Climate Change Effects on Groundwater Resources

A Global Synthesis of Findings and Recommendations

Author: Holger Treidel,Jose Luis Martin-Bordes,Jason J. Gurdak

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415689368

Category: Nature

Page: 414

View: 1205

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Climate change is expected to modify the hydrological cycle and affect freshwater resources. Groundwater is a critical source of fresh drinking water for almost half of the world’s population and it also supplies irrigated agriculture. Groundwater is also important in sustaining streams, lakes, wetlands, and associated ecosystems. But despite this, knowledge about the impact of climate change on groundwater quantity and quality is limited. Direct impacts of climate change on natural processes (groundwater recharge, discharge, storage, saltwater intrusion, biogeochemical reactions, chemical fate and transport) may be exacerbated by human activities (indirect impacts). Increased groundwater abstraction, for example, may be needed in areas with unsustainable or contaminated surface water resources caused by droughts and floods. Climate change effects on groundwater resources are, therefore, closely linked to other global change drivers, including population growth, urbanization and land-use change, coupled with other socio-economic and political trends. Groundwater response to global changes is a complex function that depends on climate change and variability, topography, aquifer characteristics, vegetation dynamics, and human activities. This volume contains case studies from diverse aquifer systems, scientific methods, and climatic settings that have been conducted globally under the framework of the UNESCO-IHP project Groundwater Resources Assessment under the Pressures of Humanity and Climate Change (GRAPHIC). This book presents a current and global synthesis of scientific findings and policy recommendations for scientists, water managers and policy makers towards adaptive management of groundwater sustainability under future climate change and variability.

Climate Change and its Effects on Water Resources

Issues of National and Global Security

Author: Alper Baba,Gökmen Tayfur,Orhan Gündüz,Ken W.F. Howard,Michael J. Friedel,Antonio Chambel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940071145X

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 4344

DOWNLOAD NOW »
National and global security can be assessed in many ways but one underlying factor for all humanity is access to reliable sources of water for drinking, sanitation, food production and manufacturing industry. In many parts of the world, population growth and an escalating demand for water already threaten the sustainable management of available water supplies. Global warming, climate change and rising sea level are expected to intensify the resource sustainability issue in many water-stressed regions of the world by reducing the annual supply of renewable fresh water and promoting the intrusion of saline water into aquifers along sea coasts, where 50% of the global population reside. Pro-active resource management decisions are required, but such efforts would be futile unless reliable predictions can be made about the impact of the changing global conditions on the water cycle and the quality and availability of critical water reserves. Addressing this wide spectrum of issues, a team of expert authors discusses here the impacts of climate change on the global water resources, the long-term resource management goals at global and local scales, the data requirements and the scientific and technical advances necessary to mitigate the associated impacts.

Impact of Climate Change on Groundwater Resources

Author: C. P. Kumar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783656755524

Category:

Page: 40

View: 2478

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Academic Paper from the year 2014 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Meteorology, Aeronomy, Climatology, language: English, abstract: Climate change poses uncertainties to the supply and management of water resources. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that the global mean surface temperature has increased 0.6 0.2 oC since 1861, and predicts an increase of 2 to 4 oC over the next 100 years. Temperature increases also affect the hydrologic cycle by directly increasing evaporation of available surface water and vegetation transpiration. Consequently, these changes can influence precipitation amounts, timings and intensity rates, and indirectly impact the flux and storage of water in surface and subsurface reservoirs (i.e., lakes, soil moisture, groundwater). In addition, there may be other associated impacts, such as sea water intrusion, water quality deterioration, potable water shortage, etc. While climate change affects surface water resources directly through changes in the major long-term climate variables such as air temperature, precipitation, and evapotranspiration, the relationship between the changing climate variables and groundwater is more complicated and poorly understood. The greater variability in rainfall could mean more frequent and prolonged periods of high or low groundwater levels, and saline intrusion in coastal aquifers due to sea level rise and resource reduction. Groundwater resources are related to climate change through the direct interaction with surface water resources, such as lakes and rivers, and indirectly through the recharge process. The direct effect of climate change on groundwater resources depends upon the change in the volume and distribution of groundwater recharge. Therefore, quantifying the impact of climate change on groundwater resources requires not only reliable forecasting of changes in the major climatic variables, but also accurate estimation of groundwater recharge. This art"

