Confronting Capital

Critique and Engagement in Anthropology

Author: Pauline Gardiner Barber,Belinda Leach,Winnie Lem

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415896290

Category: Social Science

Page: 267

View: 6654

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Drawing on fieldwork from a range of locations around the globe, this volume explores the struggles of ordinary people in the face of capitalist change and the ways in which political economy as a mode of analysis, particularly in its Marxist variant, can move anthropology toward a vital, engaged form of scholarship that responds to the urgent need for theoretical and methodological approaches that can apprehend the forces shaping our contemporary world.

The Anthropology of Postindustrialism

Ethnographies of Disconnection

Author: Ismael Vaccaro,Krista Harper,Seth Murray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317372786

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 2633

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This volume explores how mechanisms of postindustrial capitalism affect places and people in peripheral regions and de-industrializing cities. While studies of globalization tend to emphasize localities newly connected to global systems, this collection, in contrast, analyzes the disconnection of communities away from the market, presenting a range of ethnographic case studies that scrutinize the framework of this transformative process, analyzing new social formations that are emerging in the voids left behind by the de-industrialization, and introducing a discussion on the potential impacts of the current economic and ecological crises on the hyper-mobile model that has characterized this recent phase of global capitalism and spatially uneven development.

An Anthropology of Robots and AI

Annihilation Anxiety and Machines

Author: Kathleen Richardson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317566955

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 5809

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This book explores the making of robots in labs at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). It examines the cultural ideas that go into the making of robots, and the role of fiction in co-constructing the technological practices of the robotic scientists. The book engages with debates in anthropological theorizing regarding the way that robots are reimagined as intelligent, autonomous and social and weaved into lived social realities. Richardson charts the move away from the “worker” robot of the 1920s to the “social” one of the 2000s, as robots are reimagined as companions, friends and therapeutic agents.

An Anthropological Economy of Debt

Author: Bernard Hours,Pepita Ould Ahmed

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317497082

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 9168

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Debt is often thought of as a mere economic variable governed by a simplistic mechanical logic, ignoring its other facets. Whose debt, and debt of what exactly? This volume analyzes debt as a political and social construct, with a multiplicity of purposes and agents. All of these are vectors of meanings that are highly diverse, and of subtle distinctions; they show that debt is a transverse phenomenon, cutting across spaces that are not merely economic but also domestic, social and political. Each contributor takes a fresh view of the subject, dealing with debt at a different time, in a different society, on a different scale of observation. By adopting a determinedly interdisciplinary approach, the authors reveal in the phenomenon of debt a diversity of social and gendered determinants that amount in some cases to domination, allegiance or slavery, and in others to solidarity and emancipation. Debt is at one and the same time shared, imposed, political and gendered.

Environmental Anthropology

Future Directions

Author: Helen Kopnina,Eleanor Shoreman-Ouimet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135044120

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 975

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This volume presents new theoretical approaches, methodologies, subject pools, and topics in the field of environmental anthropology. Environmental anthropologists are increasingly focusing on self-reflection - not just on themselves and their impacts on environmental research, but also on the reflexive qualities of their subjects, and the extent to which these individuals are questioning their own environmental behavior. Here, contributors confront the very notion of "natural resources" in granting non-human species their subjectivity and arguing for deeper understanding of "nature," and "wilderness" beyond the label of "ecosystem services." By engaging in interdisciplinary efforts, these anthropologists present new ways for their colleagues, subjects, peers and communities to understand the causes of, and alternatives to environmental destruction. This book demonstrates that environmental anthropology has moved beyond the construction of rural, small group theory, entering into a mode of solution-based methodologies and interdisciplinary theories for understanding human-environmental interactions. It is focused on post-rural existence, health and environmental risk assessment, on the realm of alternative actions, and emphasizes the necessary steps towards preventing environmental crisis.

Class, Contention, and a World in Motion

Author: Winnie Lem,Pauline Gardiner Barber

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845458400

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 1933

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Prevailing scholarship on migration tends to present migrants as the objects of history, subjected to abstract global forces or to concrete forms of regulation imposed by state and supra state organizations. In this volume, by contrast, the focus is on migrants as the subjects of history who not only react but also act to engage with and transform their worlds. Using ethnographic examples from Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and the Middle East, contributors question how and why particular forms of political struggle and collective action may, or indeed may not, be carried forward in the context of geographic and social border crossings. In doing so, they bring the dynamic relationship between class, gender, and culture to the forefront in each distinctive migration setting.

Emotional and Ethical Challenges for Field Research in Africa

The Story Behind the Findings

Author: S. Thomson,A. Ansoms,J. Murison

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113726375X

Category: Social Science

Page: 169

View: 1825

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Academic literature rarely gives an account of the ethical challenges and emotional pitfalls the researcher is confronted with before, during and after being in the field. Giving personal accounts, the authors explore some of the challenges one can face when engaging in local-level research in difficult situations.

