Comparative Social Research

Methodological Problems and Strategies

Author: Michael Armer,Allen Day Grimshaw,Institute for Comparative Sociology

Publisher: New York ; Toronto : Wiley published under the auspices of the Institute for Comparative Sociology [1973]

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 473

View: 5697

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Methoden der vergleichenden Politik- und Sozialwissenschaft

Neue Entwicklungen und Anwendungen

Author: Susanne Pickel,Gert Pickel,Hans-Joachim Lauth,Detlef Jahn

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531161945

Category: Political Science

Page: 551

View: 7909

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Im Bereich der Methoden der vergleichenden Politikwissenschaft haben sich in den letzten Jahren vielfältige Entwicklungen ergeben, die bislang aber eher selektiv und voneinander getrennt vorgestellt wurden. Dabei fehlt es insbesondere an Publikationen, die sich an fortgeschrittenen Interessenten des Bereichs wenden und anwendungsorientierte Leitlinien für spezifische Analysetypen geben. Diese Hilfestellungen sind in der Regel in übergreifenden Einführungen, von wenigen Autoren nicht zu leisten. Dieser Band gibt eine erschöpfende Breite an derzeit verfügbaren methodischen Zugängen zur vergleichenden Sozialwissenschaft, die durch die einschlägigen Autoren der jeweiligen Gebiete fachgerecht und anwendungsorientiert gestaltet wurden.

International vergleichende Organisationsforschung

Fragestellungen, Methoden und Ergebnisse ausgewählter Untersuchungen

Author: Gert Schmidt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663121798

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 1234

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Die Autoren geben einen breiten Überblick über Methoden und Ergebnisse der international vergleichenden arbeits- und organisationssoziologischen Forschung gegeben - ein Gebiet, das gerade vor dem Hintergrund der ost- und westeuropäischen Integrationsprozesse in Zukunft noch stärker an Bedeutung gewinnen wird. Die siebzehn hier veröffentlichten Originalbeiträge stützen sich auf maßgebliche Untersuchungen und wichtige Debatten im angelsächsischen, französischen und deutschen Sprachraum.

Social Attitudes in Japan

Trends and Cross-National Perspectives

Author: Masamichi S. Sasaki,Tatsuzō Suzuki

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004125322

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 4217

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In 1953, the Institute of Statistical Mathematics began nationwide surveys of the Japanese way of thinking. Collected here are ten works describing various aspects of these ongoing surveys, exploring comparative procedures and methodologies on social attitudes research in Japan and cross-nationally. This publication has also been published in hardback (no longer available).

Sociological Worlds

Comparative and Historical Readings on Society

Author: Stephen K. Sanderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135966141

Category: Reference

Page: 388

View: 2876

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First Published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Comparative methodology

theory and practice in international social research

Author: Else Øyen

Publisher: Sage Pubns

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 4255

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Social scientists are increasingly faced with the need to conduct research on an international scale. Although there is a long-established tradition of comparative research, the design and conduct of cross-national studies continues to present serious theoretical and methodological difficulties. In this book an experienced international team of researchers explores these problems and examines how they have been addressed through specific examples of comparative research. Does comparison across national boundaries present a new set of theoretical, methodological and epistemological challenges; or is it simply a variant (however complex in practice) of other social research? How far can the findings of single-country studies be replicated and validated through cross-national research? Is there a specific comparative methodology? How do the methodological issues of comparative work cut across other debates on method? Do data already available in national and international archives offer a route towards resolving practical problems in comparative research? Exploring these and other issues in comparative methodology, this book will be essential reading for sociologists, political scientists and others engaged in international social research.

The Power of Video Technology in International Comparative Research in Education

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Board on Testing and Assessment,Board on International Comparative Studies in Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030907567X

Category: Education

Page: 44

View: 9673

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Video technology offers a number of important potential benefits to researchers and policy makers interested in international comparative research. However, a number of practical and methodological issues remain to be addressed, including sample sizes and the confidentiality of research participants. In light of the potential benefits and recognizing the unresolved issues, the Board on International Comparative Studies in Education (BICSE) offers four recommendations to researchers, funding agencies, and policy makers.

