Border Management Modernization

Author: Gerard McLinden,Enrique Fanta,David Widdowson,Tom Doyle

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821385975

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 7993

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Border clearance processes by customs and other agencies are among the most important and problematic links in the global supply chain. Delays and costs at the border undermine a country’s competitiveness, either by taxing imported inputs with deadweight inefficiencies or by adding costs and reducing the competitiveness of exports. This book provides a practical guide to assist policy makers, administrators, and border management professionals with information and advice on how to improve border management systems, procedures, and institutions.

Border Management Modernization

Author: Gerard McLinden

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821385968

Category: Law

Page: 381

View: 6999

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Border clearance processes by customs and other agencies are among the most important and problematic links in the global supply chain. It takes three times as many days, nearly twice as many documents, and six times as many signatures to import goods in poor countries than it does in rich ones. Delays and costs at the border undermine a country's competitiveness, either by taxing imported inputs with deadweight inefficiencies or by adding costs and reducing the competitiveness of exports. As countries have come to realise the importance of trade in achieving sustainable economic growth they have progressively lowered tariffs, established regimes to encourage foreign investment and pursued opportunities for greater regional integration. This progress has, however, been undermined by the high costs and administrative difficulties associated with outdated and excessively bureaucratic border clearance processes which are now often cited as more important barriers to trade than tariffs. Inefficient border processing systems, procedures, and infrastructure result in high transaction costs, long delays in the clearance of imports, exports, and transit goods, and present significant opportunities for administrative corruption. They essentially undermine a country's competitiveness in the international marketplace. Governments around the world are therefore placing increased emphasis on border management reform designed to remove unnecessary barriers to the flow of legitimate trade across their borders. However, in spite of the widespread recognition of the need to improve the efficiency of border management regimes, Customs and other border management agencies in many countries have frequently paid lip service to the trade facilitation agenda. This book is designed to shed new light on these problems and to identify a range of strategies that will help officials meet their traditional control responsibilities while at the same time facilitating legitimate trade. It also provides advice to development professional and key policy makers about what works, what doesn't and why.

Information Systems Transformation

Architecture-Driven Modernization Case Studies

Author: William M. Ulrich,Philip Newcomb

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9780080957104

Category: Computers

Page: 456

View: 9249

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Every major enterprise has a significant installed base of existing software systems that reflect the tangled IT architectures that result from decades of patches and failed replacements. Most of these systems were designed to support business architectures that have changed dramatically. At best, these systems hinder agility and competitiveness and, at worst, can bring critical business functions to a halt. Architecture-Driven Modernization (ADM) restores the value of entrenched systems by capturing and retooling various aspects of existing application environments, allowing old infrastructures to deliver renewed value and align effectively with enterprise strategies and business architectures. Information Systems Transformation provides a practical guide to organizations seeking ways to understand and leverage existing systems as part of their information management strategies. It includes an introduction to ADM disciplines, tools, and standards as well as a series of scenarios outlining how ADM is applied to various initiatives. Drawing upon lessons learned from real modernization projects, it distills the theory and explains principles, processes, and best practices for every industry. Acts as a one-stop shopping reference and complete guide for implementing various modernization models in myriad industries and departments Every concept is illustrated with real-life examples from various modernization projects, allowing you to immediately apply tested solutions and see results Authored by the Co-chair of the Object Management Group (OMG) Architecture-Driven Modernization (ADM) Task Force, which sets definitive systems modernization standards for the entire IT industry A web site supports the book with up to date coverage of evolving ADM Specifications, Tutorials, and Whitepapers, allowing you to remain up to date on modernization topics as they develop

Customs Modernization Handbook

Author: Luc De Wulf,Jose B. Sokol

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821383728

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 8784

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Trade integration contributes substantially to economic development and poverty alleviation. In recent years much progress was made to liberalize the trade regime, but customs procedures are often still complex, costly and non-transparent. This situation leads to misallocation of resources. 'Customs Modernization Handbook' provides an overview of the key elements of a successful customs modernization strategy and draws lessons from a number of successful customs reforms as well as from customs reform projects that have been undertaken by the World Bank. It describes a number of key import procedures, that have proved particularly troublesome for customs administrations and traders, and provides practical guidelines to enhance their efficiency. The Handbook also reviews the appropriate legal framework for customs operations as well as strategies to combat corruption.

