Confronting Capital

Critique and Engagement in Anthropology

Author: Pauline Gardiner Barber,Belinda Leach,Winnie Lem

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136257470

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 1967

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This volume is an exploration of the ways in which political economy as a mode of analysis moves anthropology toward a vital, politically engaged form of scholarship. It advances the understanding of the struggles of ordinary people in the face of capitalist change. In the current economic moment when such changes are tumultuous and the instabilities of capitalism are starkly revealed, this book responds to the urgent need for theoretical and methodological approaches for understanding the forces that shape our contemporary world. Through ethnographic investigations of the quotidian, and through the thematic of politics, history and livelihoods, which distinguish Marxist political economy in the field of anthropology, the authors here reveal the increasing complexity of everyday lives. Using examples derived from fieldwork carried out across diverse geographical locations, the authors pay particular attention to historical conditions shaping the peoples’ life trajectories. In so doing the authors engage critically, and with differing emphases, with political economy and Marxism as a mode of inquiry. This book illustrates the productive tension between observations emerging from the field and theoretical debates that is generated by anthropological ethnography.

The Anthropology of Postindustrialism

Ethnographies of Disconnection

Author: Ismael Vaccaro,Krista Harper,Seth Murray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317372786

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 1228

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This volume explores how mechanisms of postindustrial capitalism affect places and people in peripheral regions and de-industrializing cities. While studies of globalization tend to emphasize localities newly connected to global systems, this collection, in contrast, analyzes the disconnection of communities away from the market, presenting a range of ethnographic case studies that scrutinize the framework of this transformative process, analyzing new social formations that are emerging in the voids left behind by the de-industrialization, and introducing a discussion on the potential impacts of the current economic and ecological crises on the hyper-mobile model that has characterized this recent phase of global capitalism and spatially uneven development.

An Anthropology of Robots and AI

Annihilation Anxiety and Machines

Author: Kathleen Richardson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317566955

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 5965

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This book explores the making of robots in labs at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). It examines the cultural ideas that go into the making of robots, and the role of fiction in co-constructing the technological practices of the robotic scientists. The book engages with debates in anthropological theorizing regarding the way that robots are reimagined as intelligent, autonomous and social and weaved into lived social realities. Richardson charts the move away from the “worker” robot of the 1920s to the “social” one of the 2000s, as robots are reimagined as companions, friends and therapeutic agents.

An Anthropological Economy of Debt

Author: Bernard Hours,Pepita Ould Ahmed

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317497082

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 4582

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Debt is often thought of as a mere economic variable governed by a simplistic mechanical logic, ignoring its other facets. Whose debt, and debt of what exactly? This volume analyzes debt as a political and social construct, with a multiplicity of purposes and agents. All of these are vectors of meanings that are highly diverse, and of subtle distinctions; they show that debt is a transverse phenomenon, cutting across spaces that are not merely economic but also domestic, social and political. Each contributor takes a fresh view of the subject, dealing with debt at a different time, in a different society, on a different scale of observation. By adopting a determinedly interdisciplinary approach, the authors reveal in the phenomenon of debt a diversity of social and gendered determinants that amount in some cases to domination, allegiance or slavery, and in others to solidarity and emancipation. Debt is at one and the same time shared, imposed, political and gendered.

Environmental Anthropology

Future Directions

Author: Helen Kopnina,Eleanor Shoreman-Ouimet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135044120

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 8587

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This volume presents new theoretical approaches, methodologies, subject pools, and topics in the field of environmental anthropology. Environmental anthropologists are increasingly focusing on self-reflection - not just on themselves and their impacts on environmental research, but also on the reflexive qualities of their subjects, and the extent to which these individuals are questioning their own environmental behavior. Here, contributors confront the very notion of "natural resources" in granting non-human species their subjectivity and arguing for deeper understanding of "nature," and "wilderness" beyond the label of "ecosystem services." By engaging in interdisciplinary efforts, these anthropologists present new ways for their colleagues, subjects, peers and communities to understand the causes of, and alternatives to environmental destruction. This book demonstrates that environmental anthropology has moved beyond the construction of rural, small group theory, entering into a mode of solution-based methodologies and interdisciplinary theories for understanding human-environmental interactions. It is focused on post-rural existence, health and environmental risk assessment, on the realm of alternative actions, and emphasizes the necessary steps towards preventing environmental crisis.

