Climate System Dynamics and Modelling

Author: Hugues Goosse

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316033503

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8596

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This textbook presents all aspects of climate system dynamics, on all timescales from the Earth's formation to modern human-induced climate change. It discusses the dominant feedbacks and interactions between all the components of the climate system: atmosphere, ocean, land surface and ice sheets. It addresses one of the key challenges for a course on the climate system: students can come from a range of backgrounds. A glossary of key terms is provided for students with little background in the climate sciences, whilst instructors and students with more expertise will appreciate the book's modular nature. Exercises are provided at the end of each chapter for readers to test their understanding. This textbook will be invaluable for any course on climate system dynamics and modeling, and will also be useful for scientists and professionals from other disciplines who want a clear introduction to the topic.

Climate System Modeling

Author: Kevin E. Trenberth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521432316

Category: Computers

Page: 788

View: 7334

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Climate Systems Modeling presents an interdisciplinary and comprehensive study of the dynamics of the whole global system. As a comprehensive text it will appeal to students and researchers concerned with any aspect of climatology and the study of related topics in the broad earth and environmental sciences.

Investitionen in Humankapital

Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322933644

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 210

View: 449

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Jörg Rissiek untersucht, welche Determinanten individuelle ökonomische Überlegungen zur Bildung und Nutzung des Humankapitals beeinflussen und verändern können.

Die Stratosphäre

Phänomene, Geschichte, Relevanz

Author: Karin Labitzke

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642599893

Category: Science

Page: 178

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In diesem Buch wird einerseits die spannende Entdeckung der Stratosphäre selbst und verschiedener unerwarteter Phänomene in der Stratosphäre beschrieben: ein bemannter Ballonflug im Jahr 1901 bis in 11 km Höhe; eine Expedition zum Victoriasee im Jahr 1908; die Entdeckung der Ozonschicht um 1930, des "Berliner Phänomens" im Jahr 1952, des Einflusses von Vulkaneruptionen im Jahr 1982, des Ozonlochs im Jahr 1985 und des Einflusses der Sonnenaktivität im Jahr 1987. Andererseits wird gezeigt, wie diese Erscheinungen miteinander verknüpft sind und wie sie anthropogene und natürliche Schwankungen in unserem Klimasystem verursachen. Am Beispiel der Stratosphäre soll das Buch zum Verständnis der Erforschung komplizierter Zusammenhänge in der Natur beitragen.

Modeling Dynamic Climate Systems

Author: Walter A. Robinson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387951348

Category: Science

Page: 213

View: 2716

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In the process of building and using models to comprehend the dynamics of the atmosphere, ocean and climate, the reader will learn how the different components of climate systems function, interact with each other, and vary over time. Topics include the stability of climate, Earths energy balance, parcel dynamics in the atmosphere, the mechanisms of heat transport in the climate system, and mechanisms of climate variability. Special attention is given to the effects of climate change.

Introduction to Climate Modelling

Author: Thomas Stocker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642007736

Category: Science

Page: 182

View: 3523

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A three-tier approach is presented: (i) fundamental dynamical concepts of climate processes, (ii) their mathematical formulation based on balance equations, and (iii) the necessary numerical techniques to solve these equations. This book showcases the global energy balance of the climate system and feedback processes that determine the climate sensitivity, initial-boundary value problems, energy transport in the climate system, large-scale ocean circulation and abrupt climate change.

Modeling the Environment

An Introduction to System Dynamics Models of Environmental Systems

Author: Frederick Andrew Ford

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781559636018

Category: Political Science

Page: 401

View: 2165

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Modeling techniques that allow managers and researchers to see in advance the consequences of actions and policies are becoming increasingly important to environmental management. Modeling the Environment is a basic introduction to one of the most widely known and used modeling techniques, system dynamics. Written in a clear and comprehensible style, the book: -- presents basic concepts of modeling using system dynamics -- illustrates the mechanics of model construction through a range of working models -- offers a rich array of exercises for students to use in applying principles and techniques used in the text -- walks students through the design and application of models of specific types of environmental systems Modeling the Environment requires little or no mathematical background and is appropriate for undergraduate environmental students as well as professionals new to modeling. Developed from the author's own introductory course, it is classroom-tested and represents an important contribution to the field of system dynamics.

Prandtl - Führer durch die Strömungslehre

Grundlagen und Phänomene

Author: Herbert Oertel jr.

