Celebrations of Death

The Anthropology of Mortuary Ritual

Author: Peter Metcalf,Richard Huntington

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521423755

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 1468

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This revised edition of a cross-cultural study of rituals surrounding death has become a standard text in anthropology, sociology, and religion. Part of its fascination and success is that in understanding other people's death rituals we are able to gain a better understanding of our own. Peter Metcalf and Richard Huntington refer to a wide variety of examples from different continents and epochs. They compare the great tombs of the Berawan of Borneo and the pyramids of Egypt, or the dramas of medieval French royal funerals and the burial alive of the Dinka "masters of the spear" in the Sudan, and other burials which at first sight seem to have little in common. Many of these cases are anthropological classics, and the authors use these examples partly in order to illustrate the many different ways in which anthropologists have tried to interpret these rites. A new introduction reviews theoretical developments in the anthropological study of death since the book first appeared in 1979.

Verdammt in alle Ewigkeit

Roman

Author: James Jones

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104036683

Category: Fiction

Page: 960

View: 8484

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Ein weltberühmter Klassiker der amerikanischen Nachkriegsliteratur, der seinen Siegeszug um die Welt antrat und kurz nach Erscheinen verfilmt wurde. Erzählt wird die Geschichte des einfachen amerikanischen Soldaten Priwitt, der mit seiner Kompanie auf Hawaii stationiert ist. Weil er glaubt, auch als Soldat ein Anrecht auf eine menschliche Behandlung zu haben, beginnt eine erbitterte Auseinandersetzung zwischen ihm und seinem Vorgesetzten. ›Verdammt in alle Ewigkeit‹ zeichnet ein schonungsloses Porträt der amerikanischen Armee auf Hawaii kurz vor der Katastrophe. Mit dem Fall japanischer Bomben auf Pearl Harbor tritt Amerika in den Zweiten Weltkrieg ein.

Anthropology: The Basics

Author: Peter Metcalf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134329032

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 5786

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The ultimate guide for the student encountering anthropology for the first time, Anthropology: The Basics explains and explores key anthropological concepts including: what is anthropology? how can we distinguish cultural differences from physical ones? what is culture, anyway? how do anthropologists study culture? what are the key theories and approaches used today? How has the discipline changed over time? This student-friendly text provides an overview of the fundamental principles of anthropology and is an invaluable guide for anyone wanting to learn more about this fascinating subject.

Übergangsriten

Author: Arnold Van Gennep

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593378367

Category: Rites and ceremonies

Page: 258

View: 9196

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Jebel Moya

Author: Rudolf Gerharz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783050021478

Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Page: 355

View: 3938

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 4007

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

Funerum sepulcrorumque magnficentia

Begräbnis- und Grabluxusgesetze in der griechisch-römischen Welt mit einigen Ausblicken auf Einschränkungen des funeralen und sepulkralen Luxus im Mittelalter und in der Neuzeit

Author: Johannes Engels

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515072366

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 918

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Der materielle Aufwand bei Begr�bnisfeiern und in der Anlage und Ausschmueckung von Grabanlagen ihrer Buerger wurde von vielen Staaten von der archaischen Epoche Griechenlands bis zum r�mischen Kaiserreich gesetzlich eingeschr�nkt. Diese umfassende Studie untersucht hierzu literarische, epigraphische und arch�ologische Zeugnisse. Sie diskutiert die sozialen, politischen, religi�sen oder wirtschaftlichen Motive dieser Gesetzgebung sowie ihre Auswirkung auf die Begr�bnis- und Grabsitten. Die Eigenart griechisch-r�mischer Reglementierungen wird durch einen Ausblick auf �hnliche mittelalterliche und neuzeitliche deutlicher. "eine methodisch und inhaltlich ausgezeichnete Analyse in sprachlich klarer Form" Ernst Baltrusch in Gnomon �Wer im umrissenen Sachgebiet arbeitet, der wird dieses Buch als hilfreiches Instrument gerne zur Hand nehmen. Kapitel fuer Kapitel spiegelt es den derzeitigen Forschungsstand wider, und vornehmlich in seinem Kernstueck, Kap. III-VII, bietet es darueber hinaus interessante Denkanst��e.�HZ .

What Can a Body Do?

