Nursing & Health Survival Guide: Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE)

Author: Nina Godson,Kelly Ryan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131790608X

Category: Medical

Page: 80

View: 1080

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Preparing for an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is very different from preparing for a theoretical knowledge examination - your clinical skills and performance will be tested rather than just your knowledge of the theory. It is important to understand how to achieve the best results in an OSCE, and this handy pocket-sized guide describes each clinical skill in turn to help you feel confident and prepared for the exam. The Nursing & Health Survival Guides have evolved - take a look at our our app for iPhone and iPad.

A Nurse's Survival Guide to Leadership and Management on the Ward2

A Nurse's Survival Guide to Leadership and Management on the Ward

Author: Jenny Thomas

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702045837

Category: Medical

Page: 305

View: 3218

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Are you managing other people? If so, you will find this an indispensable guide to situations and problems faced by ward managers, sisters and charge nurses today. This new edition retains the book's practical approach, providing hints and tips on cutting through bureaucracy to ensure patient care remains uppermost on your agenda. This book will help you to Manage your time Create a positive work environment Ensure care is patient-centred Manage your budget Be politically aware Manage difficult staff and situations This book will help you to . Organise yourself and your workload . Manage staff, people and difficult situations . Make sure care is patient-centred . Manage your budget . Deal with complaints . Handle staff recruitment . Be a good role model. This new edition retains the book's practical approach, providing hints and tips on cutting through bureaucracy to ensure patient care remains uppermost on your agenda. Reflects the most recent developments affecting ward management, including the current national focus on quality indicators and working within tighter budgets. A new chapter on 'Improving Quality and Safety' explains the national quality initiatives and their impact, as well as taking you through the practical processes of handling complaints and incidents. Updated guidance on pertinent issues such as 'whistle-blowing' and 'safeguarding'.

A Nurse's Survival Guide to Drugs in Practice E-BOOK

Author: Ann Richards

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780702040825

Category: Medical

Page: 464

View: 6919

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The 'Nurses’ Survival Guide to Drugs in Practice' is a handy pocketbook designed to provide succinct information on a wide variety of drugs that nurses need to look up quickly. It provides an understandable and detailed account of common drugs and their actions. The level is suitable for all nurses in practice, including qualified and student nurses, as well as those taking Supplementary Prescribing Courses and will also be useful to other healthcare professionals . Pocket sized and easily transportable, it will become a constant companion both in ward and community environments. As well as the more routine use of drugs in clinical practice it covers emergency situations, such as cardiac arrest and anaphylaxis. • Comprehensive coverage of drugs in use to offer security in any clinical setting • Succinct and clear information in boxes, lists etc to facilitate assimilation of information ‘on the spot’ • Attractive page design and well signposted layout to enable quick access to the right information • Flexicover to maintain quality in a clinical setting and when frequently used • Covers basic pharmacology including drug absorption and metabolism as well as explaining how drugs actually work • Fully up to date with government guidelines e,g, from NICE, the Resuscitation Council and the British Thoracic Society etc. • Additional sections on the legal aspects of administering and prescribing drugs, drug calculations and paediatric doses

Nursing & Health Survival Guide: Recognising the Acutely Ill Child: Early Recognition

Author: Elizabeth Charnock,Angela Lee,Amanda Miller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317905652

Category: Medical

Page: 54

View: 1739

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Early and accurate recognition of an acutely ill child is essential. Ideal for quick reference, this pocket-sized guide puts all the crucial information at your fingertips. The Nursing & Health Survival Guides have evolved - take a look at our our app for iPhone and iPad.

