Climate System Dynamics and Modelling

Author: Hugues Goosse

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316033503

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9519

This textbook presents all aspects of climate system dynamics, on all timescales from the Earth's formation to modern human-induced climate change. It discusses the dominant feedbacks and interactions between all the components of the climate system: atmosphere, ocean, land surface and ice sheets. It addresses one of the key challenges for a course on the climate system: students can come from a range of backgrounds. A glossary of key terms is provided for students with little background in the climate sciences, whilst instructors and students with more expertise will appreciate the book's modular nature. Exercises are provided at the end of each chapter for readers to test their understanding. This textbook will be invaluable for any course on climate system dynamics and modeling, and will also be useful for scientists and professionals from other disciplines who want a clear introduction to the topic.

Climate System Modeling

Author: Kevin E. Trenberth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521432316

Category: Computers

Page: 788

View: 6365

Climate Systems Modeling presents an interdisciplinary and comprehensive study of the dynamics of the whole global system. As a comprehensive text it will appeal to students and researchers concerned with any aspect of climatology and the study of related topics in the broad earth and environmental sciences.

Energy and Water Cycles in the Climate System

Author: Ehrhard Raschke,Daniela Jacob

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642769578

Category: Science

Page: 467

View: 6027

Water is the most effective agent in the climate system to modulate energy transfer by radiative processes, through its exchanges of latent heat and within cascades of chemical processes. It is the source of all life on earth, and once convective clouds are formed, it enables large vertical transports of momentum, heat and various atmospheric constituents up to levels above the tropical tropopause. Water triggers very complex processes at the earth's continental surfaces and within the oceans. At last, water in its gaseous phase is the most important greenhouse-gas! Numerical modelling and measurements of the state of the present climate system needs a very thorough understanding of all these processes and their various interactions and forcings. This is a prerequisite for more substantial forecasts of future states in all scales of time, from days to centuries. Therefore, the management of the World Climate Research Programme established in 1988 the new programme GEWEX (Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment). GEWEX is specifically defined to determine the energy and water transports in the fast components of the climate system with the presently available modelling and measurement means and to provide new capabilities for the future. Research in GEWEX must further develop methods to determine the influence of climatic anomalies on available water resources.

Modeling Dynamic Climate Systems

Author: Walter A. Robinson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387951348

Category: Science

Page: 213

View: 1385

In the process of building and using models to comprehend the dynamics of the atmosphere, ocean and climate, the reader will learn how the different components of climate systems function, interact with each other, and vary over time. Topics include the stability of climate, Earths energy balance, parcel dynamics in the atmosphere, the mechanisms of heat transport in the climate system, and mechanisms of climate variability. Special attention is given to the effects of climate change.

Numerical Modeling of the Global Atmosphere in the Climate System

Author: Philip Mote,Alan O'Neill

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792363026

Category: Science

Page: 517

View: 6313

21. Simulating Future Climate G. J. Boer 1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 489 2 International Aspects . . . . . . . . . . . 490 3 Simulating Historical and Future Climate 492 4 Climate Change in the 20th Century . . . 495 5 Simulating Future Climate Change 498 6 Climate Impact, Adaptation, and Mitigation 501 7 Summary . 502 Index 505 PREFACE Numerical modeling ofthe global atmosphere has entered a new era. Whereas atmospheric modeling was once the domain ofa few research units at universities or government laboratories, it can now be performed almost anywhere thanks to the affordability of computing power. Atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) are being used by a rapidly growing scientific community in a wide range of applications. With widespread interest in anthropogenic climate change, GCMs have a role also in informing policy discussions. Many of the scientists using GCMs have backgrounds in fields other than atmospheric sciences and may be unaware of how GCMs are constructed. Recognizing this explosion in the application of GCMs, we organized a two week course in order to give young scientists who are relatively new to the field of atmospheric modeling a thorough grounding in the basic principles on which GCMs are constructed, an insight into their strengths and weaknesses, and guid ance on how meaningful numerical experiments are formulated and analyzed. Sponsored by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and other institu tions, this Advanced Study Institute (ASI) took place May 25-June 5, 1998, at II Ciocco, a remote hotel on a Tuscan hillside in Italy.

IUTAM Symposium on Advances in Mathematical Modelling of Atmosphere and Ocean Dynamics

Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Limerick, Ireland, 2–7 July 2000

Author: P.F. Hodnett

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792370758

Category: Science

Page: 302

View: 6042

The goals ofthe Symposium were to highlight advances in modelling ofatmosphere and ocean dynamics, to provide a forum where atmosphere and ocean scientists could present their latest research results and learn ofprogress and promising ideas in these allied disciplines; to facilitate interaction between theory and applications in atmosphere/ocean dynamics. These goals were seen to be especially important in view ofcurrent efforts to model climate requiring models which include interaction between atmosphere, ocean and land influences. Participants were delighted with the diversity ofthe scientific programme; the opportunity to meet fellow scientists from the other discipline (either atmosphere or ocean) with whom they do not normally interact through their own discipline; the opportunity to meet scientists from many countries other than their own; the opportunity to hear significant presentations (50 minutes) from the keynote speakers on a range ofrelevant topics. Certainly the goal ofcreating a forum for exchange between atmosphere and ocean scientists who need to input to create realistic models for climate prediction was achieved by the Symposium and this goal will hopefully be further advanced by the publication ofthese Proceedings.

