Black Holes and Time Warps

Einstein's Outrageous Legacy

Author: Kip S. Thorne

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393312768

Category: Science

Page: 619

View: 9287

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Examines such phenomena as black holes, wormholes, singularities, gravitational waves, and time machines, exploring the fundamental principles that control the universe.

Black Holes & Time Warps: Einstein's Outrageous Legacy (Commonwealth Fund Book Program)

Author: Kip Thorne

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393247473

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 7619

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Winner of the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics Ever since Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity burst upon the world in 1915 some of the most brilliant minds of our century have sought to decipher the mysteries bequeathed by that theory, a legacy so unthinkable in some respects that even Einstein himself rejected them. Which of these bizarre phenomena, if any, can really exist in our universe? Black holes, down which anything can fall but from which nothing can return; wormholes, short spacewarps connecting regions of the cosmos; singularities, where space and time are so violently warped that time ceases to exist and space becomes a kind of foam; gravitational waves, which carry symphonic accounts of collisions of black holes billions of years ago; and time machines, for traveling backward and forward in time. Kip Thorne, along with fellow theorists Stephen Hawking and Roger Penrose, a cadre of Russians, and earlier scientists such as Oppenheimer, Wheeler and Chandrasekhar, has been in the thick of the quest to secure answers. In this masterfully written and brilliantly informed work of scientific history and explanation, Dr. Thorne, a Nobel Prize-winning physicist and the Feynman Professor of Theoretical Physics Emeritus at Caltech, leads his readers through an elegant, always human, tapestry of interlocking themes, coming finally to a uniquely informed answer to the great question: what principles control our universe and why do physicists think they know the things they think they know? Stephen Hawking's A Brief History of Time has been one of the greatest best-sellers in publishing history. Anyone who struggled with that book will find here a more slowly paced but equally mind-stretching experience, with the added fascination of a rich historical and human component. Winner of the Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science.

Black Holes

The Membrane Paradigm

Author: Kip S. Thorne,Richard H. Price,Douglas A. MacDonald

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300037708

Category: Science

Page: 367

View: 5772

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A pedagogical introduction to the physics of black holes. The membrane paradigm represents the four-dimensional spacetime of the black hole's "event horizon" as a two-dimensional membrane in three-dimensional space, allowing the reader to understand and compute the behavior of black holes in complex astrophysical environments.

The Science of Interstellar

Author: Kip Thorne

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393351386

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 2645

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A journey through the otherworldly science behind Christopher Nolan’s award-winning film, Interstellar, from executive producer and Nobel Prize-winning physicist Kip Thorne. Interstellar, from acclaimed filmmaker Christopher Nolan, takes us on a fantastic voyage far beyond our solar system. Yet in The Science of Interstellar, Kip Thorne, the Nobel prize-winning physicist who assisted Nolan on the scientific aspects of Interstellar, shows us that the movie’s jaw-dropping events and stunning, never-before-attempted visuals are grounded in real science. Thorne shares his experiences working as the science adviser on the film and then moves on to the science itself. In chapters on wormholes, black holes, interstellar travel, and much more, Thorne’s scientific insights—many of them triggered during the actual scripting and shooting of Interstellar—describe the physical laws that govern our universe and the truly astounding phenomena that those laws make possible. Interstellar and all related characters and elements are trademarks of and © Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. (s14).

The Future of Spacetime

Author: Stephen W. Hawking,Kip S. Thorne,Igor D. Novikov,Timothy Ferris,Alan Lightman

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393324464

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 5011

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Presents essays that explore the deepest mysteries of the universe, including black holes, gravity holes, and time travel, by physicists Stephen Hawking, Kip S. Thorne, Igor Novikov, Timothy Ferris, and Alan Lightman.

The Little Book of Black Holes

Author: Steven S. Gubser,Frans Pretorius

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400888298

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 464

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Dive into a mind-bending exploration of the physics of black holes Black holes, predicted by Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity more than a century ago, have long intrigued scientists and the public with their bizarre and fantastical properties. Although Einstein understood that black holes were mathematical solutions to his equations, he never accepted their physical reality—a viewpoint many shared. This all changed in the 1960s and 1970s, when a deeper conceptual understanding of black holes developed just as new observations revealed the existence of quasars and X-ray binary star systems, whose mysterious properties could be explained by the presence of black holes. Black holes have since been the subject of intense research—and the physics governing how they behave and affect their surroundings is stranger and more mind-bending than any fiction. After introducing the basics of the special and general theories of relativity, this book describes black holes both as astrophysical objects and theoretical “laboratories” in which physicists can test their understanding of gravitational, quantum, and thermal physics. From Schwarzschild black holes to rotating and colliding black holes, and from gravitational radiation to Hawking radiation and information loss, Steven Gubser and Frans Pretorius use creative thought experiments and analogies to explain their subject accessibly. They also describe the decades-long quest to observe the universe in gravitational waves, which recently resulted in the LIGO observatories’ detection of the distinctive gravitational wave “chirp” of two colliding black holes—the first direct observation of black holes’ existence. The Little Book of Black Holes takes readers deep into the mysterious heart of the subject, offering rare clarity of insight into the physics that makes black holes simple yet destructive manifestations of geometric destiny.

