Community Justice

Author: Todd R Clear,John R Hamilton, Jr.,Eric Cadora

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135145725

Category: Law

Page: 168

View: 1868

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This formative text discusses concepts of community within the context of justice policy and programs, and addresses the important relationship between the criminal justice system and the community in the USA. The book provides detailed analysis of how community justice fits within each area of the criminal justice system, and exemplifies this through the use of relevant case studies.

Community Justice

An Emerging Field

Author: David R. Karp

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847690848

Category: Political Science

Page: 388

View: 2664

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Community justice is a phenomenon of growing interest among academics, policy makers, and criminal justice practitioners. The term reflects the increasing collaboration between criminal justice agencies and communities in the joint pursuit of public safety and a less tangible, but no less significant, pursuit of justice for victims, offenders, and all community members affected by crime. In this book, several leading scholars examine the central concerns of this emerging field. Subjects discussed include the role of community organizations in crime prevention; the structural and cultural issues underlying the concentration of race, poverty, and crime; community policing; and community prosecution and sanctioning.

What is Community Justice?

Case Studies of Restorative Justice and Community Supervision

Author: Todd R. Clear,David R Karp

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761987468

Category: Political Science

Page: 172

View: 8843

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Past methods of probation and parole supervision have largely relied on caseworkers who monitor their "clients" as well as they can. But, as numbers of "clients" increase, studies indicate that this model is ineffectual. The time has come to significantly rethink the approaches to community supervision. This book addresses the specific ways of achieving these goals by presenting six case studies of probation programs that represent a practical side of the community justice ideal. What emerges is a provocative and enlightening new approach to the problems of probation and parole.

Victims of Crime and Community Justice

Author: Brian Williams

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 1843101955

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

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Can a victim's experience really be improved purely by diminishing the rights of offenders and increasing penalties for offending? Dr Williams lays bare the assumptions about victims and offenders that currently restrict efficient policy-making.

Restorative Community Justice

Repairing Harm and Transforming Communities

Author: Gordon Bazemore,Mara Schiff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1437755674

Category: Political Science

Page: 375

View: 4977

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An anthology of original essays, this book presents debates over practice, theory, and implementation of restorative justice. Attention is focused on the movement’s direction toward a more holistic, community-oriented approach to criminal justice intervention. Discussion questions provoke thought, review and discussion.

Community Justice in Australia

Developing knowledge, skills and values for working with offenders in the community

Author: Brian Stout

Publisher: Allen & Unwin

ISBN: 1952535646

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 7567

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An effective interweaving of complex theory with mainstream concepts. Overall an excellent book for use in Australian universities teaching criminology/social work.' Dr Jane Bolitho, Lecturer, Criminology and Social Sciences, UNSW The concept of community justice - of engaging with offenders within the community - offers an important new approach to the prevention of crime and the rehabilitation of offenders. Community Justice in Australia is the first text to consider how this concept can be successfully applied within Australia by social workers, criminologists, parole officers, police and anyone working with both adult and youth offenders. Brian Stout begins by defining community justice and outlining its successes in the United Kingdom and the United States. He then explains theories of offending behaviour, considers relevant Australian legislation, policy and common intervention strategies, and considers the implications of community justice approaches for both adult and juvenile offenders. Restorative justice is also examined and contrasted. The book's second half details practice issues including working in community justice organisations, the use of technology, and the need for community justice workers to co-create long-term change with their clients. The importance of risk management and protection of the public is explored together with a comprehensive guide to practice skills and working with involuntary clients. Each chapter also contains a detailed analysis of the implications and potential benefits of a community justice approach for culturally diverse groups and Indigenous people.

The Collapse of American Criminal Justice

Author: William J. Stuntz

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674051750

Category: Law

Page: 413

View: 9591

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Rule of law has vanished in America’s criminal justice system. Prosecutors decide whom to punish; most accused never face a jury; policing is inconsistent; plea bargaining is rampant; and draconian sentencing fills prisons with mostly minority defendants. A leading criminal law scholar looks to history for the roots of these problems—and solutions.

