Diseases of Coral

Author: Cheryl Woodley,James Porter

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0813824117

Category: Medical

Page: 632

View: 8799

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Coral disease is quickly becoming a crisis to the health and management of the world?s coral reefs. There is a great interest from many in preserving coral reefs. Unfortunately, the field of epizootiology is disorganized and lacks a standard vocabulary, methods, and diagnostic techniques, and tropical marine scientists are poorly trained in wildlife pathology, veterinary medicine, and epidemiology. Diseases of Coral will help to rectify this situation.

Coral Reefs and Climate Change

Science and Management

Author: JonathanT. Phinney

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 0875903592

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 1206

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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 61. The effects of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide and related climate change on shallow coral reefs are gaining considerable attention for scientific and economic reasons worldwide. Although increased scientific research has improved our understanding of the response of coral reefs to climate change, we still lack key information that can help guide reef management. Research and monitoring of coral reef ecosystems over the past few decades have documented two major threats related to increasing concentrations of atmospheric CO2: (1) increased sea surface temperatures and (2) increased seawater acidity (lower pH). Higher atmospheric CO2 levels have resulted in rising sea surface temperatures and proven to be an acute threat to corals and other reef-dwelling organisms. Short periods (days) of elevated sea surface temperatures by as little as 1–2°C above the normal maximum temperature has led to more frequent and more widespread episodes of coral bleaching-the expulsion of symbiotic algae. A more chronic consequence of increasing atmospheric CO2 is the lowering of pH of surface waters, which affects the rate at which corals and other reef organisms secrete and build their calcium carbonate skeletons. Average pH of the surface ocean has already decreased by an estimated 0.1 unit since preindustrial times, and will continue to decline in concert with rising atmospheric CO2. These climate-related Stressors combined with other direct anthropogenic assaults, such as overfishing and pollution, weaken reef organisms and increase their susceptibility to disease.

Coral Reef Conservation

Author: John D. Reynolds

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521855365

Category: Nature

Page: 568

View: 3476

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A multi-disciplinary account of the current status, problems, and solutions to the coral reef crisis, first published in 2006.

Coral Reefs of the USA

Author: Bernhard M. Riegl,Richard E. Dodge

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402068476

Category: Science

Page: 803

View: 8717

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Coral Reefs of the USA provides a complete overview of the present status of knowledge regarding all coral reef areas within the USA and its territories. It is written by the most experienced authorities in their fields and geographic areas. Stretching from the Caribbean to the western Pacific, the coral reefs of the USA span extensive geographic and biotic diversity, occur in a wide variety of geomorphological settings, and provide a representative cross-section of Holocene reef-building. This book will therefore be of broad general interest. For the first time, complete scholarly reviews are given for the geology, geomorphology and the biology of reefs encompassing a vast area stretching from the Mariana Islands in the west, Samoa in the south, Hawaii in the north and the Virgin Islands in the east. This book is not a status report, but will provide up-to-date information about stressors and the biotic responses of the reefs, as well as the geological explanations why these reefs exist in the first place. It will be an invaluable baseline-reference for all those who are engaged in research or management of these coral reefs or to those who simply enjoy being well-informed about one of the most iconic ecosystems of the USA.

Discovering Coral Reefs

Author: Janey Levy

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9781404237865

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 3349

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Describes what coral reefs are, where they can be found, and the plants and animals that live there.

Coral Reefs

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Coral reefs and islands

Page: 86

View: 2500

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A description of the coral reef and of the varieties of animal and vegetable life which thrive in its environment. Grades 6-9.

Coral Reefs

Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Management : Proceedings of an Associated Event of the Fifth Annual World Bank Conference on Environmentally and Socially Susutainable Development

Author: Marea Eleni Hatziolos,Anthony J. Hooten,Martin Fodor

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821342350

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 2495

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"The decline of coral ... if it continues ... will mark the end of one of the great beauties of creation and the end of a great hope that of discovering life forms hitherto unknown on the Earth ... Let us not forget that we are responsible to posterity for the preservation of the beauties of the sea as well as for those on land. We must learn how to make use of the biological and mineral resources of the oceans ... But we must also learn how to preserve the integrity and the equilibrium of that world which is so inextricably bound to our own." - Jacques Yves Cousteau, Excerpt from Life and Death in a Coral Sea, 1971 This book reports on the World Bank's 5th Annual Conference on Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development, which focused on some of the most urgent threats facing coral reefs today, including the growing use of cyanide fishing along some of the richest reefs of the world, unsustainable trade in reef products, and constraints to effective establishment and management of marine protected areas. The proceedings stressed the need for strengthening the policy environment while adopting economic incentives and improved resource valuation techniques, informing management decisions through targeted research and monitoring, and rallying public support through environmental education and the media.

