Coal and Peat Fires: a Global Perspective

Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires

Author: Glenn B. Stracher,Ellina V. Sokol,Anupma Prakash

Publisher: Elsevier Science

ISBN: 9780444595096

Category: Science

Page: 816

View: 9814

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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volumes 1-4, presents a fascinating collection of research about prehistoric and historic coal and peat fires. Magnificent illustrations of fires and research findings from countries around the world are featured-a totally new contribution to science. This third of four volumes in the collection, Coal Fires - Case Studies, examines in detail specific coal fires chronicled in a number of locations around the world including Brazil, the Czech Republic, Germany, Malawi, Poland, Russia, Spain, Tajikistan, the United States, Venezuela, and others. Authored by world-renowned experts in coal and peat fires Global in scope-countries from around the world are represented Includes beautiful color illustrations, lively presentations, important research data, and informative videos

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective

Volume 2: Photographs and Multimedia Tours

Author: Glenn B. Stracher,Anupma Prakash,Ellina V. Sokol

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444594175

Category: Science

Page: 584

View: 1337

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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective is a compelling collection of research conducted by scientists and engineers around the world. It presents the scientific and industrial communities as well as the interested lay reader with studies about prehistoric as well as historic coal and peat fires and magnificent illustrations of such fires and related research from countries around the world—a totally new contribution to science. The second of four volumes in the collection, Photographs and Multimedia Tours features stunning photographs from around the world, including Australia, Canada, Northern China, India, Borneo, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Russia, the United States, and more. This essential reference also includes a companion website with a collection of slide presentations and videos about coal and peat fires. Authored by world-renowned experts in coal and peat fires Global in scope—countries from all of the world are represented Beautiful full-color illustrations and online materials including research data banks, an interactive online world map of coal and peat fires, multi-media presentations, and videos bring the contents to life

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective

Volume 3: Case Studies – Coal Fires

Author: Glenn B. Stracher,Anupma Prakash,Ellina V. Sokol

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444595112

Category: Science

Page: 816

View: 5408

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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volumes 1–4, presents a fascinating collection of research about prehistoric and historic coal and peat fires. Magnificent illustrations of fires and research findings from countries around the world are featured—a totally new contribution to science. This third of four volumes in the collection, Coal Fires – Case Studies, examines in detail specific coal fires chronicled in a number of locations around the world including Brazil, the Czech Republic, Germany, Malawi, Poland, Russia, Spain, Tajikistan, the United States, Venezuela, and others. Authored by world-renowned experts in coal and peat fires Global in scope—countries from around the world are represented Includes beautiful color illustrations, lively presentations, important research data, and informative videos

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective

Volume 5: Case Studies – Advances in Field and Laboratory Research

Author: Glenn B. Stracher

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128498846

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 3912

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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume Five: Case Studies - Advances in Field and Laboratory Research a companion to Volumes 1-4 includes the latest research findings on coal and peat fires in the United States, China, Indonesia, Spain, India, and elsewhere. This book focuses on important information on the relationship of combustion to human health and water quality. It contains key information for geoscientists, fire-scientists, environmental engineers, and anyone interested on how coal and peat fires affect humans and entire ecosystems. Provides chapters authored by world-renowned experts in coal and peat fires Covers case studies from fires around the world Includes a companion website with additional resources and a periodically updated world map of coal and peat fires

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective

Volume 4: Peat – Geology, Combustion, and Case Studies

Author: Glenn B. Stracher,Anupma Prakash,Guillermo Rein

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444595120

Category: Science

Page: 174

View: 3587

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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volumes 1–4, presents a fascinating collection of research about prehistoric and historic coal and peat fires. Magnificent illustrations of fires and research findings from countries around the world are featured—a totally new contribution to science. This last of four volumes in the collection, Peat--Geology, Combustion, and Case Studies, examines in detail peat fires chronicled in several countries. In addition, the geology of peat, peat megafires, infrared analysis of fires, and the mathematical modelling of fire hazards are presented. This essential reference includes a companion website with an interactive world map of coal and peat fires, collections of slide presentations, research data, additional chapters, and videos: booksite.elsevier.com/9780444595102. Authored by world-renowned experts in coal and peat fires Global in scope—countries from around the world are represented Includes beautiful color illustrations, lively presentations, important research data, and a companion website of further resources

Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective

Volume 1: Coal - Geology and Combustion

Author: Glenn B. Stracher,Anupma Prakash,Ellina V. Sokol

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080931630

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 998

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Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective is a compelling collection of research conducted by scientists and engineers around the world. The first of four volumes in the collection, Coal – Geology and Combustion, features chapters that discuss the origin of coal and coal fires; mining and use of coal; combustion and coal petrology; environmental and health impacts of coal fires; combustion by-products; geochemical, geophysical, and engineering methodologies for studying coal fires; the control, extinguishment, and political implications of coal fires; and much more. Integrates pioneering coal-fires research, with topical coverage of remote sensing, policymaking, and more Serves as an essential guide to the socio-economic and geo-environmental impacts of coal fires

Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion

Author: Michael S. Blinderman,Alexander Y. Klimenko

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081003242

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 662

View: 5562

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Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) is carried out in unmined coal seams, using wells drilled from the surface and converting coal into synthesis gas. The gas can be used for power generation and synthesis of automotive fuels, fertilizers and other products. UCG offers financial, social, and environmental benefits over conventional coal extraction and utilization methods and may play a critical role in ensuring energy security in the future. Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion provides an overview of underground coal gasification technology, its current status and future directions. Comprehensive in approach, the book covers history, science, technology, hydrogeology, rock mechanics, environmental performance, economics, regulatory and commercial aspects of UCG projects. The first book on the subject in forty years, it is unique in analysing more than a century of global UCG developments by experts from Australia, Canada, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, the USA and Uzbekistan. Provides researchers, engineers, industry, educators and regulators with an authoritative overview of science and practical applications of underground coal gasification technologies Offers insight into efficiency, environmental performance, costs, permitting issues and commercial aspects of UCG projects Written by scientists and practitioners of UCG technology sharing hands-on experience of step-by-step UCG implementation

Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment

Developments and Applications

Author: A. Shibli

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857097326

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 420

View: 2342

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Due to their continuing role in electricity generation, it is important that coal power plants operate as efficiently and cleanly as possible. Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment reviews the materials used in coal plants, and how they can be assessed and managed to optimize plant operation. Part I considers the structural alloys used in coal plants. Part II then reviews performance modelling and life assessment techniques, explains the inspection and life-management approaches that can be adopted to optimize long term plant operation, and considers the technical and economic issues involved in meeting variable energy demands. Summarizes key research on coal-fired power plant materials, their behavior under operational loads, and approaches to life assessment and defect management Details the range of structural alloys used in coal power plants, and the life assessment techniques applicable to defect-free components under operational loads Reviews the life assessment techniques applicable to components containing defects and the approaches that can be adopted to optimize plant operation and new plant and component design

Advanced Mine Ventilation

Respirable Coal Dust, Combustible Gas and Mine Fire Control

Author: Pramod Thakur

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing Limited

ISBN: 9780081004579

Category:

Page: 250

View: 5155

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Underground coal mining involves a higher safety risk than open-cast (surface) mining, so worker health and safety is a key concern in this industry. Great progress has been made in the past fifty years in key areas such as the reduction of dust-related diseases in mine workers, methane control, explosion prevention and mine fire control. Efforts are also ongoing to further advance the implementation of the safest available mining practices. Written by an expert with over forty years' experience in the field, this book provides an authoritative review of proven technologies and practices in one convenient volume. After an introductory part on mine environment control, different sections of the book address the essential topics of respirable dust control, methane control and mine fire prevention and control. Reviews the three inter-related topics of respirable dust, gas and fire control in underground coal mines in one convenient volume Offers practical guidelines for the development and implementation of appropriate control strategies in underground coal mines Draws on the author's forty years of experience in the coal industry

Geology of Coal Fires

Case Studies from Around the World

Author: Glenn B. Stracher

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 0813741181

Category: Science

Page: 283

View: 3037

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Naturally burning coal fires and those ignited by human activities receive little attention from the media compared to other environmental hazards, but their study is gaining ground. Here, the world's leading experts present their research findings covering topics such as the gases generated in underground coal fires, the origin of gas-vent minerals and land-cover changes due to coal fires.

Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing

Sensors, Methods, Applications

Author: Claudia Künzer,Stefan Dech

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400766394

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 537

View: 6695

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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in the field of thermal infrared remote sensing. Temperature is one of the most important physical environmental variables monitored by earth observing remote sensing systems. Temperature ranges define the boundaries of habitats on our planet. Thermal hazards endanger our resources and well-being. In this book renowned international experts have contributed chapters on currently available thermal sensors as well as innovative plans for future missions. Further chapters discuss the underlying physics and image processing techniques for analyzing thermal data. Ground-breaking chapters on applications present a wide variety of case studies leading to a deepened understanding of land and sea surface temperature dynamics, urban heat island effects, forest fires, volcanic eruption precursors, underground coal fires, geothermal systems, soil moisture variability, and temperature-based mineral discrimination. ‘Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing: Sensors, Methods, Applications’ is unique because of the large field it spans, the potentials it reveals, and the detail it provides. This book is an indispensable volume for scientists, lecturers, and decision makers interested in thermal infrared technology, methods, and applications.

Advanced Pulverized Coal Injection Technology and Blast Furnace Operation

Author: K. Ishii

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080546353

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 1824

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In order to reduce the cost of running blast furnaces (BFs), injected pulverized coal is used rather than coke to fire BFs. As a result of this, unburned fine materials are blown with the gas into the bosh and dead man areas with possible detrimental effects on gas flow and permeability of the coke column. The capacity of the furnace to consume these particles by solution loss is probably one of the limitations to coal injection. It is, therefore, important to understand the physicochemical and aerodynamic behaviour of fines including the change of in-furnace phenomena. The Committee of Pulverized Coal Combustion and In-Furnace Reaction in BF was set up in 1993 as a cooperative research of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) and the Iron and Steel Institute (ISIJ) to evaluate research initiative into this problem. This book reports on the JSPS/ISIJ Committee's activities and describes the interpretation of findings drawn from combustion experiments and the results of live furnace applications, and furnace performance.

