Central Issues in Jurisprudence

Justice, Law and Rights

Author: Nigel E. Simmonds

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780421741201

Category: Droit - Philosophie

Page: 316

View: 6757

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This second edition has been revised to provide additional coherence to the themes examined and introduces sections on topical issues, for example the chapter on Utilitarianism now includes a discussion on law and economics.

Central Issues in Jurisprudence

Justice, Law and Rights

Author: Nigel E. Simmonds

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Jurisprudence

Page: 340

View: 8240

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Central Issues in Jurisprudence: Justice, Law and Rights.

Rediscovering Fuller

Essays on Implicit Law and Institutional Design

Author: W. J. Witteveen,Wibren van der Burg

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9789053563878

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 489

View: 8938

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Lon Fuller, one of the great American jurists of this century, is often remembered only for his stand on the morality of law in the Fuller-Hart debate. Rediscovering Fuller considers the full range of Fuller's writings, from his early engagement with legal fictions and his critique of legal positivism to his later work on implicit law and the art of institutional design. Contributors from the fields of both civil law and common law argue that Fuller's insights are highly relevant to contemporary concerns. The book contains essays by K. Winston, D. Dyzenhaus, P. Cliteur, F. Schauer ("Beyond the Fuller-Hart Debate"), P. Westerman, W. van der Burg, D. Luban ("Moralities of Law"), G. Postema, P. Teachout ("Implicit Law"), R. Macdonald, W. Witteveen, J. Allison, M. Hertogh, K. Soltan ("The Art of Institutional Design"), J. Allan, F. Mootz, J. Vining ("Law's Dialogue"), and a preface by Ph. Selznick. "At some point in the future, when we become more open to the moral relevance of social inquiry, more empirical in our study of philosophical issues, more capable of uniting moral and social theory, Lon Fuller's work will stand as a landmark. This volume will help show the way." —Ph. Selznick

How to Do Things With Rules

A Primer of Interpretation

Author: William Twining,David Miers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780406904089

Category: Law

Page: 451

View: 3554

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"Demystifies legal method by combining a wide variety of concrete examples with a general account of rules in general." - cover.

Richtiger Vertrag und lauterer Wettbewerb

eine grundlagenorientierte Studie unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der europäischen Perspektive

Author: Matthias Leistner

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161492280

Category: Law

Page: 1145

View: 3440

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English summary: Matthias Leistner examines the complex relationship between German and European contract law and unfair competition law. Based on the principle of equality, he develops a model which makes it possible to align legal standards in both fields of law. This reflects the process of the increasing de-individualization and institutionalization of contract law as well as the increasing significance of the protection of the contracting party as an objective of the reformed and liberalized Unfair Competition Act. The principle of equality makes it possible to make a large number of practical deductions, and thus it could set the pace for a further liberalization of unfair competition law, for the development of the doctrine of culpa in contrahendo and for a just interpretation of the new liability for information given in advertisements in the law relating to the sale of goods. German description: Matthias Leistner untersucht die komplexe Wechselbeziehung zwischen dem Recht des unlauteren Wettbewerbs einerseits und dem Vertragsrecht andererseits sowohl fur das deutsche Recht als auch fur das Gemeinschaftsprivatrecht. Der Brandmauerthese der bisher herrschenden Meinung, derzufolge die Wertungen in beiden Rechtsgebieten nur sehr eingeschrankt miteinander verglichen werden konnen, setzt er als Kernthese einen Gleichmassgrundsatz entgegen. Demnach kommt in konkreten funktionalen Uberschneidungsbereichen ein wechselseitiger Abgleich der Wertungen durchaus in Betracht. Diese Kernthese wird aus okonomischer, rechtsphilosophischer und rechtssystematischer Sicht grundlagenorientiert abgesichert. Sie reflektiert letztlich den zum Teil europaisch angestossenen Prozess zunehmender Entindividualisierung und Institutionalisierung des Vertragsrechts insbesondere durch Aufnahme verbraucherschutzender Elemente gleichermassen wie die wachsende Bedeutung des Kundenschutzes als Zielsetzung des reformierten und liberalisierten UWG. Der Gleichmassgrundsatz gestattet eine Vielzahl praktischer Ableitungen. So kann im Rahmen bestimmter Fallgruppen der culpa in contrahendo auf Wertungen des Wettbewerbsrechts zuruckgegriffen werden, um in gewissem Umfang eine vorvertragliche Werbehaftung zu begrunden. Daneben lassen sich die Vorschriften uber die Werbeangabenhaftung des Verkaufers aus wettbewerbsrechtlich orientierter, verobjektivierter Perspektive betrachten, was zu interessengerechten Losungsansatzen fuhrt. Schliesslich vermag der Gleichmassgrundsatz im Wechselspiel verbraucherschutzender Widerrufsrechte und wettbewerbsrechtlichen Verbraucherschutzes Anstosse zur weiteren Liberalisierung des deutschen Rechts des unlauteren Wettbewerbs zu geben.

