Climate and Hydrology of Mountain Areas

Author: Carmen de Jong,David N. Collins,Roberto Ranzi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470858141

Category: Nature

Page: 315

View: 1945

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Based on a joint effort, which united scientists around the worldto exchange research ideas and results, Climate and Hydrology inMountain Areas provides a comprehensive overview of theinteraction of hydrological and climatological processes inmountain environments. This book provides an understanding ofpresent experimental and theoretical work on hydrology andclimatology in mountain areas, bridging the gap between currentresearch in the two disciplines with a common focus on mountains.It emphasises the need for interdisciplinary work in this field andthe importance of a modern research framework for such studies. Climate and Hydrology in Mountain Areas covers a largediversity of climatological and hydrological environments, withcontributions from countries worldwide. The wide range of topicsare included within five main themes: snow and ice melt, soil waterand permafrost, evapotranspiration and water balance, couplingmeteorology and hydrology, climate change impact and mountainhydrology. This book will emphasise issues of hydrological andmeteorological coupling in mountain areas. Case studies are taken from mountainous regions in Europe,North America and Central Asia. Test sites include mountain ranges in the Alps, GiantMountains, Himalayas, Andes, Norwegian Mountains and Caucasus. This is essential reading for postgraduates and researchersworking in hydrology or climatology/meteorology related mountaintopics. Also suitable for professional organisations, such asgeographical organisations and societies, ministries of science,water authorities, planning agencies and development agencies.Would be of interest to higher-level undergraduates for courses ontopics such as Water Management in Mountain Catchments or MountainHydrology, Meteorology or Climate Change.

Global Change and Mountain Regions

An Overview of Current Knowledge

Author: Uli M. Huber,Harald K.M. Bugmann,Mel A. Reasoner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140203508X

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 6529

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This book gives an overview of the state of research in fields pertaining to the detection, understanding and prediction of global change impacts in mountain regions. More than sixty contributions from paleoclimatology, cryospheric research, hydrology, ecology, and development studies are compiled in this volume, each with an outlook on future research directions. The book will interest meteorologists, geologists, botanists and climatologists.

Bulletin

Author: World Meteorological Organization

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Meteorology

Page: N.A

View: 1523

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Assessment of the Impacts of Climate Change on Mountain Hydrology

Development of a Methodology Through a Case Study in the Andes of Peru

Author: Walter Vergara,Alejandro Deeb,Irene Leino

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821386638

Category: Science

Page: 157

View: 8747

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"Climate change is beginning to have effects on climate, weather and resource availability in ways that need to be anticipated when planning for the future. In particular, changes in rainfall patterns and temperature may impact the intensity or schedule of water availability. Also the retreat of tropical glaciers, the drying of unique Andean wetland ecosystems, as well as increased weather variability and weather extremes will affect water regulation. These changes have the potential to impact the energy and other sectors, such as agriculture, and could have broader economic effects.Anticipating the impacts of climate change is a new frontier. There are few examples of predictions of the impact of climate change on resource availability and even fewer examples of the applications of such predictions to planning for sustainable economic development. However, having access to an effective methodology would allow planners and policy makers to better plan for adaptation measures to address the consequences of climate change on the power and water sectors.This report presents a summary of the efforts to develop methodological tools for the assessment of climate impacts on surface hydrology in the Peruvian Andes. It is targeted to decision makers in Peru and in other countries to give them guidance on how to choose available and suitable tools and make an assessment of climate impacts on water regulation."

Floods and Landslides: Integrated Risk Assessment

Author: Riccardo Casale,Claudio Margottini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642586090

Category: Nature

Page: 375

View: 1399

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A review of such natural disasters as floods and landslides, highlighting the possibility of safe and correct land planning and management by means of a global approach to territory. Since the events deriving from slope and fluvial dynamics are commonly triggered by the same factor, occur at the same time and are closely related, this book analyses floods and slope stability phenomena as different aspects of the same dynamic system: the drainage basin.

Hydrology in Mountain Regions

Observations, Processes and Dynamics

Author: Danny Marks

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 182

View: 2507

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Hydrology

A Science for Engineers

Author: André Musy,Benoit Hingray,Cécile Picouet

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466590602

Category: Nature

Page: 592

View: 3592

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This book presents the main hydrological methods and techniques used in the design and operation of hydraulic projects and the management of water resources and associated natural risks. It covers the key topics of water resources engineering, from the estimation of runoff volumes and unit hydrographs to the routing of flows along a river and through lakes, reservoirs, and hydraulic structures. It deals with questions regarding basic hydrological data, hydrological modeling and the prediction and forecasting of low flows and flood discharges.