A Nurse's Survival Guide to Acute Medical Emergencies Updated Edition E-Book

Author: Richard N. Harrison,Lynda Daly

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702076678

Category: Medical

Page: 464

View: 2533

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Are you a nurse, a physician’s associate or a medical student in an acute or emergency unit? This is your indispensable primer of acute medical care – a pocket guide to caring for patients with acute medical conditions. This book will help you to care for patients in the first critical 24 hours of admission manage patients using the most up-to-date evidence based approach understand the most common emergency medical conditions and their underlying disease mechanisms handle the patient’s assessment , understand the observations and manage their disease easily obtain clear practical advice know what to tell the patient and relatives using jargon-free language access information on SARS, avian influenza and bio-terrorism This updated edition contains improved sections on stroke care, diabetes and sepsis, introduces the NEWS 2 observation chart has revised its case histories in line with current practice This updated edition: contains improved sections on stroke care, diabetes and sepsis, introduces the NEWS 2 observation chart has revised its case histories in line with current practice improved sections on stroke care, diabetes and sepsis, introduction of the NEWS 2 observation chart revised case histories in line with current practice

Nursing & Health Survival Guide: Drugs in Use

Author: Ann Richards

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317905628

Category: Medical

Page: 86

View: 3580

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Understanding how drugs work is made simple in this easy to use pocket-sized guide. Drugs in common use are described under each body system and will form an aid to your confident administration of drugs to fit your patients' needs. The Nursing & Health Survival Guides have evolved - take a look at our our app for iPhone and iPad.

A Nurse's Survival Guide to the Ward - E-Book

Author: Sharon L. Edwards,Ann Richards

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702051713

Category: Medical

Page: 500

View: 5327

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The new edition of this highly popular book is an indispensable guide to daily procedures and problems for nurses starting work on the ward or returning to practice. It provides guidance in a variety of areas including: how to organise your job and yourself; how to assess patients; clinical information on a wide range of conditions; important principles, procedures and investigations; how to administer drugs safely; and what to do in an emergency. As well as information on how to do the job, the importance of communication and nursing care issues is emphasised. Background information is also given on underlying legal, health and safety issues. This book will help you with Organising your job and yourself Assessing patients Getting clinical information on a wide range of conditions Important principles, procedures and investigations Administering drugs safely What to do in an emergency Communication, legal health and safety issues A new section on professional practice relates current issues to nursing practice Updated drug section provides essential understanding of common drug classes New resuscitation guidelines

A Nurse's Survival Guide to Critical Care E-Book

Author: Sharon L. Edwards,Mimma Sabato

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 070203309X

Category: Medical

Page: 476

View: 6793

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This small, pocket-sized book provides a solid introduction to aspects of care and management in critical care. The book contains not only information on patient assessment, ventilation, haemodynamic monitoring, emergencies, critical care interventions, common conditions and pharmacology, all clearly relating to critical care, but also psychological, professional practice issues, palliative care and caring for relatives. It provides the factual information needed to assist nurses in providing holistic care in the critical care environment, in an accessible format. Pocket-book format makes the book portable and user-friendly Pull-out boxes highlight hints and tips for practice Diagrams used to explain clearly difficult concepts

Saunders Nursing Survival Guide: Critical Care & Emergency Nursing

Author: Lori Schumacher,Cynthia C. Chernecky

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437726003

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 2038

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Part of the popular Saunders Nursing Survival Guide series, this book prepares you to manage the most common health care problems you'll see in critical care, trauma, or emergency settings. Each chapter is organized from the most immediate and life-threatening conditions to less emergent critical care conditions. Its lighthearted, cartoon-filled approach simplifies difficult concepts, covering each body system in terms of current practice standards. Consistent headings break content into four succinct areas of review: What (subject) IS, What You NEED TO KNOW, What You DO, and Do You UNDERSTAND? Clinical terms and shorthand expressions are highlighted, exposing you to terminology used in the hospital setting. A color insert illustrates concepts and principles of critical care and emergency nursing, including various complications Mnemonic devices aid your memory and interactive activities help you learn, with exercises including fill in the blank, matching, word jumbles, true/false, and crossword puzzles. Special icons help you focus on vital information: Take Home Points help you prepare for clinical rotations. Caution notes alert you to dangerous conditions and how to avoid them. Lifespan notes point out age-related variations in signs and symptoms, nursing interventions, and patient teaching. Culture notes cite possible variations related to a patient’s cultural background. Web links direct you to Internet resources for additional research and study. What You WILL LEARN learning objectives help you identify quickly the content covered and goals for each chapter. NCLEX„¥ examination-style review questions at the end of each chapter allow you to test your understanding of content and practice for the Boards. Cartoon characters with brief captions help to better explain difficult concepts. Margin notes are streamlined for ease of use and effectiveness. Content updates reflect current practice and emergent situations, including increased focus on disaster preparedness, code management, updated ACLS guidelines, and hypertension.

