Contemporary Theories and Systems in Psychology

Author: Benjamin B. Wolman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468438212

Category: Psychology

Page: 652

View: 9239

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Twenty years is a long time in the life of a science. While the historical roots of psychology have not changed since the first edition of this book, some of the offshoots of the various theories and systems discussed have been crit ically reexamined and have undergone far-reaching modifications. New and bold research has led to a broadening of perspectives, and recent devel opments in several areas required a considerable amount of rewriting. I have been fortunate in the last fifteen years to have worked with about 2,000 psychologists and other behavioral scientists who contributed to several collected volumes I have edited. As the editor-in-chief of the In ternational Encyclopedia of Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Neurol ogy, I have had the privilege of reading, scrutinizing, and editing the work of 1,500 experts in psychology and related disciplines. In addition, I have written several books and monographs and over one hundred scientific papers. Armed with all that experience, I have carefully examined the pages of the first edition. Chapter 8 required substantial rewriting and several new sections have been added to other chapters: "Current Soviet Psychol ogy" (Chapter 2, Section 7); "New Ideas on Purposivism" (Chapter 5, Sec tion 4); "Recent Developments in the Sociological School of Psychoanalysis" (Chapter 9, Section 4); and "Present Status of Gestalt Psychology" (Chapter 12, Section 4). Chapter 15 was omitted, and two new chapters were added: Chapter 14 ("Humanistic Psychology") and Chapter 16 ("Selected Research Areas").

Current Systems in Psychology

History, Theory, Research, and Applications

Author: Noel W. Smith

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780830414871

Category: Education

Page: 430

View: 5966

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Noel Smith presents a comprehensive and engaging text that strives to tell students "what today's systems of psychology are saying." He offers in-depth coverage of more recent systems of psychology, beyond the traditional classical systems of psychology. Smith focuses on the core areas of psychological systems that have impact today, such as the cognitive system, the humanistic system, the psychoanalytic systems, the behavioral system, the ecological perspective, and the phenomenological approach. His thorough coverage of the contemporary, post 1950's systems of psychology—including post modernism and social constructionism, dialectical psychology, interbehavioral field psychology, operant subjectivity, and community psychology, to name a few—offers a modern view of the current systems of psychology to today's psychology students.

Human Behavior Theory and Social Work Practice

Author: Roberta Rubin Greene

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202361209

Category: Social Science

Page: 436

View: 1800

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This new edition of Human Behavior Theory and Social Work Practice provides a broadly synthetic approach to selecting theoretical concepts crucial to one's activities in casework. Centered on the notion of the client as an individual, Roberta Greene and the contributing authors examine the biological, psychological, and social aspects of development, and evaluate their utility for social work practice. Social work is characterized by a dynamic helping process and a diversity of roles, and functions. The aims of social work--to improve societal conditions for individuals, families, and groups--are put into action across all fields of practice and realized through a variety of methods in a range of settings. To work in the field, it is important to acquire conceptual frameworks that help one understand the complexities of contemporary practice. This volume is concerned with the application of knowledge about behavior in the social environment that serves as the theoretical underpinning for direct practice in social work. The chapters explore the ways in which specific theories have contributed to understanding the person in the environment construct and examine the idea that all clinical social work intervention is anchored in reshaping the context of the person in the environment configuration. The book explores the challenges and limitations of the various theories in use and addresses many relevant questions: What does the theory offer for understanding development across the lifecycle? What does each theory suggest about the interaction among biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors of human development and functioning? What does the theory suggest about healthy/functional and unhealthy/dysfunctional behaviors or wellness? Is theory universal in its application, and may it lend itself to cross-cultural social work practice? What role does theory propose for the social worker as an agent of change? Human Behavior Theory and Social Work Practice is an original contribution to social work theory, and will be mandatory reading for anyone pursuing a career in the field. Roberta R. Greene is professor and the Louis and Ann Wolens Centennial Chair in Gerontology and Social Welfare at the School of Social Work, University of Texas at Austin. She is the author of Human Behavior Theory: A Diversity Framework and Social Work with the Aged and Their Families.

Contemporary Theories of Learning

Learning Theorists ... In Their Own Words

Author: Knud Illeris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135226334

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 4643

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In this definitive collection of today’s most influential learning theorists, sixteen world-renowned experts present their understanding of what learning is and how human learning takes place. Professor Knud Illeris has collected chapters that explain both the complex frameworks in which learning takes place and the specific facets of learning, such as the acquisition of learning content, personal development, and the cultural and social nature of learning processes. Each international expert provides either a seminal text or an entirely new précis of the conceptual framework they have developed over a lifetime of study. Elucidating the key concepts of learning, Contemporary Theories of Learning provides both the perfect desk reference and an ideal introduction for students. It will prove an authoritative guide for researchers and academics involved in the study of learning, and an invaluable resource for all those dealing with learning in daily life and work. It provides a detailed synthesis of current learning theories... all in the words of the theorists themselves. The theories of Knud Illeris Peter Jarvis Robert Kegan Yrjö Engeström Bente Elkjaer Jack Mezirow Howard Gardner Peter Alheit John Heron Mark Tennant Jerome Bruner Robin Usher Thomas Ziehe Jean Lave Etienne Wenger Danny Wildemeersch & Veerle Stroobants In their own words