Life and Death Of Coral Reefs

Author: Charles Birkeland

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412035418

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 1524

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Coral reefs have shaped the surface of our planet far more than has any other ecosystem. They are dynamic systems, producing limestone at the rate of 400-2,000 tons per hectare per year, and influencing the chemical balance of the world's oceans. Coral reefs have been around since before the prairies or other ecosystems of flowering plants existed, yet they vanish about a million years before other groups of organisms each time there is a global mass extinction. They return after each catastrophe, however, following a long period of absence. Although coral reefs are the most productive communities in the sea, the fisheries of coral reefs are among the most vulnerable to overexploitation. Despite having the power to create the most massive structures in the world made by living creatures (including man), the thin veneer of living tissue of coral reef is particularly sensitive to natural disturbances and effects of human activities. Coral reefs are the first to go during periods of climate change, but they have always come back. This combination of attributes, creative power and fragility, resilience and sensitivity, makes management of coral-reef systems a challenge to science. Over 70% of the coral reefs in the Caribbean and Asian waters have been degraded, and perhaps a third of the 400 species of corals in Japanese waters are in danger of local extinction unless effective coastal management practices are established. This book presents what is known about factors that shift the balance between accretion and erosion, recruitment and mortality, stony corals and filamentous algae, recovery and degradation--the life and death of coral reefs. Insight into the factors controlling the direction of these processes is essential for appropriate management decisions.

Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean

Their Ecology and Conservation

Author: T. R. McClanahan,C. R. C. Sheppard,D. O. Obura

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195352177

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 1865

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Coral reefs are among Earth's most diverse, productive, and beautiful ecosystems, but until recently, their ecology and the means to manage them have been poorly understood and documented. In response to the inadequate information base for coral reefs, this book reviews the ecological and conservation status of coral reefs of the Western Indian Ocean, bringing together presentations of the region's leading scientists and managers working on coral reefs. Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean: Their Ecology and Conservation starts with a general overview of the biogeography of the region and a historical account of attempts to conserve this ecosystem. It goes on to describe the state of the reefs in each of the countries with coral reefs, and it concludes with a series of management case studies. The book also summarizes most of the existing ecological information on reefs in this region and efforts at management, making it useful for students, teachers, and investigators interested in tropical or marine ecology, conservation biology and management, and environmental sciences.

Coral Health and Disease

Author: Eugene Rosenberg,Yossi Loya

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540207726

Category: Nature

Page: 488

View: 9457

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Coral reefs are the most spectacular and diverse ecosystems in the marine environment. Over the last decades, however, dramatic declines of coral reef communities have been observed. Corals are endangered due to natural and anthropogenic detrimental factors, such as global warming and environmental pollution. Based on an international meeting on "Coral Health and Disease" in Eilat, Israel in April 2003, the book starts with case studies of reefs, e.g. the Red Sea, Caribbean, Japan, Indian Ocean and the Great Barrier Reef. The second part on microbial ecology and physiology describes the symbiotic relations of corals and microbes, and the microbial role in nutrition or bleaching resistance of corals. Particular coral diseases such as aspergillosis, white pox, black and white band diseases are treated in the third part. Finally, various hypotheses of the mechanisms of coral bleaching, including a projection of the future of coral reefs, are discussed.

A Field Guide to Coral Reefs

Caribbean and Florida

Author: Eugene Herbert Kaplan,Roger Tory Peterson,Susan L. Kaplan

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780618002115

Category: Nature

Page: 289

View: 4208

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With more than 500 species described and more than 400 illustrations, this guide provides quick and easy visual identification of fishes, mollusks, sponges, shrimps, lobsters, crabs, and much more of the fauna found on the coral reefs of the Caribbean and Florida.

A Guide to the Coral Reefs of the Caribbean

Author: Mark Spalding,Gillian Bunting

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520244054

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 9780

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Inspired by the Caribbean section from The World Atlas of Coral Reefs, and augmented with detailed maps and colorful illustrations, this guidebook informs divers and travelers about the natural history of coral reefs and major diving sites throughout the Caribbean region. It's both a natural history guide and a travel guide.

Coral Reefs

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Charles Sheppard

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199682771

Category: Nature

Page: 127

View: 4704

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Coral reefs are among the most biodiverse of ecosystems. Charles Sheppard tells the fascinating story of how and where coral reefs are formed and the diversity of marine life they support. He also highlights the threats they face due to exploitation and the conservation efforts in place to tackle these issues.

Zobi and the Zoox

A Story of Coral Bleaching

Author: Ailsa Wild,Aviva Reed,Gregory Crocetti,Briony Barr

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 1486309615

Category: Nature

Page: 44

View: 1339

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With her home under threat from a warming ocean, Zobi, a brave rhizobia bacterium, teams up with a family of slow but steady Zoox (zooxanthellae). As the coral bleaches, everyone begins to starve... Can Zobi and the Zoox work together to save the day? This beautifully illustrated science-adventure story, set on the Great Barrier Reef, was originally published in 2015, but has been extensively re-written and revised to delight and captivate primary school-aged readers. Zobi and the Zoox: A Story of Coral Bleaching is the first in the new Small Friends Books series – Stories of Partnership and Cooperation in Nature.

Living Mirrors

A Coral Reef Adventure

Author: Jack Stephens

Publisher: Umbrage Editions

ISBN: 1884167268

Category: Photography

Page: 144

View: 5206

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A companion book to Coral Reef Adventure, an IMAX film touring Europe in 2003, Living Mirrors reveals the miraculous diversity and beauty of the world's great coral reefs. Husband and wife diving team Howard and Michelle Hall have joined forces with conservationist and filmmakers to bring us an unprecedented look at our world beneath the seas, exploring everywhere from the blue-green of the Caribbean to the azure of the South Pacific to the swirling eddies of the African coast. Grippingly told and stunningly illustrated, this is a scientific journey like no other. In full-colour.