Die Idee der Gerechtigkeit

Author: Amartya Sen

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406606533

Category: Civil rights

Page: 493

View: 5559

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Drei Kinder streiten darüber, wem von ihnen eine Flöte gehören sollte. Das erste Kind hat Musikunterricht gehabt und kann als einziges Flöte spielen. Das zweite ist arm und besitzt keinerlei anderes Spielzeug. Das dritte Kind hat die Flöte mit viel Ausdauer selbst angefertigt. Mit diesem Gleichnis eröffnet Amartya Sen, einer der wichtigsten Denker unserer Zeit, sein Buch über die Idee der Gerechtigkeit. Es ist John Rawls gewidmet und grenzt sich doch von der wirkungsmächtigsten Gerechtigkeitstheorie des 20. Jahrhunderts ab. Wer eine weitere abstrakte Diskussion der institutionellen Grundlagen einer gerechten Gesellschaft erwartet, der wird enttäuscht sein. Wer sich hingegen darüber wundert, was diese Theorien eigentlich zur Bekämpfung real existierender Ungerechtigkeiten beitragen, der wird großen Gewinn daraus ziehen. Sen nämlich stellt die Plausibilität solcher Anstrengungen der reinen Vernunft in Frage. Seine Theorie der Gerechtigkeit ist weniger an der Ausformulierung einer ethisch perfekten Gesellschaft interessiert als an Argumenten, deren Maßstab die konkrete Überwindung von Ungerechtigkeit ist. Sen eröffnet Perspektiven, die dem westlichen Denken meist fehlen. Seine Kenntnis der hinduistischen, buddhistischen und islamischen Kultur ist wundervoll eingewoben in das Buch und prägt den ganzen Charakter seines Philosophierens. Die Vernunft sucht die Wahrheit, wo immer sie sich finden lässt - und wie der Autor dieses außergewöhnlichen Werkes entdeckt sie auf ihrer weiten Reise viele gangbare Wege zu einer gerechteren Welt.

Reine Rechtslehre

Einleitung in die rechtswissenschaftliche Problematik

Author: Hans Kelsen

Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek

ISBN: 9783161497032

Category: Law

Page: 181

View: 6572

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Die von Hans Kelsen im Jahre 1934 vorgelegte "Reine Rechtslehre" gehört zu den rechtstheoretischen Schlüsselschriften des 20. Jahrhunderts. In ihr entwickelt Kelsen erstmals systematisch seine einerseits das Recht von der Moral, andererseits die Norm vom Faktum konsequent scheidende, ideologiekritische Rechtstheorie. Wer auf der Höhe der Zeit über Struktur und Geltung von Recht und die Eigenart von Rechtswissenschaft, kurz: wer über das Rechtliche am Recht nachdenken will, kommt an der "Reine[n] Rechtslehre" nicht vorbei. Die Erstauflage der "Reine[n] Rechtslehre", die weltweit in rund ein Dutzend Sprachen übersetzt worden ist, wurde in deutscher Sprache mehrfach nachgedruckt, ist indes derzeit vergriffen. Sie wird hier in Gestalt einer Studienausgabe vorgelegt, die am Recht Interessierte zum Hineinlesen ermutigen und zum kritischen Nach- und Weiterdenken einladen möchte.

Central Issues in Criminal Theory

Author: William Wilson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847311334

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 1016

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Coercive rules and their implementation are,in liberal democratic societies at least, subject to ethical constraints. The state's moral authority requires these constraints to be both cogent and effectively realised in doctrine. In short, the enterprise of subjecting individuals to coercive rules must be consistent with the delivery of criminal justice. Contemporary criminal theory is much exercised by the apparent contradictions and ambiguities characterising criminal law doctrine. Is this an inevitable part of the territory leading us to question the very possibility of criminal law delivering justice? Or, as the author prefers, is criminal justice an achievement in which one of the tasks of criminal theory is to set goals and identify deficiencies in a constant effort to improve the form and content of rules and procedures? Informed by this premise the book explores some of the key questions in criminal theory, addressing first the ethics of criminalisation and punishment. It continues with an examination of the structure of criminal liability with its emphasis on separating consideration of the objective conditions of wrongdoing from the features which make a person responsible for it. Finally it examines attempts and accessoryship with a view to exploring the doctrinal tensions which may arise when competing justifications for criminalisation and punishment collide. The book gives an account of the present state of criminal theory in an accessible style which will welcomed by those embarking upon courses in advanced criminal law and criminal theory, teachers, and more generally by practitioners and scholars.

