Bilingual Grammar of English-Spanish Syntax

Author: Sam Hill,William Bradford

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761817192

Category: Social Science

Page: 366

View: 1682

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This revised edition of Bilingual Grammar of English-Spanish Syntax is a valuable comparative analysis of the inter-lingual differences between English and Spanish. All thirty-six sections of the book have been revised in order to cover a broad scope of dialects with as much clarity as possible. The exercises, many of which are framed bilingually, facilitate the development of the student's skills, through translation from one language into the other, or through restating grammatical constructions in one language. Bilingual Grammar of English-Spanish Syntax is an important tool for anyone teaching or working with Spanish and English.

Anaphora Resolution in Children and Adults

An Experimental Study of Mature Speakers and Learners of Basque

Author: Maialen Iraola Azpiroz

Publisher: Narr Francke Attempto Verlag

ISBN: 3823379291

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 181

View: 6614

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This work focuses on the comprehension of null and overt subject pronouns in intrasentential anaphora contexts in Basque, a language which employs overt referential devices that fall out of the scope of what traditionally counts as third person pronouns, namely the demonstrative hura 'that' and the quasipronoun bera '(s)he (him/herself)'. Data from native adults obtained from two experimental offline tasks on the referential properties and the discourse features of null and overt pronouns set a baseline for comparison with a) the i nsights reported in descriptive grammars and with b) developmental data from 6-8-year-old child L1 and child L2.

Multiword Units in Machine Translation and Translation Technology

Author: Ruslan Mitkov,Johanna Monti,Gloria Corpas Pastor,Violeta Seretan

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9027264201

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 259

View: 1940

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The correct interpretation of Multiword Units (MWUs) is crucial to many applications in Natural Language Processing but is a challenging and complex task. In recent years, the computational treatment of MWUs has received considerable attention but there is much more to be done before we can claim that NLP and Machine Translation (MT) systems process MWUs successfully. This volume provides a general overview of the field with particular reference to Machine Translation and Translation Technology and focuses on languages such as English, Basque, French, Romanian, German, Dutch and Croatian, among others. The chapters of the volume illustrate a variety of topics that address this challenge, such as the use of rule-based approaches, compound splitting techniques, MWU identification methodologies in multilingual applications, and MWU alignment issues.

Spanish/English Contrasts

A Course in Spanish Linguistics

Author: Melvin Stanley Whitley

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9780878403813

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 388

View: 3937

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An invaluable text in language and linguistics because it has a unique scope: a one-volume description of the Spanish language and its differences from English, and ranges from pronunciation and grammar to word meaning, language use, and social and dialectical variation. Designed for survey courses in Spanish linguistics with technical concepts explained in context for beginners in the field, Spanish/English Contrasts brings out the ways in which insights into the two languages have evolved as scholars have built on the work and research of others in the field. A bilingual glossary of linguistic terms is provided to facilitate discussion in either language. This second edition is thoroughly updated to incorporate insights and issues that have come to the fore from the explosion of research in the past twenty-five years in all of the areas covered by the book. It includes an expanded bibliography and index, and adds new exercises for student application and class discussion. Its approach remains broadly based however, in order to accommodate a range of areas and data rather than focusing narrowly on one single theory or research area, and it continues to emphasize implications for language teaching, translation, and other practical applications.

Grammatical Theory and Bilingual Codeswitching

Author: Jeff MacSwan

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262027895

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 326

View: 1591

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Part III: Codeswitching and the LF Interface -- 9 The Semantic Interpretation and Syntactic Distribution of Determiner Phrases in Spanish-English Codeswitching -- 10 Codeswitching and the Syntax-Semantics Interface -- Part IV: Codeswitching and Language Processing -- 11 A Minimalist Parsing Model for Codeswitching -- 12 Language Dominance and Codeswitching Asymmetries -- Contributors -- Index

Fließend in drei Monaten

Wie Sie in kürzester Zeit jede Sprache erlernen

Author: Benny Lewis

Publisher: MVG Verlag

ISBN: 3864157358

Category: Cooking

Page: 256

View: 3327

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Eine Sprache lernt man nicht nur, sondern man lebt sie. Benny Lewis ist Autodidakt und hat im Laufe der Zeit herausgefunden, worum es tatsächlich beim Lernen einer Sprache geht. In diesem Buch erklärt er, was es wirklich braucht, damit man jede Sprache in kürzester Zeit erlernt. Unerlässlich ist eine enorm hohe Motivation für das Erlernen der Sprache, und man muss sich trauen, die Sprache auch zu sprechen. Sei es durch eine persönliche Reise in das entsprechende Land, übers Internet oder durch einen Tandempartner. Darüber hinaus sollte man möglichst alles in der Fremdsprache tun, was Praxis bringt: Fernsehen schauen, Musik hören und lesen. Mit diesem Buch gibt der Autor Tipps für Eselsbrücken, um Vokabeln und die Grammatik einfacher zu erlernen, und er hilft dabei, die Herangehensweise an das Lernen so zu optimieren, dass es zu einem Kinderspiel wird. Sein Erfolg spiegelt sich im weltweit größten Sprachlernblog wider, mit dem er bereits Millionen Menschen dabei geholfen hat, eine neue Sprache zu erlernen.

