Capital Punishment: New Perspectives

Author: Peter Hodgkinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317169905

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

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This collection asks questions about the received wisdom of the debate about capital punishment. Woven through the book, questions are asked of, and remedies proposed for, a raft of issues identified as having been overlooked in the traditional discourse. It provides a long overdue review of the disparate groups and strategies that lay claim to abolitionism. The authors argue that capital litigators should use their skills challenging the abuses not just of process, but of the conditions in which the condemned await their fate, namely prison conditions, education, leisure, visits, medical services, etc. In the aftermath of successful constitutional challenges it is the beneficiaries (arguably those who are considered successes, having been ’saved’ from the death penalty and now serving living death penalties of one sort or another) who are suffering the cruel and inhumane alternative. Part I of the book offers a selection of diverse, nuanced examinations of death penalty phenomena, scrutinizing complexities frequently omitted from the narrative of academics and activists. It offers a challenging and comprehensive analysis of issues critical to the abolition debate. Part II offers examinations of countries usually absent from academic analysis to provide an understanding of the status of the debate locally, with opportunities for wider application.

New Perspectives on Desistance

Theoretical and Empirical Developments

Author: Emily Luise Hart,Esther F.J.C. van Ginneken

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349951854

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 5291

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This book brings together a collection of emergent research that moves the debate on desistance beyond a general consideration of individual and social structural influences. The authors examine empirical developments which have implications for policy surrounding resettlement and re-offending, but also for punishment practices. Presenting thought-provoking theoretical advances and critiques, the editors challenge and enrich traditional understandings of desistance. A wide range of chapters explore how some criminal justice interventions hinder the desistance process, but also how alternative approaches may be more helpful in promoting and supporting desistance. Thorough and diverse, this book will be of great interest to scholars of criminology and criminal justice, social policy, sociology and psychology, and of special interest to researchers and practitioners working with (ex-)offenders.

The Death Penalty

A Worldwide Perspective

Author: Roger Hood,Carolyn Hoyle

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191005312

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 5540

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The fifth edition of this highly praised study charts and explains the progress that continues to be made towards the goal of worldwide abolition of the death penalty. The majority of nations have now abolished the death penalty and the number of executions has dropped in almost all countries where abolition has not yet taken place. Emphasising the impact of international human rights principles and evidence of abuse, the authors examine how this has fuelled challenges to the death penalty and they analyse and appraise the likely obstacles, political and cultural, to further abolition. They discuss the cruel realities of the death penalty and the failure of international standards always to ensure fair trials and to avoid arbitrariness, discrimination and conviction of the innocent: all violations of the right to life. They provide further evidence of the lack of a general deterrent effect; shed new light on the influence and limits of public opinion; and argue that substituting for the death penalty life imprisonment without parole raises many similar human rights concerns. This edition provides a strong intellectual and evidential basis for regarding capital punishment as undeniably cruel, inhuman and degrading. Widely relied upon and fully updated to reflect the current state of affairs worldwide, this is an invaluable resource for all those who study the death penalty and work towards its removal as an international goal.

The death penalty

a worldwide perspective

Author: Roger G. Hood,Carolyn Hoyle

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fiction

Page: 486

View: 7664

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This new edition of a classic study assesses the global status of capital punishment. As in previous editions, this work draws on Roger Hood's experiences as consultant to the United Nations for the Secretary General's five-yearly surveys of capital punishment as well as the latest literature from non-governmental organizations and academic experts. This edition examines significant developments around the world including the Chinese plan for the People's Supreme Court to review all death sentences, and the abolition in the USA of the death penalty for offenders who committed murder while under the age of 18. Recent legal challenges to lethal injection as a form of execution are also examined. This edition also includes an additional chapter on the role and influence of victims' families and victim interest movements. This volume shows how, despite a number of set-backs, the movement to abolish the death penalty has continued to gather pace; that international organizations and human rights treaties continue to put pressure on retentionist countries; that further developments have been made in securing protection for those facing the death penalty in retentionist counties; and that, despite such advances, in some parts of the world the range of crimes subject to the death penalty remains wide and the number of executions considerable. This work engages with the latest debates on the realities of capital punishment, with claims that the death penalty is a unique deterrent to murder and other serious crimes, and contains expanded coverage of arguments about the role of public opinion in the debate on capital punishment.

