中國歷史新手冊

A New Manual

Author: Endymion Porter Wilkinson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780998888309

Category: China

Page: 1276

View: 5015

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¿A unique resource. A must for every serious student of Chinese history and culture.¿Victor H. Mair, Professor of Chinese Language and Literature, University of PennsylvaniaEndymion Wilkinson¿s bestselling manual of Chinese history has long been an indispensable guide to all those interested in the civilization and history of China. The third edition won the Stanislas Julien Prize for 2014. Seventeen years in the making, the New Manual introduces students to different types of transmitted, excavated, and artifactual sources from prehistory to the twenty-first century. It also examines the context in which the sources were produced, preserved, and received, the problems of research and interpretation associated with them, and the best, most up-to-date secondary works and digital resources. History plays a central role in Chinese politics and culture, therefore special attention is devoted to the strengths and weaknesses of Chinese historiography. Fifth Edition Many sections have been rewritten and updated with over 3000 works added. The entire text has been reset in high-contrast fonts for easier reading.

中國歷史新手册

A New Manual

Author: Endymion Porter Wilkinson

Publisher: Harvard Univ Council on East Asian

ISBN: 9780674067158

Category: History

Page: 1124

View: 5692

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Endymion Wilkinsonâe(tm)s bestselling manual of Chinese history has long been an indispensable guide to all those interested in the civilization and history of China. In this latest edition, now in a bigger format, its scope has been dramatically enlarged by the addition of one million words of new text. Twelve years in the making, the new manual introduces students to different types of transmitted, excavated, and artifactual sources from prehistory to the twentieth century. It also examines the context in which the sources were produced, preserved, and received, the problems of research and interpretation associated with them, and the best, most up-to-date secondary works. Because the writing of history has always played a central role in Chinese politics and culture, special attention is devoted to the strengths and weaknesses of Chinese historiography. The new manual comprises fourteen book-length parts subdivided into a total of seventy-six chapters: Books 1âe"9 cover Language; People; Geography and the Environment; Governing and Educating; Ideas and Beliefs, Literature, and the Fine Arts; Agriculture, Food, and Drink; Technology and Science; Trade; and Historiography. Books 10âe"13 present primary and secondary sources chronologically by period. Book 14 is on historical bibliography. Electronic resources are covered throughout.

Using the Past to Serve the Present: Historiography and Politics in Contemporary China

Historiography and Politics in Contemporary China

Author: Jonathan Unger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317452720

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

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An historiographical examination of the political debates of the 1980s over despotism in Chinese history and over Party history. The extent of popular culture and its reinterpretation of history is also assessed, as governmental control of the media has decreased.

Communication and Cooperation in Early Imperial China

Publicizing the Qin Dynasty

Author: Charles Sanft

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438450389

Category: History

Page: 261

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Challenges traditional views of the Qin dynasty as an oppressive regime by revealing cooperative aspects of its governance. This revealing book challenges longstanding notions of the Qin dynasty, China’s first imperial dynasty (221–206 BCE). The received history of the Qin dynasty and its founder is one of cruel tyranny with rule through fear and coercion. Using a wealth of new information afforded by the expansion of Chinese archaeology in recent decades as well as traditional historical sources, Charles Sanft concentrates on cooperative aspects of early imperial government, especially on the communication necessary for government. Sanft suggests that the Qin authorities sought cooperation from the populace with a publicity campaign in a wide variety of media—from bronze and stone inscriptions to roads to the bureaucracy. The book integrates theory from anthropology and economics with early Chinese philosophy and argues that modern social science and ancient thought agree that cooperation is necessary for all human societies.

An Economic History of China

From Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century

Author: Richard von Glahn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107030560

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 500

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The first comprehensive study of China's economic development across 3,000 years of history to be published in English.

