Methods in Karst Hydrogeology

IAH: International Contributions to Hydrogeology, 26

Author: Nico Goldscheider,David Drew

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482266024

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 9111

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The importance of investigating karstified aquifers lies in their significance as a major source of drinking water. This book describes methods that are basic to all hydrogeological studies, such as hydraulic investigations, hydrochemistry, geophysics, isotope chemistry and modelling, but with the emphasis placed on their application to karst systems. Other techniques are specific to the karst environment, such as the speleological exploration of aquifers and water tracing. The various chapters of this book are written by experts in different methods. Most of the chapters are multi-authored, and the authors include hydrogeologists who are experienced in evaluating a variety of karst environments and who together, provide a comprehensive review of karst methods.

History of Hydrogeology

Author: Nicholas Howden,John Mather

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203071344

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 1314

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Lessons can be learnt from the past; from time to time it is useful for practitioners to look back over the historical developments of their science. Hydrogeology has developed from humble beginnings into the broad church of investigatory procedures which collectively form the modern-day hydrogeologist’s tool box. Hydrogeology remains a branch of the over-arching science of geology and today provides analysis of the sub-surface part of the water cycle within a holistic approach to problem solving. The History of Hydrogeology, is a first attempt to bring the story of the evolution of the science of hydrogeology together from a country- or region-specific viewpoint. It does not cover history to the present day, nor does it deal with all countries involved in groundwater studies, but rather takes the story for specific key countries up and until about the period 1975 to 1980. This is when hydrogeology was still evolving and developing, and in some areas doing so quite rapidly. The book has been written not only for practitioners of hydrogeology and hydrology but also for teachers and students to see the context of the evolution of the science around the globe. The History of Hydrogeology will also be of interest to science historians and all those interested in the role that individuals, institutes and nations have played over the years in defining modern day studies of groundwater.

Contemporary hydrology

towards holistic environmental science

Author: Robert L. Wilby

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: 9780471966364

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 1058

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Traditional approaches to hydrology have favoured a reductionist perspective. This text argues that hydrologists of the 21st century must increasingly look beyond the traditional boundaries of river channel or river catchment areas to consider new questions: firstly, how water resources should be managed in an integrated and sustainable way with a growing appreciation of the global dimension to water resource problems; secondly, how the search for solutions to water pollution, flooding, drought and environmental degradation requires a broader understanding of transboundary connections between components of the hydrosphere across a range of spatial and temporal scales. In an emerging age of water shortage, increasing dependence will also be placed upon existing monitoring and water distribution networks. Advances in data gathering systems and hydrological modelling have created new opportunities for assessing and managing these water resources. Similarly ecohydrology and palaeohydrological techniques are generating new types of data for model development and testing. This text will provide an excellent overview for post-graduates and researchers studying hydrology, meterology, environmental science and related topics. It will also be useful as supplementary reading for 2nd/3rd year undergraduates in these areas. The ruins of the flooded Derwent village emerged from Ladybower Reservoir, Derbyshire UK in autumn 1995. This image highlights a number of issues pertinent to contemporary hydrology such as: winter droughts severely restrict the replenishment on upland communities; the uneasy relationship between forestry and water resources in water supply catchments; water quality problems associated with acidification, turbidity and sedimentation; the aesthetic and ammenity value of impounded waters

Military Aspects of Hydrogeology

Author: Edward P. F. Rose,J. D. Mather

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862393400

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 2794

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This book contains 20 papers from authors in the UK, USA, Germany and Austria. Historically, it gives examples of the influence of groundwater on battlefield tactics and fortress construction; describes how groundwater was developed for water supply and overcome as an obstacle to military engineering and cross-country vehicular movement by both sides in World Wars I and II; and culminates with examples of the application of hydrogeology to site boreholes in recent conflicts, notably in Afghanistan. Examples of current research described include hydrological model development; the impact of variations in soil moisture on explosive threat detection and cross-country vehicle mobility; contamination arising from defence sites and its remediation; privatization of water supplies; and the equitable allocation of resources derived from an international transboundary aquifer.

The Fundamentals of Paleohydrogeology of Ore Deposits

Author: Evgeny A. Baskov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642716717