Tropical Peatland Ecosystems

Author: Mitsuru Osaki,Nobuyuki Tsuji

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 4431556818

Category: Science

Page: 651

View: 9764

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This book is an excellent resource for scientists, political decision makers, and students interested in the impact of peatlands on climate change and ecosystem function, containing a plethora of recent research results such as monitoring-sensing-modeling for carbon–water flux/storage, biodiversity and peatland management in tropical regions. It is estimated that more than 23 million hectares (62 %) of the total global tropical peatland area are located in Southeast Asia, in lowland or coastal areas of East Sumatra, Kalimantan, West Papua, Papua New Guinea, Brunei, Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak and Southeast Thailand. Tropical peatland has a vital carbon–water storage function and is host to a huge diversity of plant and animal species. Peatland ecosystems are extremely vulnerable to climate change and the impacts of human activities such as logging, drainage and conversion to agricultural land. In Southeast Asia, severe episodic droughts associated with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, in combination with over-drainage, forest degradation, and land-use changes, have caused widespread peatland fires and microbial peat oxidation. Indonesia's 20 Mha peatland area is estimated to include about 45–55 GtC of carbon stocks. As a result of land use and development, Indonesia is the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases (2–3 Gtons carbon dioxide equivalent per year), 80 % of which is due to deforestation and peatland loss. Thus, tropical peatlands are key ecosystems in terms of the carbon–water cycle and climate change.

Metallurgy

The Art of Extracting Metals from Their Ores

Author: John Percy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Gold

Page: 698

View: 9510

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Coal Geology

Author: Larry Thomas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118385721

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 8304

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Coal Geology, second edition, offers a thoroughly revised and updated edition of this popular book which provides a comprehensive overview of the field of coal geology. Coal Geology covers all aspects of coal geology in one volume, bridging the gap between the academic aspects and the practical role of geology in the coal industry. The object of the book is to provide the reader with a with a description of the origins of coal together with the physical and chemical properties of coal and coal petrology before proceeding to cover all areas of coal exploration, production and use. Bridges the gap between academic aspects of coal geology and the practical role of geology in the coal industry Examines historical and stratigraphical geology, together with mining, environmental issues, geophysics and hydrogeology and the marketing of coal Defines worldwide coal resource classifications and methods of calculation Addresses the alternative uses of coal as a source of energy, together with the environmental implications of coal usage Includes improved illustrations including a colour section Offers a global approach covering expanding fields in America, China and India The truly global approach, drawn from the international experiences of the author, recognizes the growing role of coal use in emerging markets. With fully revised coverage of the latest modelling techniques, environmental legislation, equipment and recording methods, the second edition offers a truly invaluable resource for anyone studying, researching or working in the field of coal geology, geotechnical and mining engineering and environmental science.

Changing Climates in North American Politics

Institutions, Policymaking, and Multilevel Governance

Author: Henrik Selin,Stacy D. VanDeveer

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262012995

Category: Political Science

Page: 338

View: 8923

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Analysis of climate change policy innovations across North America at transnational,federal, state, and local levels, involving public, private, and civic actors.

Unraveling Environmental Disasters

Author: Daniel A. Vallero,Trevor M. Letcher

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0123970261

Category: Nature

Page: 500

View: 8599

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Unraveling Environmental Disasters provides scientific explanations of the most threatening current and future environmental disasters, including an analysis of ways that the disaster could have been prevented and how the risk of similar disasters can be minimized in the future. Treats disasters as complex systems. Provides predictions based upon sound science, such as what the buildup of certain radiant gases in the troposphere will do, or what will happen if current transoceanic crude oil transport continues. Considers the impact of human systems on environmental disasters.

Thermal Power Plant

Design and Operation

Author: Dipak Sarkar

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128017554

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 612

View: 8179

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Thermal Power Plant: Design and Operation deals with various aspects of a thermal power plant, providing a new dimension to the subject, with focus on operating practices and troubleshooting, as well as technology and design. Its author has a 40-long association with thermal power plants in design as well as field engineering, sharing his experience with professional engineers under various training capacities, such as training programs for graduate engineers and operating personnel. Thermal Power Plant presents practical content on coal-, gas-, oil-, peat- and biomass-fueled thermal power plants, with chapters in steam power plant systems, start up and shut down, and interlock and protection. Its practical approach is ideal for engineering professionals. Focuses exclusively on thermal power, addressing some new frontiers specific to thermal plants Presents both technology and design aspects of thermal power plants, with special treatment on plant operating practices and troubleshooting Features a practical approach ideal for professionals, but can also be used to complement undergraduate and graduate studies