Contemporary Psychological Approaches to Depression

Theory, Research, and Treatment

Author: Rick E. Ingram

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461306493

Category: Psychology

Page: 208

View: 4147

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In 1988, the Deparunent of Psychology at San Diego State University initiated the first in a planned conference series on Contemporary Issues in Clinical Psychology. It was decided that the focus of this first conference would be depression. Consequently, a number of distinguished scholars were invited to San Diego to discuss contemporary theoretical, empirical, and treatment issues in depressive disorders. This volume contains the results of this conference. Each chapter remains true to the original presentation, although each has been extensively reworked by the authors for inclusion in a book format, and in some cases co-authors have aided in revisions for the volume. Given the sheer quantity and impressive quality of contemporary research, it may not be possible to overstate the impact of psychological approaches on our understanding of depressive disorders. Accordingly, the aim of this conference was, within the limited amount of time available for such an endeavor, to chronicle the current status of the psychology of depression. In inviting participants to this forum, no attempt was made to reflect only certain theoretical views. Contemporary psychological theory and research in depression, however, are dominated by cognitive viewpoints, and the influence of cognitive perspectives is thus unmistakable throughout the present volume.

Striking at the joints

contemporary psychology and literary criticism

Author: John V. Knapp

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 302

View: 1028

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This book uses a trio of contemporary psychological paradigms (family systems, subject/object differentiation and depression, and personality theory) to discuss six works of fiction. The authors of the texts being analyzed are John Fowles, D.H. Lawrence, George Orwell, Robert Pirsig, Henry Roth, and John Steinbeck. The author employs these three psychological approaches in order to gain further insight into the psychological literary criticisms of these major works. Students and scholars of both psychology and literature will find this a useful work. Contents: Psychology, Literary Theory, and Character: An Introduction; Literature and Psychology: Synergistic Transaction or Solitary Confinement?; Family Systems in Literature: D.H. Lawrence's Sons and Lovers and Henry Roth's Call it Sleep; Scientific Personality in American Literature; Depression, Life-Span Development and Fiction: Orwell's Keep the Aspidistra Flying and John Fowles's The Mangus; Teaching Literature and Psychology in an Interdisciplinary Context; Conclusion; References.

Ordinary Magic

Resilience in Development

Author: Ann S. Masten

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462517269

Category: Psychology

Page: 370

View: 1465

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From a pioneering researcher, this book synthesizes the best current knowledge on resilience in children and adolescents. Ann S. Masten explores what allows certain individuals to thrive and adapt despite adverse circumstances, such as poverty, chronic family problems, or exposure to trauma. Coverage encompasses the neurobiology of resilience as well as the role of major contexts of development: families, schools, and culture. Identifying key protective factors in early childhood and beyond, Masten provides a cogent framework for designing programs to promote resilience. Complex concepts are carefully defined and illustrated with real-world examples.

Sourcebook of Family Theories and Methods

A Contextual Approach

Author: Pauline Boss,William J. Doherty,Ralph LaRossa,Walter R. Schumm,Suzanne K. Steinmetz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387857648

Category: Social Science

Page: 748

View: 790

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Origins We call this book on theoretical orientations and methodological strategies in family studies a sourcebook because it details the social and personal roots (i.e., sources) from which these orientations and strategies flow. Thus, an appropriate way to preface this book is to talk first of its roots, its beginnings. In the mid 1980s there emerged in some quarters the sense that it was time for family studies to take stock of itself. A goal was thus set to write a book that, like Janus, would face both backward and forward a book that would give readers both a perspec tive on the past and a map for the future. There were precedents for such a project: The Handbook of Marriage and the Family edited by Harold Christensen and published in 1964; the two Contemporary Theories about theFamily volumes edited by Wesley Burr, Reuben Hill, F. Ivan Nye, and Ira Reiss, published in 1979; and the Handbook of Marriage and the Family edited by Marvin Sussman and Suzanne Steinmetz, then in production.

A History of Psychology

A Global Perspective

Author: Eric Shiraev

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483323951

Category: Psychology

Page: 520

View: 7724

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Offering a fresh, accessible, and global approach to the history of psychology, the fully revised Second Edition of Eric B. Shiraev’s A History of Psychology: A Global Perspective, provides a thorough view of psychology’s progressive and evolving role in society and how its interaction with culture has developed throughout history, from ancient times through the Middle Ages and the modern period to the current millennium. Taking an inclusive approach, the book addresses contemporary and classic themes and theories with discussion of psychology's applications and its development in many cultures and countries. High-interest topics, including the validity of psychological knowledge and volunteerism, offer readers the opportunity to apply the history of psychology to their own lives.

