Constructibility

Author: Keith J. Devlin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110716835X

Category: Computers

Page: 437

View: 8267

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A comprehensive account of the theory of constructible sets at an advanced level, aimed at graduate mathematicians.

Computability in Context

Computation and Logic in the Real World

Author: S Barry Cooper,Andrea Sorbi

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1908978767

Category: Mathematics

Page: 420

View: 9216

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Computability has played a crucial role in mathematics and computer science, leading to the discovery, understanding and classification of decidable/undecidable problems, paving the way for the modern computer era, and affecting deeply our view of the world. Recent new paradigms of computation, based on biological and physical models, address in a radically new way questions of efficiency and challenge assumptions about the so-called Turing barrier. This volume addresses various aspects of the ways computability and theoretical computer science enable scientists and philosophers to deal with mathematical and real-world issues, covering problems related to logic, mathematics, physical processes, real computation and learning theory. At the same time it will focus on different ways in which computability emerges from the real world, and how this affects our way of thinking about everyday computational issues. Contents:Computation, Information, and the Arrow of Time (P Adriaans & P van Emde Boas)The Isomorphism Conjecture for NP (M Agrawal)The Ershov Hierarchy (M M Arslanov)Complexity and Approximation in Reoptimization (G Ausiello et al.)Definability in the Real Universe (S B Cooper)HF-Computability (Y L Drshov et al.)The Mathematics of Computing Between Logic and Physics (G Longo & T Paul)Liquid State Machines: Motivation, Theory, and Applications (W Maass)Experiments on an Internal Approach to Typed Algorithms in Analysis (D Normann)Recursive Functions: An Archeological Look (P Odifreddi)Reverse Mathematics and Well-Ordering Principles (M Rathjen & A Weiermann)Discrete Transfinite Computation Models (P D Welch) Readership: Researchers in computational mathematics, logic, and theoretical computer science. Keywords:Computability;Logic;Real World;Turing Barrier;Real Computation;Learning Theory

Logic Colloquium 2005

Author: Costas Dimitracopoulos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052188425X

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 9445

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This 2007 volume includes surveys, tutorials, and selected research papers on advances in logic.

Fundamentals of Mathematical Logic

Author: Peter G. Hinman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439864276

Category: Mathematics

Page: 896

View: 6447

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This introductory graduate text covers modern mathematical logic from propositional, first-order and infinitary logic and Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems to extensive introductions to set theory, model theory and recursion (computability) theory. Based on the author's more than 35 years of teaching experience, the book develops students' intuition by presenting complex ideas in the simplest context for which they make sense. The book is appropriate for use as a classroom text, for self-study, and as a reference on the state of modern logic.

Recursion Theory

Computational Aspects of Definability

Author: Chi Tat Chong,Liang Yu

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110275643

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 4600

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This monograph presents recursion theory from a generalized and largely global point of view. A major theme is the study of the structures of degrees arising from two key notions of reducibility, the Turing degrees and the hyperdegrees, using ideas and techniques beyond those of classical recursion theory. These include structure theory, hyperarithmetic determinacy and rigidity, basis theorems, independence results on Turing degrees, as well as applications to higher randomness.

Pillars of Computer Science

Essays Dedicated to Boris (Boaz) Trakhtenbrot on the Occasion of His 85th Birthday

Author: Arnon Avron,Nachum Dershowitz,Alexander Rabinovich

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540781277

Category: Computers

Page: 683

View: 6732

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For over half a century, Boris (Boaz) Trakhtenbrot has made seminal contributions to virtually all of the central areas of theoretical computer science. This festschrift volume readily illustrates the profound influence he has had on the field.

Logical Approaches to Computational Barriers

Second Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2006, Swansea, UK, June 30-July 5, 2006, Proceedings

Author: Arnold Beckmann,Ulrich Berger,Benedikt Löwe,John V. Tucker

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540354689

Category: Computers

Page: 608

View: 5211

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2006, held in Swansea, UK, June/July 2006. The book presents 31 revised full papers together with 30 invited papers, including papers corresponding to 8 plenary talks and 6 special sessions on proofs and computation, computable analysis, challenges in complexity, foundations of programming, mathematical models of computers and hypercomputers, and Gödel centenary: Gödel's legacy for computability.

Admissible Sets and Structures

Author: Jon Barwise

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316739414

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 8984

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Since their inception, the Perspectives in Logic and Lecture Notes in Logic series have published seminal works by leading logicians. Many of the original books in the series have been unavailable for years, but they are now in print once again. Admissible set theory is a major source of interaction between model theory, recursion theory and set theory, and plays an important role in definability theory. In this volume, the seventh publication in the Perspectives in Logic series, Jon Barwise presents the basic facts about admissible sets and admissible ordinals in a way that makes them accessible to logic students and specialists alike. It fills the artificial gap between model theory and recursion theory and covers everything the logician should know about admissible sets.

