Mexico's Uneven Development

The Geographical and Historical Context of Inequality

Author: Oscar J. Martinez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317555635

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 2456

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Mexico and the United States may be neighbors, but their economies offer stark contrasts. In Mexico’s Uneven Development: The Geographical and Historical Context of Inequality, Oscar J. Martínez explores Mexico’s history to explain why Mexico remains less developed than the United States. Weaving in stories from his own experiences growing up along the U.S.-Mexico border, Martínez shows how the foundational factors of external relations, the natural environment, the structures of production and governance, natural resources, and population dynamics have all played roles in shaping the Mexican economy. This interesting and thought-provoking study clearly and convincingly explains the issues that affect Mexico's underdevelopment. It will prove invaluable to anyone studying Mexico’s past or interested in its future.

Consuming Mexican Labor

From the Bracero Program to NAFTA

Author: Ronald Mize,Alicia Swords

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442604093

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9998

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Mexican migration to the United States and Canada is a highly contentious issue in the eyes of many North Americans, and every generation seems to construct the northward flow of labor as a brand new social problem. The history of Mexican labor migration to the United States, from the Bracero Program (1942-1964) to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), suggests that Mexicans have been actively encouraged to migrate northward when labor markets are in short supply, only to be turned back during economic downturns. In this timely book, Mize and Swords dissect the social relations that define how corporations, consumers, and states involve Mexican immigrant laborers in the politics of production and consumption. The result is a comprehensive and contemporary look at the increasingly important role that Mexican immigrants play in the North American economy.

Historia

The Literary Making of Chicana and Chicano History

Author: Louis Gerard Mendoza

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9781585441792

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 9790

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The author probes the contributions of literature in the great debate over Chicano identity, exploring the contributions of Mexican-America writers to this often hotly contested issue.

Revolution and State in Modern Mexico

The Political Economy of Uneven Development

Author: Adam David Morton

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442229454

Category: Political Science

Page: 346

View: 8070

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Now in an updated edition, this groundbreaking study develops a new approach to understanding the formation of the postrevolutionary state in Mexico. Adam David Morton links the rise and demise of the modern Mexican state to ongoing forms of class struggle that have shaped and restructured state and civil society. He thus sheds valuable interdisciplinary light on debates on state formation by recovering radical tools of analysis, such as uneven development and class struggle, for the wider study of past and present politics in Mexico and, more broadly, Latin America. A substantive new epilogue engages the main theoretical debates that have emerged since the book was first published while also exploring the dominant geographies of power and resistance that are shaping state space in Mexico in the twenty-first century.

Becoming Mexican American

Ethnicity, Culture, and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles, 1900-1945

Author: George J. Sanchez

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199880034

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 9871

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Twentieth-century Los Angeles has been the locus of one of the most profound and complex interactions between variant cultures in American history. Yet this study is among the first to examine the relationship between ethnicity and identity among the largest immigrant group to that city. By focusing on Mexican immigrants to Los Angeles from 1900 to 1945, George J. S?nchez explores the process by which temporary sojourners altered their orientation to that of permanent residents, thereby laying the foundation for a new Mexican-American culture. Analyzing not only formal programs aimed at these newcomers by the United States and Mexico, but also the world created by these immigrants through family networks, religious practice, musical entertainment, and work and consumption patterns, S?nchez uncovers the creative ways Mexicans adapted their culture to life in the United States. When a formal repatriation campaign pushed thousands to return to Mexico, those remaining in Los Angeles launched new campaigns to gain civil rights as ethnic Americans through labor unions and New Deal politics. The immigrant generation, therefore, laid the groundwork for the emerging Mexican-American identity of their children.

Social Transformation and Migration

National and Local Experiences in South Korea, Turkey, Mexico and Australia

Author: S. Castles,D. Ozkul,M. Cubas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137474955

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 2219

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This book examines theories and specific experiences of international migration and social transformation, with special reference to the effects of neo-liberal globalization on four societies with vastly different historical and cultural characteristics: South Korea, Australia, Turkey and Mexico.

Warum Nationen scheitern

Die Ursprünge von Macht, Wohlstand und Armut

Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310402247X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 608

