Cannibals and Kings

Origins of Cultures

Author: Marvin Harris

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307801233

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 9282

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In this brilliant and profound study the distinguished American anthropologist Marvin Harris shows how the endless varieties of cultural behavior -- often so puzzling at first glance -- can be explained as adaptations to particular ecological conditions. His aim is to account for the evolution of cultural forms as Darwin accounted for the evolution of biological forms: to show how cultures adopt their characteristic forms in response to changing ecological modes. "[A] magisterial interpretation of the rise and fall of human cultures and societies." -- Robert Lekachman, Washington Post Book World "Its persuasive arguments asserting the primacy of cultural rather than genetic or psychological factors in human life deserve the widest possible audience." -- Gloria Levitas The New Leader "[An] original and...urgent theory about the nature of man and at the reason that human cultures take so many diverse shapes." -- The New Yorker "Lively and controversial." -- I. Bernard Cohen, front page, The New York Times Book Review

Fremder in einer fremden Welt

Meisterwerke der Science Fiction - Roman

Author: Robert A. Heinlein

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641032733

Category: Fiction

Page: 656

View: 8112

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Der Mann vom Mars Die erste Mars-Expedition ist auf dem roten Planeten abgestürzt, und erst zwanzig Jahre später erreichen erstmals wieder Menschen den Nachbarplaneten. Sie finden Michael Valentine Smith, einen jungen Mann, der als Kind die Katastrophe überlebt hat und von Marsianern erzogen wurde, und nehmen ihn mit zur Erde. Die Heimatwelt seiner Eltern ist für ihn eine fremde, unverständliche Welt, und er verwendet seine mentalen Kräfte dazu, sie zu verändern. Damit wird er für die einen zum Messias, und für die anderen zu einem Feind, den man mit allen Mitteln bekämpfen muss ...

Ritual

Perspectives and Dimensions

Author: Catherine Bell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199739471

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 9019

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From handshakes and toasts to chant and genuflection, ritual pervades our social interactions and religious practices. Still, few of us could identify all of our daily and festal ritual behaviors, much less explain them to an outsider. Similarly, because of the variety of activities that qualify as ritual and their many contradictory yet, in many ways, equally legitimate interpretations, ritual seems to elude any systematic historical and comparative scrutiny. In this book, Catherine Bell offers a practical introduction to ritual practice and its study; she surveys the most influential theories of religion and ritual, the major categories of ritual activity, and the key debates that have shaped our understanding of ritualism. Bell refuses to nail down ritual with any one definition or understanding. Instead, her purpose is to reveal how definitions emerge and evolve and to help us become more familiar with the interplay of tradition, exigency, and self-expression that goes into constructing this complex social medium.

Cannibalism in Literature and Film

Author: J. Brown

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137292121

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 258

View: 2088

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A comprehensive study of cannibalism in literature and film, spanning colonial fiction, Gothic texts and contemporary American horror. Amidst the sharp teeth and horrific appetite of the cannibal, this book examines real fears of over-consumerism and consumption that trouble an ever-growing modern world.

The Culture-Bound Syndromes

Folk Illnesses of Psychiatric and Anthropological Interest

Author: Ronald C. Simons,C.C. Hughes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400952511

Category: Social Science

Page: 518

View: 2075

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In the last few years there has been a great revival of interest in culture-bound psychiatric syndromes. A spate of new papers has been published on well known and less familiar syndromes, and there have been a number of attempts to put some order into the field of inquiry. In a review of the literature on culture-bound syndromes up to 1969 Yap made certain suggestions for organizing thinking about them which for the most part have not received general acceptance (see Carr, this volume, p. 199). Through the seventies new descriptive and conceptual work was scarce, but in the last few years books and papers discussing the field were authored or edited by Tseng and McDermott (1981), AI-Issa (1982), Friedman and Faguet (1982) and Murphy (1982). In 1983 Favazza summarized his understanding of the state of current thinking for the fourth edition of the Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, and a symposium on culture-bound syndromes was organized by Kenny for the Eighth International Congress of Anthropology and Ethnology. The strong est impression to emerge from all this recent work is that there is no substantive consensus, and that the very concept, "culture-bound syndrome" could well use some serious reconsideration. As the role of culture-specific beliefs and prac tices in all affliction has come to be increasingly recognized it has become less and less clear what sets the culture-bound syndromes apart.

The Party's Over

Oil, War and the Fate of Industrial Societies

Author: Richard Heinberg

Publisher: New Society Publishers

ISBN: 155092334X

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 7961

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An updated edition of this bestselling book on the end of oil -- and its consequences.