Contemporary Pioneers in Teaching and Learning

Author: Héfer Bembenutty

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 1681232227

Category: Education

Page: 266

View: 1858

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A volume in Contemporary Pioneers in Educational Psychology: Theory, Research, and Applications Series Editor: Hefer Bembenutty, Queens College of the City University of New York This volume traces the socialization processes, professional development, career paths, and theories and research of contemporary pioneers in education and psychology. This volume contains interviews of leading scholars who are at the vanguard of teaching and learning. They shared how their childhood development influenced their theoretical paths and research endeavors and revealed their thoughts, beliefs, and experiences that made them who they are today. These scholars responded to questions pertaining to their childhood socialization, initial interest in education and psychology, role models, research interests and major findings, future direction of their research, educational implications derived from their research, and perception of their legacy. They are real people who have had experiences like anybody else, but who found homes and teachers who supported them. While in college, they found educators who mentored them. Readers will find that this volume offers them an opportunity to learn the background of contemporary pioneers in education and psychology, provides helpful sources where they can learn about how major theories developed and where they are moving, and reveals the personal anecdotes that influenced the conceptualization of contemporary theories and research. Educators and students will find that this book provides hope and a rejuvenated enthusiasm about the status of education and psychology and that they too can be leaders in their own ways."

Contemporary Clinical Psychology

Author: Thomas G. Plante

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470872116

Category: Psychology

Page: 624

View: 5077

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A realistic and contemporary portrayal of the dynamic field of clinical psychology Thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the most current topics professionals will face in clinical practice, the Third Edition takes an integrative biopsychosocial approach throughout and features: New coverage of innovations in psychotherapy and their implications for interventions, changing populations, and assessment Up-to-date discussion of empirically supported treatments, technology-assisted treatments such as Web-based interventions, and new cognitive behavior treatments such as ACT Insights into prevention, ethics, evidence-based treatments, and confidentiality laws and regulations including HIPAA Case studies detailing the theoretical conceptualization, assessment, and treatment of clients Chapter-ending Big Picture synopses and lists of key points and terms, as well as unique Real Students, Real Questions sections featuring actual questions asked by clinical psychology students Firsthand career advice from a diverse group of mental health professionals Current and future trends, plus a step-by-step road map that covers all aspects of becoming a clinical psychologist This broad-spectrum overview of the art and science of clinical psychology explores many different perspectives in many different settings. Author Thomas Plante draws from his own experience as a practicing clinician and college professor to reveal how science and application function together in the day-to-day practice of psychology.

A Historical and Contemporary Look at Psychological Systems

Author: Joseph Pear

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780805850796

Category: Psychology

Page: 425

View: 5586

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A Historical and Contemporary Look at Psychological Systemsoffers a novel approach to examining the history and current state of scientific psychology. This boldly original volume analyzes the systems of psychology in an innovative new way. The author provides interconnectedness to, as well as the distinctiveness of, the diverse theoretical approaches to psychology. The book revisits the roots of psychology and traces them to the current state of the field, both theoretically and methodologically. Readers will gain a clearer understanding of the foundational differences and similarities that currently exist in psychological theories. The volume reviews four broad systems of psychology: behavioral, cognitive, humanistic, and psychodynamic. Evolutionary and neuro- psychology are considered as additional approaches that influence all fourpsychological systems. The book opens with the historical background that led to the emergence of the four systems. It traces the concept of the soul through the periods of the ancient Greeks and Romans to the beginnings of psychology as an empirical science. Differences and similarities of the four systems are then explored with respect to eight fundamental psychological issues: consciousness, reductionism, teleology, determinism, values, spirituality, therapy, and psychological research procedures. Intended for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level courses in the history and systems of psychology, this bookwill also appeal to researchers in this area. To facilitate the book’s use as a textbook, it features discussion questions at the end of each chapter.

The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory

Author: Theodore R. Schatzki,Karin Knorr-Cetina,Eike von Savigny

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415228138

Category: Philosophy

Page: 239

View: 8864

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"The essays focus on three overall themes: the character and establishment of social order, the psychological basis of human activity, and contemporary posthumanist challenges. Philosophers such as Wittgenstein and Heidegger who have been influential in the shaping of practice theory are also discussed. In examining these themes and thinkers, the essays document how practice theory stands opposed to prominent modes of thought such as individualism, intellectualism, structuralism, systems theory, and many strains of humanism and poststructuralism." "The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory is for all those interested in the role that practices play in our lives and across a large number of disciplines including philosophy, sociology, science studies, cultural theory, history and anthropology."--BOOK JACKET.