Community Justice

Author: Jane Winstone,Francis Pakes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134037384

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 2155

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This book provides and accessible text and critical analysis of the concepts and delivery of community justice, a focal point in contemporary criminal justice. The probation service in particular has undergone radical changes in relation to professional training, roles and delivery of services, but now operates within a mosaic of a number of inter-agency initiatives. This book aims to provide a critical appreciation of community justice, its origin and direction, and to engage with debates on the ways in which the trend towards community justice is changing the criminal justice system. At the same time it examines the inter-agency character of intervention and the developing idea of end-to-end offender management, and familiarises the reader with a number of more specialist area, such as hate crime, mental illness, substance abuse, and victims.

Restoring Justice

An Introduction to Restorative Justice

Author: Daniel W. Van Ness,Karen Heetderks Strong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1455731676

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6672

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Restoring Justice: An Introduction to Restorative Justice, Fifth Edition, offers a clear and convincing explanation of restorative justice, a movement within criminal justice with growing worldwide influence. It explores the broad appeal of this new vision and offers a brief history of its development. The book presents a theoretical foundation for the principles and values of restorative justice and develops its four cornerpost ideas of encounter, amends, inclusion and reintegration. After exploring how restorative justice ideas and values may be integrated into policy and practice, it presents a series of key issues commonly raised about restorative justice, summarizing various perspectives on each. Van Ness and Strong are renowned scholars in the field of restorative justice. This edition places special emphasis on the importance of inclusion in restorative justice —the opportunity for direct and active involvement of the victim, offender, and community in the procedures that follow a crime. A helpful appendix includes a visual case study that helps illustrate the concepts of the text.

Understanding Criminal Justice

A Critical Introduction

Author: Azrini Wahidin,Nicola Carr

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136185623

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 9661

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Few subjects provoke as much public fascination and political concern as crime, criminality, criminology, and criminal justice policy and practice. Understanding Criminal Justice seeks to provide students with a critical introduction to the range of theoretical, policy and operational issues faced by the criminal justice system in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It anticipates little or no prior knowledge of criminal justice, and seeks to provide an introduction to the area. This critical textbook provides both a thorough overview of the procedures central to the workings of the criminal justice system and a distillation of the topical debates that surround it. It outlines the political and historical context, detailing key procedures and challenging students to engage with current debates. Containing chapters on policing, prosecution, community justice and alternative modes of justice, this text provides a comprehensive coverage of the key topics included within undergraduate criminology programmes at an introductory level. Written in a lively and accessible style, this book will also be of interest to general readers and practitioners in the criminal justice system.

Community Justice

Modernising the Magistracy in England and Wales

Author: Andrew Sanders

Publisher: Institute for Public Policy Research

ISBN: 9781860301230

Category: Justices of the peace

Page: 50

View: 5606

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Handbook of Restorative Justice

Author: Gerry Johnstone,Daniel Van Ness

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134015194

Category: Social Science

Page: 672

View: 463

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Discusses the key concepts and principles of restorative justice; explains how the campaign for restorative justice arose and developed into an influential social movement; describes the variety of restorative justice practices; and identifies and examines key issues within the restorative justice movement.

Community justice

striving for safe, secure, and just communities

Author: Eduardo Barajas,National Institute of Corrections (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 45

View: 7208

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Criminal Justice

An Introduction

Author: Peter Joyce

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315455080

Category:

Page: 530

View: 3662

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This new and expanded edition builds upon material from the highly successful first edition. A comprehensive textbook on the criminal justice system, the book assesses the main theories concerned with the causes of crime (including white-collar and corporate crime), discusses the operation of all key criminal justice agencies – including the police, probation and prison services and the legal and youth justice systems –and identifies the main themes underpinning contemporary criminal justice policy. Key additions include: updated material from the first edition, incorporating changes to criminal justice policy introduced by the 2010 Coalition government; a new chapter that presents an overview of the criminal justice system; discussions of the evolving EU criminal justice system and the implications of this for UK criminal justice policy. The book is an ideal text for students taking courses in criminal justice, or studying criminal justice as a component of a broader course in criminology or the social sciences and practitoners within these fields. It is written in a highly accessible manner and has a wide range of features that include questions, key chapter themes, a timeline of main events, a glossary of key terms, a website resource guide.