Nursing & Health Survival Guide: Medical Abbreviations & Normal Ranges

Author: Helen Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317906020

Category: Medical

Page: 58

View: 7791

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Part of the skill of nursing and healthcare involves being able to decipher and understand the meanings of results and abbreviations. The aim and purpose of this handy survival guide is to supply you with the information which will help you understand this language, so that you can provide appropriate holistic care to your patients. The Nursing & Health Survival Guides have evolved - take a look at our our app for iPhone and iPad.

Nursing Knowledge and Practice E-Book

Author: Maggie Mallik,Carol Hall,David Howard

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702037524

Category: Medical

Page: 504

View: 1480

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Nursing knowledge and practice is a comprehensive textbook which forms an ideal basis for foundation nursing students. The core emphasis in the organisation and presentation of knowledge in this third edition remains focused on the in-depth knowledge required by nurses to deliver care in the practice setting. The chapter contents encompass knowledge that applies to all branches of nursing e.g. Communication, Confusion, Aggression and Rehabilitation Safety and Risk, Infection Control, Medicines etc. The structure of all chapters is unique in integrating knowledge from subject areas often taught separately in the nursing curriculum. This enables the foundation student to integrate this range of knowledge in making decisions about the delivery of nursing care to patients/clients in all fields of nursing. Exercises are included to encourage reflection on practice and develop critical thinking skills. It also promotes the expansion of professional knowledge through the development of portfolio evidence. Building on the outstanding success of previous editions the authors have drawn extensively on current best evidence, including research, policy and substantial internet based resources, reflecting UK and international perspectives. • Each chapter begins with an overview of the content and concludes with a summary to help evaluate learning • Case studies reflect the diverse range of client needs and care settings of the four nursing branches and help relate theory to practice • Reflective exercises and suggestions for portfolio evidence, along with decision-making activities, promote reflection on personal experience and links to nursing practice using a problem-based approach • Current research is highlighted throughout, demonstrating the evidence-base for practice decisions. • Key web sites, annotated further reading and references encourage readers to pursue contemporary evidence that underpins competency-based practice. Full colour throughout Content fully updated in line with developments in clinical practice, teaching requirements and the evidence-base Free electronic ancillaries on Evolve enhance the knowledge provided in each chapter with additional information, exercises and resources An introductory chapter on ‘Nursing Knowledge and Practice’ explores the role and context of nursing, nationally and internationally, providing foundation information on core knowledge areas common to all nursing curricula.

ABC of Resuscitation

Author: Jasmeet Soar,Gavin D. Perkins,Jerry Nolan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118474872

Category: Medical

Page: 128

View: 2317

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ABC of Resuscitation is a practical, illustrated guide to the latest resuscitation advice for the non-specialist and provides the core knowledge on the treatment of cardiopulmonary arrest. This edition provides a guide to the European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2010 and the Resuscitation Council (UK) 2010 Resuscitation Guidelines. It Includes: the causes and prevention of cardiac arrest basic and advanced life support for adults, children and newborns resuscitation in a range of contexts (in-hospital and out-of-hospital, including drowning, pregnancy, sport and trauma) important aspects of implementation of guidelines including human factors and education ABC of Resuscitation, 6th Edition is ideal for all healthcare professionals including junior doctors, medical students, general practitioners, paramedics and nurses. It is also useful for pre-hospital care practitioners, emergency medicine trainees, resuscitation officers and all those who teach resuscitation. This title is also available as a mobile App from MedHand Mobile Libraries. Buy it now from Google Play or the MedHand Store.