Writing and Literacy in Chinese, Korean and Japanese

Author: Insup Taylor,Martin M. Taylor,Maurice Martin Taylor

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027217947

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 412

View: 2268

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Chinese, Japanese, South (and North) Koreans in East Asia have a long, intertwined and distinguished cultural history and have achieved, or are in the process of achieving, spectacular economic success. Together, these three peoples make up one quarter of the world population.They use a variety of unique and fascinating writing systems: logographic Chinese characters of ancient origin, as well as phonetic systems of syllabaries and alphabets. The book describes, often in comparison with English, how the Chinese, Korean and Japanese writing systems originated and developed; how each relates to its spoken language; how it is learned or taught; how it can be computerized; and how it relates to the past and present literacy, education, and culture of its users.Intimately familiar with the three East Asian cultures, Insup Taylor with the assistance of Martin Taylor, has written an accessible and highly readable book. Writing and Literacy in Chinese, Korean and Japanese is intended for academic readers (students in East Asian Studies, linguistics, education, psychology) as well as for the general public (parents, business, government). Readers of the book will learn about the interrelated cultural histories of China, Korea and Japan, but mainly about the various writing systems, some exotic, some familar, some simple, some complex, but all fascinating.

Chinese History

A Manual

Author: Endymion Porter Wilkinson

Publisher: Harvard Univ Asia Center

ISBN: 9780674002494

Category: History

Page: 1181

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Since publication of the first edition in 1998, Chinese History: A Manual has become an indispensable guide to researching the civilization and history of China. Updated through January 2000, the second edition discusses some 4,300 primary, secondary, and reference works, an increase of 1,500 titles over the first edition. The temporal coverage has been expanded to include the Republican period; sections on nonverbal salutations, weights and measures, money, and furniture have been added; the chapters on language, etymology, people, geography, chronology, warfare, leishu, food, and the Chinese world order have been thoroughly revised; and the subject index has been enlarged to include 2,500 technical terms.

The Oxford Handbook of Chinese Linguistics

Author: William S.-Y. Wang,Chaofen Sun

Publisher: Oxford Handbooks

ISBN: 0199856338

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 765

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The Oxford Handbook of Chinese Linguistics offers a broad and comprehensive coverage of the entire field from a multi-disciplinary perspective. All chapters are contributed by leading scholars in their respective areas. This Handbook contains eight sections: history, languages and dialects, language contact, morphology, syntax, phonetics and phonology, socio-cultural aspects and neuro-psychological aspects. It provides not only a diachronic view of how languages evolve, but also a synchronic view of how languages in contact enrich each other by borrowing new words, calquing loan translation and even developing new syntactic structures. It also accompanies traditional linguistic studies of grammar and phonology with empirical evidence from psychology and neurocognitive sciences. In addition to research on the Chinese language and its major dialect groups, this handbook covers studies on sign languages and non-Chinese languages, such as the Austronesian languages spoken in Taiwan.

A Book to Burn and a Book to Keep (Hidden)

Selected Writings

Author: Zhi Li

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231541538

Category: History

Page: 384

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Li Zhi's iconoclastic interpretations of history, religion, literature, and social relations have fascinated Chinese intellectuals for centuries. His approach synthesized Confucian, Buddhist, and Daoist ethics and incorporated the Neo-Confucian idealism of such thinkers as Wang Yangming (1472–1529). The result was a series of heretical writings that caught fire among Li Zhi's contemporaries, despite an imperial ban on their publication, and intrigued Chinese audiences long after his death. Translated for the first time into English, Li Zhi's bold challenge to established doctrines will captivate anyone curious about the origins of such subtly transgressive works as the sixteenth-century play The Peony Pavilion or the eighteenth-century novel Dream of the Red Chamber. In A Book to Burn and a Book to Keep (Hidden), Li Zhi confronts accepted ideas about gender, questions the true identity of history's heroes and villains, and offers his own readings of Confucius, Laozi, and the Buddha. Fond of vivid sentiment and sharp expression, Li Zhi made no distinction between high and low literary genres in his literary analysis. He refused to support sanctioned ideas about morality and wrote stinging social critiques. Li Zhi praised scholars who risked everything to expose extortion and misrule. In this sophisticated translation, English-speaking readers encounter the best of this heterodox intellectual's vital contribution to Chinese thought and culture.