The Community Justice Ideal

Author: Todd R Clear

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429976364

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 9103

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Over the past quarter-century, U.S. politicians have responded to the public's fear of crime by devoting ever more resources to building and strengthening the criminal justice apparatus, which as a result has grown tremendously in size and cost. Policymakers have also taken steps to toughen procedures for dealing with suspects and criminals, and broaden legal definitions of what constitutes crime, which has led to the incarceration, under harsher-than-ever conditions, of a record-high percentage of the U.S. population. Yet public confidence in the criminal justice apparatus is, if anything, lower than ever before, and fear of crime continues to be high.In recent years, some activists, scholars, criminal-justice officials, and politicians have begun to call for a reexamination of "get-tough" crime policies. A more sensible approach to crime, they argue, would focus on "community justice"--that is, on building healthy communities in which criminality cannot take root, and on making citizens and criminal-justice into partners rather than adversaries. In this thought-provoking study, Todd Clear and David Karp provide both a broad theoretical analysis of this ideal, and a close examination of a range of attempts to put it into practice in communities throughout the country. They conclude that by making the criminal justice system and the public into partners rather than adversaries, community-justice strategies for dealing with crime are both more effective and more resource-efficient than the failed "get-tough" approach.

The Little Book of Restorative Justice

Revised and Updated

Author: Howard Zehr

Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 1680990446

Category: Law

Page: 112

View: 2004

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Howard Zehr is the father of Restorative Justice and is known worldwide for his pioneering work in transforming understandings of justice. Here he proposes workable principles and practices for making Restorative Justice possible in this revised and updated edition of his bestselling, seminal book on the movement. (The original edition has sold more than 110,000 copies.) Restorative Justice, with its emphasis on identifying the justice needs of everyone involved in a crime, is a worldwide movement of growing influence that is helping victims and communities heal, while holding criminals accountable for their actions. This is not soft-on-crime, feel-good philosophy, but rather a concrete effort to bring justice and healing to everyone involved in a crime. In The Little Book of Restorative Justice, Zehr first explores how restorative justice is different from criminal justice. Then, before letting those appealing observations drift out of reach into theoretical space, Zehr presents Restorative Justice practices. Zehr undertakes a massive and complex subject and puts it in graspable from, without reducing or trivializing it. This resource is also suitable for academic classes and workshops, for conferences and trainings, as well as for the layperson interested in understanding this innovative and influential movement.

Constitutional Law

Author: Jacqueline Kanovitz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317523903

Category: Law

Page: 832

View: 6968

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Presents an up-to-date analysis of critical constitutional issues. Special attention is given to issues of greatest concern to criminal justice personnel — detention, arrest, search and seizure, interrogations and confessions, self-incrimination, due process, and right to counsel. Also includes constitutional aspects of criminal and civil liabilities of justice personnel, and constitutional and civil rights in the workplace. Part II presents key cases to assist in interpreting the constitutional provisions.

Reducing Reoffending

Author: Fergus McNeill,Bill Whyte

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134042701

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 3084

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Reducing Reoffending provides a critical overview of social work and community justice in Scotland, taking full account of recent developments. The book is divided into three comprehensive sections. Part one of the book provides a critical analysis of the challenge of reducing reoffending in Scotland and locates this challenge within its historical context. Part one also reviews the available evidence about when, how and why people stop offending; about desistance from crime. This analysis exposes not only the complexities of desistance processes, but also the many difficulties that offenders face in making the related transition. Part two of the book provides an account of the legal contexts of criminal justice social work services in Scotland analysing both the role that social work plays in the sentencing process and its role in supervising offenders in the community. The final part the book addresses questions of how the practice of supervision might be best developed so as to support desistance and reduce reoffending, though the books final conclusion is that reducing reoffending requires a much broader commitment to promoting and realising justice in the community.