The New Development Management

Critiquing the Dual Modernization

Author: Sadhvi Dar,Professor Bill Cooke

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848137400

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 1587

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'Development management' is an idea that blends the seemingly innocuous claims of managerialism with notions of modernity and utopian ideals of 'third world' progress. This book views both phenomena as problematic and modernizing interventions. In doing so, it overturns and reclaims such ideas as participation, community, governance, NGOs, and civil society. The contributors argue that the practices of development are often threaded together by the language of managerialism - reports, logframe, encounters with the boss - yet all of these serve to further development's disengagement from the mundane. In voicing such concerns about the way development is going, and about the encroachment of managerialism, The New Development Management will breathe fresh life into post-development debates.

Trade and Transport Corridor Management Toolkit

Author: Charles Kunaka,Robin Carruthers

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464801444

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 410

View: 2242

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Trade and transport corridors are fundamental to the overland movement of international trade, particularly for landlocked countries. This book provides tools and techniques for the design of trade and transport corridor projects. It is meant for task managers, policy makers, and corridor service providers.

Atlas of Global Development

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821386646

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 144

View: 1198

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For the first time, the Atlas comes with the new World Bank e-Atlas of Global Development. Map and graph 179 indicators from the World Bank's development database. Features include worldwide mapping, timeline graphing, ranking tables, easy navigation, comparative mode, and exporting and sharing of graphics."--Back cover.

Handbook of Trade Policy for Development

Author: Arvid Lukauskas,Robert M. Stern,Gianni Zanini

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019968040X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 986

View: 9583

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This text explores the field of international trade with an emphasis on its implications for development. It provides a brief review of the main theoretical approaches and an overview of the global trading system, different trading arrangements and policy issues.

The International Handbook of Public Financial Management

Author: Richard Allen,Richard Hemming,B. Potter

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113731530X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 881

View: 4159

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The Handbook is a virtual encyclopedia of public financial management, written by topmost experts, many with a background in the IMF and World Bank. It provides the first comprehensive guide to the subject that has been published in more than ten years. The book is aimed at a broad audience of academics/students, government officials, development agencies and practitioners. It covers both bread-and-butter topics such as the macroeconomic and legal framework for budgeting, budget preparation and execution, procurement, accounting, reporting, audit and oversight, as well as specialist subjects such as government payroll systems, local government finance, fiscal transparency, the management of fiscal risks, sovereign wealth funds, the management of state-owned enterprises, and political economy aspects of budgeting. The book sets out numerous examples and case studies describing good practice in public financial management, and is highly relevant for use in both advanced and developing countries.

Strengthening Competitiveness In Bangladesh—Thematic Assessment

A Diagnostic Trade Integration Study

Author: Sanjay Kathuria,Mariem Malouche

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464808996

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 2195

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This is volume 2 of a three-volume publication on Bangladesh’s trade prospects. Bangladesh’s ambition is to build on its very solid growth and poverty reduction achievements, and accelerate growth to become a middle income country by 2021, and share prosperity more widely amongst its citizens. This includes one of its greatest development challenges: to provide gainful employment to the over 2 million people that will join the labor force each year over the next decade. Moreover, only 54.1 million of its 94 million working age people are employed. Bangladesh needs to use its labor endowment even more intensively to increase growth and, in turn, to absorb the incoming labor. The Diagnostic Trade Integration Study identifies the following actions centered around four pillars to sustain and accelerate export growth: (1) breaking into new markets through a) better trade logistics to reduce delivery lags ; as world markets become more competitive and newer products demand shorter lead times, to generate new sources of competitiveness and thereby enable market diversification; and b) better exploitation of regional trading opportunities in nearby growing and dynamic markets, especially East and South Asia; (2) breaking into new products through a) more neutral and rational trade policy and taxation and bonded warehouse schemes; b) concerted efforts to spur domestic investment and attract foreign direct investment, to contribute to export promotion and diversification, including by easing the energy and land constraints; and c) strategic development and promotion of services trade; (3) improving worker and consumer welfare by a) improving skills and literacy; b) implementing labor and work safety guidelines; and c) making safety nets more effective in dealing with trade shocks; and (4) building a supportive environment, including a) sustaining sound macroeconomic fundamentals; and b) strengthening the institutional capacity for strategic policy making aimed at the objective of international competitiveness to help bring focus and coherence to the government’s reform efforts. This second volume provides in-depth analysis across seven cross-cutting themes that underpin most of the findings of pillars 1 and 2 above.