Class, Contention, and a World in Motion

Author: Winnie Lem,Pauline Gardiner Barber

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845458400

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 5856

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Prevailing scholarship on migration tends to present migrants as the objects of history, subjected to abstract global forces or to concrete forms of regulation imposed by state and supra state organizations. In this volume, by contrast, the focus is on migrants as the subjects of history who not only react but also act to engage with and transform their worlds. Using ethnographic examples from Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and the Middle East, contributors question how and why particular forms of political struggle and collective action may, or indeed may not, be carried forward in the context of geographic and social border crossings. In doing so, they bring the dynamic relationship between class, gender, and culture to the forefront in each distinctive migration setting.

Emotional and Ethical Challenges for Field Research in Africa

The Story Behind the Findings

Author: S. Thomson,A. Ansoms,J. Murison

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113726375X

Category: Social Science

Page: 169

View: 2287

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Academic literature rarely gives an account of the ethical challenges and emotional pitfalls the researcher is confronted with before, during and after being in the field. Giving personal accounts, the authors explore some of the challenges one can face when engaging in local-level research in difficult situations.

Confronting the Present

Towards a Politically Engaged Anthropology

Author: Gavin Smith

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859732007

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 8417

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Anthropologists study other people and worry about it. In the past this took the form of a professional desire to make our politics always somewhere else and to do with persons characterized as in some way different from ourselves. Now distances shrink and old forms of difference melt as global forces give rise to new processes of differentiation and new possibilities for political collectivities. How does this affect the way we might design a politically relevant anthropology? This book examines these concerns in light of the author’s shift from the study of rather distant people to people and places closer to home – a trend to be found within the discipline as a whole. How should anthropology respond to this change, as it increasingly finds itself in stamping grounds where other disciplines are already well-entrenched? How will work being done in anthropology intersect with that in other disciplines? Will anthropologists have anything to offer debates that have been ongoing in these other disciplines, such as those relating to social citizenship and collective identity, regionalism and the constitution of space and place, hegemony and resistance, political organization and cultural expression? Conversely, what can anthropologists learn from the way other disciplines formulate these issues and problems? Written to provoke discussion, this timely book aims to initiate a dialogue not only with anthropologists, but also with those in related disciplines who share a concern with people, politics and modernity. As well as anthropologists, the issues it tackles will be of interest to geographers, economists, political scientists, social historians and sociologists.

Markets of English

Linguistic Capital and Language Policy in a Globalizing World

Author: Joseph Sung-Yul Park,Lionel Wee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136320466

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 226

View: 8743

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The global spread of English both reproduces and reinforces oppressive structures of inequality. But such structures can no longer be seen as imposed from an imperial center, as English is now actively adopted and appropriated in local contexts around the world. This book argues that such conditions call for a new critique of global English, one that is sensitive to both the political economic conditions of globalization and speakers’ local practices. Linking Bourdieu’s theory of the linguistic market and his practice-based perspective with recent advances in sociolinguistics and linguistic anthropology, this book offers a fresh new critique of global English. The authors highlight the material, discursive, and semiotic processes through which the value of English in the linguistic market is constructed, and suggest possible policy interventions that may be adopted to address the problems of global English. Through its serious engagement with current sociolinguistic theory and insightful analysis of the multiple dimensions of English in the world, this book challenges the readers to think about what we need to do to confront the social inequalities that are perpetuated by the global spread of English

Trade Unions and Social Research

Author: Keith Forrester,Colin Thorne

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781856283540

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 215

View: 6893

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A collection of papers based on a conference held in July 1991, the aim of which was to provide a forum to discuss examples of existing relationships between professional researchers and trade unions in a number of countries.

Nonprofit-Management

Beispiele für Best Practices im Dritten Sektor

Author: Bernd Helmig,Robert Purtschert

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834990485

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 372

View: 4858

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Überblick über die jüngere historische Entwicklung des NPO-Managements und das Umfeld von NPO. Führungskräfte berichten, wie Organisationen erfolgreich positioniert und gemanagt werden können, um Wachstum und Überschüsse zu erzielen. Die Beiträge zeichnen sich durch ein breites Spektrum von Rechtsformen (Verein, Stiftung, Verband etc.), von "Branchen" (Gesundheit, Soziale Dienstleistungen, Politik, Wirtschaft) sowie länderspezifischen Besonderheiten aus. Die 2. Auflage wurde aktualisiert und um einen Beitrag zum Erfolgreichen Gewerkschaftsmanagement am Beispiel des Gewerkschaftsverbands Angestellte Schweiz - VSAM erweitert.