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658086270

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 790

View: 6166

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Dieses Fachbuch gilt unumstritten als das Standardwerk der Strömungslehre. In der von renommierten Strömungswissenschaftlern verfassten aktuellen 14. Auflage wurden alle Kapitel auf den neuesten Erkenntnisstand gebracht. In ganzheitlicher Weise werden die Strömungen vom phänomenologischen Standpunkt her betrachtet und Systematiken daraus abgeleitet. Den Autoren gelingt es, den Blick für das Verständnis von Einflüssen und Vorgängen zu schärfen. Der Prandtl ist als klassisches Lehrbuch aber auch als Nachschlagewerk besonders gut geeignet. Die Printauflage wurde erstmalig parallel zu einer living edition auf Springer Reference entwickelt, bei der Änderungen jederzeit eingearbeitet werden können.

Modeling and Simulation

Author: Hartmut Bossel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663108228

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 886

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This book is the the English Language Version of the very successful German textbook, "Modellbildung und Simulation". It provides a self-contained and complete guide to the methods and mathematical background of modeling and simulation software of dynamic systems. Furthermore, an appropriate simulation software and a collection of dynamic system models (on the accompanying disk) are highlights of the book/software-Package.Dies ist die englischsprachige Ausgabe des sehr erfolgreichen Lehrbuches "Modellbildung und Simulation". Geboten wird eine vollständige Einführung in die Methoden der Simulation dynamischer Systeme, wobei auch der notwendige mathematische Hintergrund vermittelt wird. Außerdem ist eine Simulationssoftware Bestandteil des Werkes; auf der beiliegenden Diskette befinden sich ferner 50 Beispielsysteme ("Systemzoo"), die zur spielerischen Einübung der verwendeten Verfahren hilfreich sind.

Physically-Based Modelling and Simulation of Climate and Climatic Change

Author: M.E. Schlesinger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400930437

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 3597

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The Geo-Sciences Panel is a synonym for the Special Programme on Global Transport Mechanisms in the Geo-Sciences. This Programme is one of the special programs established by the NATO Science Committee to promote the study of a specific topic using the usual NATO structures, namely, Advanced Research Workshops, Advanced Study Institutes, Conferences, Collaborative Research Grants, Research-Studies and Lecture Visits. The aim of the Programme is to stimulate and facilitate international col laboration among scientists of the member countries in selected areas of global transport mechanisms in the Earth's atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and asthenosphere, and the interactions between these global transport processes. Created in 1982, the Geo-Sciences Panel followed the Air Sea Interactions Panel which was very successful in reviewing mechanisms at the air-sea-ice interface. Initially the Geo-Sciences Panel recognized the importance of magma chambers, ore deposits, geochemical cycles, seismic activity and hydrological studies. However, the Panel was rap idly convinced that the climate system is one of the most important sys tems in which to promote research on global transport mechanisms. Consequently, the Panel welcomed the organization of a course on Physically Based Modelling and Simulation of Climate and Climatic Change. This course was launched in Belgium in 1984 during both the Liege colloquium on Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere tlodels and the Louvain-Ia Neuve General Assembly of the European Geophysical Society. Rapidly scientists recognized that this course was timely and would be well received by the climate community, especially by junior researchers in this multi- and inter-disciplinary field.

An Introduction to Three-dimensional Climate Modeling

Author: Warren M. Washington,Claire L. Parkinson

Publisher: University Science Books

ISBN: 9781891389351

Category: Nature

Page: 353

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Warren M. Washington is consultant and advisor to a number of government officials and committees on climate-system modelling. Now along with Claire Parkinson (NASA) he gives the reader insight into the complex field of climate modelling.