Trade and Transport Facilitation Assessment

A Practical Toolkit for Country Implementation

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821384138

Category: Political Science

Page: 104

View: 2379

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The 'Trade and Transport Facilitation Assessment' (TTFA) is a tool for identifying inefficiencies in international supply chains that limit a country s ability to compete in international trade. The TTFA examines problems that affect not only exports competitiveness, but also the ability to import and distribute inputs to production and consumer goods. This new TTFA toolkit was developed to meet the growing demand for facilitation and logistics reforms in an environment of increasing global competition and expanded trade in intermediate goods. It reflects practical experience and the change in the nature of demand from developing countries. The TTFA focuses on simplification and harmonization of trade-related procedures and identifies the opportunities for improving logistics services, infrastructure, and the overall performance of specific supply chains. It also outlines practices to develop plans of action with proper interactions with government agencies and stakeholders.

Arming Without Aiming

India's Military Modernization

Author: Stephen P. Cohen,Sunil Dasgupta

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815722540

Category: Political Science

Page: 223

View: 3176

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India has long been motivated to modernize its military, and it now has the resources.But so far, the drive to rebuild has lacked a critical component—strategic militaryplanning. India's approach of arming without strategic purpose remains viable,however, as it seeks great-power accommodation of its rise and does not want toappear threatening. What should we anticipate from this effort in the future, and whatare the likely ramifications? Stephen Cohen and Sunil Dasgupta answer those crucialquestions in a book so timely that it reached number two on the nonfiction bestsellerlist in India. "Two years after the publication of Arming without Aiming, our view is that India'sstrategic restraint and its consequent institutional arrangement remain in place. Wedo not want to predict that India's military-strategic restraint will last forever, but wedo expect that the deeper problems in Indian defense policy will continue to slowdown military modernization."—from the preface to the paperback edition

Information Beyond Borders

International Cultural and Intellectual Exchange in the Belle Époque

Author: W. Boyd Rayward

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317116801

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 4009

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The period in Europe known as the Belle Epoque was a time of vibrant and unsettling modernization in social and political organization, in artistic and literary life, and in the conduct and discoveries of the sciences. These trends, and the emphasis on internationalization that characterized them, necessitated the development of new structures and processes for discovering, disseminating, manipulating and managing access to information. This book analyses the dynamics of the emerging networks of individuals, organizations, technologies and publications by which means information was exchanged across and through all kinds of borders and boundaries in this period. It extends the frame within which historical discourse about information can take place by bringing together scholars not only from different disciplines but also from different national and linguistic backgrounds. As a result the volume offers new and surprising ways of looking at the historical period of the Belle Epoque. It will be of interest to scholars and students of information history and the emergence of the information society as well as to social and cultural historians concerned with the late 19th and early 20th century.

Angels Without Borders

Trends and Policies Shaping Angel Investment Worldwide

Author: John May,Professor of Finance Manhong Mannie Liu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814733822

