Nature Science and Sustainable Technology Research Progress

Author: Rafiqul Islam

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781604563108

Category: Nature

Page: 178

View: 1087

Nature thrives on diversity and flexibility, gaining strength from heterogeneity, whereas the quest for homogeneity seems to motivate much of modern engineering. Nature is non-linear and inherently promotes multiplicity of solutions. This book presents lively analyses of urgent problems in nature science.

Progress in Mine Safety Science and Engineering II

Author: Xueqiu He,Hani Mitri,Baisheng Nie,Yunhai Wang,Ting X. Ren,Wenxue Chen,Xiangchun Li

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315770121

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 4798

As societies continue to grow and develop, the demand for energy has increased worldwide. In China, coal is still one of the principal energy resources and it is expected that more coal mining projects are needed in the future. As mining operations continue to increase their production rates and discover more ore reserves, mine safety issues have b

Geological Survey Research, Fiscal Year 1981

A Summary of Recent Significant Scientific and Economic Results Accompanied by a List of Geologic, Hydrologic, and Cartographic Investigations in Progress

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Geology

Page: 424

View: 9624


Engineering Geology and Geological Engineering for Sustainable Use of the Earth’s Resources, Urbanization and Infrastructure Protection from Geohazards

Proceedings of the 1st GeoMEast International Congress and Exhibition, Egypt 2017 on Sustainable Civil Infrastructures

Author: Janusz Wasowski,Daniele Giordan,Piernicola Lollino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331961648X

Category: Science

Page: 284

View: 1510

The ongoing population growth is resulting in rapid urbanization, new infrastructure development and increasing demand for the Earth's natural resources (e.g., water, oil/gas, minerals). This, together with the current climate change and increasing impact of natural hazards, imply that the engineering geology profession is called upon to respond to new challenges. It is recognized that these challenges are particularly relevant in the developing and newly industrialized regions. The idea beyond this volume is to highlight the role of engineering geology and geological engineering in fostering sustainable use of the Earth's resources, smart urbanization and infrastructure protection from geohazards. We selected 19 contributions from across the globe (16 countries, five continents), which cover a wide spectrum of applied interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research, from geology to engineering. By illustrating a series of practical case studies, the volume offers a rather unique opportunity to share the experiences of engineering geologists and geological engineers who tackle complex problems working in different environmental and social settings. The specific topics addressed by the authors of chapters included in the volume are the following: pre-design site investigations; physical and mechanical properties of engineering soils; novel, affordable sensing technologies for long-term geotechnical monitoring of engineering structures; slope stability assessments and monitoring in active open-cast mines; control of environmental impacts and hazards posed by abandoned coal mines; assessment of and protection from geohazards (landslides, ground fracturing, coastal erosion); applications of geophysical surveying to investigate active faults and ground instability; numerical modeling of seabed deformations related to active faulting; deep geological repositories and waste disposal; aquifer assessment based on the integrated hydrogeological and geophysical investigation; use of remote sensing and GIS tools for the detection of environmental hazards and mapping of surface geology. This volume is part of the proceedings of the 1st GeoMEast International Congress and Exhibition on Sustainable Civil Infrastructures, Egypt 2017.

Research on Risk Evaluation Methods of Groundwater Bursting from Aquifers Underlying Coal Seams and Applications to Coalfields of North China

Author: Yifan Zeng

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319790293

Category: Science

Page: 151

View: 6375

This book provides an information fusion model with information fusion theory, geographic information system technology and modern mathematical methods to evaluate the risks of groundwater inrushes from aquifers underlying coal seams. In this new model, the water inrush vulnerable index was calculated with variable weights theory. It overcomes the defect of the traditional vulnerability index method that assumes constant weights for the factors controlling the water inrush. Mine water inrush events often occur during coal mine construction and production; they account for a large proportion of the nation’s coal mine disasters and accidents in China. Between 2005 and 2014, 513 water inrush incidents have occurred with a total loss of 2,753 lives. As mining depths and mining intensity continue to increase, the hydrogeological conditions encountered are becoming more complex. The innovative model presented here was applied to two coal mines in China with proved better results than the traditional vulnerability index method.

Progress in Medical Geology

Author: Motomu Ibaraki,Hiroko Mori

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443873772

Category: Medical

Page: 340

View: 8119

This volume represents a compendium of research conducted by international scholars who participated in the 2nd Symposium on Advances in Geospatial held during “The 5th International Conference on Medical Geology” in Arlington, Virginia, USA, in 2013. The research topics dealt with here mainly focus on the new scientific field of medical geology used to address a variety of human health issues and diseases specifically related to geological materials and earth-system processes. This volume will be of interest to those who wish to learn about current and historical health issues relating to geological materials or other environmental factors. It also represents a useful guide to learning the interdisciplinary approach to problem-solving in the field of medical geology.

Mine Safety and Efficient Exploitation Facing Challenges of the 21st Century

International Mining Forum 2010

Author: Liu Zegong,Jerzy Kicki,Hua Xinzhu,Yuan Shujie,Dai Guanglong,Eugeniusz J. Sobczyk

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 020309333X

Category: Nature

Page: 300

View: 9110

The International Mining Forum is a meeting of scientists and professionals for exchanging new ideas and experiences, evaluate previously implemented solutions, and discuss fresh ideas that might change the mining industry’s image. In recent years theory and technology in mine safety and efficient exploitation has made considerable progress in China, Poland and other countries, due to the introduction of many new theories and technologies. The International Mining Forum 2010, jointly organized by Anhui University of Science and Technology (China), AGH University of Science and Technology (Poland) and Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland), has provided experts all over the world with an opportunity and platform to exchange information and ideas. Purpose of the forum was to promote research and development of mine safety, efficient exploitation theory and provide theoretical and technical support for mine safety improvement. This book is addressed to researchers and professionals who work in the fields of underground mining technology, rock engineering or mine management.

Geological Survey of Canada, Current Research (Online) no. 2005-D1

Author: N.A

Publisher: Natural Resources Canada

ISBN: 0662393333

Category: Dolomite

Page: 10

View: 9042

This paper presents preliminary results from field observations on the Lower Silurian La Vieille Formation in north-east New Brunswick regarding the extent of early hydrothermal dolomitization, a critical element for assessing hydrocarbon potential. Six stratigraphic sections of the Formation were carefully examined for facies architecture and evidence of hydrothermal alteration of limestone facies. Features of interest included early fractures, brecciation & dissolution associated with early fractures, large-scale collapse of sections, fracture-filling cements, and synsedimentary tectonic instability. The findings provide critical information pertinent to the hydrocarbon reservoir potential of these rocks.