Markets of English

Linguistic Capital and Language Policy in a Globalizing World

Author: Joseph Sung-Yul Park,Lionel Wee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136320474

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 2790

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The global spread of English both reproduces and reinforces oppressive structures of inequality. But such structures can no longer be seen as imposed from an imperial center, as English is now actively adopted and appropriated in local contexts around the world. This book argues that such conditions call for a new critique of global English, one that is sensitive to both the political economic conditions of globalization and speakers’ local practices. Linking Bourdieu’s theory of the linguistic market and his practice-based perspective with recent advances in sociolinguistics and linguistic anthropology, this book offers a fresh new critique of global English. The authors highlight the material, discursive, and semiotic processes through which the value of English in the linguistic market is constructed, and suggest possible policy interventions that may be adopted to address the problems of global English. Through its serious engagement with current sociolinguistic theory and insightful analysis of the multiple dimensions of English in the world, this book challenges the readers to think about what we need to do to confront the social inequalities that are perpetuated by the global spread of English

Confronting the Present

Towards a Politically Engaged Anthropology

Author: Gavin Smith

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859732007

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 3915

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Anthropologists study other people and worry about it. In the past this took the form of a professional desire to make our politics always somewhere else and to do with persons characterized as in some way different from ourselves. Now distances shrink and old forms of difference melt as global forces give rise to new processes of differentiation and new possibilities for political collectivities. How does this affect the way we might design a politically relevant anthropology? This book examines these concerns in light of the author’s shift from the study of rather distant people to people and places closer to home – a trend to be found within the discipline as a whole. How should anthropology respond to this change, as it increasingly finds itself in stamping grounds where other disciplines are already well-entrenched? How will work being done in anthropology intersect with that in other disciplines? Will anthropologists have anything to offer debates that have been ongoing in these other disciplines, such as those relating to social citizenship and collective identity, regionalism and the constitution of space and place, hegemony and resistance, political organization and cultural expression? Conversely, what can anthropologists learn from the way other disciplines formulate these issues and problems? Written to provoke discussion, this timely book aims to initiate a dialogue not only with anthropologists, but also with those in related disciplines who share a concern with people, politics and modernity. As well as anthropologists, the issues it tackles will be of interest to geographers, economists, political scientists, social historians and sociologists.

Facing racism in education

Author: Sonya L. Anderson,Polly F. Attwood,Lionel C. Howard

Publisher: Harvard Educational Review Reprint Series

ISBN: 9780916690427

Category: Education

Page: 315

View: 1075

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"The third edition of Facing Racism in Education continues the work begun in the first and second editions: breaking the silence about the experiences of people of color in education. The new volume features equal measures of classic essays from the previous two editions and new essays written since 1996. Together they offer a complex and compelling view of race in today's education world."--BOOK JACKET.

Trade Unions and Social Research

Author: Keith Forrester,Colin Thorne

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781856283540

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 215

View: 1923

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A collection of papers based on a conference held in July 1991, the aim of which was to provide a forum to discuss examples of existing relationships between professional researchers and trade unions in a number of countries.

Jenseits von Natur und Kultur

Author: Philippe Descola

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518768409

Category: Social Science

Page: 638

View: 2584

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Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.

Diebe

Die heimliche Aneignung als Ursprungserzählung in Literatur, Philosophie und Mythos

Author: Andreas Gehrlach

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783770560004

Category:

Page: 432

View: 1301

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Race and Racism in International Relations

Confronting the Global Colour Line

Author: Alexander Anievas,Nivi Manchanda,Robbie Shilliam

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415724357

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 3818

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International Relations does not grant race and racism explanatory agency in its conventional analyses. Even postcolonial approaches in the discipline do not sufficiently grapple with what W.E.B. Dubois famously termed the "global colour line". Nevertheless, it is possible to track in recent years increasing interest by IR scholars in race and racism as constitutive categories of global politics and international thought. The aim of this text is therefore to mark the long overdue arrival of - some would say return to - the "race question" in IR. Confronting the Global Colour Line will provide an accessible entry point for both IR students and scholars into the literature and debates on race and racism by borrowing insights from disciplines such as history, anthropology and sociology where race and race theory figures more prominently. Mobilized to speak to the concerns of IR, the cutting edge contributions will engage with both the theoretical and substantive aspects of confronting the global colour line. Drawing together a wide range of contributors, this much-needed book will be essential reading for students and scholars in a range of areas including Postcolonial studies, race/racism in world politics and international relations theory.

Elitesoziologie

Eine Einführung

Author: Michael Hartmann

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593374390

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

View: 8164

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Über Eliteuniversitäten und die Notwendigkeit von Eliten wird zurzeit heftig diskutiert. Aber was sind eigentlich Eliten? Was zeichnet sie aus? Sind Eliten und Demokratie überhaupt miteinander vereinbar? Michael Hartmann stellt im ersten Teil dieser Einführung die wichtigsten Elitetheorien der letzten 120 Jahre - von Mosca bis Bourdieu - in ihren wesentlichen Elementen vor und kommentiert sie kritisch. Ebenso wichtig für jeden, der sich mit Elitesoziologie beschäftigt, ist die Analyse der Eliten in den entwickelten Industrieländern, die Gegenstand des zweiten Teils sind: Wer besetzt in Wirtschaft, Politik, Verwaltung, Justiz oder Wissenschaft die Spitzenpositionen und welches sind ihre Funktionen? Michael Hartmann stellt dar, wie sich die maßgeblichen Eliten in den fünf größten Industriestaaten (Deutschland, Frankreich, Großbritannien, Japan und USA) rekrutieren, und untersucht ihre soziale Herkunft und Homogenität. Damit verbindet er auf anschauliche Weise Theorie und Empirie dieses wichtigen Teilgebiets der Soziologie.