Praktiken und Figurationen des Körpers in den Kulturwissenschaften

Author: Eva Bischoff,Uta Fenske,Henriette Gunkel,M. Michaela Hampf,Elahe Haschemi Yekani,Arne Klawitter

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593396416

Category: Social Science

Page: 436

View: 3407

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In den letzten Jahren wurde der Körper zum zentralen Thema in den Kulturwissenschaften. Ausgehend von der Wendung "What can a body do?" (Was vermag ein Körper?) werden in diesem Band sowohl Praktiken (also Handlungs- und Herstellungsweisen) als auch Figurationen (also materialisierte Formen) des Körpers in den Blick genommen. Der ungewöhnliche Band bietet zehn Texte zu Körperpraktiken, die von "Aufführen" über "Essen" bis zu "Sterben" reichen. In 36 Figurationstexten und künstlerischen Arbeiten, vom Avatar über die Leihmutter oder den Radrennfahrer bis hin zum Tanzpaar, wird ein breites Spektrum konkreter Verkörperungen vorgestellt. Da der Band sich aus zwei Richtungen den Verortungen des Körpers in den Kulturwissenschaften annähert, ist er entsprechend als Wendebuch gestaltet: Er kann "auf den Kopf gestellt" und von zwei Seiten gelesen werden. Das Netzwerk "Körper in den Kulturwissenschaften" ist ein von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft seit 2007 geförderter Zusammenschluss von Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern aus verschiedenen Disziplinen. Ziel war es, die unterschiedlichen Konzeptionen und Begriffe von Körper, wie sie in den Kulturwissenschaften und darüber hinaus kursieren, kritisch zueinander in Bezug zu setzen. Der Band präsentiert die Ergebnisse.

Nur über ihre Leiche

Tod, Weiblichkeit und Ästhetik

Author: Elisabeth Bronfen

Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann

ISBN: 9783826028069

Category: Death

Page: 647

View: 1466

DOWNLOAD NOW »
"Der Tod einer schönen Frau" proklamierte Edgar Allan Poe 1846, "ist ohne jeden Zweifel das poetischste Thema auf der Erde." Diese poetische Koppelung von Weiblichkeit und Tod könnte man leicht als Ausdruck nekrophiler Misogynie, als sadomasochistische Fantasie abtun. Man kann aber auch, und das ist das Anliegen dieses Buches, den schauerlichen Genuss, den eine solche Vorstellung bietet, ernstnehmen und fragen, welche Lüste, welche Ängste, welche Befriedigung und welche Sinnstiftung sich in dieser Todesfantasie manifestieren. Denn die Verschränkung von Tod, Weiblichkeit und Ästhetik bildet ein ebenso reichhaltiges wie beunruhigendes Fundament unserer Bild- und Erzählkultur. a remarkable landmark in theories of representation ... Brilliant, wide-ranging, subtle and sophisticated, this book is an extraordinary scholarly achievment. - Margaret Whitford, Queen Mary and Westfield College, London Difficult if not impossible to absorb at a sitting, Elisabeth Bronfen's arguments need to be lived with, returned to. It's the kind of book which, when borrowed, doesn't get returned very quickly. Living with it, returning to it, one becomes aware of how those eternal verities, sex and death, are in fact changing. - Jonathan Dollimore, Women. A Culural Review Die Untersuchung bildet einen Markstein in der Forschung zur Geschlechterdifferenz, wobei feministische Anliegen nicht Gefahr laufen, entschärft zu werden, sondern durch die Kontextualisierung in gesamtkulturellen Zusammenhängen an Tiefendimension und Brisanz gewinnen. - Natascha Würzbach, Universität Köln Bronfen gibt mit ihrem vielschichtigen Mosaik den Musen einen Teil ihrer Macht zurück ... Sie setzt ihr Bild der toten Frau als Topos für eine umfassende Kulturkritik in Form eines wissenschaftlichen Entwicklungsromans ein, bei dem es massgeblich auf den Prozess der Lektüre ankommt. - Loel Zwecker, Süddeutsche Zeitung

Beyond the Good Death

The Anthropology of Modern Dying

Author: James W. Green

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812202074

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 3082

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In November 1998, millions of television viewers watched as Thomas Youk died. Suffering from the late stages of Lou Gehrig's disease, Youk had called upon infamous Michigan pathologist Dr. Jack Kevorkian to help end his life on his own terms. After delivering the videotape to 60 Minutes, Kevorkian was arrested and convicted of manslaughter, despite the fact that Youk's family firmly believed that the ending of his life qualified as a good death. Death is political, as the controversies surrounding Jack Kevorkian and, more recently, Terri Schiavo have shown. While death is a natural event, modern end-of-life experiences are shaped by new medical, demographic, and cultural trends. People who are dying are kept alive, sometimes against their will or the will of their family, with powerful medications, machines, and "heroic measures." Current research on end-of-life issues is substantial, involving many fields. Beyond the Good Death takes an anthropological approach, examining the changes in our concept of death over the last several decades. As author James W. Green determines, the attitudes of today's baby boomers differ greatly from those of their parents and grandparents, who spoke politely and in hushed voices of those who had "passed away." Dr. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, in the 1960s, gave the public a new language for speaking openly about death with her "five steps of dying." If we talked more about death, she emphasized, it would become less fearful for everyone. The term "good death" reentered the public consciousness as narratives of AIDS, cancer, and other chronic diseases were featured on talk shows and in popular books such as the best-selling Tuesdays with Morrie. Green looks at a number of contemporary secular American death practices that are still informed by an ancient religious ethos. Most important, Beyond the Good Death provides an interpretation of the ways in which Americans react when death is at hand for themselves or for those they care about.