Climate Change and Groundwater

Author: Walter Dragoni,Balbir S. Sukhija

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862392359

Category: Science

Page: 186

View: 532

DOWNLOAD NOW »
There is a general consensus that for the next few decades at least, the Earth will continue its warming. This will inevitably bring about serious environmental problems. For human society, the most severe will be those related to alterations of the hydrological cycle, which is already heavily influenced by human activities. Climate change will directly affect groundwater recharge, groundwater quality and the freshwater-seawater interface. The variations of groundwater storage inevitably entail a variety of geomorphological and engineering effects. In the areas where water resources are likely to diminish, groundwater will be one of the main solutions to prevent drought. In spite of its paramount importance, the issue of 'Climate Change and Groundwater' has been neglected. This volume presents some of the current understanding of the topic.

Climate Change and Water Resources

Author: Sangam Shrestha,Mukand S. Babel,Vishnu Prasad Pandey

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466594667

Category: Nature

Page: 383

View: 4507

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Covering the various aspects of water and climate change, Climate Change and Water Resources presents the principles of climate change science and its effects on earth’s water supply. Utilizing the knowledge and expertise from well-known experts in the field, the text provides a broad outline of the many interrelated aspects of climate variations, climate change, and connections to water resources. Designed to help managers with developing strategies, implementing policies, and investing in infrastructure and information sources for integrated water resources management, the text addresses many issues regarding climate change and water resources. It also includes adaptation options, which are essential to water resource sustainability. The material is divided into four sections. The first part of the book provides an introduction to climate change and considers theoretical aspects and available tools. The second part of the book examines the impacts that climate change has on the water sector. The third part focuses on the different adaptation measures needed to minimize the effects of climate change. The fourth part presents a number of case studies. Focused on climate change in the water sector, Climate Change and Water Resources closely analyzes scientific research and fuels study for a greater understanding of climate change and the proper management of water. This text is useful for undergraduate and postgraduate students, scientists, and design engineers as well as those working at research institutes and implementing and planning agencies.

Groundwater and Global Change in the Western Mediterranean Area

Author: Maria Luisa Calvache,Carlos Duque,David Pulido-Velazquez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319693565

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 655

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is a compilation of papers examining the impacts of global change (GC) on water resources systems. Mainly focusing on groundwater resources in Western Mediterranean countries, it shows that this topic is one of the most important challenges facing society. The papers explore developments in both Southern Europe and North Africa, where major impacts on the sustainability, quantity, quality, and management of water resources are expected to emerge. Although most global change publications focus on surface water, the number of research papers addressing global change and groundwater has grown rapidly in recent years. Continuing that welcome trend, this book gathers the main findings presented at the “Congress on Groundwater and Global Change in the Western Mediterranean” (Granada, Spain, November 6–9, 2017), which brought together researchers and technicians interested in groundwater issues affecting this geographic area.

Handbook of Engineering Hydrology

Environmental Hydrology and Water Management

Author: Saeid Eslamian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466552506

Category: Science

Page: 606

View: 6329

DOWNLOAD NOW »
While most books examine only the classical aspects of hydrology, this three-volume set covers multiple aspects of hydrology, and includes contributions from experts from more than 30 countries. It examines new approaches, addresses growing concerns about hydrological and ecological connectivity, new quantitative and qualitative managing techniques and considers the worldwide impact of climate change. It also provides updated material on hydrological science and engineering, discussing recent developments as well as classic approaches. Published in three books, Fundamentals and Applications; Modeling, Climate Change, and Variability; and Environmental Hydrology and Water Management, the entire set consists of 87 chapters, and contains 29 chapters in each book. The chapters in this book contain information on: • The anthropocenic aquifer, groundwater vulnerability, and hydraulic fracturing, and environmental problems • Disinfection of water, environmental engineering for water and sanitation systems, environmental nanotechnology, modeling of wetland systems, nonpoint source and water quality modeling, water pollution control using low-cost natural wastes, and water supply and public health and safety • Environmental flows, river managed system for flood defense, stormwater modeling and management, tourism and river hydrology, and transboundary river basin management • The historical development of wastewater management, sediment pollution, and sustainable wastewater treatment • Water governance, scarcity, and security • The formation of ecological risk on plain reservoirs, modification in hydrological cycle, sustainable development in integrated water resources management, transboundary water resource management, and more Students, practitioners, policy makers, consultants and researchers can benefit from the use of this text.

