Contemporary Theories and Systems in Psychology

Author: Benjamin B. Wolman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468438212

Category: Psychology

Page: 652

View: 6637

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Twenty years is a long time in the life of a science. While the historical roots of psychology have not changed since the first edition of this book, some of the offshoots of the various theories and systems discussed have been crit ically reexamined and have undergone far-reaching modifications. New and bold research has led to a broadening of perspectives, and recent devel opments in several areas required a considerable amount of rewriting. I have been fortunate in the last fifteen years to have worked with about 2,000 psychologists and other behavioral scientists who contributed to several collected volumes I have edited. As the editor-in-chief of the In ternational Encyclopedia of Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Neurol ogy, I have had the privilege of reading, scrutinizing, and editing the work of 1,500 experts in psychology and related disciplines. In addition, I have written several books and monographs and over one hundred scientific papers. Armed with all that experience, I have carefully examined the pages of the first edition. Chapter 8 required substantial rewriting and several new sections have been added to other chapters: "Current Soviet Psychol ogy" (Chapter 2, Section 7); "New Ideas on Purposivism" (Chapter 5, Sec tion 4); "Recent Developments in the Sociological School of Psychoanalysis" (Chapter 9, Section 4); and "Present Status of Gestalt Psychology" (Chapter 12, Section 4). Chapter 15 was omitted, and two new chapters were added: Chapter 14 ("Humanistic Psychology") and Chapter 16 ("Selected Research Areas").

Ordinary Magic

Resilience in Development

Author: Ann S. Masten

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462517269

Category: Psychology

Page: 370

View: 6401

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From a pioneering researcher, this book synthesizes the best current knowledge on resilience in children and adolescents. Ann S. Masten explores what allows certain individuals to thrive and adapt despite adverse circumstances, such as poverty, chronic family problems, or exposure to trauma. Coverage encompasses the neurobiology of resilience as well as the role of major contexts of development: families, schools, and culture. Identifying key protective factors in early childhood and beyond, Masten provides a cogent framework for designing programs to promote resilience. Complex concepts are carefully defined and illustrated with real-world examples.

A Contemporary Study of Musical Arts: Theory and practice of modern African classical drum music

Author: Meki Nzewi,Odyke Nzewi

Publisher: African Minds

ISBN: 1920051678

Category: Drum music

Page: 160

View: 7862

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The 1st three volumes present material in a modular approach. Each volume presents progressively more advanced concepts in the categories: musical structure and form, factors of music appreciation, music instruments, music and society, research project, musical arts theatre, school songs technique, and performance. The 4th volume is a collection of essays. The 5th volume contains printed music.

Comparative Psychology

A Handbook

Author: Gary Greenberg,Maury M. Haraway

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780815312819

Category: Psychology

Page: 914

View: 8725

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First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice

Skills, Strategies, and Techniques

Author: John Sommers-Flanagan,Rita Sommers-Flanagan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118289048

Category: Psychology

Page: 592

View: 2285

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A comprehensive, in-depth exploration of the origins, contemporary developments, and applications to practice related to each major counseling theory Fully revised and updated, Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice, Second Edition is complete with useful learning aids, instructions for ongoing assessment, and valuable case studies—all designed to facilitate comprehension and lead to effective, ethical practice. The Second Edition features: New chapters on Family Systems Theory and Therapy as well as Gestalt Theory and Therapy Extended case examples in each of the twelve Theory chapters A treatment planning section that illustrates how specific theories can be used in problem formulation, specific interventions, and potential outcomes assessment Deeper and more continuous examination of gender and cultural issues An evidence-based status section in each Theory chapter focusing on what we know from the scientific research with the goal of developing critical thinking skills A new section on "Outcome Measures" that provides ideas on how client outcomes can be tracked using practice-based evidence Showcasing the latest research, theory, and evidence-based practice, Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice, Second Edition is an engaging and illuminating text. "John and Rita Sommers-Flanagan have done it again! In the revised Second Edition of their popular book, they have masterfully organized and written a compelling text that will appeal to students and faculty alike. The Second Edition is thoroughly pragmatic with careful attention to research and evidence-based literature. Much to the delight of readers, extensive case analyses that illustrate major theoretical concepts abound." —Sherry Cormier, PhD, Professor Emerita, West Virginia University, coauthor of Interviewing and Change Strategies for Helpers "John and Rita Sommers-Flanagan have written an exceptionally practical text for students wishing to learn usable counseling principles. Their excellent scholarship is balanced by a superb treatment of counseling theory that includes a review of the strengths, limitations, and means for implementing the systems represented." —Robert Wubbolding, EdD, Professor Emeritus, Xavier University; Director, Center for Reality Therapy; author of Reality Therapy (Theories of Psychotherapy Series) "This introductory text is written with extraordinary care and attention to detail. Not only is it one of the best resources I know of for in-depth coverage of classical therapeutic theory, it is also one of the best at illuminating cutting-edge developments, both in theory and application. Readers will greatly benefit from the clarity, comprehensiveness, and personal perceptiveness of this engaging introductory guide." —Kirk J. Schneider, PhD, Faculty, Saybrook University; Vice President, Existential-Humanistic Institute; coauthor of Existential-Humanistic Therapy and editor of Existential-Integrative Psychotherapy