Bilingualism through Schooling

Cross-Cultural Education for Minority and Majority Students

Author: Arnulfo G. Ramirez

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780873958912

Category: Education

Page: 275

View: 1800

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Bilingualism Through Schooling is a comprehensive survey of bilingual education. It shows how bilingual schooling can have a double impact by providing students with functional second-language competence, and also contributing to their deeper understanding of culture and history. Concerned with both ethnolinguistic minority children and majority, English-speaking pupils, the book approaches bilingualism from a variety of perspectives--linguistic, psychological, and socio-cultural. Among the many topics discussed are: goals and consequences of bilingualism, sociolinguistic contexts, language attitudes, and proficiency assessment. Ramirez explores the various types of programs and techniques used to facilitate second-language acquisition and also provides guidelines for the preparation and certification of bilingual instructors. Bibliographies are included.

The Acquisition of Spanish

Morphosyntactic development in monolingual and bilingual L1 acquisition and adult L2 acquisition

Author: Silvina A. Montrul

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027294909

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 413

View: 3319

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This is the first book on the acquisition of Spanish that provides a state-of-the-art comprehensive overview of Spanish morphosyntactic development in monolingual and bilingual situations. Its content is organized around key grammatical themes that form the empirical base of research in generative grammar: nominal and verbal inflectional morphology, subject and object pronouns, complex structures involving movement (topicalizations, questions, relative clauses), and aspects of verb meaning that have consequences for syntax. The book argues that Universal Grammar constrains all instances of language acquisition and that there is a fundamental continuity between monolingual, bilingual, child and adult early grammatical systems. While stressing their similarities with respect to linguistic representations and processes, the book also considers important differences between these three acquisition situations with respect to the outcome of acquisition. It is also shown that many linguistic properties of Spanish are acquired earlier than in English and other languages. This book is a must read for those interested in the acquisition of Spanish from different theoretical perspectives as well as those working on the acquisition of other languages in different contexts.

The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism

Author: Tej K. Bhatia,William C. Ritchie

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118332415

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 968

View: 5779

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**Honored as a 2013 Choice Outstanding Academic Title** Comprising state-of-the-art research, this substantially expanded and revised Handbook discusses the latest global and interdisciplinary issues across bilingualism and multilingualism. Includes the addition of ten new authors to the contributor team, and coverage of seven new topics ranging from global media to heritage language learning Provides extensively revised coverage of bilingual and multilingual communities, polyglot aphasia, creolization, indigenization, linguistic ecology and endangered languages, multilingualism, and forensic linguistics Brings together a global team of internationally-renowned researchers from different disciplines Covers a wide variety of topics, ranging from neuro- and psycho-linguistic research to studies of media and psychological counseling Assesses the latest issues in worldwide linguistics, including the phenomena and the conceptualization of 'hyperglobalization', and emphasizes geographical centers of global conflict and commerce

Advances in the Study of Bilingualism

Author: Dr. Enlli Môn Thomas,Ineke Mennen

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 178309172X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 8159

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This book provides a contemporary approach to the study of bilingualism. Drawing on contributions from leading experts in the field, this book brings together - in a single volume - a selection of the exciting work conducted as part of the programme of the ESRC Centre for Research on Bilingualism in Theory and Practice at Bangor University, Wales. Each chapter has as its main focus an exploration of the relationship between the two languages of a bilingual. Section by section, the authors draw on current findings and methodologies to explore the ways in which their research can address this question from a number of different perspectives.

First Language Acquisition of Morphology and Syntax

Perspectives across languages and learners

Author: Pedro Guijarro-Fuentes,María Pilar Larrañaga,John Clibbens

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027290601

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 302

View: 1987

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The papers comprising this volume focus on a broad range of acquisition phenomena (subject dislocation, structural case, word order, determiners, pronouns, quantifiers and logical words) from different languages and language combinations. These include languages with large numbers of speakers (French, German, Spanish) and less frequently spoken ones (Norwegian, Russian, Swiss-German, Hebrew, Basque and Serbo-Croatian) within different language acquisition scenarios and a wide range of populations. Most contributions adopt a common theoretical background within the generative approach with the aim to advance, discuss and critically analyse other research on first, bilingual and language impaired acquisition. The various sections of this stimulating volume reflect different theoretical and methodological perspectives of current research investigating morphology and syntax and offer diverging interpretations.