Theater State and the Formation of Early Modern Public Sphere in Iran

Studies on Safavid Muharram Rituals, 1590-1641 CE

Author: Babak Rahimi

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004207562

Category: History

Page: 404

View: 5602

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This first systematic study of a wide range of Persian and European archival and primary sources, analyzes how the Muharram rituals changed from being an orginally devotional practice to public events of political significance, setting the stage for the emergence of the early modern Iranian public sphere in the Safavid period.

The Corpse

A History

Author: Christine Quigley

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 147661377X

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 3116

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Throughout the centuries, different cultures have established a variety of procedures for handling and disposing of corpses. Often the methods are directly associated with the deceased’s position in life, such as a pharaoh’s mummification in Egypt or the cremation of a Buddhist. Treatment by the living of the dead over time and across cultures is the focus of study. Burial arrangements and preparations are detailed, including embalming, the funeral service, storage and transport of the body, and forms of burial. Autopsies and the investigative process of causes of deliberate death are fully covered. Preservation techniques such as cryonic suspension and mummification are discussed, as well as a look at the “recycling” of the corpse through organ donation, donation to medicine, animal scavengers, cannibalism, and, of course, natural decay and decomposition. Mistreatments of a corpse are also covered.

Cities of God

The Religion of the Italian Communes, 1125-1325

Author: Augustine Thompson

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271046273

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 2324

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Muhammad's Grave

Death Rites and the Making of Islamic Society

Author: Leor Halevi

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511930

Category: Religion

Page: 416

View: 5635

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In his probing study of the role of death rites in the making of Islamic society, Leor Halevi imaginatively plays prescriptive texts against material culture and advances new ways of interpreting highly contested sources. His original research reveals that religious scholars of the early Islamic period produced codes of funerary law not only to define the handling of a Muslim corpse but also to transform everyday urban practices. Relying on oral traditions, these scholars established new social patterns in the cities of Arabia, Mesopotamia, and the eastern Mediterranean. They distinguished Islamic rites from Christian, Jewish, and Zoroastrian rites and changed the way men and women interacted publicly and privately. In each chapter Halevi explores a different layer of human interaction, following the movement of the corpse from the deathbed to the grave. In the process he analyzes the real and imaginary relationships between husbands and wives, prayer leaders and mourners, and even dreamers and the dead. He describes how Muslims wailed for the deceased, prepared corpses for burial, marched in funerary processions, and prayed for the dead, highlighting the specific economic and political factors involved in these rituals as well as key religious and sexual divisions. Offering a unique perspective on the making of Islamic social and religious ideals during this early period, Halevi forges a fascinating link between the development of funerary rites and the efforts of an emerging religion to carve out its own, distinct identity. Muhammad's Grave is a groundbreaking history of the rise of Islam and the roots of contemporary Muslim attitudes toward the body and society.

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626155

Category: Social Science

Page: 1080

View: 2139

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.

Social Bioarchaeology

Author: Sabrina C. Agarwal,Bonnie A. Glencross

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390520

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 6930

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world

Bodies of War

World War I and the Politics of Commemoration in America, 1919-1933

Author: Lisa M. Budreau

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814791468

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 4840

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The United States lost thousands of troops during World War I, and the government gave next-of-kin a choice about what to do with their fallen loved ones: ship them home for burial or leave them permanently in Europe, in makeshift graves that would be eventually transformed into cemeteries in France, Belgium, and England. World War I marked the first war in which the United States government and military took full responsibility for the identification, burial, and memorialization of those killed in battle, and as a result, the process of burying and remembering the dead became intensely political. The government and military attempted to create a patriotic consensus on the historical memory of World War I in which war dead were not only honored but used as a symbol to legitimize America’s participation in a war not fully supported by all citizens. The saga of American soldiers killed in World War I and the efforts of the living to honor them is a neglected component of United States military history, and in this fascinating yet often macabre account, Lisa M. Budreau unpacks the politics and processes of the competing interest groups involved in the three core components of commemoration: repatriation, remembrance, and return. She also describes how relatives of the fallen made pilgrimages to French battlefields, attended largely by American Legionnaires and the Gold Star Mothers, a group formed by mothers of sons killed in World War I, which exists to this day. Throughout, and with sensitivity to issues of race and gender, Bodies of War emphasizes the inherent tensions in the politics of memorialization and explores how those interests often conflicted with the needs of veterans and relatives.