A Historical and Contemporary Look at Psychological Systems

Author: Joseph Pear

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780805850796

Category: Psychology

Page: 425

View: 6292

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A Historical and Contemporary Look at Psychological Systemsoffers a novel approach to examining the history and current state of scientific psychology. This boldly original volume analyzes the systems of psychology in an innovative new way. The author provides interconnectedness to, as well as the distinctiveness of, the diverse theoretical approaches to psychology. The book revisits the roots of psychology and traces them to the current state of the field, both theoretically and methodologically. Readers will gain a clearer understanding of the foundational differences and similarities that currently exist in psychological theories. The volume reviews four broad systems of psychology: behavioral, cognitive, humanistic, and psychodynamic. Evolutionary and neuro- psychology are considered as additional approaches that influence all fourpsychological systems. The book opens with the historical background that led to the emergence of the four systems. It traces the concept of the soul through the periods of the ancient Greeks and Romans to the beginnings of psychology as an empirical science. Differences and similarities of the four systems are then explored with respect to eight fundamental psychological issues: consciousness, reductionism, teleology, determinism, values, spirituality, therapy, and psychological research procedures. Intended for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level courses in the history and systems of psychology, this bookwill also appeal to researchers in this area. To facilitate the book’s use as a textbook, it features discussion questions at the end of each chapter.

Self and Identity in Modern Psychology and Indian Thought

Author: Anand C. Paranjpe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306458446

Category: Psychology

Page: 416

View: 1722

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East meets West in this fascinating exploration of conceptions of personal identity in Indian philosophy and modern Euro-American psychology. Author Anand Paranjpe considers these two distinct traditions with regard to historical, disciplinary, and cultural `gaps' in the study of the self, and in the context of such theoretical perspectives as univocalism, relativism, and pluralism. The text includes a comparison of ideas on self as represented by two eminent thinkers-Erik H. Erikson for the Western view, and Advaita Vedanta for the Indian.

Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 32, 2012

Emerging Perspectives on Resilience in Adulthood and Later Life

Author: Bert Hayslip, Jr., PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 082610875X

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 5973

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"This collection is a timely and excellent contribution to the study of resilience and the field of gerontology."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly This state-of-the science, multidisciplinary Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics provides a comprehensive examination of critical issues on resilience in a variety of life domains central to the well-being of older persons. It examines the role of resilience in determining adjustment and function in the domains of health, grief and bereavement, physical activity and functioning, spirituality, work, retirement, intellectual/cognitive functioning, coping with life events, care giving, and mental health interventions. The first section of the book addresses such domains of resilience as immunological function, stress and mood disorders, emotional and cognitive resilience, adjustment to cultural and environmental changes, and spirituality. Section two is concerned with practical applications of resilience. A developmental family perspective is used to examine differences in adaptation to age-related challenges. The role of resilience in geriatric rehabilitation is discussed as is adaptive coping in regard to loss and trauma. The text also explores resilience in regard to career management, retirement, and volunteerism, considers resilience as a component of health in regard to public policy, and examines exemplary public health programs and policies and the relationship of resilience to health care finance. Also addressed is resilience in caregiving as a mutually beneficial process, clinical interventions that enhance resilience, and resilience from a lifespan developmental perspective. Key Features: Synthesizes the best current research in the field, with direct practice implications Addresses resilience in regard to immunological function, emotional and cognitive resilience, and spirituality Explores the role of resilience in geriatric rehabilitation, career management and retirement, person-environ fit, and public health and policy Examines directions for future research and resilience-oriented interventions

Contemporary Clinical Psychology

Author: Thomas G. Plante

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470872116

Category: Psychology

Page: 624

View: 5908

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A realistic and contemporary portrayal of the dynamic field of clinical psychology Thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the most current topics professionals will face in clinical practice, the Third Edition takes an integrative biopsychosocial approach throughout and features: New coverage of innovations in psychotherapy and their implications for interventions, changing populations, and assessment Up-to-date discussion of empirically supported treatments, technology-assisted treatments such as Web-based interventions, and new cognitive behavior treatments such as ACT Insights into prevention, ethics, evidence-based treatments, and confidentiality laws and regulations including HIPAA Case studies detailing the theoretical conceptualization, assessment, and treatment of clients Chapter-ending Big Picture synopses and lists of key points and terms, as well as unique Real Students, Real Questions sections featuring actual questions asked by clinical psychology students Firsthand career advice from a diverse group of mental health professionals Current and future trends, plus a step-by-step road map that covers all aspects of becoming a clinical psychologist This broad-spectrum overview of the art and science of clinical psychology explores many different perspectives in many different settings. Author Thomas Plante draws from his own experience as a practicing clinician and college professor to reveal how science and application function together in the day-to-day practice of psychology.