Regional Aspects of Climate-Terrestrial-Hydrologic Interactions in Non-boreal Eastern Europe

Author: Pavel Groisman,Sergiy Ivanov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 904812283X

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 3315

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Strong atmosphere-hydrology-biosphere feedbacks including human activity affect the rate and sign of changes in the Earth’s system and have impacts on socioeconomic relationships. These processes are related to atmospheric circulation, climate and land use changes. Satellite-based and in situ monitoring systems have greatly increased our understanding of variations and changes occurring in the regional climate, atmospheric regime, land cover and water circulation. Coupled numerical models are invoked to describe features, which cannot be caught by observation systems or to predict a future state. This book summarizes the state-of-the-art researches on land cover, atmosphere and water resources of the Eastern Europe region, sets up priorities of major researches in these fields, outlines deficiencies in data and their processing, and develops recommendations for further research directions. Selected papers of the Non-Boreal Eastern Europe NEESPI meeting cover five topics: Observational issues in the non-boreal Eastern Europe Regional climate changes Air pollution aspects Land cover and land use changes Changes in the Black Sea and its coastal zone.

Dynamics of Climate Change and Water Resources of Northwestern Himalaya

Author: Rajesh Joshi,Kireet Kumar,Lok Man S Palni

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319137433

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 1712

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This book is about the Himalayan ranges as a source of fresh water supply and a perennial store house of ice, snow and permafrost as well as a vast repository of rich biodiversity, in the light of climate change. Special attention is given to the dynamics of snow and glaciers in the northwestern Himalayas, assessment of climate change patterns, and the consequences of changes and flow regime in order to understand the behaviour of climate change in the northwestern Himalayas. The outcome of melting glaciers are pro-glacial lakes. Their increasing size and potential danger of outbursts requires systematic study, particularly where there is the risk of impact on life and property. Furthermore, the changing trend of the hydrological cycle on a regional or local scale is another area of research which calls for the attention of geoscientists. To date there is a scarcity of reliable data meaning that a concerted effort is still required by all parties.

Regional Hydrological Response to Climate Change

Author: J.A. Jones,Changming Liu,Ming-Ko Woo,Hsiang-Te Kung

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940115676X

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 6786

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This volume arises from the work of the International Geographical Union Working Group on Regional Hydrological Response to Climate Change and Global Warming under the chairmanship of Professor Changming Liu (1992-96). The book consists mostly of peer-reviewed papers delivered at the Working Group's first three scientific meetings held in Washington, D.C. (1992), Lhasa, Tibet (1993) and Moscow (1995). These have been supplemented by a few additional chapters that have been specifically commissioned in order to give a well-rounded coverage of the global and scientific aspects of the topic. As editors, we have sought to balance state-of-the-art reviews of methodology and regional research with detailed studies of specific countries and river basins. In the spirit of the IGU, we have devoted particular effort to encouraging contributions from scientists in the non-English-speaking world. These chapters provide valuable evidence of recent climatic change and predictions of future hydrological impacts from parts of the world where little detailed work has been conducted hitherto. They provide much valuable information that is new and interesting to an international audience and is otherwise very difficult or impossible to acquire. It is hoped that the present volume will be not only a record of current achievements, but also a stimulus to further hydrological research as the detail and spatial resolution of Global Climate Models improves. One notable aspect that emerges from a number of the contributions is that many, though by no means all, recent hydrological trends are in line with global warming predictions.

Snow and Glacier Hydrology

Author: P. Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792367673

Category: Science

Page: 756

View: 4120

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This book provides an updated discussion of snow and glacier hydrology, drawing on the results of recent investigations. It serves as a source of reference at the senior undergraduate or beginning graduate level and stimulates further interest in this important part of the hydrologic cycle.

Climate Variability and Change in High Elevation Regions: Past, Present & Future

Author: Henry F. Diaz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401512523

Category: Science

Page: 283

View: 8790

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Glaciers in the Andes are particularly important natural archives of present and past climatic and environmental changes, in significant part because of the N-S trend of this topographic barrier and its influence on the atmospheric circulation of the southern hemisphere. Strong gradients in the seasonality and amount of precipitation exist between the equator and 30° S. Large differences in amount east and west of the Andean divide also occur, as well as a change from tropical summer precipitation (additionally modified by the seasonal shift of the circulation belts) to winter precipitation in the west wind belt (e. g. , Yuille, 1999; Garraud and Aceituno, 2001). The so-called 'dry axis' lies between the tropical and extra tropical precipitation regimes (Figure 1). The high mountain desert within this axis responds most sensitively to the smallest changes in effective moisture. An important hydro-meteorological feature on a seasonal to inter-annual time-scale is the occurrence of EN SO events, which strongly control the mass balance of glaciers in this area (e. g. , Wagnon et ai. , 2001; Francou et ai. , in press). The precipitation pattern is an important factor for the interpretation of climatic and environmental records extracted from ice cores, because much of this information is related to conditions at the actual time of precipitation, and this is especially so for stable isotope records. Several ice cores have recently been drilled to bedrock in this area. From Huascanin (Thompson et ai. , 1995), Sajama (Thompson et ai.