Gravity's Fatal Attraction

Black Holes in the Universe

Author: Mitchell Begelman,Martin Rees

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316139468

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3054

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Richly illustrated with the images from observatories on the ground and in space, and computer simulations, this book shows how black holes were discovered, and discusses our current understanding of their role in cosmic evolution. This second edition covers new discoveries made in the past decade, including definitive proof of a black hole at the center of the Milky Way, evidence that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating, and the new appreciation of the connection between black holes and galaxy formation. There are entirely new chapters on gamma-ray bursts and cosmic feedback. Begelman and Rees blend theoretical arguments with observational results to demonstrate how both approaches contributed to this subject. Clear illustrations and photographs reveal the strange and amazing workings of our universe. The engaging style makes this book suitable for introductory undergraduate courses, amateur astronomers, and all readers interested in astronomy and physics.

Introduction to Black Hole Physics

Author: Valeri P. Frolov,Andrei Zelnikov

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199692297

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 917

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What is a black hole? How many of them are in our Universe? Can black holes be created in a laboratory or in particle colliders? Can objects similar to black holes be used for space and time travel? This book discusses these and many other questions providing the reader with the tools required to explore the Black Hole Land independently.

Black Hole

How an Idea Abandoned by Newtonians, Hated by Einstein, and Gambled on by Hawking Became Loved

Author: Marcia Bartusiak

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300213638

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 6305

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"For more than half a century, physicists and astronomers engaged in heated dispute over the possibility of black holes in the universe. The weirdly alien notion of a space-time abyss from which nothing escapes—not even light—seemed to confound all logic. This engrossing book tells the story of the fierce black hole debates and the contributions of Einstein and Hawking and other leading thinkers who completely altered our view of the universe. Renowned science writer Marcia Bartusiak shows how the black hole helped revive Einstein's greatest achievement, the general theory of relativity, after decades during which it had been pushed into the shadows. Not until astronomers discovered such surprising new phenomena as neutron stars and black holes did the once-sedate universe transform into an Einsteinian cosmos, filled with sources of titanic energy that can be understood only in the light of relativity. This book celebrates the hundredth anniversary of general relativity, uncovers how the black hole really got its name, and recounts the scientists' frustrating, exhilarating, and at times humorous battles over the acceptance of one of history's most dazzling ideas. "

The Mathematical Theory of Black Holes

Author: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198503705

Category: Science

Page: 646

View: 2313

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Part of the reissued Oxford Classic Texts in the Physical Sciences series, this book was first published in 1983, and has swiftly become one of the great modern classics of relativity theory. It represents a personal testament to the work of the author, who spent several years writing and working-out the entire subject matter. The theory of black holes is the most simple and beautiful consequence of Einstein's relativity theory. At the time of writing there was no physical evidence for the existence of these objects, therefore all that Professor Chandrasekhar used for their construction were modern mathematical concepts of space and time. Since that time a growing body of evidence has pointed to the truth of Professor Chandrasekhar's findings, and the wisdom contained in this book has become fully evident.

Facts from Space!

From Super-Secret Spacecraft to Volcanoes in Outer Space, Extraterrestrial Facts to Blow Your Mind!

Author: Dean Regas

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1440597022

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 9043

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A guided tour through the universe--and beyond! From the sun's super-hot core to the many moons of Neptune, we're traveling to the far reaches of our solar system and beyond! Astronomer Dean Regas presents Facts from Space!--an exciting education on everything outside our atmosphere. Inside, you'll discover space facts and celestial trivia, including: A day on Venus is longer than its year. Early space missions ejected human waste into space, where it froze into intricate crystals that still float in space today. After being in space, some astronauts returned to Earth up to 2 inches taller than when they left. The stars in the Big Dipper are shifting among themselves and will look like a "Big Spatula" by the year 75,000. And more! Packed with fascinating information, it's a stellar read for sci-fi fans and at-home astronomers alike!

About Time

Einstein's Unfinished Revolution

Author: Paul Davies

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684818221

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 9134

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Examines the ramifications of Einstein's relativity theory, exploring the mysteries of time and considering black holes, time travel, the existence of God, and the nature of the universe

Exploring Black Holes

Introduction to General Relativity

Author: Edwin F. Taylor,John Archibald Wheeler,Edmund Bertschinger

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780321512864

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 4916

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This unique book offers a concise, introductory overview of general relativity and black holes, motivating students to become active participants in carrying out their own investigations. To this end, the book uses calculus and algebra, rather than tensors, to make general relativity accessible to sophomores and juniors. Five chapters introduce basic concepts, and seven projects require the reader to apply these basic concepts to real astronomical applications.