Emergency and Trauma Care for Nurses and Paramedics

Author: Kate Curtis,Clair Ramsden

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729579824

Category: Medical

Page: 1494

View: 7197

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Emergency and Trauma Care is written for Australian emergency care providers including paramedics, emergency nurses, pre-hospital care providers, nurse practitioners, general practice nurses and allied health practitioners including occupational therapists and physiotherapists who are caring for trauma patients. This book follows the patient journey from pre-hospital to definitive care. Using a body systems approach, each chapter provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of adult and paediatric emergencies. Implications for clinical practice is supported by chapters of professional practice, clinical skills, research, evidence-based practice, and legal, ethical and cultural issues. Clinical assessment, physiology, management and rationale for intervention of common and not so common emergency presentations are provided, with each chapter providing clear and relevant examples for both Paramedics and Nurses. Emergency and Trauma Care brings together a team of highly respected clinical practitioners and academics to deliver the most up-to-date text dealing with the practical procedures and evidence experienced by emergency and trauma care providers every day. Chapter 2 Pre-hospital care overview in Australia and NZ Chapter 10 Scene assessment, management and rescue Chapter 11 Pre-Hospital Clinical Reasoning, Triage and Communication Pre-hospital and emergency nursing considerations included in all relevant chapters Chapter 5 Cultural Considerations in Emergency Care addresses cultural diversity, beliefs and values and focuses on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and Maori health Chapter 19 Resuscitation includes advanced life support, airway management and incorporates the 2010 Australian Resuscitation Council guidelines Chapter 37 People with disabilities provides assessment, examination and communication strategies for working with clients with intellectual and physical disabilities Section 5 focuses on examination and communication strategies for working with unique population groups, including the elderly, disabled, obstetric and paediatric patients Section 6 details major trauma assessment and management, blast injury, and trauma to specific body regions Essentials outline the main points addressed in each chapter Practice tips assist with communication skills, procedures and assessment Case studies supported by questions throughout Summaries and Key points, review questions, web links and references provide for consolidation and further research. Evolve resources include Power point slides, 30 additional Case studies, image bank, web links Three paramedic specific chapters (including scene assessment and management)

ACLS Study Guide - E-Book

Author: Barbara J Aehlert

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323084516

Category: Medical

Page: 424

View: 8031

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Reflecting the 2010 Emergency Cardiovascular Care guidelines, ACLS Study Guide, 4th Edition offers a complete, full-color overview of advanced cardiovascular life support. An easy-to-read approach covers everything from airway management and rhythms and their management to electrical therapy, acute coronary syndromes, and acute stroke. In addition to the latest ACLS treatment algorithms, this edition includes new case studies, new photos and illustrations, a heart rate ruler, and a handy ACLS quick-reference card for use in the field. Written by Barbara Aehlert, ACLS Study Guide is the official textbook for the American Safety & Health Institute ACLS certification course. A pretest and posttest -- each containing 50 questions with answers and rationales -- allow you to check your knowledge prior to and after your study. Chapter objectives preview the main points in each chapter. Stop and Review sections at the end of the chapters help you remember the most important information. ACLS Pearls boxes offer key points and useful tips for clinical practice. Keeping it Simple boxes provide essential information in a clear and concise manner. Ten case studies present real-life clinical situations, allowing you to make decisions based on information in the Preparatory section. Consistent format of case studies includes Objective, Skills to Master, Rhythms to Master, Medications to Master, Related Text Chapters, Essential Actions, and Unacceptable Actions. A heart rate ruler is included to help you interpret ECGs. 4 x 6 pocket-size quick-reference card contains key ACLS algorithms for field use. 100 new and updated photos and illustrations show key ACLS procedures and equipment. Pharmacological interventions are integrated into the chapters for a more cohesive learning experience. New streamlined approach reduces the number of pages and simplifies the information you need to know.