View: 5035

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Der Klassiker - von sechs Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgern empfohlen, eine Pflichtlektüre! Warum sind Nationen reich oder arm? Starökonom Daron Acemoglu und Harvard-Politologe James Robinson geben eine ebenso schlüssige wie eindrucksvolle Antwort auf diese grundlegende Frage. Anhand zahlreicher, faszinierender Fallbeispiele – von den Conquistadores über die Industrielle Revolution bis zum heutigen China, von Sierra Leone bis Kolumbien – zeigen sie, mit welcher Macht die Eliten mittels repressiver Institutionen sämtliche Regeln zu ihren Gunsten manipulieren - zum Schaden der vielen Einzelnen. Ein spannendes und faszinierendes Plädoyer dafür, dass Geschichte und Geographie kein Schicksal sind. Und ein überzeugendes Beispiel, dass die richtige Analyse der Vergangenheit neue Wege zum Verständnis unserer Gegenwart und neue Perspektiven für die Zukunft eröffnet. Ein provokatives, brillantes und einzigartiges Buch. »Dieses Buch werden unsere Ur-Ur-Urenkel in zweihundert Jahren noch lesen.« George Akerlof, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Eine absolut überzeugende Studie.« Gary S. Becker, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wirklich wichtiges Buch.« Michael Spence, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Acemoglu und Robinson begeistern und regen zum Nachdenken an.« Robert Solow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiges, unverzichtbares Werk.« Peter Diamond, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Debatte, warum Staaten mit gleicher Vorrausetzung sich so wesentlich in wirtschaftlichen und politischen Entwicklungen unterscheiden.« Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Diese faktenreiche und ermutigende Streitschrift lehrt uns, dass die Geschichte glücklich enden kann, wenn ihr kein Mensch mehr als Versuchsobjekt dient.« Michael Holmes, NZZ am Sonntag »Anderthalb Jahrzehnte Arbeit eines Pools von Wissenschaftlern, auf 600 Seiten zusammengefasst durch zwei Forscher von Weltrang – und dies kommt heraus: eine Liebeserklärung an Institutionen, die im Sinne ihrer Bürger funktionieren. [...] bestechend.« Elisabeth von Thadden, Die Zeit »Sie werden von diesem Buch begeistert sein.« Jared Diamond, Pulitzer Preisträger und Autor der Weltbestseller »Kollaps« und »Arm und Reich« » Ein höchst lesenswertes Buch.« Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Bestsellers »Das Ende der Geschichte« »Ein phantastisches Buch. Acemoglu und Robinson gehen das wichtigste Problem der Sozialwissenschaften an – eine Frage, die führende Denker seit Jahrhunderten plagt – und liefern eine in ihrer Einfachheit und Wirkmächtigkeit brillante Antwort. Eine wunderbar lesbare Mischung aus Geschichte, Politikwissenschaft und Ökonomie, die unser Denken verändern wird. Pflichtlektüre.« Steven Levitt, Autor von »Freakonomics«

Barrio Urbanism

Chicanos, Planning and American Cities

Author: David R. Diaz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135943206

Category: Architecture

Page: 360

View: 3374

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This, the first book on Latinos in America from an urban planning/policy perspective, covers the last century, and includes a substantial historical overview the subject. The authors trace the movement of Latinos (primarily Chicanos) into American cities from Mexico and then describe the problems facing them in those cities. They then show how the planning profession and developers consistently failed to meet their needs due to both poverty and racism. Attention is also paid to the most pressing concerns in Latino barrios during recent times, including environmental degradation and justice, land use policy, and others. The book closes with a consideration of the issues that will face Latinos as they become the nation's largest minority in the 21st century.

Chicano Educational Achievement

Comparing Escuela Tlatelolco, A Chicanocentric School, and a Public High School

Author: Elena Aragon de McKissack

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317776054

Category: Political Science

Page: 142

View: 5109

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First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Women, Men, and the International Division of Labor

Author: June C. Nash,María Patricia Fernández-Kelly

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780873956833

Category: Social Science

Page: 463

View: 2947

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The last few decades have witnessed a growing integration of the world system of production on the basis of a new relationship between less developed and highly industrialized countries. The effect is a geographical dispersion of the various production stages in the manufacturing process as the large corporations of industrialized "First World" countries are attracted by low labor costs, taxes, and relaxed production restrictions available in developing countries. This collection of papers focuses on inequalities among different sectors of the labor force, particularly those related to gender, and how these are affected by the changing international division of labor.

Class and Race Formation in North America

Author: James W. Russell

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802096784

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 7809

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"Russell's meticulously researched and highly detailed book presents a critically important people's history of North America. It provides rich insights and demonstrates the potential of comparative research to broaden our perspective." - Dan Zuberi, University of British Columbia

Democracy at Work

A Cure for Capitalism

Author: Richard D. Wolff

Publisher: Haymarket Books

ISBN: 1608462579

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 8792

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“Ideas of economic democracy are very much in the air, as they should be, with increasing urgency in the midst of today’s serious crises. Richard Wolff’s constructive and innovative ideas suggest new and promising foundations for much more authentic democracy and sustainable and equitable development, ideas that can be implemented directly and carried forward. A very valuable contribution in troubled times.”—Noam Chomsky "Probably America's most prominent Marxist economist."—The New York Times Capitalism as a system has spawned deepening economic crisis alongside its bought-and-paid-for political establishment. Neither serves the needs of our society. Whether it is secure, well-paid, and meaningful jobs or a sustainable relationship with the natural environment that we depend on, our society is not delivering the results people need and deserve. One key cause for this intolerable state of affairs is the lack of genuine democracy in our economy as well as in our politics. The solution requires the institution of genuine economic democracy, starting with workers managing their own workplaces, as the basis for a genuine political democracy. Here Richard D. Wolff lays out a hopeful and concrete vision of how to make that possible, addressing the many people who have concluded economic inequality and politics as usual can no longer be tolerated and are looking for a concrete program of action. Richard D. Wolff is professor of Economics emeritus at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He is currently a visiting professor at the New School University in New York. Wolff is the author of many books, including Capitalism Hits the Fan: The Global Economic Meltdown and What to Do About It. He hosts the weekly hour-long radio program Economic Update on WBAI (Pacifica Radio) and writes regularly for The Guardian, Truthout.org, and the MRZine.