Sustainable Development in Mountain Regions

Southeastern Europe

Author: Georgi Zhelezov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319201107

Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 1809

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This second edition of the book Sustainable Development of Mountain Regions: Southeastern Europe integrates the scientific results and expertise of the researchers from the countries in Southeastern Europe. The book consists of updated information for the topics observed in first edition and several new chapters with analysis of some problems in the mountain regions of four new for the edition countries in Southeastern European space. The general themes in the book are related to Global problems and mountain regions; Nature resources and landuse in mountain regions; Social, economic and regional problems of mountain regions; Nature protection, conservation and monitoring and Networks and strategies for mountain regions. The key topics for discussion are: Natural recourses and land use in mountain regions. Sustainable social and economic development of the mountain regions. Natural disasters and risk prevention. Spatial modeling and planning. Nature protection, monitoring and conservation. Politics and sustainable practices for development of mountain regions. Transborder and regional cooperation. Mountain regions in Southeastern Europe are characterized by unique landscape and biological diversity and great economic potential. They have function as a living space and provide different groups of ecosystem and landscape services. In social and economic aspects these regions are one of the poorest in Southeastern European countries with unused potential. Human, ecological and economic problems arising in various mountain regions have the same basic characteristics irrespective of the country. Some mountain regions are subject to specific for the conditions of the mountain and country policy for planning, development and mountain population promotion. The general goal is development of whole economy and the efficient management of natural resources and prevention of natural and tec hnological disasters. The mountain regions are one of the most threatened landscape systems in Southeastern Europe. Understanding the importance of the mountain regions and conservation of the natural heritage require scientific and institutional cooperation at all levels.

Delta

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biosphere

Page: N.A

View: 2534

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Environmental Hydrology, Second Edition

Author: Andy D. Ward,Stanley W. Trimble

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566706162

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 5464

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The technological advances of recent years include the emergence of new remote sensing and geographic information systems that are invaluable for the study of wetlands, agricultural land, and land use change. Students, hydrologists, and environmental engineers are searching for a comprehensive hydrogeologic overview that supplements information on hydrologic processes with data on these new information technology tools. Environmental Hydrology, Second Edition builds upon the foundation of the bestselling first edition by providing a qualitative understanding of hydrologic processes while introducing new methods for quantifying hydrologic parameters and processes. Written by authors with extensive multidisciplinary experience, the text first discusses the components of the hydrologic cycle, then follows with chapters on precipitation, stream processes, human impacts, new information system applications, and numerous other methods and strategies. By updating this thorough text with the newest analytical tools and measurement methodologies in the field, the authors provide an ideal reference for students and professionals in environmental science, hydrology, soil science, geology, ecological engineering, and countless other environmental fields.

Natural Heritage from East to West

Case studies from 6 EU countries

Author: Niki Evelpidou,Tomás Figueiredo,Francesco Mauro,Vahap Tecim,Andreas Vassilopoulos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642015779

Category: Nature

Page: 384

View: 6395

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Cumulative global transformations, occurring daily, affect important aspects of our life. Characteristic cultural and natural heritage, including sites of priceless value, is under constant threat. There are growing pressures, of both natural and human origin, such as wars, con icts, natural or technological disasters and the effects of global climate change. These provoke the continuous degradation of many sites included in the World Heritage List. In consequence, immediate strategic measures must be taken. Natural heritage is our legacy from the past, that we inherited from our ancestors and pass on to future generations. It is vital to realize its value and protect it by all possible means, enforcing innovative and sustainable action plans that promote global international co-operation. This book aims to address speci c natural heritage sites in Europe, from West to East. The six countries of study interest are Portugal, Malta, Greece, Italy, Romania and Turkey. For each case, the corresponding current status is presented. This is accompanied by recommended action plans for protection and conservation, tra- ing initiatives that improve the public awareness of natural heritage issues and efforts to estimate the natural/environmental value of the sites. The book is the overall result of an interregional initiative aiming to promote convergence, provoke public interest and recommend action for radical changes in our attitude towards heritage conservation.

Ecohydrology of High Mountain Areas

Proceedings of the International Conference on Ecohydrology of High Mountain Areas, Kathmandu, Nepal, 24-28 March 1996

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 8251

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