China's Transition to Modernity

The New Classical Vision of Dai Zhen

Author: Minghui Hu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780295994765

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 285

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The figure of Dai Zhen (1724–1777) looms large in modern Chinese intellectual history. Dai was a mathematical astronomer and influential polymath who, along with like-minded scholars, sought to balance understandings of science, technology, and history within the framework of classical Chinese writings. Exploring ideas in fields as broad-ranging as astronomy, geography, governance, phonology, and etymology, Dai grappled with Western ideas and philosophies, including Jesuit conceptions of cosmology, which were so important to the Qing dynasty (1644–1911) court's need for calendrical precision. Minghui Hu tells the story of China's transition to modernity from the perspective of 18th-century Chinese scholars who were dedicated to examining the present and past with the tools of evidential analysis. Using Dai as the centering point, Hu shows how thetongru ("broadly learned scholars") of this era navigated Confucian, Jesuit, and other worldviews during a dynamic period, connecting ancient theories to new knowledge in the process. Scholars and students of early modern Chinese history—and those examining science, religious, and intellectual history more broadly—will find China's Transition to Modernity inspiring and helpful to their research and teaching.

Stalk Divination

A Newly Discovered Alternative to the I Ching

Author: C. A. Cook,Zhao Lu

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190648457

Category: History

Page: 216

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This book presents for the first time a full translation and analysis of a newly discovered bamboo divination manual from the fourth century BCE China, called the Stalk Divination Method (Shifa). It was used as an alternative to the better-known Zhouyi (popularly known as the I-Ching). The Shifa manual presents a competing method of interpreting the trigrams, the most basic elements of the distinctive sixty-four hexagrams in the Zhouyi. This newly discovered method looks at the combination of four trigrams as a fluid, changeable pattern or unit reflective of different circumstances in an elite man's life. Unlike the Zhouyi, this new manual provides case studies that explain how to read the trigram patterns for different topics. This method is unprecedented in early China and has left no trace in later Chinese divination traditions. Shifa must be understood then as a competing voice in the centuries before the Zhouyi became the hegemonic standard. The authors of this book have translated this new text and "cracked the code" of its logic. This new divination will change our understanding of Chinese divination and bring new light to Zhouyi studies.

Celestial Masters

History and Ritual in Early Daoist Communities

Author: Terry F. Kleeman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780674737167

Category:

Page: 426

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In 142 CE, the divine Lord Lao descended to Mount Cranecall (Sichuan province) to establish a new covenant with humanity through a man named Zhang Ling, the first Celestial Master. Facing an impending apocalypse caused by centuries of sin, Zhang and his descendants forged a communal faith centering on a universal priesthood, strict codes of conduct, and healing through the confession of sins; this faith was based upon a new, bureaucratic relationship with incorruptible supernatural administrators. By the fourth century, Celestial Master Daoism had spread to all parts of China, and has since played a key role in Chinaâe(tm)s religious and intellectual history. Celestial Masters is the first book in any Western language devoted solely to the founding of the world religion Daoism. It traces the movement from the mid-second century CE through the sixth century, examining all surviving primary documents in both secular and canonical sources to offer a comprehensive account of the development of this poorly understood religion. It also provides a detailed analysis of ritual life within the movement, covering the roles of common believer or Daoist citizen, novice, and priest or libationer.

A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese

Revised Edition

Author: Paul W. Kroll

Publisher: Brill

ISBN: 9789004325135

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 16

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A Student's Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese is the long-desired Chinese - English reference work for all those reading texts dating from the Warring States period through the Tang dynasty, and beyond. Comprising 8,000+ characters, arranged alphabetically by Pinyin, with an index by "radical" and stroke- count, and various appendices, including one with reign-eras and exact accession dates of emperors according to both Chinese and Western calendars.