Category: Science

Page: 253

View: 9682

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This book deals with the problems and methods of paleohydrogeolo gy in relation to ore deposit studies. It presents a description of dif ferent techniques used in the course of structural-paleohydrogeologi cal, paleo hydrogeochemical and paleo hydro geothermal investiga tions. It also provides itlformation on the regular, regional patterns of formation and subsequent distribution of ground water within dif ferent shells of the Earth. The main aspects of metal content of ground water and contemporary processes of ore genesis are discuss ed. Ore deposits are classified according to paleohydrogeological con ditions under which they were formed. The readers are acquainted with paleohydrogeological analysis of these conditions for different types of ore deposits, namely (1) ore deposits formed in artesian basins, in which sedimentary rocks were predominant both at the time of magmatic activity and in the periods free of this activity; (2) ore deposits formed in artesian, ad artesian basins (and admassifs) characterized by extensive development of volcanic rocks and magmatic activity; (3) ore deposits that originated in hydrogeological massifs (and admassifs) in the process of formation of linear weather ing crusts. This book, which should be of great interest to geologists engaged in prospecting for and exploration and study of ore minerals, also in cludes 38 tables, 60 illustrations and a bibliography of 450 titles. EVGENY A. BASKOV Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 The Science of Paleohydrogeology and Its Objectives in Ore Deposit Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2 Principal Distribution Patterns of Contemporary Ground Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2. 1 Notion of Hydrosphere . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology

Geotechnika - Selected Translations of Russian Geotechnical Literature 8

Author: A.M. Galperin et al.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789054101390

Category: Science

Page: 377

View: 2902

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This text is concerned with the interaction of groundwater as a complex solution, with rock as a multi-phase system, taking into account the phenomena occurring in rock strata as a result of various engineering activities. Readers can find a wealth of information to enable them to assess rock properties, plan mining activities and forecast rock strata behaviour in the construction and operation of mines, as well as understand the application of technology to facilitate safer, more efficient, more economic and environmentally sensitive geological engineering.

Fractured Rock Hydrogeology

Author: John M. Sharp

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1138001597

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 3382

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Fractured rocks extend over much of the world, cropping out in shields, massifs, and the cores of major mountain ranges. They also form the basement below younger sedimentary rocks; at depth; they represent a continuous environment of extended and deep regional groundwater flow. Understanding of groundwater flow and solute transport in fractured rocks is vital for analysis of water resources, water quality and environmental protection, geotechnical and engineering projects, and geothermal energy production. Book chapters include theoretical and practical analyses using numerical modelling, geochemistry, isotopes, aquifer tests, laboratory tests, field mapping, geophysics, geological analyses, and some unique combinations of these types of investigation. Current water resource and geotechnical problems in many countries—and the techniques now used to address them—are also discussed. The importance of geological interpretation is re-emphasised in analysing the hydrogeology of fractured, mostly crystalline rocks and in how critical this is for understanding their hydrology and the wise utilisation of resources. This is indeed hydrogeology in its broadest sense. The importance of, but great difficulty in, extending or upscaling fractured rock hydraulic properties is also made clear. This book is aimed at practicing hydrogeologists, engineers, ecologists, resource managers, and perhaps most importantly, students and earth scientists not yet familiar with the ubiquity and importance of fractured rock systems.

Effective Parameters of Hydrogeological Models

Author: Vikenti Gorokhovski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642237223

Category: Science

Page: 153

View: 8316

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Models of geological objects are tools for interpolation and extrapolation of available data in space and time continuously. Real structures of the objects are unknown, and their models and simulated results carry uncertainty which cannot be evaluated in a provable way. The real issue is obtaining effective predictions in a reasonably defined sense. This requires a knowledge of mechanisms that convert actual geological properties into effective model parameters. These mechanisms are introduced in the book. They reveal that effective parameters are not statistics but characteristics optimizing the system made up by geological surroundings, their models, predictive problem formulations, including mathematical models of the simulated processes, boundary conditions, monitoring networks, criteria of efficiency and even by time. Examples of evaluating and applying transformation for assigning effective parameters and solving inverse problems are presented.

Geotechnical and Environmental Aspects of Waste Disposal Sites

Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Geotechnics Related to the Environment - GREEN 4, Wolverhampton, UK, 28 June-1 July 2004

Author: R.W. Sarsby,A.J. Felton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439833551

Category: Science

Page: 15

View: 2904

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Despite the importance of preserving the environment in our developing world, activity involving the extraction of natural resources and the disposal of waste continues to increase. Such operations need to be conducted in a carefully-controlled manner, protecting both the natural environment and the communities who live in the vicinity. Every four years the GREEN (Geotechnics Related to the Environment) symposia are held, recognizing the major contribution that geotechnical engineering makes towards achieving the afore-mentioned goals. The meeting provides an international forum for the exchange of ideas, experiences and innovations. The GREEN 4 meeting discussed engineered disposal of waste in landfills; land contaminated by waste disposal and fluid flows; industrial waste dumps from mineral mining and extraction; and environmental management. The book contains expertise from nineteen countries around the world, and provides an integrated view of the latest research and practice in waste disposal. New and evolving ideas, ongoing concerns and developments throughout the world are discussed.