Elementary Cosmology

From Aristotle's Universe to the Big Bang and Beyond

Author: James J Kolata

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1681741644

Category: Nature

Page: 122

View: 7048

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Cosmology is the study of the origin, size, and evolution of the entire universe. Every culture has developed a cosmology, whether it be based on religious, philosophical, or scientific principles. In this book, the evolution of the scientific understanding of the Universe in Western tradition is traced from the early Greek philosophers to the most modern 21st century view. After a brief introduction to the concept of the scientific method, the first part of the book describes the way in which detailed observations of the Universe, first with the naked eye and later with increasingly complex modern instruments, ultimately led to the development of the "Big Bang" theory. The second part of the book traces the evolution of the Big Bang including the very recent observation that the expansion of the Universe is itself accelerating with time.

Understanding Relativity

A Simplified Approach to Einstein's Theories

Author: Leo Sartori

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520916241

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 7491

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Nonspecialists with no prior knowledge of physics and only reasonable proficiency with algebra can now understand Einstein's special theory of relativity. Effectively diagrammed and with an emphasis on logical structure, Leo Sartori's rigorous but simple presentation will guide interested readers through concepts of relative time and relative space. Sartori covers general relativity and cosmology, but focuses on Einstein's theory. He tracks its history and implications. He explores illuminating paradoxes, including the famous twin paradox, the "pole-in-the-barn" paradox, and the Loedel diagram, which is an accessible, graphic approach to relativity. Students of the history and philosophy of science will welcome this concise introduction to the central concept of modern physics.

Time Travel in Einstein's Universe

The Physical Possibilities of Travel Through Time

Author: J. Richard Gott

Publisher: HMH

ISBN: 0547526571

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 7808

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A Princeton astrophysicist explores whether journeying to the past or future is scientifically possible in this “intriguing” volume (Neil deGrasse Tyson). It was H. G. Wells who coined the term “time machine”—but the concept of time travel, both forward and backward, has always provoked fascination and yearning. It has mostly been dismissed as an impossibility in the world of physics; yet theories posited by Einstein, and advanced by scientists including Stephen Hawking and Kip Thorne, suggest that the phenomenon could actually occur. Building on these ideas, J. Richard Gott, a professor who has written on the subject for Scientific American, Time, and other publications, describes how travel to the future is not only possible but has already happened—and contemplates whether travel to the past is also conceivable. This look at the surprising facts behind the science fiction of time travel “deserves the attention of anyone wanting wider intellectual horizons” (Booklist). “Impressively clear language. Practical tips for chrononauts on their options for travel and the contingencies to prepare for make everything sound bizarrely plausible. Gott clearly enjoys his subject and his excitement and humor are contagious; this book is a delight to read.” —Publishers Weekly

Modern Classical Physics

Optics, Fluids, Plasmas, Elasticity, Relativity, and Statistical Physics

Author: Kip S. Thorne,Roger D. Blandford

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140084889X

Category: Science

Page: 1552

View: 1389

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This first-year, graduate-level text and reference book covers the fundamental concepts and twenty-first-century applications of six major areas of classical physics that every masters- or PhD-level physicist should be exposed to, but often isn't: statistical physics, optics (waves of all sorts), elastodynamics, fluid mechanics, plasma physics, and special and general relativity and cosmology. Growing out of a full-year course that the eminent researchers Kip Thorne and Roger Blandford taught at Caltech for almost three decades, this book is designed to broaden the training of physicists. Its six main topical sections are also designed so they can be used in separate courses, and the book provides an invaluable reference for researchers. Presents all the major fields of classical physics except three prerequisites: classical mechanics, electromagnetism, and elementary thermodynamics Elucidates the interconnections between diverse fields and explains their shared concepts and tools Focuses on fundamental concepts and modern, real-world applications Takes applications from fundamental, experimental, and applied physics; astrophysics and cosmology; geophysics, oceanography, and meteorology; biophysics and chemical physics; engineering and optical science and technology; and information science and technology Emphasizes the quantum roots of classical physics and how to use quantum techniques to elucidate classical concepts or simplify classical calculations Features hundreds of color figures, some five hundred exercises, extensive cross-references, and a detailed index An online illustration package is available to professors

The Creation of the Universe

Author: George Gamow

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486165485

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 9188

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Lively and authoritative, this survey by a renowned physicist explains the formation of the galaxies and defines the concept of an ever-expanding universe in simple terms. 1961 edition. 40 figures.

Everything about Black Holes

Author: Jonathan Valkanet

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781515334545

Category:

Page: 36

View: 8300

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This book explains the most modern scientific knowledge about black holes. Everything known since 2015 is explained simply and clearly. Also included is the Infinite Universe Theory that answers so many unexplained mysteries in our universe like the cause of the big bang, the missing gravity, and the further accelerating galaxies. The last section explains a discovery of the connection between our Sun and the black hole at the center of our galaxy. This book is informative, entertaining, and easy to understand. A must read!