Contemporary Theories and Systems in Psychology

Author: Benjamin B. Wolman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468438212

Category: Psychology

Page: 652

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Twenty years is a long time in the life of a science. While the historical roots of psychology have not changed since the first edition of this book, some of the offshoots of the various theories and systems discussed have been crit ically reexamined and have undergone far-reaching modifications. New and bold research has led to a broadening of perspectives, and recent devel opments in several areas required a considerable amount of rewriting. I have been fortunate in the last fifteen years to have worked with about 2,000 psychologists and other behavioral scientists who contributed to several collected volumes I have edited. As the editor-in-chief of the In ternational Encyclopedia of Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Neurol ogy, I have had the privilege of reading, scrutinizing, and editing the work of 1,500 experts in psychology and related disciplines. In addition, I have written several books and monographs and over one hundred scientific papers. Armed with all that experience, I have carefully examined the pages of the first edition. Chapter 8 required substantial rewriting and several new sections have been added to other chapters: "Current Soviet Psychol ogy" (Chapter 2, Section 7); "New Ideas on Purposivism" (Chapter 5, Sec tion 4); "Recent Developments in the Sociological School of Psychoanalysis" (Chapter 9, Section 4); and "Present Status of Gestalt Psychology" (Chapter 12, Section 4). Chapter 15 was omitted, and two new chapters were added: Chapter 14 ("Humanistic Psychology") and Chapter 16 ("Selected Research Areas").

Current Systems in Psychology

History, Theory, Research, and Applications

Author: Noel W. Smith

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780830414871

Category: Education

Page: 430

View: 6036

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Noel Smith presents a comprehensive and engaging text that strives to tell students "what today's systems of psychology are saying." He offers in-depth coverage of more recent systems of psychology, beyond the traditional classical systems of psychology. Smith focuses on the core areas of psychological systems that have impact today, such as the cognitive system, the humanistic system, the psychoanalytic systems, the behavioral system, the ecological perspective, and the phenomenological approach. His thorough coverage of the contemporary, post 1950's systems of psychology—including post modernism and social constructionism, dialectical psychology, interbehavioral field psychology, operant subjectivity, and community psychology, to name a few—offers a modern view of the current systems of psychology to today's psychology students.

The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory

Author: Theodore R. Schatzki,Karin Knorr-Cetina,Eike von Savigny

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415228138

Category: Philosophy

Page: 239

View: 2086

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"The essays focus on three overall themes: the character and establishment of social order, the psychological basis of human activity, and contemporary posthumanist challenges. Philosophers such as Wittgenstein and Heidegger who have been influential in the shaping of practice theory are also discussed. In examining these themes and thinkers, the essays document how practice theory stands opposed to prominent modes of thought such as individualism, intellectualism, structuralism, systems theory, and many strains of humanism and poststructuralism." "The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory is for all those interested in the role that practices play in our lives and across a large number of disciplines including philosophy, sociology, science studies, cultural theory, history and anthropology."--BOOK JACKET.

Human Behavior Theory and Social Work Practice

Author: Roberta R. Greene

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202366537

Category: Psychology

Page: 345

View: 3137

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Human Behavior Theory and Social Work Practice remains a foundation work for those interested in the practice and teaching of social work. Roberta Greene covers theoretical areas and individual theorists including classical psychoanalytic thought, Eriksonian theory, Carl Rogers, cognitive theory, systems theory, ecological perspectives, social construction, feminism, and genetics. She discusses the historical context, its philosophical roots, and major assumptions of each theory. The general theme, which distinguishes this volume, is that the person-in-environment perspective has been a central influence in the formation of the profession's knowledge base, as well as its approach to practice. Greene provides perspective on how individuals and social systems interact. This book examines how social workers can use theory to shape social work practice by increasing his or her understanding of and potential for enhancing human well-being. Greene covers the relationship between human behavior theory and professional social work practice. She also explores the challenges and limitations of each theory and addresses the following issues: how the theory serves as a framework for social work practice; how the theory lends itself to an understanding of individual, family, group, community, or organizational behavior; what the implications are of the theory for social work interventions or practice strategies; and what role it proposes for the social worker as a change agent. Throughout the profession's history, social workers have turned to a number of theoretical approaches for the organizing concepts needed to define their practice base. The aims of social work--to improve societal conditions and to enhance social functioning of and between individuals, families, and groups--are put into action across all fields of practice and realized through a variety of methods in a range of settings. This third edition, completely revised, represents a fundamental contribution to the field, and like its predecessors, will be widely used as a basic text.

Ordinary Magic

Resilience in Development

Author: Ann S. Masten

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462517269

Category: Psychology

Page: 370

View: 1233

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From a pioneering researcher, this book synthesizes the best current knowledge on resilience in children and adolescents. Ann S. Masten explores what allows certain individuals to thrive and adapt despite adverse circumstances, such as poverty, chronic family problems, or exposure to trauma. Coverage encompasses the neurobiology of resilience as well as the role of major contexts of development: families, schools, and culture. Identifying key protective factors in early childhood and beyond, Masten provides a cogent framework for designing programs to promote resilience. Complex concepts are carefully defined and illustrated with real-world examples.

