Jodi Picoult

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641159393

Category: Fiction

Page: 576

View: 741

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Sage Singer ist eine junge Bäckerin. Sie hat ihre Mutter bei einem Autounfall verloren und fühlt sich schuldig, weil sie den Wagen gelenkt hat. Um den Verlust zu verarbeiten, nimmt sie an einer Trauergruppe teil. Dort lernt sie den 90jährigen Josef Weber kennen. Trotz des großen Altersunterschieds haben Sage und Josef ein Gespür für die verdeckten Wunden des anderen, und es entwickelt sich eine ungewöhnliche Freundschaft. Als Josef ihr eines Tages ein lang verschwiegenes, entsetzliches Geheimnis verrät, bittet er Sage um einen schwerwiegenden Gefallen. Wenn sie einwilligt, hat das allerdings nicht nur moralische, sondern auch gesetzliche Konsequenzen. Sage steht vor einem moralischen Dilemma: Denn wo befindet sich die Grenze zwischen Hilfe und einem Vergehen, Strafe und Gerechtigkeit, Vergebung und Gnade?

Material turn: Feministische Perspektiven auf Materialität und Materialismus

Author: Imke Leicht,Christine Löw,Nadja Meisterhans,Katharina Volk

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3847404067

Category: Political Science

Page: 205

View: 6840

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Das Thema Materialität wird innerhalb feministischer Forschungen in den letzten Jahren erneut diskutiert. Vor dem Hintergrund des material turn widmet sich der Band aktuellen Auseinandersetzungen mit Materialität und Materialismus. Dabei sollen zum einen bestehende Konfliktfelder zwischen Diskurs und Materialität sowie Struktur, Handlungsfähigkeit und Subjektivität aus feministischer Perspektive aufgezeigt werden. Zum anderen strebt der Band an, Potenziale einer verbindenden Perspektive auf 'neue' und 'alte' Konzeptionen von Materialität und Materialismen innerhalb feministischer Theorien und Praxen kritisch auszuloten.

Kulturgeschichte der mittelalterlichen Wahrsagerei

Author: Christa Agnes Tuczay

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110240416

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 381

View: 5504

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The quest for truth, foreseeing the future, solving the enigmas of the past, finding answers to acute questions: all this was promised by oracles already in antiquity. Although the rise of Christianity meant a break with this tradition, the art of fortune telling continued to thrive, partly based on models from antiquity but in Christianized form, partly using genuinely new methods in medieval times. The secret scholarly treatises on oracle techniques, which were only reluctantly tolerated by the church, were always subject to prohibition, since theologians condemned the belief in fate and the use of magic to influence reality as heresy. This book discusses all medieval forms of fortune telling and places special emphasis on their history of context, reception and discourse, also including a chapter on antiquity.

Orientalismus

Author: Edward W. Said

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783100710086

Category: Europa - Orientbild - Kultur - Geschichte 1800-2000

Page: 459

View: 6318

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Glas, Ironie und Gott

fünf epische Gedichte und ein Essay über das Geschlecht des Klanges

Author: Anne Carson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Poetry

Page: 191

View: 8831

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Das Ritual

Struktur und Anti-Struktur

Author: Victor Witter Turner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783593377629

Category: Rites and ceremonies

Page: 209

View: 433

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Formen, die der kapitalistischen Produktion vorhergehen

Author: Karl Marx

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843043957

Category: Fiction

Page: 52

View: 3943

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Karl Marx: Formen, die der kapitalistischen Produktion vorhergehen Auszug aus den ökonomischen Manuskripten der Jahre 1857/58, die erstmals 1939 unter dem Titel »Grundrisse der Kritik der politischen Ökonomie« veröffentlicht wurden (Moskau 1939). – Die eckigen Klammern bei Marx wurden durch geschweifte Klammern ersetzt. Vollständige Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2014. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels: Werke. Herausgegeben vom Institut für Marxismus-Leninismus beim ZK der SED, 43 Bände, Band 42, Berlin: Dietz-Verlag, 1983. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage. Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 12 pt.

Homo Necans

Interpretationen altgriechischer Opferriten und Mythen

Author: Walter Burkert

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110808471

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 8570

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