Children in Intensive Care E-Book

A Survival Guide

Author: Joanna H Davies,Marilyn McDougall

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702067458

Category: Medical

Page: 476

View: 3688

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Children in Intensive Care fulfils a unique role in supporting clinical staff during the day-to-day management of the sick child. Presented in quick reference format, and in plain English, the book offers a unique guide to the wide variety of situations that a practitioner is likely to encounter during daily practice. Rich with reference tables, algorithms, artworks and ‘Alert’ boxes, the book offers a wealth of information which ranges from physiology to drug dosage calculation, drug compatibility lists, reference ranges, and X-ray interpretation. New chapters include oncologic emergencies, pain management and sedation, together with the latest information on the management of sepsis, the collapsed child, and care of the child following spinal surgery. Information presented in quick reference format, with accompanying reference tables, to facilitate on-the-spot usage Advanced Life Support Group algorithms provide safe and easy-to-follow protocols to the management of emergency situations Contains input from a broad range of paediatric specialists – intensivists, anaesthetists, haematologists, oncologists, air ambulance physicians and retrieval nurses, pharmacists, specialist dieticians, and respiratory physiotherapists – to ensure full coverage and accuracy of information Contains helpful ‘Quick Guide’ and ‘Warning’ boxes to provide key information at a glance, while helpful mnemonics assist with learning Contains chapters on normal child development, safe-guarding children and young people, and patient transport Perfect for use on the wards, theatres, high-dependency units and intensive care units as well as during retrieval and A&E Ideal for newcomers and experienced staff alike, whether they be junior doctors or nursing staff Additional authorship brings the expertise of Marilyn McDougall, a Senior Paediatric Intensive Care Consultant Contains brand new chapters - oncology emergencies and pain & sedation - as well as the latest information on topics including sepsis and the collapsed neonate, and care of children after spinal surgery Comprehensively expanded cardiac chapter presents new surgical approaches as well as practical tips on pacing, care of chest drains and basic echocardiograph terminology Drug chapter now includes reversal agents, new drug profiles and an updated compatibilities chart Expanded artwork program explains clinical concepts and practical procedures

Acute Nursing Care

Recognising and Responding to Medical Emergencies

Author: Ian Peate,Helen Dutton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317902785

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 7794

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Delays in recognising deterioration or inappropriate management of people in acute care settings can result in late treatment, avoidable admissions to intensive care units and in some instances unnecessary deaths. As the role of the nurse in healthcare settings continues to change and evolve, today’s student nurses need to be equipped with the fundamental skills to recognise and manage deterioration in the patient in a competent and confident manner, as you learn to become practitioners of the future. Using a body systems approach and emphasising the central role and function of the nurse throughout, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the essential issues in this important subject. Topics covered include: recognition and identification of physiological deterioration in adults; identification of disordered physiology that may lead to a medical emergency linked to deterioration of normal function; relevant anatomy and physiology; pathophysiological changes and actions that need to be taken; immediate recognition and response; investigations, diagnosis and management issues; and teaching and preventative strategies.

Manual of Critical Care Nursing - E-Book

Nursing Interventions and Collaborative Management

Author: Marianne Saunorus Baird,Susan Bethel

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323065929

Category: Medical

Page: 1008

View: 8345

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It's the ideal go-to reference for the clinical setting! Compact and easy to use, Manual of Critical Care Nursing, 6th Edition presents essential information on approximately 80 disorders and conditions, as well as concepts relevant to caring for all critically ill patients and functioning in the critical care environment. Award-winning clinical nurse specialists Marianne Baird and Sue Bethel separate the content first by body system and then by disorder, with each disorder including a brief description of pathophysiology, assessment, diagnostic testing, collaborative management, nursing diagnoses, desired outcomes, nursing interventions, and patient teaching and rehabilitation. A concise format presents the material in a way that reflects a practicing nurse's thought processes. Coverage of approximately 80 critical care conditions/disorders includes those most commonly seen in critical care units. Chapter outlines provide easy access to disorders. A portable size makes it ideal for use in the unit or bedside, and is also easy to carry on campus. Unique! Gerontology icon highlights considerations relating to the care of older adults. Unique! Research briefs in special boxes discuss selected research studies for evidence-based patient care. Unique! The latest NANDA-approved nursing diagnoses increase familiarity with NANDA terminology. Appendixes provide quick reference to information needed in the critical care setting. Revised format mirrors a practicing nurse's approach to patient care, making it easier to find information. Newly formatted care plans incorporate diagnoses, interventions, and desired outcomes in a consistent, logical organization. Patient safety alerts and high alerts call attention to issues important to a patient’s safety. Unique! Diagnostic Tests tables highlight the definition, purpose, and abnormal findings for each test. Unique! Collaborative Management tables concisely summarize key points while incorporating nationally recognized guidelines. Colored tabs mark the location of each body system, making topics easier to find. Smaller trim size increases portability for use in the unit or bedside, while enhancing readability.