Methodological Advances in Cross-National Surveys of Educational Achievement

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Board on Testing and Assessment,Board on International Comparative Studies in Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309169813

Category: Education

Page: 384

View: 1840

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In November 2000, the Board on International Comparative Studies in Education (BICSE) held a symposium to draw on the wealth of experience gathered over a four--decade period, to evaluate improvement in the quality of the methodologies used in international studies, and to identify the most pressing methodological issues that remain to be solved. Since 1960, the United States has participated in 15 large--scale cross--national education surveys. The most assessed subjects have been science and mathematics through reading comprehension, geography, nonverbal reasoning, literature, French, English as a foreign language, civic education, history, computers in education, primary education, and second--language acquisition. The papers prepared for this symposium and discussions of those papers make up the volume, representing the most up--to--date and comprehensive assessment of methodological strengths and weaknesses of international comparative studies of student achievement. These papers answer the following questions: (1) What is the methodological quality of the most recent international surveys of student achievement? How authoritative are the results? (2) Has the methodological quality of international achievement studies improved over the past 40 years? and (3) What are promising opportunities for future improvement?

Configurational Comparative Methods

Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and Related Techniques

Author: Benoît Rihoux,Charles C. Ragin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412942357

Category: Social Science

Page: 209

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This new addition to the Applied Social Research Methods series is unrivalled, it is written by leaders in the growing field of rigorous, comparative techniques.

Changing Assessments

Alternative Views of Aptitude, Achievement and Instruction

Author: Bernard R. Gifford,Mary Catherine O'Connor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401129681

Category: Education

Page: 337

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Bernard R. Gifford As we edge toward the year 2000, the information age is a reality; the global marketplace is increasingly competitive; and the U.S. labor force is shrinking. Today more than ever, our nation's economic and social well-being hinges on our ability to tap our human resources-to identify talent, to nurture it, and to assess abilities and disabilities in ways that help every individual reach his or her full potential. In pursuing that goal, decision-makers in education, industry, and government are relying increasingly on standardized tests: sets of question- with identical directions, time limits and tasks for all test-takers-designed to permit an inference about what someone knows or can do in a particular area. CALIBRATING DIFFERENCE Our emphasis on standardized testing rests on a premise that is so basic it often escapes notice: that we humans are different from each other in ways that are both meaningful and measurable. We differ in terms of cognitive ability; aptitude for performing different kinds of mental and physical tasks; temperament; and interests. But somehow, without sufficient examination, we have taken a great collective leap from that commonplace to the notion that there are precise, measurable gradations of innate ability that can be used to direct children to the right classrooms, and adults to the right job slots.

Methodological Issues in AIDS Behavioral Research

Author: David G. Ostrow,Ronald C. Kessler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306444395

Category: Medical

Page: 354

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We are pleased to introduce a new series, Aids Prevention and Mental Health, with the publication of this volume on methodology issues in AIDS mental health research. The objective of the series is to publish high-quality and up-to-date volumes that HIV prevention and mental health researchers, clinicians, policymakers, and educators will find useful and that will thus contribute significantly to their work in these important areas.

Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences

Author: J. Wiatr

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400993536

Category: Science

Page: 271

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Modern philosophy has benefited immensely from the intelligence, and sensitivity, the creative and critical energies, and the lucidity of Polish scholars. Their investigations into the logical and methodological foundations of mathematics, the physical and biological sciences, ethics and esthetics, psychology, linguistics, economics and jurisprudence, and the social science- all are marked by profound and imaginative work. To the centers of empiricist philosophy of science in Vienna, Berlin and Cambridge during the first half of this century, one always added the great school of analytic and methodol ogical studies in Warsaw and Lwow. To the world centers of Marxist theoretical practice in Berlin, Moscow, Paris, Rome and elsewhere, one must add the Poland of the same era, from Ludwik Krzywicki (1859-1941) onward. American socialists and economists will remember the careful work of Oscar Lange, working among us for many years and then after 1945 in Warsaw, always humane, logical, objective. In this volume, our friend and colleague, Jerzy J. Wiatr, has assembled a representative set of recent essays by Polish social scientists and philosophers. Each of these might lead the reader far beyond this book, to look into the Polish Sociological Bulletin which has been publishing Polish sociological studies in English for several decades, to study other translations of books and papers by these authors, and to reflect upon the interplay of logical, phenomenological, Marxist, empiricist and historical learning in modern Polish social understanding.