Monkeyluv

And Other Lessons in Our Lives as Animals

Author: Robert M Sapolsky

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1446468801

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 2817

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Described by Oliver Sacks as 'one of the best scientist-writers of our time', Robert M. Sapolsky here presents the human animal in all its quirkiness and diversity. In these remarkable essays, Sapolsky once again deploys his compassion and insights into the human condition to tell us who, why and how we are. Monkeyluv touches on themes such as sexuality, aggression, love, parenting, religion, ageing, and mental illness. He ponders such topics as our need to seek out beauty; why our preferences in food become fixed; why we are sexually attracted to one another; why Alzheimer's disease tends to be a post-menopausal phenomenon; and why grandmothers buying groceries for their grandchildren are part of nature's Darwinian logic.

Down to Earth Sociology: 14th Edition

Introductory Readings, Fourteenth Edition

Author: James M. Henslin

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439108951

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 3894

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For thirty-five years and through thirteen editions, Jim Henslin's Down to Earth Sociology has opened new windows onto the social realities that shape our world. Now in its fourteenth edition, the most popular anthology in sociology includes new articles on our changing world while also retaining its classic must-read essays. Focusing on social interaction in everyday life, the forty-six selections bring students face-to-face with the twin projects of contemporary sociology: understanding the individual's experience of society and analyzing social structure. The fourteenth edition's exceptional new readings include selections on the role of sympathy in everyday life, mistaken perceptions of the American family, the effects of a criminal record on getting a job, and the major social trends affecting our future. Together with these essential new articles, the selections by Peter Berger, Herbert Gans, Erving Goffman, Donna Eder, Zella Luria, C. Wright Mills, Deborah Tannen, Barrie Thorne, Sidney Katz, Philip Zimbardo, and many others provide firsthand reporting that gives students a sense of "being there." Henslin also explains basic methods of social research, providing insight into how sociologists explore the social world. The selections in Down to Earth Sociology highlight the most significant themes of contemporary sociology, ranging from the sociology of gender, power, politics, and religion to the contemporary crises of racial tension, crime, rape, poverty, and homelessness.

On Genes, Gods and Tyrants

The Biological Causation of Morality

Author: Camilo J. Cela-Conde,Penelope Lock

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400933894

Category: Philosophy

Page: 202

View: 9389

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Our future was with the collective, but our survival was with the individual, and the paradox was killing us everyday. John Le Carre Smiley's People (1979) Since the time of Ancient Greek lyrical poetry, it has been one of man's dreams to explain his own conduct. This is the background to all his activities, from literature to speculative philosophy, including those odds and ends which, for want of a better name and more precise boundaries are called "human science". Over the past nine or ten years a new member has been added to this inquisitive family, one which, moreover, claims to be scientific to an extremely high degree: biology. This is in fact a recurrent event, since theses designed to introduce causal biological expla nations into the general field of human action had already been formulated on at least two occasions (in original Darwinism and the Neo-Darwinist synthesis). Ethologists and sociobiologists are today taking over and as suring us that they have the necessary tools to provide an answer to what perhaps seemed the most slippery subject in the hands of science: the social being. As might be expected, philosophers have reacted with some scepticism. Though human conduct is undoubtedly subject to determinants, the lion's share of responsi bility lies with society itself. At the time when biology was beginning to develop the theories necessary to overcome cre ationism, Karl Marx had already managed to construct highly sophisticated interpretive models of human social behaviour.

MacDougal's Revenge

Author: Jesse W. Thompson

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1312373881

Category: Fiction

Page: 392

View: 7146

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Dr. Mike MacDougal joins a group of scientists and theologians on their way to investigate the work of a mad doctor who claims she will soon transplant human brains. Mike's mother, sent to interview her, disappears. In a cannibal village deep in the mountains of the Philippines, Mike learns what has happened to her.

The Great Civilized Conversation

Education for a World Community

Author: Wm. Theodore de Bary

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231535104

Category: Education

Page: 432

View: 9684

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Having spent decades teaching and researching the humanities, Wm. Theodore de Bary is well positioned to speak on its merits and reform. Believing a classical liberal education is more necessary than ever, he outlines in these essays a plan to update existing core curricula by incorporating classics from both Eastern and Western traditions, thereby bringing the philosophy and moral values of Asian civilizations to American students and vice versa. The author establishes a concrete link between teaching the classics of world civilizations and furthering global humanism. Selecting texts that share many of the same values and educational purposes, he joins Islamic, Indian, Chinese, Japanese, and Western sources into a revised curriculum that privileges humanity and civility. He also explores the tradition of education in China and its reflection of Confucian and Neo-Confucian beliefs. He reflects on history's great scholar-teachers and what their methods can teach us today, and he dedicates three essays to the power of The Analects of Confucius, The Tale of Genji, and The Pillow Book of Sei Shonagon in the classroom.