Emergencies in Children's and Young People's Nursing

Author: E. A Glasper

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019954719X

Category: Medical

Page: 456

View: 5830

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Emergencies in Children's and Young People's Nursing is a one-stop quick reference for children's and young people's nurses providing emergency care in the acute hospital setting.

Evidence-Based Nursing

A Guide to Clinical Practice

Author: Alba DiCenso,Gordon Guyatt,Donna Ciliska

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323080901

Category: Medical

Page: 640

View: 6762

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Written in response to numerous requests by nurse practitioners and other graduate faculty for a nursing literature resource, this new two-color book is based on the Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: A Manual for Evidence-Based Practice by Dr. Gordon Guyatt and Dr. Drummond Rennie, published in 2001 by the AMA. Revised for the nursing audience, Evidence-Based Nursing is a reader-friendly, accessible guide that features plentiful examples from the nursing literature and the addition of specific nursing issues such as qualitative research, with direct application for clinical practice. Drs. DiCenso, Ciliska, and Guyatt are three of the leaders in the evidence-based nursing community and command worldwide recognition. Evidence-Based Nursing will enable nurses to frame their clinical questions in a way that will help them find and distinguish between strong and weak evidence; clearly understand study results; weigh the risks and benefits of management options; and apply the evidence to their individual patients to improve outcomes. This is the only book of its kind that helps nurses use the nursing literature effectively to solve patient problems. Three-step approach to dissecting a problem — to help find the best evidence and improve patient care, most questions can be divided into three parts: (1) Are the results valid? (2) What are the results? and (3) How can I apply the results to patient care? Part One - The Basics: Using the Nursing Literature provides a basic approach to the problems faced by nurses when determining optimal care, predicting patient progress, and protecting patients from potentially harmful side effects and includes a literature assessment summary and management recommendations. Part Two - Beyond the Basics: Using and Teaching the Principles of Evidence-Based Nursing expands on Part One, providing concrete examples through the presentation of cases. Two-part organization helps both beginners and those more accomplished at using the nursing literature. Clinical Scenario provides a brief but detailed description of a clinical situation that requires the application of research through a critical thinking process. Using the Guide examines a clinical scenario, and then evaluates the way in which research findings are collected, analyzed, and applied to the resolution of the problem presented in the scenario. Free CD-ROM contains everything found in the book, allowing for electronic outlining, content filtering, full-text searching, and alternative content organizations.

AACN Procedure Manual for Critical Care - E-Book

Author: AACN

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455776904

Category: Medical

Page: 1312

View: 9971

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The AACN Procedure Manual for Critical Care, 6th Edition presents procedures for the critical care environment in an illustrated, consistent, and step-by-step format. The Procedures and Patient Monitoring sections are presented in a tabular format that includes special considerations and rationales for each intervention. References have been meticulously reviewed to ensure that the most authoritative and timely standards of practice are used. Additionally, the references supporting care recommendations are identified according to the latest AACN Evidence Leveling System to ensure that you have a complete understanding of the strength of the evidence base. UNIQUE! AACN-sponsored content ensures the highest standards of practice Comprehensive, clear, easy-to-use format allows you to quickly find and review the exact content you need Rationales provide complete information on every procedure Identified AP procedures help you judge whether a procedure is in your scope of practice Patient safety highlighted with new icons for patient identification and time-out Joint Commission Universal Protocols CDC Standard Precautions for hand washing and applying protective clothing and equipment highlighted with new icons UNIQUE! Clarity of Evidence Leveling helps you quickly grasp the strength of the evidence supporting the care recommendations Reviewed and Updated References comply with the highest standards of critical care practice Alphabetical procedures index inside the front cover provides easy access Reader-friendly design changes make it easier to identify and utilize special features