Emerging Issues in Groundwater Resources

Author: Ali Fares

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319320084

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 675

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book discusses how emerging groundwater risks under current and potential climate change conductions reduce available groundwater resources for domestic use, and agriculture and energy production. The topics discussed throughout this book are grouped into five sections; (i) Sea Level Rise, Climate Change, and Food Security, (ii) Emerging Contaminants, (iii) Technologies and Decision Support Systems, (iv) Surface Water-Groundwater Interactions, and (v) Economics, and Energy Production and Development. This book is unique and different from other groundwater hydrology books in that it uses a holistic approach in investigating the risks related to groundwater resources. This book will be of interest to a wide audience in academia, governmental and non-governmental organizations, and environmental entities. This book will greatly contribute to a better understanding of the emerging risks to groundwater resources and should help responsible stakeholders make informed decisions in this regard.

Climate Change Adaptation in Practice

From Strategy Development to Implementation

Author: Philipp Schmidt-Thome,Johannes Klein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118474678

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 944

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Climate change adaptation is increasingly recognized as complementary part to climate change mitigation. Climate change affects sea level, the extent of flood prone areas and precipitation patterns among many others. To adapt to these changes, the tasks of municipalities and cities are to implement policies and strategies for changes in land use and coastal management as part of their future development. It is of vital importance to address the uncertainties of climate change scenarios when proposing adaptation measures that are socially viable and economically reasonable. The decision making process, promoted here, is based on scientific excellence as well on an integrated communication process. This book provides a comprehensive overview of key elements required for effective analysis and assessment of climate change impacts, economic cost-benefit analysis, communication processes and creation and transfer of knowledge, governance issues and implementation of related policies. It describes the results achieved by the BaltCICA (www.baltcica.org) project whose contributors come from the scientific and public administration communities. The regional cooperation has led to the implementation of climate change adaptation in several case studies. The BaltCICA project developed concepts, methodologies and tools for climate change adaptation that can be translated across other global regions. Scientists and students working on the development of climate change and adaptation strategies; public administrators in the related fields on local, regional and state level including environment, water management, civil defense; as well as professionals working with adaptation technologies, including engineering, technological solutions, urban planning agencies and construction, will value this innovative book.

Groundwater Response to Changing Climate

Author: Makoto Taniguchi,Ian P. Holman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203852834

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 3996

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Groundwater systems are vital to both society and the environment, supporting food production and many other ecosystem services. Sustainable management of this vital resource for future generations requires a sound understanding of how groundwater might respond to the inevitable changes in future climate. In this volume, recent developments within the interlinked areas of the response of groundwater systems to climate variability and climate change are highlighted, using contemporary field investigations and monitoring of aquifers, numerical simulations of aquifer response to climate change predictions and paleohydrogeological studies of ancient groundwater systems. The book provides an up-to-date description of the relationship between groundwater behaviour and ancient, historical, current and future climates for a range of diverse aquifer systems around the world.

Reconsidering the Impact of Climate Change on Global Water Supply, Use, and Management

Author: Rao, Prakash,Patil, Yogesh

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522510478

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 7038

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Changes in the planet’s climate in recent years have led to significant impacts on natural resources and ecosystems. New strategies must be adopted in order to support the protection and continued development of numerous natural resources. Reconsidering the Impact of Climate Change on Global Water Supply, Use, and Management is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly material on the relationship between global climate changes and the planet’s water ecosystems. Highlighting relevant environmental, social, and economic issues, this book is ideally designed for academics, researchers, policy makers, students, and practitioners interested in the impacts of climate change on global water resources.