New Perspectives in Criminology

Author: John E. Conklin

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780205183883

Category: Social Science

Page: 315

View: 7140

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This reader includes the most up-to-date and engaging selections for a criminology course to be found under one cover, meeting an unfulfilled demand in the marketplace. All publication dates are between 1990 and 1996.

The Mosaic of Contemporary Psychiatry in Perspective

Author: Anthony Kales,Chester M. Pierce,Milton Greenblatt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461391946

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 4602

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Psychiatry has undergone a dynamic evolution in the last 40 years, an evolution to which Dr. Louis West made many contributions. Psychiatry today and Dr. West's career are intertwined in a mosaic of interaction. It is therefore fitting that this compilation of essays in honor of Dr. West is entitled The Mosaic of Contemporary Psychiatry: Current Perspectives. The papers collectively form a snapshot of the field of psychiatry today. Each chapter offers a historical perspective of the topic discussed, followed by a description of modern day issues and a look at the future of psychiatry. This book will enhance the knowledge and technical skills of psychiatrists as well as other clinicians in the mental health care field.

Handbuch soziale Probleme

Author: Günter Albrecht,Axel Groenemeyer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531941607

Category: Social Science

Page: 1582

View: 5040

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In den Sozialwissenschaften und in der Gesellschaft wächst das Interesse an der theoretischen und praktischen Bewältigung sozialer Probleme. Dennoch ist dieses Forschungsfeld im Hinblick auf theoretische Hintergründe vernachlässigt worden. In diesem Handbuch wird erstmals im deutschsprachigen Raum das disparate Wissen über soziale Probleme gesammelt und systematisch zusammengefasst. Für die Neuauflage wurde das Buch vollständig überarbeitet und aktualisiert.

The Death Penalty in America

Current Controversies

Author: Hugo Adam Bedau

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195122862

Category: Law

Page: 524

View: 3614

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Collected essays analyze and evaluate the practice of capital punishment, and present arguments for and against it

Understanding Justice 2/E

An introduction to Ideas, Perspectives and Controversies in Modern Penal Therory

Author: Hudson, Barbara

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335210368

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 9856

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This revised and updated edition of a highly successful text provides a comprehensive account of the ideas and controversies that have arisen within law, philosophy, sociology and criminology about the punishment of criminals. Written in a clear, accessible style, it summarises major philosophical ideas - retribution, rehabilitation, incapacitation - and discusses their strengths and weaknesses.

DeathQuest

An Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Capital Punishment in the United States

Author: Robert M. Bohm

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1437734995

Category: Law

Page: 446

View: 410

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This fourth edition of the first true textbook on the death penalty engages the reader with a full account of the arguments and issues surrounding capital punishment. The book begins with the history of the death penalty from colonial to modern times, and then examines the moral and legal arguments for and against capital punishment. It also provides an overview of major Supreme Court decisions and describes the legal process behind the death penalty. In addressing these issues, the author reviews recent developments in death penalty law and procedure, including ramifications of newer case law, such as that regarding using lethal injection as a method of execution. The author’s motivation has been to understand what motivates the "deathquest" of the American people, leading a large percentage of the public to support the death penalty. The book will educate readers so that whatever their death penalty opinions are, they are informed ones. Comprehensive, unbiased review of developments in death penalty law and procedure, including new case law on death-eligible crimes and execution by lethal injection Current data on costs, miscarriages of justice, discriminatory application, religion, and death penalty public opinion Analysis of new research regarding the effectiveness of the death penalty in terms of deterrence, retribution, and incapacitation

Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412960525

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 460

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Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is a concise resource for understanding the multifaceted subject of research methods in the field of criminology and criminal justice. This book uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. This is a briefer version of Ronet Bachman and Russell K Schutt ’s successful The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, written in a less formal style, with more concise examples drawn from everyday experience, and less coverage of complex or more rigorous methods. It is ideal for students who need to understand how criminal justice research is done and appreciate the results, but may never do research themselves in the professional lives.