International Handbook of Behavior Modification and Therapy

Second Edition

Author: Alan S. Bellack,Michel Hersen,Alan E. Kazdin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461305233

Category: Psychology

Page: 908

View: 5616

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It is particularly gratifying to prepare a second edition of a book, because there is the necessary impli cation that the first edition was well received. Moreover, now an opportunity is provided to correct the problems or limitations that existed in the first edition as well as to address recent developments in the field. Thus, we are grateful to our friends, colleagues, and students, as well as to the reviewers who have expressed their approval of the first edition and who have given us valuable input on how the revision could best be structured. Perhaps the first thing that the reader will notice about the second edition is that it is more extensive than the first. The volume currently has 41 chapters, in contrast to the 31 chapters that comprised the earlier version. Chapters 3, 9, 29, and 30 of the first edition either have been dropped or were combined, whereas 14 new chapters have been added. In effect, we are gratified in being able to reflect the continued growth of behavior therapy in the 1980s. Behavior therapists have addressed an ever-increasing number of disorders and behavioral dysfunctions in an increasing range of populations. The most notable advances are taking place in such areas as cognitive approaches, geriatrics, and behavioral medicine, and also in the treatment of childhood disorders.

Revolution and War

Author: Stephen M. Walt

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801470005

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

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Revolution within a state almost invariably leads to intense security competition between states, and often to war. In Revolution and War, Stephen M. Walt explains why this is so, and suggests how the risk of conflicts brought on by domestic upheaval might be reduced in the future. In doing so, he explores one of the basic questions of international relations: What are the connections between domestic politics and foreign policy? Walt begins by exposing the flaws in existing theories about the relationship between revolution and war. Drawing on the theoretical literature about revolution and the realist perspective on international politics, he argues that revolutions cause wars by altering the balance of threats between a revolutionary state and its rivals. Each state sees the other as both a looming danger and a vulnerable adversary, making war seem both necessary and attractive. Walt traces the dynamics of this argument through detailed studies of the French, Russian, and Iranian revolutions, and through briefer treatment of the American, Mexican, Turkish, and Chinese cases. He also considers the experience of the Soviet Union, whose revolutionary transformation led to conflict within the former Soviet empire but not with the outside world. An important refinement of realist approaches to international politics, this book unites the study of revolution with scholarship on the causes of war.

The Social Net

Understanding our online behavior

Author: Yair Amichai-Hamburger

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019164823X

Category: Psychology

Page: 296

View: 3562

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In the past two decades, the Internet has come to dominate every aspect of everyday life. This has been a huge change for many of us, and, for the younger generation - born into this situation - there has been no other way of living. How does this new way of life affect our health and happiness, our well-being? How does it affect our relationships, our friendships? Has the definition of friendship changed now that we have hundreds of friends on Facebook? Why is it that some people find it so hard to talk to people in their daily lives but find it so easy on the Internet? People spend so much time on the Internet - so what do we actually do on there? Why are some people so aggressive and others exceptionally helpful? Are these behaviors that we see from the same people offline? How do we take decisions online and which groups would we rather belong to online where nobody knows us, rather than revealing our true identity to the outside world? The new edition of 'The Social Net' provides a comprehensive understanding of the social aspects of the Internet. It contains chapters on topics such as identity manipulation, online romantic relationships, online decision making, the internet and aggression, and online prejudice and discrimination. The book provides the reader with an understanding of both the negative and positive influences of the net and is an exceptionally useful guide for for how to use the net to improve wellbeing. Today, when there is so much negative publicity surrounding the Internet - despite our reliance on it - this book provides a much needed balanced understanding of the Net and its influence.