Community Justice

An Emerging Field

Author: David R. Karp

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847690848

Category: Political Science

Page: 388

View: 6090

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Community justice is a phenomenon of growing interest among academics, policy makers, and criminal justice practitioners. The term reflects the increasing collaboration between criminal justice agencies and communities in the joint pursuit of public safety and a less tangible, but no less significant, pursuit of justice for victims, offenders, and all community members affected by crime. In this book, several leading scholars examine the central concerns of this emerging field. Subjects discussed include the role of community organizations in crime prevention; the structural and cultural issues underlying the concentration of race, poverty, and crime; community policing; and community prosecution and sanctioning.

Community justice

striving for safe, secure, and just communities

Author: Eduardo Barajas,National Institute of Corrections (U.S.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 45

View: 3406

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What is Community Justice?

Case Studies of Restorative Justice and Community Supervision

Author: David R Karp,Todd R. Clear

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452266883

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 5601

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Past methods of probation and parole supervision have largely relied on caseworkers who monitor their "clients" as well as they can. But, as numbers of "clients" increase, studies indicate that this model is ineffectual. The time has come to significantly rethink the approaches to community supervision. This book addresses the specific ways of achieving these goals by presenting six case studies of probation programs that represent a practical side of the community justice ideal. What emerges is a provocative and enlightening new approach to the problems of probation and parole.

Community Justice

Author: Todd R Clear,John R Hamilton, Jr.,Eric Cadora

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135145717

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 8377

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Community Justice discusses concepts of community within the context of justice policy and programs, and addresses the important relationship between the criminal justice system and the community in the USA. Taking a bold stance in the criminal justice debate, this book argues that crime management is more effective through the use of informal (as opposed to formal) social control. It demonstrates how an increasing number of criminal justice elements are beginning to understand that the development of partnerships within the community that enhance informal social control will lead to a stabilization and possible a decline in crime, especially violent crime, and make communities more liveable. Borrowing from an eclectic toolbox of ideas and strategies - community organizing, environmental crime prevention, private-public partnerships, justice initiatives – Community Justice puts forward a new approach to establishing safe communities, and highlights the failure of the current American justice system in its lack of vision and misuse of resources. Providing detailed information about how community justice fits within each area of the criminal justice system, and including relevant case studies to exemplify this philosophy in action, this book is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students of subjects such as criminology, law and sociology.

Community Justice

Author: Jane Winstone,Francis Pakes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134037384

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 6169

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This book provides and accessible text and critical analysis of the concepts and delivery of community justice, a focal point in contemporary criminal justice. The probation service in particular has undergone radical changes in relation to professional training, roles and delivery of services, but now operates within a mosaic of a number of inter-agency initiatives. This book aims to provide a critical appreciation of community justice, its origin and direction, and to engage with debates on the ways in which the trend towards community justice is changing the criminal justice system. At the same time it examines the inter-agency character of intervention and the developing idea of end-to-end offender management, and familiarises the reader with a number of more specialist area, such as hate crime, mental illness, substance abuse, and victims.

Community Justice

Modernising the Magistracy in England and Wales

Author: Andrew Sanders

Publisher: Institute for Public Policy Research

ISBN: 9781860301230

Category: Justices of the peace

Page: 50

View: 4547

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Restorative Community Justice

Repairing Harm and Transforming Communities

Author: Gordon Bazemore,Mara Schiff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317521714

Category: Political Science

Page: 375

View: 8776

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An anthology of original essays, this book presents debates over practice, theory, and implementation of restorative justice. Attention is focused on the movement’s direction toward a more holistic, community-oriented approach to criminal justice intervention.

The Problems of a Political Animal

Community, Justice, and Conflict in Aristotelian Political Thought

Author: Bernard Yack

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520081676

Category: Philosophy

Page: 309

View: 6334

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"Yack does a marvelous job of disentangling Aristotle's thought from contemporary communitarianism and of demonstrating how for Aristotle conflict can coexist with community. . . . A well-written, bold book that flings open the doors and lets some sunlight into a very musty room."—William Galston, Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy "An ingenious, provocative, exciting reinterpretation of Aristotle. . . . Yack's insights make this one of the most valuable things to appear on Aristotle's political thought in many years."—Harvey Goldman, author of Politics, Death and the Devil

Victims of Crime and Community Justice

Author: Brian Williams

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 1843101955

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 6216

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Can a victim's experience really be improved purely by diminishing the rights of offenders and increasing penalties for offending? Dr Williams lays bare the assumptions about victims and offenders that currently restrict efficient policy-making.