New Directions in Criminological Theory

Author: Freda Adler,William S. Laufer

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412829588

Category: Social Science

Page: 406

View: 3178

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1. The future of labeling theory: foundations and promises -- 2. A proposed resolution of key issues in the political sociology of law -- 3. Contrasting crime general and crime specific theory: The case of hot spots of crime -- 4. Strategy, structure, and corporate crime: the historical context of anticompetitive behavior -- 5. Employee theft: an examination of Gerald Mars and explaination based on equity theory -- 6. Alcohol and theories of homicide -- 7. The empirical status and Hirschi's Control Theory -- 8. The ocial control of spouse assault -- 9. Theoretical formalization, a necessity: The example of Hirchi's Bonding theory -- 10. Control theory and punishment: an analysis of control theory as a penal philosophy -- 11. Power-control verses social-control theories of common delinquency: a comparitive analysis -- Comments: The power of control insociologica theories of delinquency.

Punishment and Social Control

Author: Thomas G. Blomberg,Stanley Cohen

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202307015

Category: Law

Page: 516

View: 6024

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While crime, law, and punishment are subjects that have everyday meanings not very far from their academic representations, "social control" is one of those terms that appear in the sociological discourse without any corresponding everyday usage. This concept has a rather mixed lineage. "After September 11" has become a slogan that conveys all things to all people but carries some very specific implications on interrogation and civil liberties for the future of punishment and social control. The editors hold that the already pliable boundaries between ordinary and political crime will become more unstable; national and global considerations will come closer together; domestic crime control policies will be more influenced by interests of national security; measures to prevent and control international terrorism will cast their reach wider (to financial structures and ideological support); the movements of immigrants, refugees, and asylum seekers will be curtailed and criminalized; taken-for-granted human rights and civil liberties will be restricted. In the midst of these dramatic social changes, hardly anyone will notice the academic field of "punishment and social control" being drawn closer to political matters. Criminology is neither a "pure" academic discipline nor a profession that offers an applied body of knowledge to solve the crime problem. Its historical lineage has left an insistent tension between the drive to understand and the drive to be relevant. While the scope and orientation of this new second edition remain the same, in recognition of the continued growth and diversity of interest in punishment and social control, new chapters have been added and several original chapters have been updated and revised.

Capital Punishment

A Hazard to a Sustainable Criminal Justice System?

Author: Dr Lill Scherdin

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409457192

Category: Law

Page: 338

View: 8792

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Leading experts in law, criminology and human rights combine theory and empirical research to further our understanding of the relationships between ways of governance, the role of leadership and the death penalty practices. The book covers practice in the USA and Asia as well as within Muslim majority countries, and questions whether the death penalty in and of itself is a hazard to a sustainable development of criminal justice. It is an invaluable resource for all those researching and campaigning for the global abolition of capital punishment.

Beyond Repair?

America’s Death Penalty

Author: Stephen P. Garvey,Neal Devins,Mark A. Graber

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822330431

Category: Law

Page: 244

View: 5608

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A collection of essays on capital punishment reflects on the most recent legal developments and procedures, considering such topics as the public's opinion about the death penalty, its practice in light of international human rights laws, the execution of innocent people, and the role of race bias. Simultaneous.

Crime Control

Current Problems and Developments Prospect : XIII Baltic Criminological Seminar, 2000, June 25-26

Author: Jüri Saar,August Annist,A. A. Markin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Crime

Page: 214

View: 6680

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