Numerical Modeling of the Global Atmosphere in the Climate System

Author: Philip Mote,Alan O'Neill

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792363026

Category: Science

Page: 517

View: 5711

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21. Simulating Future Climate G. J. Boer 1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 489 2 International Aspects . . . . . . . . . . . 490 3 Simulating Historical and Future Climate 492 4 Climate Change in the 20th Century . . . 495 5 Simulating Future Climate Change 498 6 Climate Impact, Adaptation, and Mitigation 501 7 Summary . 502 Index 505 PREFACE Numerical modeling ofthe global atmosphere has entered a new era. Whereas atmospheric modeling was once the domain ofa few research units at universities or government laboratories, it can now be performed almost anywhere thanks to the affordability of computing power. Atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) are being used by a rapidly growing scientific community in a wide range of applications. With widespread interest in anthropogenic climate change, GCMs have a role also in informing policy discussions. Many of the scientists using GCMs have backgrounds in fields other than atmospheric sciences and may be unaware of how GCMs are constructed. Recognizing this explosion in the application of GCMs, we organized a two week course in order to give young scientists who are relatively new to the field of atmospheric modeling a thorough grounding in the basic principles on which GCMs are constructed, an insight into their strengths and weaknesses, and guid ance on how meaningful numerical experiments are formulated and analyzed. Sponsored by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and other institu tions, this Advanced Study Institute (ASI) took place May 25-June 5, 1998, at II Ciocco, a remote hotel on a Tuscan hillside in Italy.

System Dynamics

Modelling and Simulation

Author: Bilash Kanti Bala,Fatimah Mohamed Arshad,Kusairi Mohd Noh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811020450

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

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This book covers the broad spectrum of system dynamics methodologies for the modelling and simulation of complex systems: systems thinking, causal diagrams, systems structure of stock and flow diagrams, parameter estimation and tests for confidence building in system dynamics models. It includes a comprehensive review of model validation and policy design and provides a practical presentation of system dynamics modelling. It also offers numerous worked-out examples and case studies in diverse fields using STELLA and VENSIM. The system dynamics methodologies presented here can be applied to nearly all areas of research and planning, and the simulations provided make the complicated issues more easily understandable. System Dynamics: Modelling and Simulation is an essential system dynamics and systems engineering textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses. It also offers an excellent reference guide for managers in industry and policy planners who wish to use modelling and simulation to manage complex systems more effectively, as well as researchers in the fields of modelling and simulation-based systems thinking.

Volkswirtschaftslehre

das internationale Standardwerk der Makro- und Mikroökonomie

Author: Paul Anthony Samuelson,William D. Nordhaus

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783868800890

Category:

Page: 1046

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Die Machiavellis der Wissenschaft : das Netzwerk des Leugnens

Author: Erik M. Conway,Naomi Oreskes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527412115

Category: Democracy and science

Page: 389

View: 4359

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Ein ganz realer Thriller: Wie skrupellose Lobbyisten seriöse Forscher diffamierten und gezielt Falschinformationen in lancierten Medienkampagnen global verbreiteten. Der Plot ist hollywoodreif, die Geschichte so skandalträchtig wie bestürzend Eine Handvoll Forscher leugnet, manipuliert und diskreditiert anerkannte wissenschaftliche Tatsachen wie den Klimawandel oder den Zusammenhang zwischen dem Rauchen und gesundheitlichen Risiken. Doch Die Machiavellis der Wissenschaft (im Original Merchants of Doubt) ist kein fiktiver Roman, sondern berichtet von der Realität. In den USA sorgte das Buch von Naomi Oreskes und Erik M. Conway für Furore und wurde zum Bestseller. Kein Wunder, die Geschichte, die sie erzählen, ist schließlich unglaublich – es ist die Geschichte über den Kampf gegen Fakten und über den Handel mit dem Zweifel, über die Manipulation der Medien und die Diffamierung Einzelner. Und sie geht uns alle an. Schließlich lehnten die USA als einzige Industrienation die Ratifizierung des Kyoto–Protokolls ab und verhinderten so wichtige Schritte des Klimaschutzes. Ein Lehrstück über die Macht der Industrielobby und ihre Handlanger aus Politik und Wissenschaft und ein Lehrstück darüber, wie erschreckend einfach es möglich ist, mit unlauteren Absichten selbst seriöse Medien zu beeinflussen und mit nachweislich falschen Informationen zu »füttern«.

Witterung und Klima

Eine Einführung in die Meteorologie und Klimatologie

Author: Peter Hupfer,Wilhelm Kuttler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322967492

Category: Science

Page: 554

View: 2665

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Diese 11., neu bearbeitete und erweiterte Auflage des Standardwerkes von Ernst Heyer trägt aktuellen Erfordernissen Rechnung, indem sowohl die Physik der Atmosphäre als auch die praktischen Anwendungen von Meteorologie und Klimatologie verstärkt herausgearbeitet werden. Das Buch ist jetzt erweitert um die aktuellen Themenkreise numerische Klimamodellierung, Wetterextreme und Klimaentwicklung.