Conversations with Contemporary Chicana and Chicano Writers

Author: Hector Avalos Torres

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 9780826340887

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 359

View: 981

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In this insightful set of interviews with today's popular Chicano/a writers, Hector A. Torres asks each about the influence of language in their craft and the creative drive that commits them to their art. In sharing their responses, Torres offers a brief biography of each author and a concise examination of their writings. Taking their accounts individually and collectively, Torres explains how each author reiterates issues that have concerned Mexican Americans since at least 1848.

Kapital und Produktion

Author: Richard von Strigl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354085388X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 247

View: 4696

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„Die folgenden Untersuchungen über die Rolle des Kapitals in der Produktion beruhen auf dem Satze von der Mehrergiebigkeit der Produktionsumwege und auf der mit diesem eng verbundenen Lohnfondstheorie [...] Ich habe in erster Linie darauf Wert gelegt, von einer verhältnismäßig breiten allgemeinen Grundlage aus in konsequenter Fortführung der den Ausgang bildenden Gedanken die Lehre vom Kapital in eine gesamtwirtschaftliche Betrachtung einzubauen." Gemäß von Strigls Vorwort wird in diesem Buch, das 1934 erstmalig erschienen ist, der Zusammenhang zwischen Kapital, Preisbildung, Konjunktur, und Produktion umfassend dargestellt.

Theory in an Uneven World

Author: R. Radhakrishnan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405142839

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 240

View: 6342

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This major intervention into debates about the postcolonial and theglobal proposes that theory should embody unevenness as symptomeven as it envisions strategies to get beyond unevenness.Radhakrishnan's thought-provoking engagement with theorists andwriters from around the world will fascinate readers across a widerange of disciplines. A major intervention into debates about the postcolonial andthe global. Proposes that theory bear the burden of unevenness even as itseeks a way out of it - neither captive to the world as it is, nornaively credulous of visions of the world as it should be, theoryargues for an ethics of persuasion that is firmly rooted inpolitical resistance. Engages with a wide range of theorists and writers from aroundthe world. Ranges over fields as diverse as critical theory,postmodernism, poststructuralism, postcolonialism, minoritystudies, cultural studies and anthropology.

A Companion to Border Studies

Author: Thomas M. Wilson,Hastings Donnan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118255259

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 7752

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A Companion to Border Studies introduces an excitingand expanding field of interdisciplinary research, through thewriting of an international array of scholars, from diverseperspectives that include anthropology, development studies,geography, history, political science and sociology. Explores how nations and cultural identities are beingtransformed by their dynamic, shifting borders where mobility issometimes facilitated, other times impeded or prevented Offers an array of international views which together form anauthoritative guide for students, instructors and researchers Reflects recent significant growth in the importance ofunderstanding the distinctive characteristics of borders andfrontiers, including cross-border cooperation, security andcontrols, migration and population displacements, hybridity, andtransnationalism

Rebel Mexico

Student Unrest and Authoritarian Political Culture During the Long Sixties

Author: Jaime M. Pensado

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804787298

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 8464

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Winner of the 2014 Mexican Book Prize In the middle of the twentieth century, a growing tide of student activism in Mexico reached a level that could not be ignored, culminating with the 1968 movement. This book traces the rise, growth, and consequences of Mexico's "student problem" during the long sixties (1956-1971). Historian Jaime M. Pensado closely analyzes student politics and youth culture during this period, as well as reactions to them on the part of competing actors. Examining student unrest and youthful militancy in the forms of sponsored student thuggery (porrismo), provocation, clientelism (charrismo estudiantil), and fun (relajo), Pensado offers insight into larger issues of state formation and resistance. He draws particular attention to the shifting notions of youth in Cold War Mexico and details the impact of the Cuban Revolution in Mexico's universities. In doing so, Pensado demonstrates the ways in which deviating authorities—inside and outside the government—responded differently to student unrest, and provides a compelling explanation for the longevity of the Partido Revolucionario Institucional.

The Gender Dimension of Economic Globalization

An Annotated Bibliography

Author: Maria Thorin

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211214178

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 103

View: 6241

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This publication contains a bibliography of resources on the theme of gender and economic globalisation, with a focus on Latin American and Caribbean information sources. Issues highlighted include the impacts of trade and financial liberalisation of markets on women's well-being and status through changes in paid and unpaid work. The bibliography includes i) a description of research themes and needs; ii) an annotated selection of 350 literature resources with thematic, chronological and geographical categorisations; and iii) a list of internet sites and researchers.