Der lange Weg zur Freiheit

Autobiographie

Author: Nelson Mandela

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104031541

Category: History

Page: 864

View: 2493

DOWNLOAD NOW »
»Ich bin einer von ungezählten Millionen, die durch Nelson Mandelas Leben inspiriert wurden.« Barack Obama Eine fast drei Jahrzehnte währende Gefängnishaft ließ Nelson Mandela zum Mythos der schwarzen Befreiungsbewegung werden. Kaum ein anderer Politiker unserer Zeit symbolisiert heute in solchem Maße die Friedenshoffnungen der Menschheit und den Gedanken der Aussöhnung aller Rassen wie der ehemalige südafrikanische Präsident und Friedensnobelpreisträger. Auch nach seinem Tod finden seine ungebrochene Charakterstärke und Menschenfreundlichkeit die Bewunderung aller friedenswilligen Menschen auf der Welt. Mandelas Lebensgeschichte ist über die politische Bedeutung hinaus ein spannend zu lesendes, kenntnis- und faktenreiches Dokument menschlicher Entwicklung unter Bedingungen und Fährnissen, vor denen die meisten Menschen innerlich wie äußerlich kapituliert haben dürften.

Groundwater Resources

Sustainability, Management, and Restoration

Author: Neven Kresic

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071640916

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 6143

DOWNLOAD NOW »
An All-Inclusive Guide to Efficient, Cost-Effective Management of Groundwater Resources Groundwater Sustainability is a reliable, one-stop guide containing all the information you'll need to succeed in your groundwater management and development projects. It covers virtually every aspect of the subject, from how to characterize groundwater and evaluate its resources to determining the interactions between surface water and groundwater. Packed with hundreds of illustrations, this expansive guide reviews both established and innovative aquifer restoration techniques and technologies, including the control and remediation of contaminant sources and groundwater contaminant plumes. You'll also find valuable information regarding resource augmentation, the engineering necessary for resource development, and building comprehensive databases for efficient, cost-effective assessment. Written in an inviting-to-read style by a recognized expert in the field, Groundwater Sustainability provides the last word on the all-important subject of how to maintain and manage the most precious natural resource. Inside: In-depth coverage of groundwater availability and sustainability Treatment options for groundwater contaminants Tools and techniques for effectively managing aquifers Proven tactics for protecting and restoring groundwater resources Case studies, figures, graphs, and photographs Tips on building assessment models using a GIS platform This all-in-one guide covers: Global Freshwater Resources Aquifer Evaluation Groundwater Resource Development Groundwater Recharge Climate Change and Its Impact on Groundwater Groundwater Chemistry Drinking Water Treatment Options Managing & Restoring Groundwater Resources

Extreme Weather and Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources in the Dobrogea Region

Author: Maftei, Carmen

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466684399

Category: Science

Page: 481

View: 7733

DOWNLOAD NOW »
New technologies and assessment methods create improved opportunities to monitor and predict the onset of natural disasters in the era of global warming. Researchers continue to evaluate the changes in weather patterns in order to better understand natural phenomena. Extreme Weather and Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources in the Dobrogea Region presents a descriptive environmental resource focused on a Romanian region affected by the changing climate. In discussing methods of assessment, monitoring, and prediction, the research included in this publication is an essential resource for policymakers, academicians, researchers, advanced-level students, technology developers, and government officials who wish to expand their research exposure to pertinent topics related to flooding and droughts due to climate change.

Groundwater of South Asia

Author: Abhijit Mukherjee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811038899

Category: Science

Page: 799

View: 4798

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book presents recent findings from the South Asian region (SA), broadly including groundwater studies on (a) quantity, (b) exploration, (c) quality and pollution, (d) economics, management and policies, (e) groundwater and society, and (f) sustainable sources. It offers a compilation of compelling, authentic insights into groundwater scenarios throughout the water-stressed South Asia region. Comprising Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, it is the most densely populated region in the world: It occupies approximately 4% of the global land area but supports more than 25% of the global population. The SA region now faces an acute shortage of fresh water due to a rapid rise in water demand and changes in societal water-use patterns. Combining essential advances and perspectives, this book offers a valuable resource for all scientists, planners and policymakers who are interested in understanding and developing the SA and other related areas.

Climate Change and the Sustainable Use of Water Resources

Author: Walter Leal Filho

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642222665

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 823

View: 7217

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The book explores the geo-chemical, physical, social and economic impacts of climate change on water supplies. It contains examples and case studies from a wide range of countries, and addresses the need to promote sustainable water use across the world.