Contemporary Intellectual Assessment, Third Edition

Theories, Tests, and Issues

Author: Dawn P. Flanagan,Patti L. Harrison

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1609189973

Category: Psychology

Page: 926

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In one volume, this authoritative reference presents a current, comprehensive overview of intellectual and cognitive assessment, with a focus on practical applications. Leaders in the field describe major theories of intelligence and provide the knowledge needed to use the latest measures of cognitive abilities with individuals of all ages, from toddlers to adults. Evidence-based approaches to test interpretation, and their relevance for intervention, are described. The book addresses critical issues in assessing particular populations—including culturally and linguistically diverse students, gifted students, and those with learning difficulties and disabilities—in today's educational settings. New to This Edition*Incorporates major research advances and legislative and policy changes.*Covers recent test revisions plus additional tests: the NEPSY-II and the Wechsler Nonverbal Scale of Ability.*Expanded coverage of specific populations: chapters on autism spectrum disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, sensory and physical disabilities and traumatic brain injury, and intellectual disabilities.*Chapters on neuropsychological approaches, assessment of executive functions, and multi-tiered service delivery models in schools.

Human Resource Management in Construction Projects

Strategic and Operational Approaches

Author: Martin Loosemore,Andrew Dainty,Helen Lingard

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415261647

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 7527

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Although construction is one of the most labour-intensive industries, people management issues are given inadequate attention. Furthermore, the focus of attention with regards to HR has been on the strategic aspects of HRM function - yet most problems and operational issues arise on projects. To help redress these problems, this book takes a broad view of HRM, examining the strategic and operational aspects of managing people within the construction sector. The book is aimed at project managers and students of project management who, until now, have been handed the responsibility for human resource management without adequate knowledge or training. The issues addressed in this book are internationally relevant, and are of fundamental concern to both students and practitioners involved in the management of construction projects. The text draws on the authors' experience of working with a range of large construction companies in improving their HRM operational activities at both strategic and operational levels, and is well illustrated with case studies of projects and organizations.

Contemporary Psychological Approaches to Depression

Theory, Research, and Treatment

Author: Rick E. Ingram

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461306493

Category: Psychology

Page: 208

View: 642

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In 1988, the Deparunent of Psychology at San Diego State University initiated the first in a planned conference series on Contemporary Issues in Clinical Psychology. It was decided that the focus of this first conference would be depression. Consequently, a number of distinguished scholars were invited to San Diego to discuss contemporary theoretical, empirical, and treatment issues in depressive disorders. This volume contains the results of this conference. Each chapter remains true to the original presentation, although each has been extensively reworked by the authors for inclusion in a book format, and in some cases co-authors have aided in revisions for the volume. Given the sheer quantity and impressive quality of contemporary research, it may not be possible to overstate the impact of psychological approaches on our understanding of depressive disorders. Accordingly, the aim of this conference was, within the limited amount of time available for such an endeavor, to chronicle the current status of the psychology of depression. In inviting participants to this forum, no attempt was made to reflect only certain theoretical views. Contemporary psychological theory and research in depression, however, are dominated by cognitive viewpoints, and the influence of cognitive perspectives is thus unmistakable throughout the present volume.

Sourcebook of Family Theories and Methods

A Contextual Approach

Author: Pauline Boss,William J. Doherty,Ralph LaRossa,Walter R. Schumm,Suzanne K. Steinmetz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306442647

Category: Social Science

Page: 748

View: 1593

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Origins We call this book on theoretical orientations and methodological strategies in family studies a sourcebook because it details the social and personal roots (i.e., sources) from which these orientations and strategies flow. Thus, an appropriate way to preface this book is to talk first of its roots, its beginnings. In the mid 1980s there emerged in some quarters the sense that it was time for family studies to take stock of itself. A goal was thus set to write a book that, like Janus, would face both backward and forward a book that would give readers both a perspec tive on the past and a map for the future. There were precedents for such a project: The Handbook of Marriage and the Family edited by Harold Christensen and published in 1964; the two Contemporary Theories about theFamily volumes edited by Wesley Burr, Reuben Hill, F. Ivan Nye, and Ira Reiss, published in 1979; and the Handbook of Marriage and the Family edited by Marvin Sussman and Suzanne Steinmetz, then in production.

Psychology and Religion

Classical Theorists and Contemporary Developments

Author: Andrew Reid Fuller

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742560222

Category: Psychology

Page: 369

View: 6396

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This book surveys the major theoretical positions in the psychology of religion. William James, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Gordon Allport, Abraham Maslow, Erich Fromm, Alan Watts, and Viktor Frankl are each accorded an entire chapter. A chapter is devoted to such further developments in the field as the investigation of the God-image by object relations theorists and the empirical scaling of religiousness. In this new edition, three additional chapters consider in turn the feminist psychology of religion, neuroscience and religion, and the evolutionary psychology of religion. This book, thus seen as both wide-ranging and current, offers illuminating and in-depth coverage of major theorists and approaches. While its breadth makes it an excellent place to begin an exploration of the psychology of religion, its depth and detail provide the opportunity for a serious and rewarding immersion in the field.