Eminent Nuns

Women Chan Masters of Seventheenth-Century China

Author: Beata Grant

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824832027

Category: Religion

Page: 241

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Althought Buddhist nuns have been a continuous presence in Chinese culture since early medieval times and the subject of numerous studies, this text is one of the first to provide a detailed view of their activities at one particular moment in time, and to be based largely on the writings of Buddhist nuns themselves.

The dao of Muhammad

a cultural history of Muslims in late imperial China

Author: Zvi Ben-Dor Benite

Publisher: Harvard Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 8566

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This book documents an Islamic-Confucian school of scholarship that flourished, mostly in the Yangzi Delta, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Drawing on previously unstudied materials, it reconstructs the network of Muslim scholars responsible for the creation and circulation of a large corpus of Chinese Islamic written material--the so-called Han Kitab. Against the backdrop of the rise of the Manchu Qing dynasty, The Dao of Muhammad shows how the creation of this corpus, and of the scholarly network that supported it, arose in a context of intense dialogue between Muslim scholars, their Confucian social context, and China's imperial rulers. Overturning the idea that participation in Confucian culture necessitated the obliteration of all other identities, this book offers insight into the world of a group of scholars who felt that their study of the Islamic classics constituted a rightful "school" within the Confucian intellectual landscape. These men were not the first Muslims to master the Chinese Classics. But they were the first to express themselves specifically as Chinese Muslims and to generate foundation myths that made sense of their place both within Islam and within Chinese culture.

China

A History

Author: John Keay

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: 0465025188

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 8913

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An authoritative history of five millennia of Chinese history

The Culture of Sex in Ancient China

Author: Paul Rakita Goldin

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824824822

Category: Social Science

Page: 231

View: 9263

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The subject of sex was central to early Chinese thought. Discussed openly and seriously as a fundamental topic of human speculation, it was an important source of imagery and terminology that informed the classical Chinese conception of social and political relationships. This sophisticated and long-standing tradition, however, has been all but neglected by modern historians. In The Culture of Sex in Ancient China, Paul Rakita Goldin addresses central issues in the history of Chinese attitudes toward sex and gender from 500 B.C. to A.D. 400. A survey of major pre-imperial sources, including some of the most revered and influential texts in the Chinese tradition, reveals the use of the image of copulation as a metaphor for various human relations, such as those between a worshiper and his or her deity or a ruler and his subjects. In his examination of early Confucian views of women, Goldin notes that, while contradictions and ambiguities existed in the articulation of these views, women were nevertheless regarded as full participants in the Confucian project of self-transformation. He goes on to show how assumptions concerning the relationship of sexual behavior to political activity (assumptions reinforced by the habitual use of various literary tropes discussed earlier in the book) led to increasing attempts to regulate sexual behavior throughout the Han dynasty. Following the fall of the Han, this ideology was rejected by the aristocracy, who continually resisted claims of sovereignty made by impotent emperors in a succession of short-lived dynasties. Erudite and immensely entertaining, this study of intellectual conceptions of sex and sexuality in China will be welcomed by students and scholars of early China and by those with an interest in the comparative development of ancient cultures.

Chinese Encyclopaedias of New Global Knowledge (1870-1930)

Changing Ways of Thought

Author: Milena Doleželová-Velingerová,Rudolf G Wagner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642359167

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 7545

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This is a set of pioneering studies on Chinese encyclopaedias of modern knowledge (1870-1930). At a transitional time when modern knowledge was sought after yet few modern schools were available, these works were crucial sources of information for an entire generation. This volume investigates many of these encyclopaedias, which were never reprinted and are hardly known even to specialists, for the first time. The contributors to this collection all specialize in the period in question and have worked together for a number of years. The resulting studies show that these encyclopaedias open a unique window onto the migration and ordering systems of knowledge across cultural and linguistic borders.