Contemporary Urban Planning

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478437456

Category: Education

Page: 55

View: 8136

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Facts101 is your complete guide to Contemporary Urban Planning. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Nachhaltigkeit in Umwelt, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft

Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658144394

Category: Economics

Page: 287

View: 2020

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Annotation Dieses Buch ist eine Open-Access-Publikation unter einer CC BY-NC 2.5 Lizenz. Der Band vereint Beiträge aus dem Graduiertenkolleg, Nachhaltigkeit in Umwelt, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft" an der Katholischen Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt. Auf diese Weise wird der Begriff der Nachhaltigkeit aus verschiedensten Wissenschaftsdisziplinen analysiert und in seinen Anwendungsbezügen in unterschiedlichen gesellschaftlichen Feldern vorgestellt. Die AutorInnen befassen sich mit dem Problem der Nachhaltigkeit bei Wasserbilanzen und Landnutzung ebenso wie mit Sustainable Finances, Wirtschaftskrisen und der Nachhaltigkeit sozialer Sicherungssysteme; Nachhaltigkeit wird mit Bezug auf Schöpfungsglaube, Gerechtigkeit und Lärmstressoren sowie auf Handlungskompetenz und Medienberichterstattung untersucht.

Flood Issues in Contemporary Water Management

Author: J. Marsalek,W. Ed Watt,Evzen Zeman,Friedhelm Sieker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401141401

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 9961

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In 1997 disastrous flooding running through the Czech Republic, Poland, Germany took the lives of a great number of people and caused economic damage estimated in tens of billions of dollars. Flooding of the Yangtze river in 1998 killed more than 3000 people, dislocated 230 million souls, and caused direct damage of more than $ 45 billion. Both the general public and the experts are asking what we can learn from these recent events to reduce loss of life and flood damage. The 1997 floods were dealt with by experts from the Czech Republic, Poland and Germany, who presented timely reports on combatting floods, both success stories and shortcomings. This experience is further extended by reports from experts drawn from 13 other countries, developing a broad overview of flood risk management, covering the ecosystem approach to flood management, including socioeconomic issues, flood impacts on water quality, human health, and natural ecosystems.

Nature and History in Modern Italy

Author: Marco Armiero,Marcus Hall

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 082144347X

Category: Nature

Page: 295

View: 2878

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Is Italy il bel paese—the beautiful country—where tourists spend their vacations looking for art, history, and scenery? Or is it a land whose beauty has been cursed by humanity’s greed and nature’s cruelty? The answer is largely a matter of narrative and the narrator’s vision of Italy. The fifteen essays in Nature and History in Modern Italy investigate that nation’s long experience in managing domesticated rather than wild natures and offer insight into these conflicting visions. Italians shaped their land in the most literal sense, producing the landscape, sculpting its heritage, embedding memory in nature, and rendering the two different visions inseparable. The interplay of Italy’s rich human history and its dramatic natural diversity is a subject with broad appeal to a wide range of readers.

Water Resources and Water Management

Author: M.K. Jermar

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870199

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 8309

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The size and number of water projects and other development activities which influence the hydrological cycle have reached such proportions that the majority of problems involved extend beyond the boundaries of the traditional disciplines of hydraulics, hydrochemistry, hydrology and hydrogeology. New scientific methods for the solution of the contemporary problems in water management include analogy, operation research, system analysis and cybernetics. The distinctive features of these methods are their emphasis on measurement and on the use of conceptual models described in quantitative terms, the verification of their theoretical predictions, and their awareness that concepts are conditional and subject to growth and continuous change. This new approach should be defined within the framework of water resources management, i.e. within a complex of activities whose objective is the optimum utilization of water resources with regard to their quality and availability and the requirements of society. These water management activities should at the same time also ensure an optimum living environment, above all through protection of water resources against deterioration and exhaustion as well as through the protection of society against the harmful effects of water. In the course of these activities water resources management should avail itself of the entire spectrum of explicit sciences, gradually coming to form the sphere of its own theory. This monograph deals with the fundamental interdisciplinary problems of this complex sphere, an understanding of which is indispensable for successful water resources management in the widest sense of its social functions and environmental consequences. Thus, a common basis is provided for the mutual understanding of specialists from different backgrounds.

Introducing Groundwater

Author: Price, Michael (Senior Lecturer in Hydrogeology, University of Reading)

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134982739

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 1370

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Presented in a style intended for the non-specialist reader, with technical terms and mathematical formulae kept to a minimum, the second edition of this introduction to groundwater covers a range of topics as they relate to hydrogeology. A major new chapter focuses on pollution.

Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping

IAH-Selected Papers

Author: Andrzej J. Witkowski,Andrzej Kowalczyk,Jaroslav Vrba

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 020393458X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 260

View: 4715

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This volume presents the contemporary issues surrounding groundwater pollution risk assessment and the application of vulnerability and risk assessment maps for the effective protection and management of aquifers. Numerous new and improved approaches to intrinsic and specific vulnerability assessment (modified DRASTIC, GOD, VULK, VURAAS) are described, some coupled with geophysical and hydrological surveys and hydrodynamic and transport modelling. Widespread use is made of GIS format.