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 308

View: 4492

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"Angel investors" provide small amounts of capital ($100k?$3m) to early stage, high-risk ventures. In recent years, they have not only grown in numbers and sophistication, they have garnered the attention of larger investors and governments throughout the world who are interested in the phenomenal power of startups to bring innovative products to consumers, create jobs and economic value, and sustain macroeconomic growth. This comes as no surprise. Some of the world's most valuable and influential companies, such as Google, Facebook, and Uber were able to survive and thrive their make-or-break early years only through the backing of angels. Angels Without Borders: Trends and Policies Shaping Angel Investment Worldwide, drawing on chapter contributors from more than two dozen nations, will be the only book on the market to examine this trend from a global perspective. It is a very useful reference for anyone who is interested in learning about the angel investment movement. "Angel investors" provide small amounts of capital ($100k?$3m) to early stage, high-risk ventures. In recent years, they have not only grown in numbers and sophistication, they have garnered the attention of larger investors and governments throughout the world who are interested in the phenomenal power of startups to bring innovative products to consumers, create jobs and economic value, and sustain macroeconomic growth. This comes as no surprise. Some of the world's most valuable and influential companies, such as Google, Facebook, and Uber were able to survive and thrive their make-or-break early years only through the backing of angels. Angels Without Borders: Trends and Policies Shaping Angel Investment Worldwide, drawing on chapter contributors from more than two dozen nations, will be the only book on the market to examine this trend from a global perspective. It is a very useful reference for anyone who is interested in learning about the angel investment movement. Readership: Government officials, economists and economic development officials interested in design and efficacy of the wide range of policies and programs being enacted around the world; Academics who are interested in studying the angel investing and its implications; Active or potential angel investors within more than two dozen countries; Angel investors who may be considering cross-border investment; and, Impact investors who are interested in deploying small amounts of risk capital toward potentially transformative solutions to social and environmental problems. Key Features: Examine, for the first time, how angel investing is evolving and maturing in both advanced economies and the fast-growing developing nations, such as China and South AfricaCanvas a broad landscape of practices and policies influencing the course of angel investing, ranging from large, government-sponsored angel funds to the informal approaches used by loosely networks of angel investorsProvide knowledgeable "guided tours" of each nation written by seasoned angel investing practitioners rather than journalistsShow how angel investing is combining with other investing movements, such as impact investing and investing to empower womenOffer public sector leaders and economists alike a view into the astonishing array of policy and programmatic experiments now being attempted in the effort to support angel investorsServe as a resource not only for angel investors within each nation but for those now looking to pursue the next frontier ? cross-border angel investing

Cyber Denial, Deception and Counter Deception

A Framework for Supporting Active Cyber Defense

Author: Kristin E. Heckman,Frank J. Stech,Roshan K. Thomas,Ben Schmoker,Alexander W. Tsow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319251333

Category: Computers

Page: 251

View: 6985

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This book presents the first reference exposition of the Cyber-Deception Chain: a flexible planning and execution framework for creating tactical, operational, or strategic deceptions. This methodology bridges the gap between the current uncoordinated patchwork of tactical denial and deception (D&D) techniques and their orchestration in service of an organization’s mission. Concepts for cyber- D&D planning operations and management are detailed within the larger organizational, business, and cyber defense context. It examines the necessity of a comprehensive, active cyber denial scheme. The authors explain the organizational implications of integrating D&D with a legacy cyber strategy, and discuss trade-offs, maturity models, and lifecycle management. Chapters present the primary challenges in using deception as part of a security strategy, and guides users through the steps to overcome common obstacles. Both revealing and concealing fact and fiction have a critical role in securing private information. Detailed case studies are included. Cyber Denial, Deception and Counter Deception is designed as a reference for professionals, researchers and government employees working in cybersecurity. Advanced-level students in computer science focused on security will also find this book useful as a reference or secondary text book.

Modernization of European Company Law and Corporate Governance

Some Considerations on Its Legal Limits

Author: Gert-Jan Vossestein

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041125922

Category: Law

Page: 284

View: 5214

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This new book offers a substantial framework for examining the competence or powers of the EC in the field of company law, and the requirements for the lawful exercise of these powers (the principle of subsidiarity and the observance of Article 43 EC in particular). In order to provide a clear understanding of the practical relevance of this framework, the author tests the provisions of specific EC company law instruments for compatibility with the EC Treaty. Although the substantial body of EC company law that has been built up over the years is covered, the focus is on EC company law instruments which have been adopted in implementation of the 2003 Action Plan. The book includes a survey of the various company law instruments (both pre-and post-Action Plan) which together make up EC company law, and discusses the objectives of EC company law policy. --

Modernizing IBM i Applications from the Database up to the User Interface and Everything in Between

Author: Nadir K. Amra,Hernando Bedoya,Tony Cairns,Dan Cruikshank,Rich Diedrich,John Eberhard,Mark Evans,Antonio Florez,Susan Gantner,Jesse Gorzinski,Isaac Ramírez Herrera,Brian May,Michel Mouchon,Jon Paris,Mike Pavlak,Trevor Perry,Pascal Polverini,Jim Ritchhart,Tim Rowe,Jon Rush,Paul Tuohy,Jeroen Van Lommel,Carol Woodbury,IBM Redbooks