High Performance Computing Systems and Applications

Author: Andrew Pollard,Douglas J.K. Mewhort,Donald F. Weaver

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306470152

Category: Computers

Page: 602

View: 2988

High Performance Computing Systems and Applications contains the fully refereed papers from the 13th Annual Symposium on High Performance Computing, held in Kingston, Canada, in June 1999. This book presents the latest research in HPC architectures, distributed and shared memory performance, algorithms and solvers, with special sessions on atmospheric science, computational chemistry and physics. High Performance Computing Systems and Applications is suitable as a secondary text for graduate level courses, and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in industry.

Advances in Systems Science

Proceedings of the International Conference on Systems Science 2013 (ICSS 2013)

Author: Jerzy Swiątek,Adam Grzech,Paweł Swiątek,Jakub M. Tomczak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319018574

Category: Computers

Page: 809

View: 4782

The International Conference on Systems Science 2013 (ICSS 2013) was the 18th event of the series of international scientific conferences for researchers and practitioners in the fields of systems science and systems engineering. The conference took place in Wroclaw, Poland during September 10-12, 2013 and was organized by Wroclaw University of Technology and co-organized by: Committee of Automatics and Robotics of Polish Academy of Sciences, Committee of Computer Science of Polish Academy of Sciences and Polish Section of IEEE. The papers included in the proceedings cover the following topics: Control Theory, Databases and Data Mining, Image and Signal Processing, Machine Learning, Modeling and Simulation, Operational Research, Service Science, Time series and System Identification. The accepted and presented papers highlight new trends and challenges in systems science and systems engineering.

Global Carbon Cycle and Climate Change

Author: K. Ia Kondratev,Kirill I︠A︡kovlevich Kondratʹev,Kirill Y. Kondratyev,Vladimir F. Krapivin,Kirill Ja Kondratʹev,Costas Varotsos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540008095

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 2182

Professor Kondratyev and his team consider the concept of global warming due to the greenhouse effect and put forward a new approach to the problem of assessing the impact of anthropogenic processes. Considering data on both sources and sinks for atmospheric carbon and various conceptual schemes of the global carbon dioxide cycle, they suggest a new approach to studies of the problem of the greenhouse effect. They assess the role of different types of soil and vegetation in the assimilation of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and discuss models of the atmosphere ocean gas exchange and its role in the carbon dioxide cycle, paying special attention to the role of the Arctic Basin. The authors also consider models of other global atmospheric cycles for a range of atmospheric constituents, and conclude by drawing together a range of scenarios on modelling the global carbon cycle.

A Climate Modelling Primer

Author: Kendal McGuffie,Ann Henderson-Sellers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111868785X

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 7769

As a consequence of recent increased awareness of the social and political dimensions of climate, many non-specialists discover a need for information about the variety of available climate models. A Climate Modelling Primer, Third Edition explains the basis and mechanisms of all types of current physically-based climate models. A thoroughly revised and updated edition, this book assists the reader in understanding the complexities and applicabilities of today’s wide range of climate models. Topics covered include the latest techniques for modelling the coupled biosphere-ocean-atmosphere system, information on current practical aspects of climate modelling and ways to evaluate and exploit the results, discussion of Earth System Models of Intermediate Complexity (EMICs), and interactive exercises based on Energy Balance Model (EBM) and the Daisyworld model. Source codes and results from a range of model types allows readers to make their own climate simulations and to view the results of the latest high resolution models. The accompanying CD contains: A suite of resources for those wishing to learn more about climate modelling. A range of model visualisations. Data from climate models for use in the classroom. Windows and Macintosh programs for an Energy Balance Model. Selected figures from the book for inclusion in presentations and lectures. Suitable for 3rd/4th year undergraduates taking courses in climate modelling, economic forecasting, computer science, environmental science, geography and oceanography. Also of relevance to researchers and professionals working in related disciplines with climate models or who need accessible technical background to climate modelling predictions.

Computer Modelling in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences

Building Knowledge

Author: Peter K. Müller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662063816

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 6966

The book describes what these models are, what they are based on, how they function, and then, most innovatively, how they can be used to generate new useful knowledge about the environmental system. Discusses this generation of knowledge by computer models from an epistemological perspective and illustrates it by numerous examples from applied and fundamental research. Includes ample technical appendices and is a valuable source of information for graduate students and scientists alike working in the field of environmental sciences.

Real-time Coastal Observing Systems for Marine Ecosystem Dynamics and Harmful Algal Blooms

theory, instrumentation and modelling

Author: Babin, Marcel,Roesler, Collin S.,Cullen, John J.