The Big Muddy

An Environmental History of the Mississippi and Its Peoples from Hernando de Soto to Hurricane Katrina

Author: Christopher Morris

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199977062

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 1123

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In The Big Muddy, the first long-term environmental history of the Mississippi, Christopher Morris offers a brilliant tour across five centuries as he illuminates the interaction between people and the landscape, from early hunter-gatherer bands to present-day industrial and post-industrial society. Morris shows that when Hernando de Soto arrived at the lower Mississippi Valley, he found an incredibly vast wetland, forty thousand square miles of some of the richest, wettest land in North America, deposited there by the big muddy river that ran through it. But since then much has changed, for the river and for the surrounding valley. Indeed, by the 1890s, the valley was rapidly drying. Morris shows how centuries of increasingly intensified human meddling--including deforestation, swamp drainage, and levee construction--led to drought, disease, and severe flooding. He outlines the damage done by the introduction of foreign species, such as the Argentine nutria, which escaped into the wild and are now busy eating up Louisiana's wetlands. And he critiques the most monumental change in the lower Mississippi Valley--the reconstruction of the river itself, largely under the direction of the Army Corps of Engineers. Valley residents have been paying the price for these human interventions, most visibly with the disaster that followed Hurricane Katrina. Morris also describes how valley residents have been struggling to reinvigorate the valley environment in recent years--such as with the burgeoning catfish and crawfish industries--so that they may once again live off its natural abundance. Morris concludes that the problem with Katrina is the problem with the Amazon Rainforest, drought and famine in Africa, and fires and mudslides in California--it is the end result of the ill-considered bending of natural environments to human purposes.

Der Ursprung der Familie, des Privateigenthums und des Staats

Im Anschluß an Lewis H. Morgan's Forschungen (Classic Reprint)

Author: Friedrich Engels

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 9780484093385

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 214

View: 2693

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Excerpt from Der Ursprung der Familie, des Privateigenthums und des Staats: Im Anschluß an Lewis H. Morgan's Forschungen S"meine 2lrbeit hat oerfdriehne llebertragungen in fremhe 6prachen erfahren 3uerft italienifch: L'ongme della fam1glia, della propr1etä. Pnvata e delle stato, vers10ne riveduta dall' autore, ch Pasquale Martignetti; Benevento 1885. (R)ann rumanifch: Or1g1na fanule1, propr1etatei private 31 a statului, traducere de Joan Nadegde, in her Saffher 8dtfchri'ft Contem poranul, @epternber 1885 biß 9jiai 1886. Hänifch Fannljens, Pr1vategendommens og Statens Oprindelse' Dansk, af Forfatteren gennemgaaet Udgave, besorget af Gerson Trier. Kobenhavn 1888. Q3ine frangöfifche 11eberfet;ung bon Egenri 8'iadé' her hie gegeniohrtige heutfche 9lußgabe 511 @rnnhe liegt, ift unter her ltreffe.23iß 5um Qiufang her fech5iger 8ahre fann von einer (sie fchichte her %}anrilie nicht hie 9iehe fern. Sie hrftorißhe 26iffen fchaft ftanh auf hiefem @ebiet noch gang, unter hem 6'iiifliiife her fünf 23ücher 9)iofiß. (R)ie harin anßführhdnr alß anher - zuoo ge fchilherte patriarchalrfche C{familienform murhe nicht nur ohne 233eitereß alß hie ältefte angenommen, fonhern inah nach 911) gug her 23ielmeiberei mit her heutigen burgerlhhen ihentifigirt, fo haß eigentlich hie C{yamilie überhaupt feine gefchidn liche @ntmidflung hurchgemacht hatte; hochftenß gab man 511, haß in her llr5eit eine fl3eriohe gefchlechtlicher E)iegellofigieit beftanheu haben fönne. 2lllerhingß tannte man außer her Gruselehe und; hie orientalifche 23ielmeiberei unh hie inhifch=trbetanifdn 231el: männerei; aber hiefe brei i}ormen ließen fich nicht in eine hiftorifdre älieihenfolge orhnen unh figurirten 5ufanrmenhangßloß neben em auber. (c)aß bei em5elnen Qäöllern her alten (8eßhichte, foune bei einigen noch egiftirenhen 28ilhen, hie 9lbftannnung nicht vom 23ater, fonhern bon her ediutter gerechnet, alfo hie merblrehe 33inre alß hie allein gültige angefehn murhe; haß bei oielen heutigen 23iilfern hie Che innerhalb beftimmter größerer, harnalß nicht näher unterfuchter (8ruppen verboten ift, 'unh haß hiefe Sitte fich in allen qbelttheilen finhet hiefe £hatfachen maren 5mar befannt unh eß murhen immer mehr 23eifpiele haoon gefanunelt. 2lber man mußte nichtß hamit anaufangen, unh felbft noch in $hlor'ß Researches into the Early Hrstory of Mankmd ze. 2c (1865) figuriren fie alß bloße fonherbare (c)ebr_äuche neben hem bei einigen 28ilhen geltenhen 23erbot, brennenheß (c)olg mit einem 6;n'en merfaeug 511 berühren, unh ahnlichen religiö[email protected] About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Kannibalische (P)Akte

autoethnographische und satirische Schreibweisen als interkulturelle Verhandlungen von Herman Melville bis Marianne Wiggins

Author: Ralph J. Poole

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: 280

View: 8197

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