Comparative Social Research

Methodological Problems and Strategies

Author: Michael Armer,Allen Day Grimshaw,Institute for Comparative Sociology

Publisher: New York ; Toronto : Wiley published under the auspices of the Institute for Comparative Sociology [1973]

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 473

View: 9750

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Methoden der vergleichenden Politik- und Sozialwissenschaft

Neue Entwicklungen und Anwendungen

Author: Susanne Pickel,Gert Pickel,Hans-Joachim Lauth,Detlef Jahn

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531161945

Category: Political Science

Page: 551

View: 3108

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Im Bereich der Methoden der vergleichenden Politikwissenschaft haben sich in den letzten Jahren vielfältige Entwicklungen ergeben, die bislang aber eher selektiv und voneinander getrennt vorgestellt wurden. Dabei fehlt es insbesondere an Publikationen, die sich an fortgeschrittenen Interessenten des Bereichs wenden und anwendungsorientierte Leitlinien für spezifische Analysetypen geben. Diese Hilfestellungen sind in der Regel in übergreifenden Einführungen, von wenigen Autoren nicht zu leisten. Dieser Band gibt eine erschöpfende Breite an derzeit verfügbaren methodischen Zugängen zur vergleichenden Sozialwissenschaft, die durch die einschlägigen Autoren der jeweiligen Gebiete fachgerecht und anwendungsorientiert gestaltet wurden.

Social Attitudes in Japan

Trends and Cross-National Perspectives

Author: Masamichi S. Sasaki,Tatsuzō Suzuki

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004125322

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 1252

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In 1953, the Institute of Statistical Mathematics began nationwide surveys of the Japanese way of thinking. Collected here are ten works describing various aspects of these ongoing surveys, exploring comparative procedures and methodologies on social attitudes research in Japan and cross-nationally. This publication has also been published in hardback (no longer available).

International vergleichende Organisationsforschung

Fragestellungen, Methoden und Ergebnisse ausgewählter Untersuchungen

Author: Gert Schmidt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663121798

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 6488

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Die Autoren geben einen breiten Überblick über Methoden und Ergebnisse der international vergleichenden arbeits- und organisationssoziologischen Forschung gegeben - ein Gebiet, das gerade vor dem Hintergrund der ost- und westeuropäischen Integrationsprozesse in Zukunft noch stärker an Bedeutung gewinnen wird. Die siebzehn hier veröffentlichten Originalbeiträge stützen sich auf maßgebliche Untersuchungen und wichtige Debatten im angelsächsischen, französischen und deutschen Sprachraum.

Comparative methodology

theory and practice in international social research

Author: Else Øyen

Publisher: Sage Pubns

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 700

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Social scientists are increasingly faced with the need to conduct research on an international scale. Although there is a long-established tradition of comparative research, the design and conduct of cross-national studies continues to present serious theoretical and methodological difficulties. In this book an experienced international team of researchers explores these problems and examines how they have been addressed through specific examples of comparative research. Does comparison across national boundaries present a new set of theoretical, methodological and epistemological challenges; or is it simply a variant (however complex in practice) of other social research? How far can the findings of single-country studies be replicated and validated through cross-national research? Is there a specific comparative methodology? How do the methodological issues of comparative work cut across other debates on method? Do data already available in national and international archives offer a route towards resolving practical problems in comparative research? Exploring these and other issues in comparative methodology, this book will be essential reading for sociologists, political scientists and others engaged in international social research.

Sociological Worlds

Comparative and Historical Readings on Society

Author: Stephen K. Sanderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135966141

Category: Reference

Page: 388

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First Published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Methodological Advances in Cross-National Surveys of Educational Achievement

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Board on Testing and Assessment,Board on International Comparative Studies in Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309169813

Category: Education

Page: 384

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In November 2000, the Board on International Comparative Studies in Education (BICSE) held a symposium to draw on the wealth of experience gathered over a four--decade period, to evaluate improvement in the quality of the methodologies used in international studies, and to identify the most pressing methodological issues that remain to be solved. Since 1960, the United States has participated in 15 large--scale cross--national education surveys. The most assessed subjects have been science and mathematics through reading comprehension, geography, nonverbal reasoning, literature, French, English as a foreign language, civic education, history, computers in education, primary education, and second--language acquisition. The papers prepared for this symposium and discussions of those papers make up the volume, representing the most up--to--date and comprehensive assessment of methodological strengths and weaknesses of international comparative studies of student achievement. These papers answer the following questions: (1) What is the methodological quality of the most recent international surveys of student achievement? How authoritative are the results? (2) Has the methodological quality of international achievement studies improved over the past 40 years? and (3) What are promising opportunities for future improvement?

The Power of Video Technology in International Comparative Research in Education

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Board on Testing and Assessment,Board on International Comparative Studies in Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030907567X

Category: Education

Page: 44

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Video technology offers a number of important potential benefits to researchers and policy makers interested in international comparative research. However, a number of practical and methodological issues remain to be addressed, including sample sizes and the confidentiality of research participants. In light of the potential benefits and recognizing the unresolved issues, the Board on International Comparative Studies in Education (BICSE) offers four recommendations to researchers, funding agencies, and policy makers.