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231040421

Category: Nature

Page: 880

View: 6688

The proliferation of harmful phytoplankton in marine ecosystems can cause massive fish kills, contaminate seafood with toxins, impact local and regional economies and dramatically affect ecological balance. Real-time observations are essential for effective short-term operational forecasting, but observation and modelling systems are still being developed. This volume provides guidance for developing real-time and near real-time sensing systems for observing and predicting plankton dynamics, including harmful algal blooms, in coastal waters. The underlying theory is explained and current trends in research and monitoring are discussed.Topics covered include: coastal ecosystems and dynamics of harmful algal blooms; theory and practical applications of in situ and remotely sensed optical detection of microalgal distributions and composition; theory and practical applications of in situ biological and chemical sensors for targeted species and toxin detection; integrated observing systems and platforms for detection; diagnostic and predictive modelling of ecosystems and harmful algal blooms, including data assimilation techniques; observational needs for the public and government; and future directions for research and operations.

Modeling the Environment

An Introduction to System Dynamics Models of Environmental Systems

Author: Frederick Andrew Ford

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781559636018

Category: Political Science

Page: 401

View: 8401

Modeling techniques that allow managers and researchers to see in advance the consequences of actions and policies are becoming increasingly important to environmental management. Modeling the Environment is a basic introduction to one of the most widely known and used modeling techniques, system dynamics. Written in a clear and comprehensible style, the book: -- presents basic concepts of modeling using system dynamics -- illustrates the mechanics of model construction through a range of working models -- offers a rich array of exercises for students to use in applying principles and techniques used in the text -- walks students through the design and application of models of specific types of environmental systems Modeling the Environment requires little or no mathematical background and is appropriate for undergraduate environmental students as well as professionals new to modeling. Developed from the author's own introductory course, it is classroom-tested and represents an important contribution to the field of system dynamics.

Ecosystem Dynamics

From the Past to the Future

Author: Richard H. W. Bradshaw,Martin T. Sykes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118525191

Category: Nature

Page: 336

View: 7244

Ecosystem Dynamics focuses on long-term terrestrialecosystems and their changing relationships with humansocieties. The unique aspect of this text is the long-timescale under consideration as data and insights from the last 10,000years are used to place present-day ecosystem status into atemporal perspective and to test models that generate forecasts offuture conditions. Descriptions and assessments of some of thecurrent modelling tools that are used, along with theiruncertainties and assumptions, are an important feature of thisbook. An overarching theme explores the dynamic interactionsbetween human societies and ecosystem functioning and services. This book is authoritative but accessible and provides a usefulbackground for all students, practitioners, and researchersinterested in the subject.

The Coupling of Climate and Economic Dynamics

Essays on Integrated Assessment

Author: Alain Haurie,Laurent Viguier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402034253

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 2188

This book reviews the different approaches used to model the dynamic interactions between climate and economies, and proposes new avenues of research. Its fourteen chapters deal with various aspects of the building of integrated assessment models, either by coupling economic growth and climate change modules, or using mathematical models of viability or dynamic game theory to represent the interactions between the world regions concerned.

Stochastic Climate Models

Author: Peter Imkeller,Jin-Song von Storch

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034882874

Category: Mathematics

Page: 398

View: 5710

A collection of articles written by mathematicians and physicists, designed to describe the state of the art in climate models with stochastic input. Mathematicians will benefit from a survey of simple models, while physicists will encounter mathematically relevant techniques at work.


Klimaforschung im 21. Jahrhundert - Herausforderung für Natur- und Sozialwissenschaften

Author: Martin Kappas

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3827422426

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 1684

Die Klimatologie ist in den letzten Jahren zu einer globalen „Systemwissenschaft“ des Klimasystems bzw. des Erdsystems als Ganzes geworden und stellt heute eine hoch interdisziplinäre und extrem problemgetriebene „Mega-Science“ dar. Dieses neue Lehrbuch greift diese Entwicklung auf. Es besteht aus drei gleichmäßig gewichteten Kernbereichen – Teil I: Basiswissen Klimatologie, Teil II: Klimawandel / Global Change, Teil III: Klima und Politik / Gesellschaft – und zielt auf die Vermittlung der Zusammenhänge von Klimafaktoren – Klimawandel – Gesellschaft – Politik ab. Anders als bisherige Lehrbücher der Klimatologie geht es sehr ausführlich auf das hochaktuelle Themenfeld „Global Change“ ein und verdeutlicht die gesellschaftliche Relevanz der Klimaforschung. In dem es einen klaren Zusammenhang zwischen den „natürlichen“ Grundlagen – klassische Klimatologie, Global Change – und den Auswirkungen auf die Gesellschaften der Erde herstellt, geht es über die eigentliche Kernklientel eines Lehrbuchs für Klimatologen/Meteorologen hinaus und spricht einen sehr breiten Leserkreis an. Insofern ist das Buch auf dem deutschen Markt ein Novum.