The Handbook of Hispanic Linguistics

Author: José Ignacio Hualde,Antxon Olarrea,Erin O'Rourke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118228049

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 904

View: 9683

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Reflecting the growth and increasing global importance of the Spanish language, The Handbook of Hispanic Linguistics brings together a team of renowned Spanish linguistics scholars to explore both applied and theoretical work in this field. Features 41 newly-written essays contributed by leading language scholars that shed new light on the growth and significance of the Spanish language Combines current applied and theoretical research results in the field of Spanish linguistics Explores all facets relating to the origins, evolution, and geographical variations of the Spanish language Examines topics including second language learning, Spanish in the classroom, immigration, heritage languages, and bilingualism

Communication Disorders in Multicultural Populations - E-Book

Author: Dolores E. Battle

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323087124

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 5797

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Written by some of the top researchers and clinicians in the field, Communication Disorders in Multicultural Populations, 4th Edition offers an in-depth look at the major cultural groups in the U.S. and the issues concerning their communication development, common disorders, and treatment options. This fourth edition features a wealth of updates and new features — including the latest research and added coverage of communication issues in countries such as Australia, China, Canada, and Brazil — to give speech-language pathology students and speech-language pathologists a balanced and global perspective on the most topical multicultural communication issues of today. Comprehensive coverage focuses on a wide variety of cultural and age populations. Cutting-edge research and data offer up-to-date discussions based on the latest studies in multiculturalism as it relates to the SLP and AuD professions. Diverse panel of expert authors include some of the top researchers and clinicians in the field. Additional resources provide a focused listing of print and electronic sources at the end of each chapter to support more in-depth study of a particular subject. Chapter on international perspectives tackles issues in countries such as Australia, Canada, China, and Brazil to give you a more global understanding of communication disorders. The latest statistics from the 2010 U.S. Census report offers the most current data available. Increased content on older adults covers the multicultural issues, voice disorders, and neurogenic disorders particular to this important demographic. Case studies give you practice solving realistic clinical problems. Chapter overview and conclusion outline the key information in each chapter and serve as a checklist for content mastery.

First Language Use in Second and Foreign Language Learning

Author: Assoc. Prof. Miles Turnbull,Assoc. Prof. Jennifer Dailey-O'Cain

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847697684

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 672

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This volume offers fresh perspectives on a controversial issue in applied linguistics and language teaching by focusing on the use of the first language in communicative or immersion-type classrooms. It includes new work by both new and established scholars in educational scholarship, second language acquisition, and sociolinguistics, as well as in a variety of languages, countries, and educational contexts. Through its focus at the intersection of theory, practice, curriculum and policy, the book demands a reconceptualization of code-switching as something that both proficient and aspiring bilinguals do naturally, and as a practice that is inherently linked with bilingual code-switching.

Sprachkontaktforschung

eine Einführung

Author: Claudia Maria Riehl

Publisher: Gunter Narr Verlag

ISBN: 9783823360131

Category: Bilingualism

Page: 205

View: 4834

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Children's Language

Volume 11: Interactional Contributions To Language Development

Author: Keith E. Nelson,Ayhan Aksu-Koc,Carolyn E. Johnson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135667969

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 262

View: 2652

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These volumes present coherent sets of papers developed along two of the thematic lines that underscored the program of the meeting of the International Association for the Study of Child Language in Istanbul in the summer of 1996. Thoroughly reviewed and updated to reflect the state of child language research and theory--particularly in the domains of discourse and interaction--they convey not only the flavor of that meeting but some of the most exciting trends in the field today. Each contribution in Volume 10,Developing Narrative and Discourse Competence, focuses on the differential effects of discourse genres, elicitation techniques, communicative contexts, literacy and schooling, and the oft-cited variables of age, language, and culture. Issues concerning the interrelations between social, cognitive, and affective capacities and processes in discourse are addressed. Each chapter raises theoretical questions regarding how and when representations are constructed to support new complexities. Presenting data from a cross-cultural and cross-linguistic perspective, this volume highlights both the particulars and the universals of the processes involved. The chapters in Volume 11, Interactional Contributions to Language Development, address issues including scaffolding of processing and learning in particular interactional sequences; linkages among interpersonal functions or relations, cognitive development, and semantic, syntactic, and pragmatic devices or forms; and models of how interactions proceed, input is selected, and learning advances across multiple rounds of interaction. Each of these volumes will be a valuable addition to the libraries of all who study the development of language.