Configurational Comparative Methods

Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and Related Techniques

Author: Benoît Rihoux,Charles C. Ragin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412942357

Category: Social Science

Page: 209

View: 6749

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This new addition to the Applied Social Research Methods series is unrivalled, it is written by leaders in the growing field of rigorous, comparative techniques.

Changing Assessments

Alternative Views of Aptitude, Achievement and Instruction

Author: Bernard R. Gifford,Mary Catherine O'Connor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401129681

Category: Education

Page: 337

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Bernard R. Gifford As we edge toward the year 2000, the information age is a reality; the global marketplace is increasingly competitive; and the U.S. labor force is shrinking. Today more than ever, our nation's economic and social well-being hinges on our ability to tap our human resources-to identify talent, to nurture it, and to assess abilities and disabilities in ways that help every individual reach his or her full potential. In pursuing that goal, decision-makers in education, industry, and government are relying increasingly on standardized tests: sets of question- with identical directions, time limits and tasks for all test-takers-designed to permit an inference about what someone knows or can do in a particular area. CALIBRATING DIFFERENCE Our emphasis on standardized testing rests on a premise that is so basic it often escapes notice: that we humans are different from each other in ways that are both meaningful and measurable. We differ in terms of cognitive ability; aptitude for performing different kinds of mental and physical tasks; temperament; and interests. But somehow, without sufficient examination, we have taken a great collective leap from that commonplace to the notion that there are precise, measurable gradations of innate ability that can be used to direct children to the right classrooms, and adults to the right job slots.

Issues and Methods in Comparative Politics

An Introduction

Author: Todd Landman

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415272698

Category: Philosophy

Page: 292

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Explores the importance of comparative politics, discusses different comparative methods, investigates the big issues of today and looks forward to the key challenges for comparative politics over the next century.

Advances in Comparative Survey Methods

Multinational, Multiregional, and Multicultural Contexts (3MC)

Author: Timothy P. Johnson,Beth-Ellen Pennell,Ineke A. L. Stoop,Brita Dorer

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 1118884981

Category: Social Science

Page: 1136

View: 7087

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Covers the latest methodologies and research on international comparative surveys with contributions from noted experts in the field Advances in Comparative Survey Methodology examines the most recent advances in methodology and operations as well as the technical developments in international survey research. With contributions from a panel of international experts, the text includes information on the use of Big Data in concert with survey data, collecting biomarkers, the human subject regulatory environment, innovations in data collection methodology and sampling techniques, use of paradata across the survey lifecycle, metadata standards for dissemination, and new analytical techniques. This important resource: Contains contributions from key experts in their respective fields of study from around the globe Highlights innovative approaches in resource poor settings, and innovative approaches to combining survey and other data Includes material that is organized within the total survey error framework Presents extensive and up-to-date references throughout the book Written for students and academic survey researchers and market researchers engaged in comparative projects, this text represents a unique collaboration that features the latest methodologies and research on global comparative surveys.

Methodological Issues in AIDS Behavioral Research

Author: David G. Ostrow,Ronald C. Kessler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306444395

Category: Medical

Page: 354

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We are pleased to introduce a new series, Aids Prevention and Mental Health, with the publication of this volume on methodology issues in AIDS mental health research. The objective of the series is to publish high-quality and up-to-date volumes that HIV prevention and mental health researchers, clinicians, policymakers, and educators will find useful and that will thus contribute significantly to their work in these important areas.

Polish Essays in the Methodology of the Social Sciences

Author: J. Wiatr

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400993536

Category: Science

Page: 271

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Modern philosophy has benefited immensely from the intelligence, and sensitivity, the creative and critical energies, and the lucidity of Polish scholars. Their investigations into the logical and methodological foundations of mathematics, the physical and biological sciences, ethics and esthetics, psychology, linguistics, economics and jurisprudence, and the social science- all are marked by profound and imaginative work. To the centers of empiricist philosophy of science in Vienna, Berlin and Cambridge during the first half of this century, one always added the great school of analytic and methodol ogical studies in Warsaw and Lwow. To the world centers of Marxist theoretical practice in Berlin, Moscow, Paris, Rome and elsewhere, one must add the Poland of the same era, from Ludwik Krzywicki (1859-1941) onward. American socialists and economists will remember the careful work of Oscar Lange, working among us for many years and then after 1945 in Warsaw, always humane, logical, objective. In this volume, our friend and colleague, Jerzy J. Wiatr, has assembled a representative set of recent essays by Polish social scientists and philosophers. Each of these might lead the reader far beyond this book, to look into the Polish Sociological Bulletin which has been publishing Polish sociological studies in English for several decades, to study other translations of books and papers by these authors, and to reflect upon the interplay of logical, phenomenological, Marxist, empiricist and historical learning in modern Polish social understanding.

Strategies for Comparative Research in Political Science

Author: B. Guy Peters

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137367229

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

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Written by a prominent figure in the field, this book provides an accessible introduction to comparative methodology. Drawing on a wide range of approaches throughout, it is essential reading for anyone wanting to understand or research in this major area of political science.