Kultur all inclusive

Identität, Tradition und Kulturerbe im Zeitalter des Massentourismus

Author: Burkhard Schnepel,Felix Girke,Eva-Maria Knoll

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 383942089X

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 8815

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Wie ist es um das Verhältnis zwischen modernem Massentourismus und den unterschiedlichen Spielarten von »Kulturerbe« bestellt? Wo Einheimische und Touristen aufeinandertreffen, verändern materielles wie immaterielles Kulturerbe - ja oft sogar Ethnizität und sozio-kulturelle Identität - ihre Ausdrucksformen und Bedeutungsinhalte. Vielfach entsteht Kulturerbe - oder das, was als solches verstanden und (an-)erkannt wird - in der touristischen Arena erst neu. Das Hauptinteresse des Buchs gilt dieser generativen Dynamik, in der Kulturerbe selektiert, präsentiert, produziert und kommodifiziert wird.

Rückkehr durch die Hintertür

Author: Epeli Hau'ofa

Publisher: Unionsverlag

ISBN: 3293303021

Category: Fiction

Page: 144

View: 672

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In Tonga gilt als miserabler Erzähler, wer seine Zuhörer nicht zum Lachen bringt. Lach- und Lügengeschichten über seine kleine Insel im Pazifik erzählt auch Epeli Hau'ofa. Hier gelten ganz andere Regeln als für den Rest der Welt. Die größte Tugend ist heiteres Nichtstun, das allerdings immer wieder durch penetrante Entwicklungshelfer gestört wird. Sie haben die Insel als ideales Terrain für Hilfsprojekte entdeckt, was allerhand lästige Betriebsamkeit verursacht. Doch bald entwickeln sich die Bewohner zu international hochgeschätzten Experten im Einreichen korrekter Gesuche und Empfangen von Hilfe. Epeli Hau'ofas geschliffene Satiren funkeln vor Spott und Selbstironie und gehören heute zum grundlegenden Lesestoff und Denkanstoß der pazifischen Welt.

Interkulturelle Bildung

Eine Einführung

Author: Marianne Krüger-Potratz

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 3830964846

Category: Education

Page: 304

View: 4695

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Die Einführung ist als Arbeitsbuch für Studierende und Lehrende konzipiert: Sie bietet eine Anleitung zur kritischen Auseinandersetzung mit der Geschichte der Interkulturellen Bildung, einerseits und mit den seit den 1960er Jahren entwickelten Konzepten interkultureller Bildung und Erziehung andererseits. Die Darstellung der Geschichte der interkulturellen Bildung beginnt hier nicht erst in den 1960er Jahren, sondern schließt das 19. und frühe 20. Jahrhundert unter der Frage nach dem Umgang mit dem 'Fremden' und dem 'Eigenen' in Bildungspolitik und Pädagogik ein. Damit wird sichtbar, in welcher Tradition die Interkulturelle Pädagogik als Fachrichtung ebenso wie die aktuell geltenden bildungspolitischen und -rechtlichen Regelungen für die verschiedenen Zuwanderergruppen stehen. Ein Kapitel ist speziell terminologischen Fragen und weiteren Problemen gewidmet, die bei der Erschließung von Texten und Materialien und bei der Gestaltung eigener Texte eine Rolle spielen. Zur Unterstützung der eigenständigen Arbeit sind jedem Kapitel Aufgaben beigefügt; Lösungshinweise sind im Anhang beigegeben. Den Abschluss bildet ein Service-Kapitel zur leichteren Orientierung in der Fachliteratur. Dr. Marianne Krüger-Potratz, geb. 1943, ist Professorin (i.R.) für Interkulturelle Pädagogik an der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster. Arbeitsschwerpunkte: Interkulturelle Bildung; historische Minderheitenbildungsforschung.

Urban Theory

New critical perspectives

Author: Mark Jayne,Kevin Ward

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317644484

Category: Social Science

Page: 354

View: 7545

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Urban Theory: New Critical Perspectives provides an introduction to innovative critical contributions to the field of urban studies. Chapters offer easily accessible and digestible reviews, and as a reference text Urban Theory is a comprehensive and integrated primer which covers topics necessary for a full understanding of recent theoretical engagements with cities. The introduction outlines the development of urban theory over the past two hundred years and discusses significant theoretical, methodological and empirical challenges facing the field of urban studies in the context of an increasing globally inter-connected world. The chapters explore twenty-four topics, which are new additions to the urban theoretical debate, highlighting their relationship to long established concerns that continue to have intellectual purchase, and which also engage with rich new and emerging avenues for debate. Each chapter considers the genealogy of the topic at hand and also includes case studies which explain key terms or provide empirical examples to guide the reader to a better understanding of how theory adds to our understanding of the complexities of urban life. This book offers a critical and assessable introduction to original and groundbreaking urban theory and will be essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students in human geography, sociology, anthropology, cultural studies, economics, planning, political science and urban studies.