Jurisprudence

Theory and Context

Author: Brian Bix

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Jurisprudence

Page: 238

View: 9875

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This introduction to legal theory provides a broad overview of the main topics and theories and covers the central issues. Written in a straightforward style, the author conveys academically challenging and often controversial ideas in a lucid manner

Philosophical Foundations of Language in the Law

Author: Andrei Marmor,Scott Soames

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191654752

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 7413

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This collection brings together the best contemporary philosophical work in the area of intersection between philosophy of language and the law. Some of the contributors are philosophers of language who are interested in applying advances in philosophy of language to legal issues, and some of the participants are philosophers of law who are interested in applying insights and theories from philosophy of language to their work on the nature of law and legal interpretation. By making this body of recent work available in a single volume, readers will gain both a general overview of the various interactions between language and law, and also detailed analyses of particular areas in which this interaction is manifest. The contributions to this volume are grouped under three main general areas: The first area concerns a critical assessment, in light of recent advances in philosophy of language, of the foundational role of language in understanding the nature of law itself. The second main area concerns a number of ways in which an understanding of language can resolve some of the issues prevalent in legal interpretation, such as the various ways in which semantic content can differ from law's assertive content; the contribution of presuppositions and pragmatic implicatures in understanding what the law conveys; the role of vagueness in legal language, for example. The third general topic concerns the role of language in the context of particular legal doctrines and legal solutions to practical problems, such as the legal definitions of inchoate crimes, the legal definition of torture, or the contractual doctrines concerning default rules. Together, these three key issues cover a wide range of philosophical interests in law that can be elucidated by a better understanding of language and linguistic communication.

Essays on Bentham

Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy

Author: H. L. A. Hart

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191018716

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 4568

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In his introduction Professor Hart offers both an exposition and a critical assesment of some central issues in jurisprudence and political theory. Essay themes include Bentham's identification of the forms of mistification protecting the law from criticism, his relation to Beccaria and his conversion to democratic radicalism.

Oxford essays in jurisprudence, second series

Author: Alfred William Brian Simpson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 306

View: 6556

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These essays deal with central and controversial issues in jurisprudence. This volume emphasizes legal theory, and the collection will be of interest to students of and others involved with political philosophy as well as law students and philosophers.

What About Law?

Studying Law at University

Author: Catherine Barnard,Janet O'Sullivan,G J Virgo

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 184731760X

Category: Law

Page: 242

View: 6961

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Most young people considering studying law, or pursuing a legal career, have very little idea of what learning law involves and how universities teach law to their students. The new edition of this book, which proved very popular when first published in 2007, provides a 'taster' for the study of law; a short, accessible presentation of law as an academic subject, designed to help 17- and 18-year old students and others decide whether law is the right choice for them as a university subject, or, if they have already made the choice, what to expect when they start their law degree. It helps answer the question 'what should I study at university?' and counters the perception that law is a dry, dull subject. What About Law? shows how the study of law can be fun, intellectually stimulating, challenging and of direct relevance to students. Using a case study approach, the book introduces prospective law students to the legal system, as well as to legal reasoning, critical thinking and argument. This is a book that should be in the library of every school with a sixth form, every college and every university, and it is one that any student about to embark on the study of law should read before they commence their legal studies. All of the authors have long experience in teaching law at Cambridge and elsewhere and all have also been involved, at various times, in advising prospective law students at open days and admissions conferences. Listed as one of the 'Six of the best law books' that a future law student should read by the Guardian Law Online, 8th August 2012. See the detailed website for this book: a href=uhttp://www.whataboutlaw.co.uk

Philosophy of Law: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Raymond Wacks

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191510645

Category: Law

Page: 152

View: 4874

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The concept of law lies at the heart of our social and political life. Legal philosophy, or jurisprudence, explores the notion of law and its role in society, illuminating its meaning and its relation to the universal questions of justice, rights, and morality. In this Very Short Introduction Raymond Wacks analyses the nature and purpose of the legal system, and the practice by courts, lawyers, and judges. Wacks reveals the intriguing and challenging nature of legal philosophy with clarity and enthusiasm, providing an enlightening guide to the central questions of legal theory. In this revised edition Wacks makes a number of updates including new material on legal realism, changes to the approach to the analysis of law and legal theory, and updates to historical and anthropological jurisprudence. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Essays on Bentham

Studies in Jurisprudence and Political Theory

Author: Herbert Lionel Adolphus Hart

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198253486

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 5476

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In his introduction to these closely linked essays Professor Hart offers both an exposition and a critical assessment of some central issues in jurisprudence and political theory. Some of the essays touch on themes to which little attention has been paid, such as Bentham's identification of the forms of mysitification protecting the law from criticism; his relation to Beccaria; and his conversion to democratic radicalism and a passionate admiration for the United States.