Contemporary Theories of Learning

Learning Theorists ... In Their Own Words

Author: Knud Illeris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135226334

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 5984

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In this definitive collection of today’s most influential learning theorists, sixteen world-renowned experts present their understanding of what learning is and how human learning takes place. Professor Knud Illeris has collected chapters that explain both the complex frameworks in which learning takes place and the specific facets of learning, such as the acquisition of learning content, personal development, and the cultural and social nature of learning processes. Each international expert provides either a seminal text or an entirely new précis of the conceptual framework they have developed over a lifetime of study. Elucidating the key concepts of learning, Contemporary Theories of Learning provides both the perfect desk reference and an ideal introduction for students. It will prove an authoritative guide for researchers and academics involved in the study of learning, and an invaluable resource for all those dealing with learning in daily life and work. It provides a detailed synthesis of current learning theories... all in the words of the theorists themselves. The theories of Knud Illeris Peter Jarvis Robert Kegan Yrjö Engeström Bente Elkjaer Jack Mezirow Howard Gardner Peter Alheit John Heron Mark Tennant Jerome Bruner Robin Usher Thomas Ziehe Jean Lave Etienne Wenger Danny Wildemeersch & Veerle Stroobants In their own words

Contemporary Clinical Psychology

Author: Thomas G. Plante

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470872116

Category: Psychology

Page: 624

View: 5146

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A realistic and contemporary portrayal of the dynamic field of clinical psychology Thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the most current topics professionals will face in clinical practice, the Third Edition takes an integrative biopsychosocial approach throughout and features: New coverage of innovations in psychotherapy and their implications for interventions, changing populations, and assessment Up-to-date discussion of empirically supported treatments, technology-assisted treatments such as Web-based interventions, and new cognitive behavior treatments such as ACT Insights into prevention, ethics, evidence-based treatments, and confidentiality laws and regulations including HIPAA Case studies detailing the theoretical conceptualization, assessment, and treatment of clients Chapter-ending Big Picture synopses and lists of key points and terms, as well as unique Real Students, Real Questions sections featuring actual questions asked by clinical psychology students Firsthand career advice from a diverse group of mental health professionals Current and future trends, plus a step-by-step road map that covers all aspects of becoming a clinical psychologist This broad-spectrum overview of the art and science of clinical psychology explores many different perspectives in many different settings. Author Thomas Plante draws from his own experience as a practicing clinician and college professor to reveal how science and application function together in the day-to-day practice of psychology.

The Evolution of Psychoanalysis

Contemporary Theory and Practice

Author: John E. Gedo

Publisher: Other PressLlc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 246

View: 8973

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"An unusual treatise and a masterful book." -Doris K. Silverman One of the world's leading psychoanalytic scholars offers a state-of-the-art guide to the most significant developments of the past quarter of a century. Among the timely subjects covered are: the philosophic and conceptual foundations of psychoanalysis; advances in infant research; the neurobiological bases of the self; ego psychology, self psychology; the Kleinian tradition; and French psychoanalysis. "A brilliant, outspoken, and uncompromising exegesis of psychoanalysis in its every dimension.... Clearly written, lively, irreverent, and idiosyncratic, this is both a major contribution to the field, and a pleasure to read." -Edgar A. Levenson

Contemporary Theories of Knowledge

Author: John L. Pollock,Joseph Cruz

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742575144

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 4165

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This new edition of the classic Contemporary Theories of Knowledge has been significantly updated to include analyses of the recent literature in epistemology. Rather than merely making slight amendments to the first edition, Pollock and Cruz have undertaken a groundbreaking assessment of twentieth-century epistemology. This book is both an advanced textbook offering traditional discussions of foundationalism, coherentism, and reliabilism and a detailed treatise on the authors' own distinctive view, direct realism.

Career Development and Systems Theory

Connecting Theory and Practice

Author: Wendy Patton,Mary McMahon

Publisher: Sense Publishers

ISBN: 9077874135

Category: Education

Page: 408

View: 2364

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The Systems Theory Framework was developed to produce a metatheoretical framework through which the contribution of all theories to our understanding of career behaviour could be recognised. In addition it emphasises the individual as the site for the integration of theory and practice. Its utility has become more broadly acknowledged through its application to a range of cultural groups and settings, qualitative assessment processes, career counselling, and multicultural career counselling. For these reasons, the STF is a very valuable addition to the field of career theory. In viewing the field of career theory as a system, open to changes and developments from within itself and through constantly interrelating with other systems, the STF and this book is adding to the pattern of knowledge and relationships within the career field. The contents of this book will be integrated within the field as representative of a shift in understanding existing relationships within and between theories. In the same way, each reader will integrate the contents of the book within their existing views about the current state of career theory and within their current theory-practice relationship. This book should be required reading for anyone involved in career theory. It is also highly suitable as a text for an advanced career counselling or theory course. The first edition of this book appeared under the title Career Development and Systems Theory: A New Relationship. Reviewers' comments on the first edition: ."a thought provoking addition to career development literature." Canadian Journal of Counselling ."a landmark in the field of career development." Australian Journal of Career Development ."it is written in an admirable clear and concise style." British Journal of Guidance and Counseling

Comparative Psychology

A Handbook

Author: Gary Greenberg,Maury M. Haraway

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780815312819

Category: Psychology

Page: 914

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First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Contemporary Controversies in Psychoanalytic Theory, Techniques, and Their Appli

Author: Otto Kernberg

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300128369

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 6095

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In this important book, esteemed psychoanalyst Otto F. Kernberg reviews some of the recent developments and controversies in psychoanalytic theory and technique. Gathering together both previously published articles and extensive new material, Dr. Kernberg examines such issues as the new psychoanalytic views of homosexuality, bisexuality, and the influence of gender in the analytic relationship. He explores the application of psychoanalysis to non-clinical fields, including the problem of psychoanalytic research and its clinical implications, the validation of psychoanalytic interventions in the clinical process, and the challenges of psychoanalytic education. He shows how psychoanalysis can be helpful in addressing such cultural problems as socially sanctioned violence. And he asserts the continued relevance of object relations theory and its compatibility with Freud’s dual drive theory.