Higher Recursion Theory

Author: Gerald E. Sacks

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107168430

Category: Mathematics

Page: 360

View: 7513

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Since their inception, the Perspectives in Logic and Lecture Notes in Logic series have published seminal works by leading logicians. Many of the original books in the series have been unavailable for years, but they are now in print once again. This volume, the second publication in the Perspectives in Logic series, is an almost self-contained introduction to higher recursion theory, in which the reader is only assumed to know the basics of classical recursion theory. The book is divided into four parts: hyperarithmetic sets, metarecursion, α-recursion, and E-recursion. This text is essential reading for all researchers in the field.

Computability in Analysis and Physics

Author: Marian B. Pour-El,J. Ian Richards

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107168449

Category: Mathematics

Page: 218

View: 1687

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Since their inception, the Perspectives in Logic and Lecture Notes in Logic series have published seminal works by leading logicians. Many of the original books in the series have been unavailable for years, but they are now in print once again. In this volume, the first publication in the Perspectives in Logic series, Pour-El and Richards present the first graduate-level treatment of computable analysis within the tradition of classical mathematical reasoning. The book focuses on the computability or noncomputability of standard processes in analysis and physics. Topics include classical analysis, Hilbert and Banach spaces, bounded and unbounded linear operators, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and equations of mathematical physics. The work is self-contained, and although it is intended primarily for logicians and analysts, it should also be of interest to researchers and graduate students in physics and computer science.

Metamathematics of First-Order Arithmetic

Author: Petr Hájek,Pavel Pudlák

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107168414

Category: Mathematics

Page: 474

View: 6412

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Since their inception, the Perspectives in Logic and Lecture Notes in Logic series have published seminal works by leading logicians. Many of the original books in the series have been unavailable for years, but they are now in print once again. This volume, the third publication in the Perspectives in Logic series, is a much-needed monograph on the metamathematics of first-order arithmetic. The authors pay particular attention to subsystems (fragments) of Peano arithmetic and give the reader a deeper understanding of the role of the axiom schema of induction and of the phenomenon of incompleteness. The reader is only assumed to know the basics of mathematical logic, which are reviewed in the preliminaries. Part I develops parts of mathematics and logic in various fragments. Part II is devoted to incompleteness. Finally, Part III studies systems that have the induction schema restricted to bounded formulas (bounded arithmetic).

Model-Theoretic Logics

Author: J. Barwise,S. Feferman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316739392

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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Since their inception, the Perspectives in Logic and Lecture Notes in Logic series have published seminal works by leading logicians. Many of the original books in the series have been unavailable for years, but they are now in print once again. This volume, the eighth publication in the Perspectives in Logic series, brings together several directions of work in model theory between the late 1950s and early 1980s. It contains expository papers by pre-eminent researchers. Part I provides an introduction to the subject as a whole, as well as to the basic theory and examples. The rest of the book addresses finitary languages with additional quantifiers, infinitary languages, second-order logic, logics of topology and analysis, and advanced topics in abstract model theory. Many chapters can be read independently.

Proper and Improper Forcing

Author: Saharon Shelah

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107168368

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1068

View: 4063

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Since their inception, the Perspectives in Logic and Lecture Notes in Logic series have published seminal works by leading logicians. Many of the original books in the series have been unavailable for years, but they are now in print once again. This volume, the fifth publication in the Perspectives in Logic series, studies set-theoretic independence results (independence from the usual set-theoretic ZFC axioms), in particular for problems on the continuum. The author gives a complete presentation of the theory of proper forcing and its relatives, starting from the beginning and avoiding the metamathematical considerations. No prior knowledge of forcing is required. The book will enable a researcher interested in an independence result of the appropriate kind to have much of the work done for them, thereby allowing them to quote general results.

Recursively Enumerable Sets and Degrees

A Study of Computable Functions and Computably Generated Sets

Author: Robert I. Soare

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540152996

Category: Mathematics

Page: 437

View: 9652

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..."The book, written by one of the main researchers on the field, gives a complete account of the theory of r.e. degrees. .... The definitions, results and proofs are always clearly motivated and explained before the formal presentation; the proofs are described with remarkable clarity and conciseness. The book is highly recommended to everyone interested in logic. It also provides a useful background to computer scientists, in particular to theoretical computer scientists." Acta Scientiarum Mathematicarum, Ungarn 1988 ..."The main purpose of this book is to introduce the reader to the main results and to the intricacies of the current theory for the recurseively enumerable sets and degrees. The author has managed to give a coherent exposition of a rather complex and messy area of logic, and with this book degree-theory is far more accessible to students and logicians in other fields than it used to be." Zentralblatt für Mathematik, 623.1988