The Community Justice Ideal

Author: Todd R Clear

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429976364

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 676

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Over the past quarter-century, U.S. politicians have responded to the public's fear of crime by devoting ever more resources to building and strengthening the criminal justice apparatus, which as a result has grown tremendously in size and cost. Policymakers have also taken steps to toughen procedures for dealing with suspects and criminals, and broaden legal definitions of what constitutes crime, which has led to the incarceration, under harsher-than-ever conditions, of a record-high percentage of the U.S. population. Yet public confidence in the criminal justice apparatus is, if anything, lower than ever before, and fear of crime continues to be high.In recent years, some activists, scholars, criminal-justice officials, and politicians have begun to call for a reexamination of "get-tough" crime policies. A more sensible approach to crime, they argue, would focus on "community justice"--that is, on building healthy communities in which criminality cannot take root, and on making citizens and criminal-justice into partners rather than adversaries. In this thought-provoking study, Todd Clear and David Karp provide both a broad theoretical analysis of this ideal, and a close examination of a range of attempts to put it into practice in communities throughout the country. They conclude that by making the criminal justice system and the public into partners rather than adversaries, community-justice strategies for dealing with crime are both more effective and more resource-efficient than the failed "get-tough" approach.

The Moral Bond of Community

Justice and Discourse in Christian Morality

Author: Bernard Vincent Brady

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9780878406913

Category: Philosophy

Page: 174

View: 5665

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Comprehensive in its approach yet written in plain language, The Moral Bond of Community offers a biblically-based concept of Christian justice that can be applied to moral questions in everyday life. Brady examines four forms of Christian moral discourse -- narrative, prophetic, ethical, and policy -- and shows how each contributes to a fuller understanding of Christian morality.

Values in Criminology and Community Justice

Author: Cowburn, Malcolm,Paul Senior,Duggan, Marian,Anne Robinson

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 144730036X

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 9703

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This timely and thought-provoking collection of writings considers values in crime theory, criminal justice and research practice, uncovering the many different 'sides' that criminologists, policy makers and researchers take.

Community Justice in Australia

Developing knowledge, skills and values for working with offenders in the community

Author: Brian Stout

Publisher: Allen & Unwin

ISBN: 1952535646

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 8696

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An effective interweaving of complex theory with mainstream concepts. Overall an excellent book for use in Australian universities teaching criminology/social work.' Dr Jane Bolitho, Lecturer, Criminology and Social Sciences, UNSW The concept of community justice - of engaging with offenders within the community - offers an important new approach to the prevention of crime and the rehabilitation of offenders. Community Justice in Australia is the first text to consider how this concept can be successfully applied within Australia by social workers, criminologists, parole officers, police and anyone working with both adult and youth offenders. Brian Stout begins by defining community justice and outlining its successes in the United Kingdom and the United States. He then explains theories of offending behaviour, considers relevant Australian legislation, policy and common intervention strategies, and considers the implications of community justice approaches for both adult and juvenile offenders. Restorative justice is also examined and contrasted. The book's second half details practice issues including working in community justice organisations, the use of technology, and the need for community justice workers to co-create long-term change with their clients. The importance of risk management and protection of the public is explored together with a comprehensive guide to practice skills and working with involuntary clients. Each chapter also contains a detailed analysis of the implications and potential benefits of a community justice approach for culturally diverse groups and Indigenous people.

Occupying Disability: Critical Approaches to Community, Justice, and Decolonizing Disability

Author: Pamela Block,Devva Kasnitz,Akemi Nishida,Nick Pollard

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401799849

Category: Psychology

Page: 394

View: 9470

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This book explores the concept of "occupation" in disability well beyond traditional clinical formulations of disability: it considers disability not in terms of pathology or impairment, but as a range of unique social identities and experiences that are shaped by visible or invisible diagnoses/impairments, socio-cultural perceptions and environmental barriers and offers innovative ideas on how to apply theoretical training to real world contexts. Inspired by disability justice and “Disability Occupy Wall Street / Decolonize Disability” movements in the US and related movements abroad, this book builds on politically engaged critical approaches to disability that intersect occupational therapy, disability studies and anthropology. "Occupying Disability" will provide a discursive space where the concepts of disability, culture and occupation meet critical theory, activism and the creative arts. The concept of “occupation” is intentionally a moving target in this book. Some chapters discuss occupying spaces as a form of protest or alternatively, protesting against territorial occupations. Others present occupations as framed or problematized within the fields of occupational therapy and occupational science and anthropology as engagement in meaningful activities. The contributing authors come from a variety of professional, academic and activist backgrounds to include perspectives from theory, practice and experiences of disability. Emergent themes include: all the permutations of the concept of "occupy," disability justice/decolonization, marginalization and minoritization, technology, struggle, creativity and change. This book will engage clinicians, social scientists, activists and artists in dialogues about disability as a theoretical construct and lived experience.