Publisher: IBM Redbooks

ISBN: 073843986X

Category: Computers

Page: 720

View: 2590

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This IBM® Redbooks® publication is focused on melding industry preferred practices with the unique needs of the IBM i community and providing a holistic view of modernization. This book covers key trends for application structure, user interface, data access, and the database. Modernization is a broad term when applied to applications. It is more than a single event. It is a sequence of actions. But even more, it is a process of rethinking how to approach the creation and maintenance of applications. There are tangible deliveries when it comes to modernization, the most notable being a modern user interface (UI), such as a web browser or being able to access applications from a mobile device. The UI, however, is only the beginning. There are many more aspects to modernization. Using modern tools and methodologies can significantly improve productivity and reduce long-term cost while positioning applications for the next decade. It is time to put the past away. Tools and methodologies have undergone significant transformation, improving functionality, usability, and productivity. This is true of the plethora of IBM tools and the wealth of tools available from many Independent Solution Providers (ISVs). This publication is the result of work that was done by IBM, industry experts, and by representatives from many of the ISV Tool Providers. Some of their tools are referenced in the book. In addition to reviewing technologies based on context, there is an explanation of why modernization is important and a description of the business benefits of investing in modernization. This critical information is key for line-of-business executives who want to understand the benefits of a modernization project. This book is appropriate for CIOs, architects, developers, and business leaders. Related information Making the Case for Modernization, IBM Systems Magazine

Fatal Misconception

The Struggle to Control World Population

Author: Matthew James Connelly

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674029835

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 436

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Listen to a short interview with Matthew Connelly Host: Chris Gondek - Producer: Heron & Crane "Fatal Misconception" is the disturbing story of our quest to remake humanity by policing national borders and breeding better people. As the population of the world doubled once, and then again, well-meaning people concluded that only population control could preserve the "quality of life." This movement eventually spanned the globe and carried out a series of astonishing experiments, from banning Asian immigration to paying poor people to be sterilized. Supported by affluent countries, foundations, and non-governmental organizations, the population control movement experimented with ways to limit population growth. But it had to contend with the Catholic Church's ban on contraception and nationalist leaders who warned of "race suicide." The ensuing struggle caused untold suffering for those caught in the middle--particularly women and children. It culminated in the horrors of sterilization camps in India and the one-child policy in China. Matthew Connelly offers the first global history of a movement that changed how people regard their children and ultimately the face of humankind. It was the most ambitious social engineering project of the twentieth century, one that continues to alarm the global community. Though promoted as a way to lift people out of poverty--perhaps even to save the earth--family planning became a means to plan other people's families. With its transnational scope and exhaustive research into such archives as Planned Parenthood and the newly opened Vatican Secret Archives, Connelly's withering critique uncovers the cost inflicted by a humanitarian movement gone terribly awry and urges renewed commitment to the reproductive rights of all people.

The Ashgate Research Companion to International Trade Policy

Author: Mr Kenneth Heydon,Dr Stephen Woolcock

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409456374

Category: Political Science

Page: 586

View: 3780

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The Ashgate Research Companion to International Trade Policy provides a state of the art review of current thinking on the full range of trade policy issues, addressing the economic and political dimensions of international trade policy. An integrated set of original and comprehensive perspectives from a diverse group of experts, linked by a common organisational thread. The contributing authors create an ideal mix of internationally recognised experts together with younger specialists making their mark in trade policy analysis; academics as well as trade policy practitioners; and representatives of both developed and developing countries.

Frontier Encounters

Knowledge and Practice at the Russian, Chinese and Mongolian Border

Author: Franck Billé,Grégory Delaplace,Caroline Humphrey

Publisher: Open Book Publishers

ISBN: 1906924872

Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 9046

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China and Russia are rising economic and political powers that share thousands of miles of border. Despite their proximity, their interactions with each other - and with their third neighbour Mongolia - are rarely discussed. Although the three countries share a boundary, their traditions, languages and worldviews are remarkably different. Frontier Encounters presents a wide range of views on how the borders between these unique countries are enacted, produced, and crossed. It sheds light on global uncertainties: China's search for energy resources and the employment of its huge population, Russia's fear of Chinese migration, and the precarious independence of Mongolia as its neighbours negotiate to extract its plentiful resources. Bringing together anthropologists, sociologists and economists, this timely collection of essays offers new perspectives on an area that is currently of enormous economic, strategic and geo-political relevance.